An Alternative for the City and the State

We have the illusion that the world functions thanks to programmed design, university research, and bureaucratic funding, but there is compelling — very compelling — evidence to show that this is an illusion.  Technology is the result of antifragility, exploited by risk-takers in the form of tinkering and trial and error.  Engineers and tinkerers develop things while history books are written by academics; we will have to refine historical interpretations of growth, innovation, and many such things. … The error of naive rationalism leads to overestimating the role and necessity of … academic knowledge, in human affairs — and degrading the uncodifiable, more Complex, intuitive, or experience-based type” (Nassim Taleb).

This is an example of the PoC-cycle (see chapter 4 ) where you can see what Taleb means. He believes in “Active Experimenation” (a Kolb-Learning Style) Look at chapter 7 and see what a Panarchy-cycle is about.
A Briljant talk of Robert Sapolsky about Western thinking about Complex Systems from the Fall of Rome until Today.

List of Chapters:

0: Introduction.

1: Latour and the Parliament of Things.

2: A State is an Ecology.

3: Panarchy.

4: Paths of Change (PoC).

5: Cultural Theory.

6: The Relational Model of Alan Fiske.

7: Combine Panarchy & PoC & Fiske.

8: Flow & Thermodynamics.

9: Flow States.

10: States & Harbours.

11: Entrainment.

12: A New Model for the State.

13: How to Design a State.

14: Is a State a Monitor?

0. Introduction

Entrainment Resonance or Sychronization is an example of self-organizing. Resonance can result in wobbling bridges and even collapsing buildings.but also of unexpected copying behavior of humans and animals leading to big calamities . See chapter 11.

In this blog I am trying to find out if it is possible to use Complexity Theory to design a Fair Self Organizing Structure to replace the State.

To do that I reuse a blog about Anti-Fragility and the theory of Panarchy that is made to explain an Ecology.

In the end of this blog I will use all the acquired knowledge to design a new model for a State and a City.

This blog contains (perhaps too) many building blocks to make a new combination.

In chapter 14 I have started to evaluate the building blocks again.

About Cycles:

A Cycle is a selforganizing sysem. We experience many Cyclic processes like Day and Night and the Seasons.

virtually everything that happens on Earth runs in cycles—our climate, the markets, political systems, societies, wars, financial ups-and-downs, etc. Our ancestors have known this for centuries.

At a certain point in time Humans detected the cyclic processes in the Night Sky that took more than a life-time to return to their beginning. They found he Cycle of the Precession of the Equinox. The central star (the Pole Star) of This cycle can be found in the Names of the Pharao’s.

This very long term cycle generated the principle of Eternal Life and the Concept of a God, a power, that brought all the Wheels in Motion without being moved.

The State and the City, the mother of the state, are not alone a Boundary in Space but are also a Cyclic System .that synchronizes with all the other cyclic systems in its environment (Growth Cycle of Agriculture, Sun cycle, Moon Cycle/ Menstruation Cycle, Great Cycle of the Precession, ..).

New Grange , older than Stonehenge, is a Passage Tomb situated in County Meath in Ireland. It is decorated with the Spiral of Life found in many other ancient places. The burial ground is aligned with the Winter Solstice. For more info about the Spiral of Life see chapter 2.
The First Cycle is the Cycle of the Triple Goddess and her Moon-Cycle . The year Cycle of Father the Sun , Nature, is the cycle of the Medicin Wheel. The four Animals come back as symbols of the Four Evangelists.
The Second Cycle is the Cycle of Sumer and Egypt , the Sun ,(Atum) controls the Day and the Seasons. the Stars control the night (Zodiac) and the Moon controls the Magic of Thoth . The Zodiac comes back as the Twelve Apostles. Magic is a example of entrainment.
Around 500 BC The Five Innovators of the Human Inner Space (Yellow) appeared and started the Great Transformation., This started the weekly cycle of Religion, The second transformation came with the creation of Islam, the Religion of the Collective and the Emotions(Green) .The next step is the Religion of the Body and the Senses (Red) (Osho, New Age).
The United Nations and the creation of the Human Rights gave the people at the end of the 2nd world-war hope that we would enter a long period of Peace and Prosperity. They forgot the Great and Cruel Dictator Stalin. At the the end of his empire, with the opening of the Berlin Wall people hoped we would start the Long Boom . Now China is becoming number one. Will this benefit the World?

In this blog I introduces Complexity Theory (CT) to design a new type of state, the Self Organizing State or city. CT shows that when we Stop controlling a system It will Self-organizes.

Humans contain cells, contain molecules contain atoms etc etc. The organizing principle repeats until the deepest level ,the vacuum but it also moves up until Cities States and the Earth.

Neil Theise: About Complexity Theory: A City and a State are an example of a Self-organizing System.untill we Humans start to Organize and create Traffic Jams and Depressions.
This video provides a basic introduction to the science of complex systems, focusing on Patterns in nature. The most simple rule is Copying behavior although copying behavior can be the result of Entrainment which is the result of being the same (alike) and connected to a shared Sensable (by the Brain) connection-infrastructure. A Synchronized Brain produces Theta Waves that are also produced when a Human is in Deep Trance.

This blog contains examples of a new model for the State and the City who was the Mother of the State.


This model is based on the model of Panarchy. Panarchy is a model of an Ecology.

If you are only interested in the model move to Chapter 12.

This Blog is still (03-10-2010) in development.

There is a special Linkedin-Group created for people who want to discuss the future of the State.

I have started this blog September 9 2020 . It is intended as the last chapter of my already finished blog About the Future of the State.

In my blog About the Future of the State (“the initial blog“) I have given a lot of information about what is going wrong with the Constitutional State and many theories about how states work.

The biggest problem is that the Constitutional State is controlled by an Aristrocratic Elite that profits from the Power and the Taxsystem of the State.

The highly needed Redistribution of the Wealth from the Rich to the Poor in the economy does not take place. The rich get Richer and the `Poor get Poorer.

Thomas Piketty is in favor of high taxes for rich people but most of all of free and good Education for Everybody. One of his examples is Theodore Roosevelts New Deal.

1. Latour and the Parliament of Things:

The most interesting link in the initial blog is a Statement called How to Think as a State of the French Philosopher Bruno Latour to the WRR a Scientific advisoryBoard to the King of the Netherlands about the Future of the State.

In this statement he explains the Parliament of Things (PoT) comparable to the IoT.

In the PoT humans organisms, lakes, mountains cars and other things are represented.

PoT is a concept that questions the way we organize our State. It questions also what a representional democracy really represents. Does it represent all things that are born and die including the animals that have no language or is the system of representation a simulator that hides the Games we Play.

2. The State is an Ecology that is part of the World-System:

Latour gave me the idea that the State is an Ecology.

An Ecology is a Complex multi-layered Redistribution System that contains a wide array of interacting levels of organization spanning micro-level (e.g., cells, humans) to a planetary scale (e.g., biosphere).

If you want replace in this definition the components of the Ecology with the components of the City or the State.

A Complex System has distinct Properties that arise from its relationships, such as nonlinearity, emergence, spontaneous order, adaptation, and feedback loops, among others.

The Windows of the Cathedral of Chartres shows the Spiral of Time.The spiral is explained by the Glass-in-Lead Windows that contains a Story that describes a Step in the Spiral
The Spiraling Spiral in Chartres Cathedral
The Spiral of Time in Chartres Cathedral now shown as a Maze . The place you stop in the Maze looks at the corresponding Window.

An explaining theory of the State is called World System Theory (WST).In this case the state is a System (a World, the domain of Man), a Boundary in Space/Time that operates at the level of the Earth.

The five Geographic boundaries . with China in the Center.

WST can be combined with the theory of the Long-Time Cycles mostly related to Kondratiev but also to Marx, Polanyi and Schumpeter.

If you look below at the pictures and read this you will see that the kondratiev-wave is in its 5th state with the color White and the subject Whole. The wave will be at its top around 2050.

The technology in this phase is called Global Brain. Gobal Brain has a lot to do with what now is called Artificial Intelligence (AI) and AI has a lot to with the Big Brother State that is now created in China.

Global Brain could be the Brain of an Entrained Collective. see chapter 11.

Want to read more (in Dutch) about the Cycles? download the PDF below.

A Cycle contains a cycle (Overtones) and contains 5 Stages (Red (Intensity)->Blue (Order)-> Yellow (Crativity -> (Green (Social)-> White (Whole, Center )-> Red. In the pictures below the colors refer to the same Descriptions of the Stages.The stages can be exolained by the theory of Paths of Change (PoC).
In this picture you see the Kondratiev cycle after every iteration of the wave of 50 year starting 1740 ending 2040.Every step can be divided in 5 steps and every step can also be divided in 5 steps creating different Cycles with different names.
The Technology Cycle related to the Kondratiev with a Periodicity of 52 yrs.Starting with the Factory of Taylor ending with the Global Brain in 2050.


The kondratiev Cycle is represented as a Spiral and is related to the Meta-Narrative (Chronotope) of Bahktin and PoC by their colors.

The Chronotope of Bahktin (The place where the knots of narrative are tied)

Blue is the color of the Law of Rome and Red is the color of he Actions of Alexander who conquered almost the complete World at his time. Yellow is the color of Spirit seen in The rise of Art in the Renaissance and the Rise of Christianity.

Green is the color of Social related to Social conflicts like the French Revolution. White is the color of the Center (The Whole) . White is always combined with a New World Religion. It could be related to the return of the Maitrea expected in many Religions.

There have been three kinds of historical systems across human history: “mini-systems” or what anthropologists call bands, tribes, and small chiefdoms, and two types of world-systems, one that is politically unified and the other is not (single state world empires and multi-polity world economies). World-systems are larger, and are ethnically diverse. The modern world-system, a capitalist world-economy, is unique in being the first and only world-system, which emerged around 1450 to 1550, to have geographically expanded across the entire planet, by about 1900.

It is defined, as a world-economy, in having many political units tied together as an interstate system and through its division of labor based on capitalist enterprises.

The Tribes never leave their State even when the states have grown into very big structures.

In the current capitalistic system many “tribes” (for instance the Oligarchs of russia) use the income of the state they control to fight their battles. These battles are now mostly faught using highly intelligent technology and weapons.

About the book the Great Transformation of Poliany. Polanyi explains that the modern market economy and the modern nation-state should be understood not as discrete elements but as the single human invention he calls the “MarketSociety”. See Chapter 4 of PoC and look at the game of the market (Sensory(Red) <->Social (reen).
Prior to the great transformation, people based their economies on Reciprocity and Redistribution (Tax) across Personal and Communal relationships. During the great transformation land, labor and money got a price. look at Chapter 5 About the Worldviews of Alan Fiske at he Market Pricing Social Relationship.

3. About Panarchy:

Panarchy is a Fractal Model of an Ecology that can be represented by an adaptive cycle of four distinct phases:
growth or exploitation (r)
conservation (K)
collapse or release (omega)
reorganization (alpha).

The Theory of Panarchy is used in many of my blogs. One of them is a Blog about Anti-Fragility called How to Benefit from Disorder and a Dutch version about the same issue. I will reuse these blogs.

Anti-Fragility happens when an Ecology moves Up (Revolt) to a New Fractal level. The opposite (Going Down) is called Remember. In this state the ecology saves some of its state in a place that acts as a Memory out of which o a Copy of the old state can be regenerated. This place is called a Sacred Grove.

A Sacred Grove is often a Sacred Place in a Wood. An example is the Cathedral of Chartres that was a sacred place for the Druids of the Celts.

In the UP-state The Ecology becomes Bigger and Slower in its Cyclic Frequency.

As a consequence of the periodic, but transient phases of Destruction (omega stage) and Reorganization (alpha stage), a system’s Structure and processes can be Reorganized.

This reshuffling allows for the establishment of new system configurations and opportunities for the incorporation of exotic and entirely novel entrants into the system. The adaptive cycle explicitly introduces mutations and rearrangements.

An Ecology is a Fractal Cyclic Adaptive Innovation System.

Example of a Sacred Grove. The Tree where Joseph Smith, the founder of the Mormons got his vision.
The Climate Cycle is a Fourfold Cycle because of the Cyclic Motion of the Globe of the Earth combined with a cycle around the sun. Water is crucial for Life.This model shows that the Weather or the Climate can be used to understand the State. The State like the Economy is going through all the stages of the weather. Many scientists have used the seasons as analogs for the states of the Economy.
A natural Ecology looks like a very Big coupled distributed Chemical Factory where all the organisms are nodes.. This means that an Ecology can be described by Thermo Dynamics. If you want to know more look at this blog.

Panarchy is a conceptual framework created by Gunderson and Holling to account for the dual, and seemingly contradictory, characteristics of all complex systemsstability and change.

Panarchy is a contradictory system. It fuses what cannot be fused .

the 2D version of Panarchy is determinated by Potential (Wealth) and Connectedness.

A highly connected system is very fragile when the system is hit by a calamity The Climate-crisis is an example.
When a A highly connected system fails this is called the Domino-effect. The Domino is modelled by the Self-Orgnized Criticallity theory of Per Bak. This theory shows that the Probability Distribution of a calamity is not a Bell Curve but a Power Law.
About Powers Laws.

Panarchy is the study of how Economic growth and Human development depend on Biological ecosystems and Social institutions, and how they interact.

It is an integrative framework, bringing together ecological, economic and social models of change and stability, to account for the complex interactions among both these different areas, and different scale levels.

No system can be understood or managed by focusing on it at a single scale. All systems exist and function at multiple scales of space, time and social organization, and the interactions across scales are fundamentally important in determining the dynamics of the system at any particular focal scale. This interacting set of hierarchically structured scales has been termed a “panarchy” (Gunderson and Holling 2003).

Panarchy shows that a Government that wants to optimize the State sseen as an ecology will end up with a Decay of this state.

The only thing that helps is not to interfere and follow the cycle, as you can see in the picture below where every step moves between opposites (“tensions, “polarities “).

Want to know more about opposites : read this blog about Logic and Alchemy.

4. About Paths of Change:

Paths of Change (PoC) is a theory and a model about change.

The model of Paths of Change is a Four-fold patterns of Opposites called a Quaternion by Jung.

The model of Paths of Change (PoC) is a Theory of Change discovered by Will McWhinney. In this blog the 4 colors of PoC called a Worldview are used to make a connection to the theory. It is called PoC because every Change is a combination of a Cyclic Combination of Points of View (Worldviews). Will McWhinney called the Paths Games like the Analytical Game (Sensory/Unity vice/versa). There are 2-step Games but also 5 step Games (for instance the Drama Triangle).
There are six 2 step Games. Some of the Games were given alternative names in different articles. For instance Evaluative was called the Game of the Market and the Emergent Game the Game that creates Games a beautiful descripton of the Game of the Trickster. The Influential game was also called the Game of Politics. the Assertive Game was simply called Design. Do you want to learn more look here/
A model of the Human Personality based on PoC. The Human Personality model rotates Against and With the Clock. These Rotations are called Introvert and Extravert. The model also has an Observer-state. When the Points of View repeat the Human has a Mental Ilness.
Paths of Change is a fractal theory which means that the model of PoC can be used on itself . Every Square can be divided in Four Squares that can again be divided in four Squares ad infinitum.
The Pyramid of Maslow as a PoC-Structure.
The Holmes Event Scale as a Trigger for Calamities.
The kubler Ross Transition Curve is a pattern that shows how the Four World Views of the Emotions react to a Calamity. A Calamity triggers a Spring, which is a model of the Emotions. The white line is called the Setpoint. The Setpoint is the Middle of the cycle.
How the Emotions (Social) react to a Calamity. in a cycle that rotates with the clock (generative cycle) This picture shows that the Emotions are a Fractal System.
ALthough the pattern looks like a Causal Chain the parts of the chain can be triggered by a Central Clock that triggers the parts at the same time.To make this possible the Internal Clcok has to synchronize with an external clock.
Every Point of View relates to a special type of social network.

There are old examples of the Games of PoC. For instance Chess, the Tarot and the Dance of Shiva.

Shiva (Nataraja) dances many postures with the wheel of time that are related to the WorldViews by the Colors. Her green feet with the Elephant posture crashes a dwarf, the human without knowledge.
The Chinese Sheng Cycle is generated out of a 3×3 Magic Square called the Lo Shu. The World Views are the Classical Elements with the colors of Poc. The Cycle contains two Paths of Change. One in the Center and one on the Outside. There are Five Worldviews (4+1) where the 5th is the Center (called Metal), the middle of the Cross that connects the other four views. , in this pattern a view is connected to two other world views one direct and the other 2 steps further. The middle of the circle is a Pentacle.
Lo shu turtle
Lo Shu on the back of a Turtle. The Turtle is the symbol of the Starsystem Orion.
Wheel of Time and Order in the Dream of wolfgang Pauli comparable to the vision of Ezekiel. .The Four Beings look like the Four Animals of the Zodiac and the four animals of the Medicine Wheel all related to the World Views that rotate perpendicular to eachother.
A Projection of PoC to the Sheng Cycle. The Sheng Cycle contains two cycles one is a causal cycle at the outer (the Wheel of Order) circle and the other is a feed-forward cycle the Cycle of Time.
In the middle the Triangle of the Creator Stone (Saturm) surrounded by 7 Planets and the Four Animals.
The Cube of Space: Metapsychology: Dimensions of Consciousness & the Structure of Human Experience: the Experience of Being Alive: Qualia and Beyond Qualia
This is the Cube of Space. The Cube is a 3D Meta-Psychological Model that contains the same Worldviews as PoC.

The Cube of Space is represented in the KaBaa in Mecca. The Kaaba is related to Saturn. The rotating Crowds simulate Saturn. THe focus on the Kabaa in the Center generates an enormous amount of Emotional Energy. See the Chapter 11 about Entrainment.

This picture shows that the Moebius Ring of Panarchy is a combination of Games that combines Two Cycles that move With- and Against the Clock. With the Clock is called the generative or Producing cycle the other way araound is destructructive or Consuming Cycle.

5. About the Roots of Panarchy: Cultural Theory:

De vier fasen van de Panarchy Cyclus voorgesteld als een landschap met een rollende bal
The Four Metaphors of Cultural Theory mapped on a Mathematical Model.

The matrix pictured here, adapted from Michiel Schwarz and Michael Thompson (1990), is one presentation of a typology of worldviews called cultural theory.

It plots acceptance of social controls (on the vertical axis) and levels of social commitment (on the horizontal axis). In the quadrants, the worldviews or rationalities depicted are alternatively described as archetypes, ways of life, social solidarities, and myths or caricatures of nature.

“We postulate that these four ways of life are in conflict in every conceivable domain of social life,” write Michael Thompson and Marco Verwell (2004). “Each of the four ways of life consists of a specific way of structuring social relations and a supporting cast of particular beliefs, values, emotions, perceptions, and interests.”

“In the end, every type of social conflict is about types of organization,” writes anthropologist Mary Douglas (2006). “Why do we settle for four types? Because this model is at once parsimonious and it is comprehensive. A hundred, or a million, types of cultural bias may be out there. But for explanatory value three, four or five types of social environment are enough to generate three, four or five distinct cosmologies.”

“Each rationality will generate its own distinctive engineering aesthetic: its own definition of the good, the beautiful and the socially desirable,” write Schwarz and Thompson (1990). “Our concern, therefore, should not be with which one is right (for that would be to insist that just one rationality had access to ‘the truth’) but rather with which is appropriate to the task at hand.”

Below I present a comparable model of Alan Fiske:

6. About the Relational Model of Alan Fiske:

The Relational Models of Fiske look a lot like PoC.

The Four Views of Fiske are Four World-views Viewing at the Social Worldview (also being the Emotions).

(1): Communal Sharing: This is a Social Social group. People live together and Share things. People are treated as equivalent and undifferentiated. “What’s mine is thine; what’s thine is mine”. Fairness is important in such groups and appealing to values may be the best way to persuade. Conflict may be dealt with through mediation and others methods that seek consensus.

The Sensory view on Social Fiske calls a (2): Market=Pricing-relationship. We call this a Company. or a Community of Practice. I have repeated the picture of the Sensory view below.

As you can see a City is an expansion of the Sensory (red) view when we see a City as an Actor or Organism.

Scientists of the Santa Fe institute have found that a city behaves as an organism or a Super-organism.

(3): Equality Matching: Equality matched relationships generally collaborate around Shared goals and help one another. Relationships are reciprocal and have equal value. People treat fairly those who treat them fairly. See Tit-for-Tat as the solution of the Iterated Prisoners Dilemma.

4: Authority RankingSocial groups are arranged with a hierarchy of power. The top of the pyramid protects the lower layers.

Fiske found out that his Relational Models have a lot in common with the Scales used in Measurement Theory. We measure others the same way we measure objects and situations.

Scales are not only instruments to determine a Measurement-strategy. Scales are also ladders that bring you higher to get a better Point-of-View. This view is always blocked by the Horizon, the Point of Infinity.

The scales can be ordered in a cycle that looks like the cycle of Panarchy. The Scales and therefore the Social relations and therefore PoC and Panarchy can be related to four different Geometries.

Fiske and later Bolender found out “that there is a truly fundamental self-organizing physical process (symmetry braking) underlying social relationships that has hitherto been ignored,” They form a descending, nested series with successively fewer degrees of uniqueness (There are fewer ‘admissible’ transformations which preserve the same information).

Another explanation can be found in the spatial structure of the human body. In this context an important reference must be the work by Samuel Todes, especially his dissertation -published in 2001 by MIT Press and titled “Body and World.”.

Another explanation can be found in the Embodiment-theory of the group of George Lackof.

About Body & World.Hubert Dreyfus for a discussion of why machines cannot become human. In their discussion, they talk about the role of philosophy in clarifying what it means to be human. Hubert explains his calling and calling in general.

Humans learn about the other by copying. This faculty has been named mirror-neurons but is stil in discussion.

Another explanation is mutual entrainment, the tendency of coupled oscillators to fall into step that is widely observed in mechanical and biological systems.


The model of Relationship of Fiske contains the Four Worldviews on Social. This picture contains the rotation against the Clock. (Consuming, Creative). The cycle with the clock is called the Productive Cycle. Both cycles are complementary wich means that they annihilate when they are connected (“Social”) . The energy of the fusion (Bisociation) generates the Light of Insight.
The Spiritual Cycle of Walter Russell.
The Cycle of with a rotation with the clock of the Emotions caused by a Calamity. THis model is comparable to the Kubler Ross-model (see Below). Observe that a calamity acts as a Spring.
The Relationshipmodel of Fiske related to PoC.
Pictures out of my blog about Anti-Fragility (Chapter In Dutch13-14). Citation taken out of Anti-Fragility Book of nAssim Taleb that covers a lot: “We have the illusion that the world functions thanks to programmed design, university research, and bureaucratic funding, but there is compelling — very compelling — evidence to show that this is an illusion.  Technology is the result of antifragility, exploited by risk-takers in the form of tinkering and trial and error.  Engineers and tinkerers develop things while history books are written by academics; we will have to refine historical interpretations of growth, innovation, and many such things. … The error of naive rationalism leads to overestimating the role and necessity of … academic knowledge, in human affairs — and degrading the uncodifiable, more complex, intuitive, or experience-based type”.

The four Worldviews mapped at the social Worldview are Yellow Unique/ : Playing Games, Green (Social): Cooperate, Blue: Order: Hierarchy is about Power and Red: the Sensory)-Moter-part is about Conflict/Competition. The 8-Panarchy-Moebius Cycle moves from The Same (Blue, Gelijk, Equal) ->to: Yellow->Unique-.to Unity -> Green (Social)-> Blue.

The development of the Scales follows the proces of Panarchy. About extensive and intensive measures . an intensive quantity is one whose magnitude is independent of the size of the system. This is a definition of continuous data.
Examples of Scales.The Ratio Scale uses a Ruler. It measures a Length. an Interval Scale measures a Distance THe Ordinal Scale measures a Rank and the Nominal Scale measures A the names of a List of the same Objects. (Being Part of The cities of the Netherlands). The order of the objects is not important). The list can be permuted (put in a different order).

The mathematical theory of Projective Geometry is a spin-off of the discovery of Perspective Drawing in the Renaissance. Drawing is a combination of Sensing and Action (Sensory-Motor-cortex).

IMAGE: Leonardo's perspectograph
This is The Perspectograph of Leonardo Da Vinci. The painter looks with one Eye through a Hole.
In Euclidian Geometry parallel lines don’t cross . Non-Eulidean Space is Curved. In every space the Sum of the Angles of the Triangel are different.
Writer Fuel: How Non-Euclidean Geometry Turned Me Into a Rebel - DIY MFA
Every Perspective has his own Horizon.

There is much reason to believe that what is called in Panarchy Revolt (Yellow-Jump-Slow-Blue) is called Anti-Fragility by Nassim (AF).

AF is the art of directing an enormous frustrated diversity (mythic, yellow) towards a common goal (unitary, blue). This happens in revolutions in which the frustrated disadvantaged popular masses (green) want to conquer the position of the rulers (blue).

AF causes a transition between two (eco) systems in which a new higher order arises. The new order has a slower rhythm, slower, because it has lost the flexibility of the lower order and has a greater range.

The revolution has filled the bureaucracy of the old structures with those who were out of order. In essence, little changes (the iron law of the oligarchy).
The new order has found a different concept for the diversity that is under pressure. An example is the transition from the unicellular to the multicellular organism that in its unicellular state had to go against the current to gather food and now just waits for the useful resources to come along.

As long as the new plan, model is only present in the mind, the model is scale independent (“a vision or a philosophy”). As soon as one starts making the design (Blue / red / -> make), one will have to fall back on what is available or design and build a lot (the “utopia”) to shape the entire ecology.
Anti-fragility occurs when the imbalance in an Equality Matching structure (resilience) becomes too great and the structure wants to return to its equilibrium.
In such a case, there are three possibilities (1) the parts go back to the original AR (blue) and reorder (counter-revolution) (2) the parts go MP (standardization, red) and are translated into ( some) units or (3) they leave the current ecology and go to a “higher” ecology where they also end up in a new AR.
The picture shows that Resilience (Anti-Fragile) and Fragile are a category and that Agile and Anti-Agile are a category.

Here you have to ask yourself if Anti-Fragile and Resilience are not the same. The first category (Fragile, Anti-Fragile) is a Form where Fragile is a physical form (a glass, matter, solid, “earth”) and Anti-Fragile is an Idea (“air”, film, software, media).

Agile and Anti-Agile are forms of collaboration that control a process. In the first case (Anti-Agile) the process (a streamline) is fixed (standard, earth / ice). The second case (Agile) is very flexible (“water”). All paths from the source flow to the sea.

7. Mapping the Fractal Model of Panarchy to Poc and Fiske:

The Cycles of Panarchy are fractal . They move with their own frequency. The scales are connected and Jumps Up (Revolt) and Down (Remember). Revolt looks like a Human Revolution Evolution in Biology and Anti-Fragile (being a state where the system changes and increases its Potential by being able to produce different (re)actions.

Panarchy is controlled by 3 Variables and moves in Time. This means that Panarchy is a 4D-Control feedback system. The variables are called Potential (Up/Down), Resilience (High/Low) and Connectedness (Communion, High/Low). Resilience looks like a Spring.

Reactions of a Microbial Ecology to a Major Disturbance. The Ecology reacts by (1) Staying the Same (Resistance) , (2) Moves back to its Original Position (Resilience), (3) Performs the same with a different structure (Functional Redundancy and (4) Performs differentely with a different Structure (Anti-Fragile). This model could be related to a Microbial community that is part of a Human. It shows that an Ecology can be part of an Ecology and higher.

8. Constructal Law

This a model of Earth that is used in Constructal Law.
Constructal Law is a special law of ThermoDynamics. It proofs that Rotation of Earth results in all kind of Flow Systems that remove the Resistance against their flow.
The Evolution on Earth can be xplained by Constructal Law.

9. Flow Systems States and Estuaries:

The Ancient States Egypt and Sumer were based on an ecology mostly situated at an Estuary of of a Big River (Nile, Euphrate, Tigris) that ends in a sea.

The States got into big problems when the climate changed and raining stopped, the amount of sweet water went down in combination with the entering of salt water of the sea. This all destroyed the crops.

10.Harbours, the Silk Road and other Places of Exchange of Ideas:

Many old states were situated at an Entrance to the Sea (Harbour) to make Trade and Exchange of Ideas possible. Trade was also facilitated by being at an important node in a international trade route that crossed the Desert.

The connection points were the point were Ideas, Philosophies and Theories were exchanged. The Harbors facilitated important Creative centers like Alexandria and Venice.

China has copied the ancient concept of the Silk Road.

11.About Entrainment:

RandallCollins shows in his book Interacting Ritual Chains that Humans need the Entrainment of Special group Rituals to release Emotional Tensions. Successful rituals create symbols of group membership and pump up individuals with positive emotional energy.


A Dragon King is a Calamity that is caused by Entrainment mostly called a Bubble. In this case the parts are higly connected and look alike. An example is a crowd or a hype.
Being in Love is an example of Entrainment.
When many organisms (who look a lot alike) are focused on the same event they entrain. (become one).
Entrainment happens when pendulums are connected to a shared structure (a wall in a room).
Humans are entrained to their outside repeating (Cyclic) environment. Every part is connected to a small clock that is entrained to a big clock in our case the Sun.

12. Examples of A new Model of the State:

In this Chapter I put the models out of Chapter 1-12 in a special order in which the City or the State plays a central role.

The picture below shows a PoC-model with a pattern of a Moebius Ring.

The Moebius-ring (the number 8) is the model behind Panarchy. An ecology contains many connected 8’s. A connected Ecology could be called a Region.

The model contains the functions that can be found in a (big) city. The States grew out of Cities.

Cities look like Organisms. Organisms cooperate in super-organisms. An Ecology is a Super Organism (comparable to the Ants).

The second picture below the picture below is also a model of a (big) City . It contains the Social Networks described in Chapter 4 (About PoC) in the Center.

It also contains a Linear connected ValueChain I call a Value Cycle or a Value Network.

It also contains a Triangel with a Center that connects the many roles that could be implemented as a Monitor. A Monitor plays the role of the Observer, Consciousness. Its role is to Balance the Four Roles. In my opinion the State (or City) should play this role instead of playing the role of the Controller.

The patterns in this model you can seen at the right. They contain a Poc Cycle in a Poc Cycle containing many PoC-cycles that represent Humans.

The term Company (Red)Flow and Sensor represent Activities in the City represented as a Value Cycle. A Value Cycle is a Value Chain that is connected. Flow Systems are related to the rotation of the Earth connected to the Sun Cycle. A City is synchronized to the Day and the Sun Cycle,.

Yellow (Idea, creative)/<-<Red (Sensing, Action) is called Inventive in PoC . Very important is the link Green (Social)<->Blue (Management, Control, Unity, Rules, Systems) ) that contains the term Building Value and the link Blue/Yelow (Inspire). It is the most important process that transforms resources (Value) into a Unity (Capital, Wealth,Potential) that is able to allocate the Creative Power (Spirit). Have a look again at how entrainment is used in combinations with Rituals.

The 3rd Picture shows a bigger picture where Types of Systems are related that are 2fold (Fragile), 4Fold (look like Organisms) and N-Fold (Anti-Fragile). They change in a way we call Evolution.

The interesting part of all the pictures is that they are all created by applying the fractal of PoC on PoC etc.

If The State is an Ecology we have to create a Multi-Layer nested PoC-model or start with a simple model (“a meta-fractal?) and make it more complex by combining more parts in different ways. The lowest level of this system has to be the human. The human is a moving-Ecology of bacteria and virusses.

The pictures below are explained in the chapters above.

Pictures come from Chapter 4 (About PoC): Also see this.

This PoC-model has the Human in the Center and decribes Social Networks and a connecting proces that moves against the clock called Generating. A City is an expansion of the Sensory part of the Human.
This is a PoC-model that shows how a human reacts to a calamity.This model is compatible to the model of Kubler ross.
The same model applied to a City. This model was used in a Smart City -project (called SUS, Smart Urban Space) in the Hague. In the Center we see the Observer.
A simple Model of a City in which the Citizens evaluate the products of the companies transfer the products into Value that is used to Inspire Inventors that create new Products. The Companies are really like all the other Social Networks
The picture is a result of a lot of research with the Social Relations Model of Fiske. Set is also called Family. A Company is an Expansion of the Sensory Motor System with a focal point on Taking Measures. Management is Ranking.
See Fiske Market Pricing below.. Revolution (another term for Innovation) Fuses difference by Abstracting.
PoC, Panarchy & Fiske combined with Anti-Fragility. An Ecology can be a Region but An Ecology can also be a Human (or an Organism) or lower in the levels we can define until the singularity.
A fractal model of a City seen as an organism. The lowest level is Urban Space. THis space is filled with Buildings That are connected by Roads and other “tubes”. The Buildings are specialized. The city is a Value Cycle that connects all of the Social Networks incuding the Social Social Networks (Famely, Friends, ..), the Knowledge-Social networks (R&D, University, Schools,..) and the Experience-SocialNetworks, Community of Practice that are also called Companies. The Value-Cycle contains the steps of PoC, Plan, Produce, Use and Innovate). The Manage-Layer, a Triangel, soemetimes called Government is again divided in four parts called Planning. Business, Democracy and the Top.Democracy isa concept and is used to inspire, generate ideas. Voting is an emotional process (like, not like, opinion.
A Calamity is a Trigger to a major Change of a System. This System contains (1) Fragile/Rigid Sub-systems . They have two states Order or Not-Order (Chaos). Chaos is an order we cannot explain. (2) Resilient Sub-Systems. They have a Four-Fold structure that looks like an Organism. A Resilient System returns in the same order it had before the distortion. (3) Anti-Ftragile Systems. They have a >4-Fold structure and are comparable to Spiral in a Spiral. They return in a different state with a different functionality. We call this proces Evolution.

13. How to Design a State:

In this chapter we use the Development Proces-Model of PoC. The Arrows make it possible to create Many Different paths of Change..

Observe that Industry , Science, Market (see Polyani) and Media are part of the Model but that the Cross is not filled This place could be taken by the Sate of the City.

The Cycle starts (or ends) with an Event that generates an Expectation-Failure that violates a Goal that can be explained by a Model or a Rule that when it is Explained (taken out of the plane) Evokes an In-/Over-sight that generates an Idea that generates a Motive to get in Action. An Idea is a fusion of contradictory concepts.
Panarchy used as a Product Development System.

Human Rights.

The ancient States grew out of Cities that where (re)Created close to the Sea by a group of People with a Bloodline (Kin(g) ) to a Godmade Human.

The “new” states USA (1787) , France (1789, ), Got Rid of their Kings and God and Based their Constitution on the Principle of “Natural Right“,that later inspired the 1948 United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

Human Rights (HR) have a lot in common with Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. This means that HR have a lot in Common with PoC and therefore with Fiskes theory of Human Relations and Panarchy.

Human Rights are a product of an Utopian Movement that was motivated by many World Wars and Dictators that love to speak to their counterparts in the General Assembly of the UN.

Laws are a symbolic power enforced by the legal system that is enforced by a democracy, the power of the many that have no power against the smart weapons that are designed to give Big Brother its tools to control the minds.

A politics of human rights must transcend judges. History shows that movements relying on judges alone are weak. We need more power and the power can be found in the citizins that are also consumers. They can vote with their wealth but much netter with their Intelect.

Fiske Market Pricing Relationship.

n the past three decades, says Michael Sandel, the US has drifted from a market economy to a market society; it’s fair to say that an American’s experience of shared civic life depends on how much money they have. (Three key examples: access to education, access to justice, political influence.) In a talk and audience discussion, Sandel asks us to think honestly on this question: In our current democracy, is too much for sale?

14. The Sate as the Monitor of the Ecology

In this chapter I will create my preferred model of the State.

As I mentioned before I believe the State should play the role of Monitor.

About The Future of the State


are you interested in a possible solution? Read this.

This blog started as (and is still) a blog about the Future of the State we are part of.

In the first version of this blog (now Part 3) I detected that The Democratic State is a Facade for an Aristocratic Elite (“A TRIBE). This has been the case since the first King of Ur Gilgamesh returned after the Great Flood.

It looks like the state is collapsing everywhere in the world and a Big new type of state (China) is growing and expanding based on Big Brother Technology,

The 2nd version of this blog ended with a search into the history of the State.

During this search I detected that our Ancient Forefathers build advanced Forecasting Systems like Stonehenge to predict Calamities. It looks like we are now not prepared to face such a calamity.

In Part 2 I introduce Bruno Latour with his ideas about the new Constitution. It looks like Bruno is pointing to a Political Ecology which is a nice way to look into the Future.

In Part 7 you will find a List of Chapters of the previous versions.

Today I have started a new Blog to discuss a Design for a new State .

The Code behind Stonehenge
ccording to Hopi Myth we now live in the Fourth World. This World is Ending Soon. What will the Fifth World bring?Probably a new Great Flood that will come when the Earth Magnetc Field Moves.


Konstantin Meyl: Why the Earth is Growing, he Magnetic Field is Turning and the Big Flood wil come after we connect with a Super Nova.


The Earth is facing many Calamities all the time. Many of them are cyclic and therefore predictable. In old times the Timekeepers of the State watched the Sky to make sure nothing bad was coming.
The biggest problems the World is facing are Income-and Asset inequality . An unbalanced distribution of wealth combined with an inflexibel state-burocracy controlled by a rich elite is the trigger for a Big Crisis when a not expected Calamity occurs.
This is a short clip made from the documentary Entheogen – Awakening the God Within.entheogen documents the emergence of techno-shamanism in the post-modern world that frames the following questions: How can a renewal of ancient initiatory rites of passage alleviate our ecological crisis? What do trance dancing and festivals celebrating unbridled artistic expression speak to in our collective psyche? How do we re-invent ourselves in a disenchanted world from which God has long ago withdrawn?

According to Behavioral Economics Humans are highly Confused Predators. As a Predator Humans Protect their Territory with every means possible. They are Confused because they are incapable to Observe and Reason about their own behavior and the behavior of others. The predators are often called Hawks and their victims Doves.

A lot of people don’t believe or don’t know that the Spirit of Inspiration is a Conscious Being.

This spirit is specialized in The current Time (Anima Mundi) or Place (Genius Loci). The Russian Philosopher Bahktin called the combination of Place and Time, the Chronotype.

Are we able to Stay a Participatory Society implemented in a Democracy controlled by the Citizens? or will the State, controlled by an invisble Dictator control us? Is the Constitutional State at its end?

The Twilight of Democracy. :by Ann Applebaum. The book. describes how the Power of the State was grabbed in Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Brazil and now Italy and probably the USA and the UK.

In all of these countries the Leaders change the rules of the Game of Politics to get a Majority and take control over the Media especially the Social Media.

The Treason of the Clerks by Julien Benda. One of the arguments of Applebaum is taken from the book of Julien Benda. He shows how Intellectuals join a powerful group by Changing their Arguments using powerful Rhetorical tools.

It happened in Germany to stay out of trouble of the Nazi’s and the Russians in East Germany but also in the US in the time of Mccarthy and in Turkey during the time of Erdogan.

We are forgetting to Ask our Creator-Ancestors for Guidance. We have forgotten that that they are able to See the Future from a Far-Away Perspective.

The Nation State has a very long history that begun when Humans started to Organize themselves in the Stone Age.

Humans have been Performing Shared (Death, Birth, Marriage, and other) Rituals for >2.000.000 years. Have we forgotten to take care of the Death?

Certain Civilizations (Egypt, Sumer, Inca) were (Re)Created at About the Same Time by comparable entities Enki (Sumer), ( Thoth Egypt) ( Viracocha, Inca ) who warned us for possible recurring Disasters (f.i. the Great Flood, the End of Civilization ).

God Ea, seated, holding a cup. From Nasiriyah, southern Iraq, 2004-1595 BCE. Iraq Museum.jpg
Hermes Trismegistus
Thoth, Hermes Trimegistres.


ABouthe irst City of Eridu: Sumer Akad and the man Joannes that came out of the Sea.

The Creators of the old Civilizations build Celestial Observation Centers (like Stonehenge, Machu Picchu, Carnac,..) all over the World to determine the exact moment in Time of the recurring Calamity.


It is remarkable that they warned us for what is happening in our time.

The same warning comes from leaders of very old civilizations like the Maori, the Aboriginals but also of the Hopi.

According the Hopi Prophesy Three Previous Human Worlds were destroyed when people became Greedy, Worshipped technology as a god, Fought and Hurt each other, and repeatedly forgot the Ethical teachings they’d been given to Honor the Earth as the Source of life and sustenance. Our Fourth World is dying.

Hopi Phrophesy

The first State after the Flood was a City State called Ur. City-states expand into big states by increasing wealth, taken over othe states by violence or negatitation. States are destroyed by a disaster or war or internal conflcicts.

States and city-states look like organisms.

A City-State is a Distribution System. It distributes Wealth (Surplus, Food, Energy, Knowledge, Human Labor) between rich and poor people.

A State with an unBalanced Distribution system will Collapse.

Because of the Growing (Niche Weather, Fertile, soil) Surplus The Organizatonal Sructures of the States and the States themselves grew bigger and bigger and behaved as humans behaved because humans used them for their Own Benefit.

States grew by Expanding or by taking over other states.To expand states fused but also took over control which was most of the time done with a lot of Violence.

To stay alive States had to increase the amount of soldiers and make or invent new weapons.

Small States fuse into bigger structures like the European Union to benefit from the Protection of a bigger state.

Most of the time the soldiers were children out of the underclass of the state. To motivate the soldiers States became something to Die for.

States Act like humans because humans always Project humans in Agents that show an active behavior. These agents take over the role of the Parent (mostly the Father). States became a Substitute for the Family.

Currently we see a lot of Competing states that compete with other structures that coordinate Human Behavior.

Big Global Companies are sometimes more Powerful than States.

The most innovative state of the state, the constitutional state (See Part 2) has to be innovated to Integrate all of the organizational structures currently available.

If this is not done one of the new structures will Take over Control.

Current Technology is able to Control and Manipulate billions of people by Changing their behavior

Big Brother is real and wide awake waiting to Rule the World.

This blog will show you what the Big Troubles were created by not turning back to the roots of the human structures, Mother Nature connected with .the Moon Cycles

The only Ancient Culture that is still in Tune with Mother Nature lives in Australia and in New Zealand.

Let us Copy their behavior or start looking for a Place to Hide perhaps in the Old Caves in Capadocia.

Corroboree an Australian Aboriginal dance ceremony which may take the form of a sacred ritual or an informal gathering.Central Australia near Tenant Creek Northern Territory, NT Australia

Part 1: Surviving in a Cave Looking for the Secret Grove of the State.

What are all the Megalyths doing? It looks like they were Showing the Way to the Stars in an ancient landscape that was almost totally covered with Woods.
Archeology uses Astronomy to explain what all the ancient Megalyths are doing. They show that our ancestors knew a lot about the Stars and their Cycles and the Important connections between the Cycles and Nature. In this way they were able to predict important changes in Nature like Spring and Autumn.
Prehistoric wooly mammoth hunters using bows and arrows
Hunter Gatherers cooperate to kill a Mammoth: Picture out of an Article in the Gardian.
The Bronze Age
Reconstruction of a a Bronze Age ettlement (a Proto-City) in Dartmoor Wales.

The State started as a small City-State surrounded by Walls where the Keeper of the Storage of the Food became a King.

The word King comes from kin (related by birth, bloodline) probably with a God (the first Creator). It is well known that in history powerful kings openly declared that they were a God.

Jericho.is probably the oldest continually-inhabited city.

Walls of Jericho.

Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of 20 successive settlement dating back 11,000 years.

he old walls of Jericho were part of a very old Proto-City.

an Old Sanctuary in the Fertile Crescent, Goebeli Tepe, Turkey, 10.000 BC
Recently Scientists have detected the existence of an old Cataclism that caused the end of Atlantis. They assume that Kobele Tepie was created by the people who survived the disaster

Humans are Toolmakers.

One of the most interesting inventions was the Boat that made people Look at the Sky to navigate and detect the cycles and the important moments in the cycles (Spring).

Cappadocia, Turkey
Ancient rock-cut church and cave dwellings in Cappadocia, Anatolia Turkey. Capadocia was called Phrygia in old times.

Below the Churches vast Underground Cities were found. They were used to hide from the Invasions of the Sea People.

They were people that migrated with their catlle and boats out of Iran and Turkey later returning from Europe to their Homeland.

Many ancient citystates were destroyed in the Bronze Age Collapse. This happened because of the attack of the Sea People, a huge force of returning seafaring hungry people from Europe because of a sudden Climate Change caused by a Vulcano in Iceland.


The State looks like a Beehive.

Phrygia is well known for the Gordian Knot a puzzle solved by Alexander the Great and its King Midas who wanted to create Gold with his touch.

The Goddess of the Phrygians was Cybele, an old Moon Goddess. At that Time the culture was Matriarchal.

Beehive Houses Harran Turkey.

Cybele was the Goddess of the Bees. She originated from a big Black Stone, a meteorite, fallen from Heaven. This Stone became the Kaaba, the Black Stone in Mecca.

The Statue of Cybele was always accompanied by a priesthood of eunuchs who dressed like bees.

The male priesthood castrated themselves during an ecstatic celebration, called the Day of Blood’, which took place on 24 March.

Cybele carries the Wall of a City as a Crown on her head.

Cybele the Mother Goddess with her Lions

Cybele and her priests played an important role in Rome by keeping the Cybilline Books that contained prophesys about the End of the State of Rome.

The methaphor of the Cave must have come from the ancient cavedwellers. All of them developed the same concepts probably related to the Bee-hive of Queen Bee Cybele containing citizen-Working-Bees that provided for the Food of the state.

Egypt was known as the land of the bee, its kings were called ‘beekeepers’ and the founders of the Nile Valley appear to have travelled from the Source of the State Mesopotamia with bees in their boats after the flood, circa 3,000 BCE.

Egypt became one the most stable Nation States on earth for a very long time.

It produced, because of the cyclic flooding of the Nile, a vast amount of Food, was so Wealthy that it was able to defend itself by hiring Mercenaries, even against the Sea People and was therefore able to store a long history of knowledge in its Archives that were taken over by new rulers, the Greek (Alexander the Great) and later the Romans. Alexander was extremely impressed by the Priests of the center of knowledge Heliopolis.

Heliopolis attracted many intelligent people from all over the world to learn the State of the Art in Navigation, Prediction, Architecture, History etc.

About the Hunter Gatherers.

The Maori Culture and the of Australia Aboriginals are the oldest culture on earth.

The Maori made a conscious choice not to start Agriculture but to live from Mother Earth.

The Hunter Gatherers developed an intuitive knowledge of what Mother Nature needed. In these cultures only people with a “gift”, the shamans, become priests.

The Hunter-Gatherers: Moari Warrior talks about his culture and the dance of the spiral, The Holy Ghost..
The Gnostic Relegions relate to the ancient religions of the Motheer Goddess.

The Origins of the State according to Plato.

The roots of the State go back to Greece where Plato wrote about it. He believed in a city-state he called kallipolis. The state was ruled by a Philosopher King.

Plato got his teachings in Heliopolis, the Center of Wisdom of Egypt and the whole world at that time. His teacher was the Horite priest, Sechnuphis. His teachings came from Thot also called Hermes Trismegistus. Plato mixed the ancient teachings with the dialogs in his books.

The Books of Thot.

The books of the ancient library of Heliopolis were transported to Alexandria and later to Byzantium, , the Center of the new Roman Empire. Later they were taken to Venice and played an important role in the Renaissance.

Part 2: Bruno Latour: About The New Constitution.

Bruno Latour How to Think as a State. A speech to the Dutch WRR, an Scientific Counsel to Government of the Netherlands.

Latour speaks about the New Constitution.

A Constitution is a Law that Controls Laws, a Meta-Law.

Accoding to Latour a State is an Ecology.

To formulate the right Laws we have to Solve the Distinction Between Hard and Soft, Science (Facts) and Politics (Society, Values) ,  Nature and Culture, Thing and Subject.

The adaptive cycle as a dynamic map for resilience thinking
The theory of complex dynamic systems called Panarchy describes the periodic, rhythmic dance of the spiral of the holy spirit between order and chaos, between stability and transformation as a fundamental pattern of self-organization in complex (living) systems

An Ecology (= a State) Grows when the parts of the ecology are not too connected (“autonomous“) and the Wealth of the Economy is widely available for action.

The Panarchy Cycle ends with the end of the Ecology (in the Conservation-state), This state is always saved in a Sacred Grove.

I hope that you realize that the Sacred Grove of the state is kept alive in the Maori- and Aboriginal Culture and in humans that are able to Feel and/or See, the new Bards and Druids.

About the Gnostics a Religious sect of Greek speaking Jews living in Egypt that took over de ancient faith of Mother Nature combined with the knowledge of Plato & Pythagoras.

In a Conservation-state a State (a Political ecology) is old and fragile only busy with itself, spending all of its energy (wealth) to reproduce

The windows of a Cathedral show the Spiral of Life. Cathedral are always build on a Sacred Grove.
The Medicine Wheel is the basic form of Model of the Cycle seen in the way animals behave. .

The Sacred Grove was the place were the Spiritual Buildings (Churches/Cathedrals) were build by the Priests of te Old Orders. Atlas (“the Mapmaker“) and the creator of Atlantis shows the Maps that were made to Navigate all over the World and to Predict the Future by projecting Time in Space (f.i Lightyear).

To find the Future of the State we have to research the time we lived in the Caves,

Politicians have to realize that the State is an Ecology that Contains a Diversity of Matter (Things) and Life Forms (subjects) and

Scientists have to realize that Objects are also Actors, they move and/or are a cause and/or an Effect .

Politicians (Thinking(Unity) <->, Feeling (Social) <–> Manipulate and negociate Consensus and

Scientists (Thinking (Unity) , Sensing <–> Make, Analyze) ) have to realize that besides their Archetypes there are other Archetypes like Seeers (INtuiting) and Empats (Feeling). that Play a Role in the Cycle of Paths of Change.

Paths of Change mapped to the Tarot where Mythic (= Imagination, idea, Intuitive, Seeer, Cups), Social (= Opinion, Status, Emotion, Feeling, Pentacles), Sensory ( Fact, Experience, Wands, Action, Grow) and Unity (= Knowledge, Order, Rule, Law, Swords).
The Parliament of Things has to make a full Rotation of PATHS OF CHANGE with the Clock (Generating, Producing) or and / or Against the Clock (Consuming). With and Agaianst the Clock = a Moebius Ring). Observe the MOEBIUS RING in the Picture of PANARCHY Above and Below.

Does the New Constitution, the new Meta Law also apply to Things-Animals and Things- Machines (Robots)?

Who will Speak for the Lakes, the ozon layer, the Trees and the Self-driving Cars in the Parliament of Things.

Are the Laws of Nature in conflict with the New Constitution or are they the same Laws (and what are these Laws)?

In Chapter 9 of this blog you will see that Humans and Animals (and even Viruses and Bacteria apply the (Ethic) Principle of Tit-for-Tat, a solution to the Infinitely Repeated Prisoners Dilemma.

We are all kept in the same Prison that is Nature and our only way to get out is to Collaborate with all of the Life-Forms.

Part 3: What is Happening?

We are witnessing a Global Transformation in which the old Organizational Mass Structures are Loosing their Power and the Struggle between the Hawks (Rich, Influentional) and the Doves (Poor, Isolated) comes back.

History Repeats itself in a completely different Context filled with Big Brother Technology.

Is it possible to create a Big Brother State that citizens Love to live in?

It looks like (Surveillance Capitalism) could become our Big Friend by Automating Us.

Jared Diamond. Societies collaps because of environmental problems (“climate, too Dry, too Cold,..) combined with External and Internal Conflicts and the Resilience of the Society, (the Way the Citizens are able to Solve their own Problems), is low.
The Panarchy 4D Model of Ecologies fits the development of the Sate. It shows that Resilience is a combination of Connectedness and Wealth (Resources). When a State is too connected (“Burocratic“) and has not distributed its Wealth between the Rich and the Poor it will Collaps.

Part 4: The History of the State.

The State was invented in Sumer translated in Akkadian as the “Land of the Civilized Kings”.

Their forefathers moved from a hunter-gatherer society to an Agrarian one prior to 5000 BCE.

The Kings and their High Priests invented Cuneiform script, the Wheel, the Sail Boat, Irrigation, Law, Diplomacy, Trade, Bookkeeping and astrology.

Machu Picchu, A December Solstice Observatory of the Inca.The Inca’s are part of the Norte Chico Civilization that existed at the same time as Sumer. The December Solstice was observed all over the world. The civilization of the Inca’s was destroyed by the Spanish Golddiggers who killed for Christ and brought many Diseases that killed the Inca too,

Part 5: Theory of the State.

State formation is explained by The production of surplus (Wealth) resulting in a division and specialization of labor: leading to Classes who worked the land and to those who could devote their time to other tasks including astrology and warfare.

Large societies tend to develop Ruling classes and supporting Bureaucracies (Systems, Connectedness) , which leads to larger organizations that want to Control the world.

When the state is too dependent on systems the state will collaps when a Not Expected Disaster takes place (a Black Swan or a Dragon King.).

For a very long time the Hierarchy was the most important Control-System in Use.

Currently the Center of the System is moving from the Top to the Bottom because of the Rise of Communication Technology (Internet).

Part 6: Summary.

A big part of this blog is about the State we live in called the Constitutional State, the Nation State or the Rechtsstaat.

All of them are highly Dependent on the Belief that People are regulated by Laws and that there is something behind all these Laws which is an Eternal principle that represents the Good.

A deep (but not very difficult) analysis shows that the State is an instrument to benefit a certain Elite (A Tribe?) that is Sustained by the Systems of the State in which the Educational System is the most important.

The article by William I. Robinson: Gramsci and Globalisation: From Nation‐State to Transnational Hegemony shows that the current Social Networks of Local Elites connect on the World level and are influenzing the Global Nation States.

The extreme wealthy creators of the Global Social-Network Technology know that they are able to Control the World with a Silent Revolution in which the Needs of their users can be changed to live in a new type of Paradise in which the old Roman theory of controlling their citizins with Food & Play will Lead the Way.

Part 7.List of Chapters.

This list contains numbered summaries of the chapters of this blog from now. It makes it possible to Jump into the blog without missing much.

Watch out: THis Blog is still in Development. It will not be the same in a few weeks from now.

Comment? <-click there.

2: What is a State?

A State was an instrument to support the Ruler of a Boundary in Space called a City State.

The Rulers became Omnipotent when they transformed themselves into a God.

Nice to Monaco

THe City State Monaco.

3. History of the State starting with the GREAT FLOOD.

Before the Great Flood Humans were organized in Tribes and later in Kingdoms. Most of the humans were owned by other humans.

After the Industrial Revolution the Slaves started a Revolution and the Kings had to share their Power with the Many still divided in the Rich and the Poor.

People no longer felt they were Owned by some Ruler; instead they now gave their Loyalty to something bigger, the Nation-state.

4. The Constitutional State.

This is a new concept in which the “good” is put into a General accepted Meta-law (a law that rules over other laws) chosen by a Majority of people. The big problems with a Meta-System is that it not bounded. It suffers Infinite Regress.

The big problem with a not bounded Constitution is that it will eventually cover All of the Humans, the Animals, the Territory of Earth (UNO) or even Space.

5. The problems of the Constitutional Sate.

To service its citizens the Rechtsstaat starts Companies that operate in the for- and the non-profit Market.

These Companies are now sold (or “given”) to the rich elite or the rich global companies that are now controlling the world.

Poor Citizens are paying Taxes for the benefit of the rich others.

This is Splitting the State and gives Opportunistic Leaders (Populist) the chance to drive their followers into a Renaissance of the Fascist State.

The STaat is also competing with other rechtsstaats (EU, UNO, ..). that control the “lower” rechtstaat giving the Nationalists the opportunity to dissolve structures that were created to Prevent a 3de World-war.

6. The End of the Nation State.

States are connected to a physical boundary. The United Nations relate to Earth.

The perspective of Humanity changed when we were able to see the Earth in the Middle (Bible, Creation Story) the Sun in the Middle ( Science Copernicus) to the Center of the Milkey Way in the Middle (Hubble Telescope, Technology).

The Cycle of History is moving to the Center. Our movement into Space_ generates a new (Space)-Spirituality created by the Meta-Myth of Joseph Gampbell that motivates people to leave Earth and move to Mars or even further.

7. About Anarchy and Terroism.

The Institutions of the state and the Elite that controls the state have been an object of Destruction for a very long time. Until now the State seems to be Resilient/ Anti-fragile. It restores and grows from Chaos.

8. Living in Caves. The Pre-Historic State.

What can we learn from the time Humans were not part of a State (and part of a Tribe).What we can learn is that a lot of the experience of that time is put into our culture and in our myths and religion.

9: Are Humans different from Animals & Organisms.

Organisms & Animals “create” organizational structures that look like States. How different are we from organisms and our cousins the Apes. An important feature we don’t want to see is Synchronization. It helps dictators to control the masses.

10. Diverging States?

In 1989 The Berlin Wall fell and the western Nation-State became the “normal” model of the World. After that moment old conflicts started all over again. The same happened when the world wanted to get rid of “real” Dictators like Saddam Hoessein.

States are not a computer program that controls citizins, we can Restart.

States revert to their Initial State which is a Tribal Structure in which Violence is a normal tool to control the Population.

The New Leaders Copy the Story of the Ancient Leaders by Remembering old Stories about Lost Battles. This happened everywhere in the World from YugoSlavia to Ruanda.

Dictators with the use of State Violence control latent conflicts.

States are a very Complex Balancing Act in which many Powers are Neutralized.

A debate with Francis Fukuyama, Professor of Political Science Stanford University

11. The Techno-State.

In 1999 I wrote a document called MOVING UP and MOVING DOWN Ideas and opinions about the connection between Small Scale specialized human networks and large scale collaborative IT-technology.

It shows that we are moving to a connected Collaborative Space mostly called the Internet (or Hyperspace).

Hyperspace is now owned by big Global companies like Google and Facebook that Sell and Predict the Activity-profiles in Hyper- and Physical Space of many people on earth.


This blog is the result of an increasing frustration about the Performance of the State I live in (The Netherlands).

My Government acts without a vision, spends a huge amount of (tax)money and makes nistake after mistake most of the time in the use of Technology but also in providing effective Healthcare, Education, Protection, etc etc.

I Spend a few weeks reading thinking and writing about the State and came to the conclusion that we are facing the end of the Nation State.

It looks like Big Brother is already there and we are facing a situation in Europe that looks like the rise of the Totalitarian fascists States around 1933.

Is history repeating?

2. What is a Sate?

A Nation State is a Top Down Management Structure that controls a lot of people that share a lot. Currently the Top (Government) is loosing its power to other powers (Companies) .

In this last case the Nation State will transform into a Network of Special Economic Zones comparable to Hong Kong that provide a Tax-haven and a Secure haven to the very Rich. .

People that look alike synchronize and turn into a crowd that follows the directions of the Leader if he (or she) uses the Rhetoric of the Common Enemy. Most of the influentual Dictators were aware (by instinct or training) that they could bring a huge amount of people in Sync doing things they never believed that was Possible.

Crowds Synchronize when they look at the same thing.

Nation States are fragmenting into small Cultural Identities.

The State is defefined by Max Weber as a polity that maintains a Monopoly on the use of violence.

The Greek philosopher Aristotle believed that questions of the State, how it should be organized, and how it should pursue its ends, were fundamental to the achievement of happiness. Aristotle was aquainted with the City-State of Athens.

Acropolis Athens

The State we live in is the result of a Top-Down/Bottom Up process that repeats itself many times.

States start as small City States, and grow into Big Burocratic States.

Burocratic states are highly fragile and are therefore easily destroyed by a calamity or taken over by groups of violent people specialized in warfare that are triggered by famine caused by a change of climate or a change of the environment caused by human activity (desert creation, the industrial revolution).

Another cause of the end of a state can be found in internal conflict between competing groups often part of the Rulers (Masters) and the Ruled (Slaves).

This conflict can result in a Split of the state and or a Fusion of comparable parts. India and the Us are an example of both in which Religion was the cause of the split and a Cultural Likeness (“Capitalistic, Calvinistic) the reason of a Fusion.

The Huns, especially under their King Attila, made frequent and devastating raids into the Eastern Roman Empire. invaded Italy and almost conquered Rome.

Chinese government build big walls to protect the country against the Mongols.

Great Wall, China

In time the Victors fill in the old framework of the burocracy with their own people and the system becomes fragile again.

Systems (and humans) Reproduce themselves with Parts that reproduce themselves ( autopoiesis. ).

3. History of the State.

The next Great Flood will probably not be caused by a collision with a meteorite but by the melting of ice caused by the rising of temperature caused by Climate Change.

The repeating process of State-production was stopped by and started again after the Great Flood. This happened around 3117 BC.

After the Flood had swept over the earth and when kingship was lowered again from heaven, kingship was first in Kish. . . . in Uruk the divine Gilgamesh . . . ruled 126 years . . . its kingship was removed to Ur

Hero lion Dur-Sharrukin Louvre AO19862.jpg

The City State of Ur.

Ur was a new .start. Soon the City States started to make war and grew into a bigger structure.

Ur has always been an important location, a harbor, part of the trade-routes that connected the East and the West. Because of the Trade The rulers (Male and/or Female) of Ur became very rich.

Rulers become God and The High Priest gets te power.

Extreme richness, Power and Praise often leads to many psychological disorders (described by Interpersonal Theory) including Histrionic, believing your Fantasy is true ) Narcissism (extreme self-esteem) and Paranoia (Believing that Everybody is a Threat).

Shulgi, the greatest king of the Third Dynasty of Ur, who solidified the hegemony of Ur and reformed the empire into a highly centralized bureaucratic state. Shulgi ruled for a long time (at least 42 years) and deified himself halfway through his rule.

The transformation from ruler to God brought the King to the highest state of Power. Many rulers copied this behavior and many new Gods appeared making life very complex.

At the time of Shulgi rulers were often adviced by Magi that had a lot of knowledge about Mass Manipulation, Personal Magic and Medicine. When the rulers became God the Magi became the High Priest.


Persian Magician.


The Egyptian Pharao Akhenaton who was probably the Master of the Biblical Mozes Defined one God as the principal God. He started a new trend Monotheism based on the worship of Aten (the Sun Disk) .

In the Egyptian state the Priests were very powerful. They rebelled against Akhhenaton and restored the cult of Ammon.

Ahkenaton worships the Sun.

Ancient Israelite religion was originally polytheistic; the Israelites worshipped many deities including El, Baal, Asherah, and Astarte. Yahweh was originally the national god of the Kingdom of Judah.

The ancient economies of China, the Incan Empire, the Indian Empires, Babylon, Greece, and the various kingdoms of Africa operated on principles of reciprocity and redistribution with a very limited role for markets.

Cycles: History repeats itself.

Below you see a picture of a cycle-generator that generates Cycles in Cycles (etc). Cycles are driven by harmonic patterns that have a lot in common with music (“the Music of the Spheres“).

The Waves and the Overtones of the cycle going Up and Down can be described with recurring themes part of a five-fold-pattern (Pentangle). This pattern shares the four World Views of Path of Change (PoC) with a center which represents a whole. . PoC is a very old theory about Change that was discovered by Will McWhinney.

Kondratiev Cycle has a cycle-time of 52 years. Currently we are in a State called a Spring. In Spring the economy is growing until it moves into a recession. Every step in the cycle is controlled by a specific issue related to a world-view of Paths of Change. The colors are reused in this blog. Green is Social, Blue is Control, Yellow is Imagination, RED is Action and White is Center/Whole (Geheel).
Cycle generator. desrcibed by a pentangle containing a pentangle etc shows how waves contain waves etc.

Two states of The State of Rome.

The Spiral of Time focused on Europe based on the Cycle of Bahktin.
The spiral of Time is based on Paths of Change Blue is control, Yellow is Imagination, Green is Social / conflict, White is Center and Red is Action/revolution. The white stage always starts a new Religion.

Rome was a state ruled by an elected emperor controlled by an elected parliament with representatives that were Roman Citizen.

Mitrash is slaying the white Bull. The Bull is a symbol for the the Star Sign Taurus.Taurus represents the Worldview Sensory.

Emperor Constantine the Great made Christianity the leading religion of Rome because it looked a lot like the belief of his soldiers the (persian) cult of Mitra. Mitra transformed into Archangel Michael.

The Emperor of Rome transformed into the Pope of Rome.

New Empires.

To the Romans, anyone who was not a citizen of Rome or who did not speak Latin was a barbarian. In Europe there were five major barbarian tribes – the Huns, Franks, Vandals, Saxons, and Visigoths (Goths) – and all of them wanted to destroy Rome.

The rulers of the barbarians soon created kingdoms, empire-states that took over the rule of Rome. As always the expansion of the new Empires generated conflicts and war.

The Secular State.

In the renaissance the Zeitgeist of Europe turned into the state of Imagination/Spirit.

The Bible was translated in the languages of the empires and a unique interpretation of the Christian Faith turned into a Work Ethic based on the theories of Calvin.

Cpitalism and the freedom of Faith were born. The State left the field of religion and the Secular _State was born.

The State of the (Capitalistic) Hawks.

“The German sociologist Franz Oppenheimer (1864-1943), said, there are only two ways for men to acquire wealth.

The first method is by producing a good or a service and voluntarily exchanging that good for the product of somebody else.

This is the method of exchange, the method of the free market; it’s creative and expands production; it is not a zero-sum game because production expands and both parties to the exchange benefit.

Oppenheimer called this method for the acquisition of wealth the “Economic means“.

The second method is seizing another person’s property without his consent, i.e., by robbery, exploitation ND/OR looting.


The Noble Price winning Economist Daniel Kahneman wrote a book called Hawkish Biasis in which he explains economic behavior with the same attitudes Exchange (cooperation, Dove) and competition (Hawk, war, immoral behavior).

Oppenheimer called the thawkish method of obtaining wealth “the political means.” And then he went on to define the state, or government, as “the organization of the Political means,” i.e., the regularization, legiti­mation, and permanent establishment of the political means for the acquisition of wealth of the Hawks (the Upperclass) .

Socialism, Communism and Equality.

Around 1789 Europe was in the Social State meaning that social-conflicts started to increase.

The French Revolution (1789) started a revolt of the underclass that was hit by an economic crisis caused by a change of the climate caused by an explosion of a vulcano in Iceland. After the revolution the Middleclass (Bourgeoisie) took over the power and created factories powered by the steammachine. This stage in history is called the Industrial Revolution.

The Industrial revolution created a new underclass, the proletariat. Marx following Hegel detected that World History follows Patterns

The French Revolution triggered the start of the Socialistic Movement in England that caused many revolutions in for instance Russia and China. Both are countries that are controlled by an Elite (“the Party“).

russian revolution historiography

Although most of the time not highly visible all countries with a State are controlled by an Elite that creates a Network connected to special Schools/Universities, Political Parties and big Companies or networks of specialized comparable Small companies (Farmers rtc).

Cultural Revolution poster.jpg

The State as an Selforganizing System.

Anthony Giddens (1985) stresses that the emergence of the “Internally Pacified State” that centralizes the Means of Violence and hence prevents Armed Struggles between opposed classes was accompanied and enabled by a large expansion of the apparatuses of Surveillance and Bureaucratic Administration.

Giddens argues that the nation state is a “Power Container” [Giddens, 1985: 13] that stores and concentrates Authorative and allocative resources and that with the rise of capitalism the nation state replaced the City as the most important power container.

The Institutions of the State are the Keepers of the Rules that facilitate the systems in the state to self-organize:

Can a human society be constrained in such a way that self-organization will thereafter tend to produce outcomes that Advance the Goals of the society? Such a society would be self-organizing in the sense that individuals who pursue only their own interests would none-the-less act in the interests of the society as a whole, irrespective of any intention to do so. This paper identifies the conditions that must be met if such a self- organizing society is to emerge. It demonstrates that the key enabling requirement for a self- organizing society is ‘consequence-capture’. Broadly this means that all agents in the society must capture sufficient of the benefits (and harms) that are produced by their actions on the goals of the society. ‘Consequence-capture’ can be organized in a society by appropriate management (systems of evolvable constraints) that suppress free riders and support pro-social actions. In human societies these constraints include institutions such as systems of governance and social norms. The paper identifies ways of organizing societies so that effective governance will also self-organize. This will produce a fully self-organizing society in which the interests of all agents (including individuals, associations, firms, multi- national corporations, political organizations, institutions and governments) are aligned with the interests of the society as a whole.

4. The Constitutional State.

At the turn of the nineteenth century, the constitutional state took its origin from a revolution against absolutist rule and feudal inequality.

‘Constitution’ as a revolutionary new concept of law meant as an ideal-type: written, supreme, secular law, decided by the people and regulating all public power.

Constitutional monarchy was the dominant type of constitutional state in Europe throughout the nineteenth century.

It was marked by a fundamental dualism between monarchical and parliamentary power, which tended towards parliamentarization and came to an end with complete constitutionalization and democratization of European states as an outcome of the First World War.

While the post-war years represented the apex of European constitutionalism, the deep European crisis of the 1930s with the rise of dictatorship destroyed the core function of constitutionalism, to legally bind state power, which came to be restored only gradually after 1989 for the whole of Europe.

Currently a big part of Europe is controlled by the European Union (EU) created 1-1-1958. The citizen support for the EU is in a steep decline culminating in the rise and come back of many nationalistic parties and the Brexit (Exit of Brittain).

5. The Future of the Dutch Constitutional State.

In 2003 the WRR ( Dutch Government Scientific Think Thank) wrote a report about the future of the Dutch Constitutional State called a Rechtsstaat.

A Rechtsstaat is a “constitutional state” in which the exercise of governmental power is constrained by the law.

The big problem not adressed in the document above is that Law is a symbolic system that could be in line with the Zeitgeist or otherwise.

It is almost impossible to program the citizins of a country unless the program is put into many examples that are thaught at primary school.

Louis Althusser is a Marxist Philosopher who claims that Education is the Foundation of the Ruling Power of the State.

Civil Society.

The ZeitGeist is currently in the State of the Center (Whole, White, Boundaries).

Citizins want to be treated as respected Individuals (Informalization) and are exploring boundaries (Intensivation) . Young people Cross boundaries, companies work without boundaries (Globalization) and countries define new boundaries.

The system of rules governing a rechtstaat is becoming too complex and the connected system becomes too bureaucratic, while capacity problems are arising on account of the large flow of applications, public participation procedures, complaints, pleas and proceedings against the government on the part of assertive citizens.

Competing Rule Systems.

Next to this there are many more “rechts states” (EU, UN) that are are creating and enforcing competing rule-systems.

The Service State moves to the Market.

Public services are what make the state visible to its citizens.

Public services are citizens’ direct line to government. They make the state tangible through an almost daily interaction, direct or indirect.

public infrastructure made the previously far away centres of power more accessible.

Currently many public services are given over to the Market making the state more and more invisible.

The Third Sector.

Especially in small cities and parts of big cities (comparable to city-states) a new third sector is growing that contains cooperatives of civilians that develop shared autarkic non-for-profit (social) functions like energy& food-production, care for the elderly etc etc. These functions are based on exchange of material and services (reciprocity ).

This a model based on Paths of Change that is based on reports of the Social Cultural Planning Bureau in the Netherlands described in this blog (in Dutch).

6. The End of the Nation State.

(THis part of Chapter 6 is Cited from a part of this long article out of the Guardian)

“Similar varieties of populism are erupting in many countries. Several have noted the parallels in style and substance between leaders such as Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, Narendra Modi, Viktor Orbán and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

All countries are today embedded in the same system, which subjects them all to the same pressures.

20th-century political structures are drowning in a 21st-century ocean of deregulated finance, autonomous technology, religious militancy and great-power rivalry.

Finally, the old superpowers’ demolition of old ideas of international society – ideas of the “society of nations” that were essential to the way the new world order was envisioned after 1918 – has turned the nation-state system into a lawless gangland“;

Everything that was structured most of the time by a Top Down Hierarchical Structure and Controlled by Lawmakers that enforce their own rules is now attacked by many new connected (by a Telecom Network) bottom-up structures that make it possible to Control and Direct the Individuals in the Masses with Highly Intelligent Big Brother technology.

A Model of a Human based on the Paths of Change (PoC)-model.

The 2nd part of Chapter 6 is cited out of an Article out of Forbes.

From Top to Bottom.

There is a strong popular demand for decisions to be taken at lower levels than Central Government

At the extreme, this has fuelled Iindependence movements in Scotland, Quebec, Catalonia and Western Sahara, not to mention Palestine and Kosovo. Less dramatically, we see an increasing devolution of Central Powers in most countries.

Multinational Corporations are more powerfull than Governments:  They operate globally, unrestricted by borders

The biggest tech companies are now richer than most countries, and foreign Governments find it very difficult to tax them properly on the profits they make.  

Hannah Arendt The Origins of Totalitarianism.

At the very center of Hannah Arendt’s analysis of The Origins of Totalitarianism is her insight into the decline of European Nation-States.

Nation-states were always based on a fiction so that the demanded Liberté, égalité and, fraternité demanded by liberal States was held to be compatible with the national Homogeneity of the Nation.

But as different Ethnic Groups demanded recognition and rights and as refugees advocated for rights within traditional nation-states, the Tension between legal equality and national recognition set the nations of Europe Against the states and led to the rise of Fascism in Italy and Totalitarianism in Germany.

Today there are similar indications that nation-states are once again failing and . that the rise of populist nationalist movements around the world is a response to the widespread failure of nation-states to address 21st century problems.

This is why a strange brand of Apocalyptic Nationalism is so widely in vogue. But the current appeal of Machismo as Political Style, the Wall-building and Xenophobia,the fantastical Promises of National Restoration – these are not cures, but symptoms of what is slowly revealing itself to all: nation states everywhere are in an advanced state of political and moral decay.

7.The History of Terrorism, Anarchy, The End of the State by Violence.

Deprivation (poverty, lack of education, lack of political freedom) can drive people to terrorism.

Late in the 19th century, Anarchist labor unions began to use the tactic of general strike. This often resulted in violence by both sides and some of the strikes even resulted in the Deaths of striking workers, their replacements and security staff. In this climate, some anarchists began to advocate and practice terrorism or assassination.

Violence Against the State is used by Groups of People (“Freedom Fighters”) who do not recognize that the current State represents the (Origional) Citizins and/or that the Law of the State is not the Accepted general Law (“Religious Fighters“) of a Culture that occupies the State.

Sometimes the State uses Violence to Control the Citizens of the State (State Terrorism).

8. Living in a Cave: Lessons from The Pre-Historic State of the Humans.

Alvin Toffler , The Third Wave, After, the Hunter Gatherers the State was caused by the move to Agriculture. The big question is what the State will become in the Third Wave or What is the Fourth Wave.
Translating Rock Art. It looks like the Ancient Rock Art contains the Symbols we see in Ancient writing.

The State was created when we,the humans Stopped Moving Around, Settled Down and started Agriculture. . The first place we settled down were Caves.

Using mainly red pigments and sometimes black, groups of animals, hand stencils, engravings, dots, discs and geometric designs are depicted in the cave paintings.
Oldest known cave art was made by Neanderthals, not humans

Outside the Cave Nature was filled with many Animals and Plants we could eat.

To Kill Animals we made Weapons and to make weapons we needed Fire and Iron. Powerful Weapons were filled with Magic.

Magic is a System that gives the Focused Human Belief-System to take the role of Observer in Quantum Mechanics.

Joseph Campbell — Jung and the Right and Left-hand Paths. The Cycle of Life moves with and Against the Clock.

With the Clock moves the Path of Creation, the Path of Birth, Light, Spring and Summer.
Against the Clock (the path of Darkness, Winter and Autumn) is the Path of Destruction making place for New Life

As a a human we have to Cope with Violent Acts like an Accident, the Killing of an Animal that looks like a Human and the Strange Transformations of our Body we encounter when we Grow from a Child to a Grown-up.

Our transformation follows the Path of the Hero.


This path has a lot in common with Paths of Change, a General Theory about Change.

The Meta-Myth, the Path of the Hero describes the way Humans move out of the patterns enforced by Society and the State and come back with a new Vision.
Paths of Change. based on the Spiral of the Universal One of Walter Russelll

The Humans in the Cave became Aware of the Cycles of the Day, The Year and the Equinox.

They crated Rituals to cope with Stress and to avoid Bad Luck.

OSEPH CAMPBELL: “After the animal has been killed, the hunter then has to fulfill certain rites in a a mystic participation with the animals whose death he has brought about, and whose Meat is to become his Life.

So the killing is not simply slaughter, at any rate, it’s a Ritual Act. It’s a recognition of your dependency and of the Voluntary Giving of this food to you by the Animal“.

Dr. Stephan Hoeller at the Gnostic Society in Los Angeles talks about MAgic and Animal Powers.
During the beginning of humanity certain people (now called Shamans) had the possibility to look at the other worlds and receive inspiration from higher entities sometimes called a God. The Shamans turned into the Priests until they were replaced by people who spoke the words of the High Priests.

The humans in the cave specialized and new Crafts came to life. The oldest “jobs” were the Firemaker and the BlackSmith. Both jobs were taken by Shamans. Important crafts were projected on the Gods.

In the Creation-Myths Gods like Ptah and Vulcan were worshiped as the Creator of all things and the patron of various crafts, such as Sculpting and Metalworking.

The Blacksmiths are the Makers & the Warriors.They have a lot in common with the Druids and Bards of the Celts and the Magi of Persia. A Blacksmith was called a Merlin in Celtic Culture.


Vulcan – God of fire and volcanoes as well as Smith of the gods

The Dagda is portrayed in Celtic Myth as a Father-figure, king, and druid.He owns a Magic Staff, which kills with one end and brings to life with the other, a Cauldron which never runs empty (Symbol of the Heart Chakra) , and a magic Harp which can control men’s emotions and Change the Seasons

The Ancient Egyptians Blacksmiths, the Heru-Behutet, are associated with the Power of the Serpent (“the Ka“) and the Winged Disk, the symbol of the Zodiac (Astrology).

Image result for Heru Behutet

Heru Behutet is shown as a Hawk-Headed Man bearing the double crown of Egypt, holding Metal Weapons, and more often as a Winged Disk flanked by a White and a Black Cobra (White and Black Alchemy).

Te story of Osiris (The Old King of Egypt, The Old Order, Blind, ISIS (Queen of the Underworld, Chaos looking for her Husband, Order and the brother of Osiris Seth (the Devil, Evil) He kills Osiris and Cuts him in 42 Pieces (the Number of the Nomes of Egypt) and distributes them all over Egypt.
ISIS makes love to his Penis and Horus the Falcon with the Eye of Insight is born who brings back order. A Horus and Isis are the Black Madonna (Mary Magdelena).

This is a good example of the Cycle of Paths of Change.


Th Black Madonna with the Child Jesus is Isis, the Mother of the Underworld with Horus the Child she got from Penis of Osiris, the Old King of Egypt and of Order.

The Mesniu had shaved heads, wore short tunics that exposed their chests, and bore either an inverted Lance or some other Metal instrument.

In the rear of their temples was situated a “Holy of Holies,” called the Mesnit, which was only accessible by the Mesniu. A Holy of Hollies is Fractal Model.

In the Bible the Blacksmiths are associated with the children of Tubal Cain. One of his descendants is Hiram, the Master Builder of the Temple of Solomon. Building big Buildings became an Art.

Ron Eglash. Fractal Patterns in African Culture.
Fractal African Village
The Fractal Pattern of an African Village with a Holy of Hollies.

In African Orisha Culture, the Ogun, the Blacksmiths are always isolated in a special group outside Society because they are the carriers of the Third, (Evil) Eye of Horus and are able to manipulate the Force of Life, Nyama or Ka (Chi, Prana, Ether, the Fifth Element).

Creative People are able to manipulate the Power that Creates.

Image result for biology status symbols birds sexual reproduction

As soon as the States were created Humans started to Trade & exchange Objects, Creating a new concept called Wealth.

Humans measure their Importance by the physical objects (including caves and animals) they own or are able to buy. They show their importance just like animals in the way they look, wear clothes and the Language they speak.

Humans are experts in detecting lying but we are experts in lying when we deceive ourselves.

There many types of animals that create and defend a Territory.

9. Are Humans different from Animals & Organisms?

Robert SaPolsky: We have much more in common with all kinds of Animals and organisms we think. We all synchronize because we all vibrate and produce signals sometimes of a chemical nature (pheromones).Hmans and Animals use a solution to the Prisoners Dilemma, Tit-for-Tat as a way to survive making Tit-for-Tat a Universal Law. Tit-for-tat is called an Eye for an Eye in the Bible.

The only thing we are different from is Abstraction Methaphor and Being Motivated by something that is Almost Impossible. We love to take Obstacles.
Another Explanation about How we are Different from Apes. We have slowed down and spend a lot of time imitating and producing other humans. We are excellent Copy-Machines.
Robert Trivers The Logic of Deceit and Self-Deception in Human Life Organisms decept to survive and Humans decept themselves. the primary reason we fool ourselves is to fool others“. Humans are exceptionally good at picking up various verbal and physical cues (e.g., speech intonation, eye movements,…) that indicate when another human is practicing deception.
There are many situations such as playing “chicken” and seeing who will back down first, where it can actually benefit an organism to deceive itself, by so doing the organism can better deceive others.

Multilevel Societies emerge from Cultural Transmissions.

Organisms create Complex Organisational structures that look like a State. They do that by Imitating others that look Similar or Act Similar. Acting Similar (Copying) is the reason for Synchronization.

An external file that holds a picture, illustration, etc.
Object name is ncomms9091-f1.jpg
Empirical multilevel network depicting the three nested levels in the sperm whale society off the Galápagos Islands: individuals within social units within vocal clans.


10: States: What makes them Work?

Humans attribute a human Personality to an Active process (an Agent). The weather is nice and States look like a Father ANDor a Mother. or a Family.

George Lakoff is a specialist in Metaphor. A Metaphor is a function between two models.

For instance Freud made a model of the Human by Mapping the Human Body to a Steam Machine.

George Lakoff believes in his book Moral Politics that US Citizins see the State according to their party as a Nurturing Mother (Democrats) or a Strict Father (Republicans) part of a Family (Being a Tribe).

Metaphors are also often used to motivate a country going to a War or to perform another Violent Act.

States are often represented by Humans (Mother Russia) or a Bounded Location (the Heimat, Germany).

States are Born and Grow Up just like Humans.

Just like life a birth is not a gentle process but comes with stress and pain. The Big Battles between states live for many years and the Reason can be revoked to start a new Battle.

The same applies when a State was a Superpower in the past. States without a shared dramatic story don’t motivate citizens to support the state without asking questions.

The State works when the Citizens are able to Trust the state and or be Proud to be part of the state they live in. The state is Evaluated by its Activities but also by the people it represents (PoliticianS).

When we use model of Path of Change (picture below) we can see that Politicians combine Rules and Social (vice verse) which means that they play a Game in which they make a combination between What People Believe and What they Value and are PART OF A CYCLE in which ACTION and REFLECTION takes place.

The task of the Politician is to establish Consensus between the citizens of the State.

Paths of Change model applied to Communication.
Paths of Chhange Model applied to Making.
Moral Pilitics Georg Lakoff.


11 Will The Techno State bring Real Democracy?

Many thought the internet would spawn a Digital democratic utopia: Today, we witness the opposite Hacking elections and Polarizing open societies.

Democracy is not only about Voting but also about having a Voice to articulate what is Needed. Citizens want to participate in the beginning of a project and not only use the result. One of the possibilities is to Vote with the Tax you Pay .

Roslyn Fuller: Citizen Participation in an International Context

Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a democratic process in which community members decide how to spend part of a public budget. It gives people real power over real money.

PB started in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in 1989, as an anti-poverty measure that helped reduce child mortality by nearly 20%.

Since then PB has spread to over 3,000 cities around the world, and has been used to decide budgets from states, counties, cities, housing authorities, schools, and other institutions.





Over de Magie van de OnKwetsbaarheid. About Anti-fragility.

This is the same blog in English. This Blog is written in Dutch.

1. Samenvatting.

Nassim Taleb is een mooie combinatie van een geld-handelaar, wetenschapper en filosoof.

Het boek Anti-Fragility is een deel van een serie boeken die onder de titel Incerto worden uitgebracht.

“Incerto is is an investigation of luck, uncertainty, probability, opacity, human error, risk, disorder, and decision-making in a world we don’t understand”.

Anti-fragility is een vervolg op het deel de Black Swan dat gaat over de voorspelbaarheid van Rampen. In dit boek leer je gebruik te maken van onvoorspelbaarheid (“to get order out of disorder”).

2. Aanleiding.

Deze blog is het gevolg van een  presentatie over Anti-Fragility die ik op 7-9-2016 heb gegeven voor de sofware-architecten van de KNVI (Koninklijke Nederlandse Vereniging van Informatieprofessionals).

De presentatie in 2016 begon met een verhaal over mijn Smart City-project in Den Haag (“Smart Urban Space”). Dit stuk van de presentatie is hier weggelaten op de conclusie na over de Anti-Fragiele Stad. Die conclusie staat in Hfdst. 15.

Het verhaal over de Zelfontplooiende Stad staat hier.

3. Over Anti-Kwetsbaarheid.

Nassim Taleb beweert dat er geen woord in het Engels bestaat voor het omgekeerde van Fragility (kwetsbaarheid). Daarom heeft hij het zelf gemaakt (Anti-Fragility, anti-kwetsbaarheid). In het Nederlands bestaat het woord wel alhoewel het net als in het Engels ook een niet-(on/anti)-woord (“een tegendeel”) is.

Het omgekeerde van Fragility is onkwetsbaarheid, een mythisch begrip, waar veel levenden naar op zoek zijn geweest maar dat alleen aan de Goden is (of was?) voorbehouden.

Taleb plaatst Anti-Fragility vooral in het scheppende perspectief. Met Anti-Fragility kun je chaos gebruiken om je eigen orde te scheppen.

Dit document bevat een zoektocht naar Anti-Fragility langs allerlei modellen die stukjes van de puzzel bevatten.

4. Over Veerkracht.

Op het plaatje houden Thoth, de Uitvinder en Ma’at, de Godin van de Balans, de Levensboom (de Ished) in Evenwicht.

De vruchten van de Boom des Levens gaven Eeuwig Leven (en dus Onkwetsbaarheid) en Inzicht in het Grote Plan.

In de top van de Boom die gesitueerd was in Heliopolis  zat de Bennu Vogel, de Magische Phoenix. De Vuurvogel die uit haar eigen Vuur herboren wordt is het Symbool van Nassim Taleb voor Veerkracht, het laatste stadium voor anti-kwetsbaarheid.

De tovenaar Thoht wordt ook wel Djehuti genoemd. Hij is de bestuurder van de Djed, de levenskracht (“het Vuur van de Phoenix”, de Kundalini), waarmee hij het Rad van Avontuur in beweging  zet dat door Ma’at binnen de perken wordt gehouden.

Het mag duidelijk zijn dat Nassim Taleb op zoek is naar de bron van de Levenskracht en de beperkingen van Ma’at (Balans) wil ontlopen.

In moderne terminologie wil Nassim permanent in de “Edge of Chaos” (“de Adjacent Possible“, Kauffman) opereren. De “edge” is het gebied tussen orde en chaos waar de nieuwe ruimte wordt gevormd en de tijd zijn werk nog niet kan doen.

5. Citaten van Nassim Telab.

Cursief een aantal citaten van Nassim Taleb om in de stemming te komen:

Our brain is not cut out for nonlinearities. People think that if, say, two variables are causally linked, then a steady input in one variable should always yield a result in the other one. Our emotional apparatus is designed for linear causality.

Wind extinguishes a candle and energizes fire. You want to be the fire and wish for the wind. …The mission is how to domesticate, even dominate, even conquer, the unseen, the opaque, and the inexplicable.

It takes a lot of intellect and confidence to accept that what makes sense doesn’t really make sense.

For a free person, the optimal – most opportunistic – route between two points should never be the shortest one.

Not seeing a tsunami or an economic event coming is excusable; building something fragile to them is not.

The ultimate freedom lies in not having to explain “why” you did something.

The best choice is the one that remains for no good reason while other options have 2 or more reasons.

You get pseudo-order when you seek order; you get a measure of order and control when you embrace randomness.

In fact, every step is a new beginning. 

6. Over het Omgekeerde.

Dit document is een persoonlijke zoektocht naar anti-fragility, een concept bedacht door de auteur/wetenschapper/filosoof/geldhandelaar Nassim Taleb. Anti-fragility is het omgekeerde van kwetsbaarbaarheid (fragile).

Taleb is een liefhebber van het omgekeerde en van kunstige metafoor (“The general principle of antifragility, it is much better to do things you cannot explain than explain things you cannot do.”).

Nassim zet zijn lezers graag op het verkeerde been suggererend dat dat het goede been is. Door het omgekeerde te nemen laat hij de grenzen zien van het dagelijkse en opent daardoor een nieuwe wereld die grotendeels onbegrijpelijk is maar wel degelijk mogelijk (“I want to live happily in a world I don’t understand”).

De zoektocht maakt gebruik van wat ik “mapping” noem, het springen (“afbeelden“) van model naar model waarbij het basismodel, Paths of Change,  steeds meer wordt verrijkt met details die zich rondom het kernthema (on-kwetsbaarheid) ophopen.

7. Over Paths of Change.

Paths of Change (PoC) beschrijft veranderprocessen en is ontwikkeld door Will McWhinney.

De methode maakt gebruik van het concept wereldbeeld (worldview), een specifieke kijk op de wereld.

PoC gebruikt vier onafhankelijke  wereldbeelden:

  • Sensory (waar-nemen / handelen/ ervaring/ rood),
  • Unitary (waar-heid /kennis /systeem /blauw ),
  • Mythic (weer (waar?)-geven  / idee/ inzicht/ geel) en
  • Social (waar-deren /waarde /groep / groen).

Een verandering is een cyclisch proces dat minimaal twee wereldbeelden doorloopt. Als voorbeeld, het wetenschappelijke veranderproces, koppelt unitary (waar-heid) aan sensory (waar-nemen) en vice-versa.

PoC is een fractaal-systeem (zelf-referentie, herhaling zelfde model). De basisvorm, de golf, herhaalt zich op ieder schaalniveau. Er zijn vele golven met een verschillende periodiciteit (frequentie).

Cycli van verschillende periodiciteit versterken of beperken elkaar. Omhoog en omlaag van gelijke waarde heffen elkaar op.

Een golf lijkt op een Sinus en bestaat uit een weg omhoog (mythic), de top (unitary), de weg omlaag (sensory) en het dal (social, depressie) waar vandaan de weg omhoog weer start.

De wiskundige Fourier heeft aangetoond dat alle functies kunnen worden beschreven als een verzameling van sinussen en cosinussen. Een cosinus is een vertraagde sinus.

Een Sinusvorm bevat twee tegenstellingen (omkeringen) n.l. richting (omhoog/omlaag) en evenwicht (top/dal).

Richting en (&) evenwicht vormen samen het geheel. Ze worden elkaars complement genoemd. Een systeem dat bestaat uit twee opponenten en complementen wordt een Quaternio genoemd

8. Over de Quaternio.

Een voorbeeld van de Quaternio in het basismodel van PoC is de link waar-nemen (Sensory) vs weer-geven (Mythic). Weer of waar betekent aandacht. De kruisen in het model gaan over tegenstellingen.

Quaternions hebben een hele rijke historie in de geschiedenis van de wetenschap en zijn door de psycholoog/filosoof Carl Jung weer op de kaart gezet.

Een Quaternio biedt de mogelijkheid om met een concept te spelen door complement en opponent te onderzoeken.

Het is duidelijk dat Taleb een expert is in het spel van omkeren en confronteren. Zijn hoogste doel is om de lezer zodanig in de war te brengen dat hij zelf het Licht ziet.

Er zijn veel  vergelijkbare Quaternio’s (“vierluiken”). Die kunnen worden gebruikt om een toegespitste kijk te introduceren in een discussie. Door ze steeds te relateren (“mappen”) aan het PoC-model kun je een meer-dimensioneel plaatje schetsen.

Bovenstaand Quaternio komt uit de Grid/Group-theorie. Er worden twee variabelen gebruikt die een dualiteit zijn n.l. individu en niet-individu (groep) en vrije keuze (prescribing) en niet-“vrije keuze” (prescribed). Hierdoor vormen ze samen een Quaternio.

PoC is te beschrijven met de variabelen Communion en Agency, waarbij Agency lijkt op de Vrije Keuze-variabele maar dan andersom n.l. het effect van Agency is vrije of niet-vrije keuze en de groep-variabele lijkt op Communion (Samen vs Niet-Samen).

De Grid/Group-theorie is onder meer gebruikt bij het ontwerpen van Panarchy, een theorie over autonome processen. Panarchy wordt in Hfdst. 9 geintroduceerd.

De verbindingen tussen de wereldbeelden kunnen worden benoemd. Plan (Unity) -> Praktijk (Sensory) wordt Maken genoemd en Praktijk->Plan (Theorie, Unity) wordt Analyse genoemd.

Unity comprimeert (M->1) en Sensory expandeert (1->M).

De vier onderdelen van PoC kunnen weer worden ingedeeld volgens hetzelfde model. Dit noemt men zelf-referentie of schaal. In het plaatje wordt de persoonlijkheid opgeblazen tot een stelsel van Communities. Een Community of Practice heet een bedrijf.

De rechtsdraaiende cyclus is de Productie-cyclus. De linksdraaiende cyclus is de Consumptie-cyclus.

De kleuren in de plaatjes geven de relatie aan met PoC.

9. De definitie van Anti-Fragility.

Het concept anti-fragile is bedacht door Nassim Taleb en staat in de titel van zijn boek Antifragile: Things That Gain From Disorder. Anti-fragile is de antithese van fragile (kwetsbaar). Hoe meer wanorde hoe beter het anti-fragiele systeem werkt.

Een fragiel systeem is zwak dus zou je zeggen dat een anti-fragiel systeem sterk is (Robuust). Nassim Taleb gooit er nog een paar scheppen bovenop. Als je anti-fragiel bent ben je blij als er iets goed mis gaat want dan wordt het gewin groter.

Tussen fragiel (kwetsbaar) en anti-fragiel (onkwetsbaar) definieert Taleb de concepten anti-agile (niet aanpasbaar, rigide) en agile (aanpasbaar) met robuust (resilient, veerkrachtig) als midden categorie.

Anti-Fragiel worden is eigenlijk onmenselijk vandaar dat Nassim zoveel referenties geeft naar mythische voorbeelden (Phoenix (Robuust, Veerkracht), Hydra (Anti-Fragiel), een veelkoppig monster, dat meer koppen terugkrijgt als een kop wordt afgehakt).

Anti-fragile: is het vervolg op zijn bestsellers Fooled by Randomness, en The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable.

Black Swans zijn onvoorspelbare gebeurtenissen waar je je volgens Nassim tegen kunt wapenen door het systeem robuust te maken.

Fragiele systemen hebben maar twee standen n.l. (0): Heel (H) en (1): Kapot (K). Organismen zijn veerkrachtige systemen.  Ze hebben 2×2 standen (HH (00 =0), HK (01 = 1), KH (10 =2), KK  (11=3)-> Hh->H , HK, KH, KK->K) en zijn cyclisch (0, 1,2,3.0,1,2,3,0,…).

Anti-Fragiele systemen zijn het product van een evolutionair proces. Evolutionaire systemen hebben 2**2**n standen en tonen zich als een spiraal.

In fact, the most interesting aspect of evolution is that it only works because of its antifragility; it is in love with stressors, randomness, uncertainty, and disorder — while individual organisms are relatively fragile, the gene pool takes advantage of shocks to enhance its fitness.

Onderstaande plaatje toont de Involutie (convergentie van de Evolutie) van de Spiraal van het Universum van de Big Bang tot en met het ontstaan van de Sociale Systemen.

Als een fragiel systeem kapot gaat kan de nieuwe staat iets heel anders doen dan vroeger of helemaal niets doen. In dat geval passen de brokstukken niet meer in elkaar.

Een fragiel systeem kan door een grote verstoring anti-fragiel worden omdat de componenten anders worden geordend en ook zelf worden aangepast.

Een niet-veranderbare (anti-agile, rigide) ecologie weerstaat een verstoring.

Een veerkrachtige (robuuste) ecologie herstelt zich maar verandert niet.

Een veranderbare (agile) kwetsbare (fragile) ecologie valt na een grote verstoring uit elkaar, ordent de brokstukken op een andere manier en blijft hetzelfde doen (“functional redundancy”).

Een onkwetsbare ecologie doet iets nieuws met nieuwe brokstukken. Het is de vraag of nieuw beter is. Het is ieder geval anders.

10. Over Black Swans en Dragon Kings.

In tegenstelling tot Nassim Taleb is Didier Sonnete van mening dat er naast de Black Swan nog een ander soort ramp bestaat, de Dragon King.

Black Swans ontstaan door Self-Organized Criticality, “de druppel die de emmer doet overlopen”, de eerste steen die een lawine, een kettingreactie, doet ontstaan. Een kettingreactie duidt op een systeem dat te geïntegreerd is. Alles hangt met alles samen.

Het moment waarop de lawine ontstaat is niet met zekerheid te voorspellen maar de verdeling van de grootte van lawines vertoont een z.g. powerlaw-verdeling (de 80/20-regel, Pareto-principe). Een powerlaw-netwerk heeft heel veel kleine knooppunten en een paar grote “hubs”, die als magneet fungeren voor de kleintjes.

Dragon Kings ontstaan omdat er door synchronisatie min of meer gelijke (homogene) sterk gekoppelde (coupling) objecten gaan ontstaan die zich als een geheel volgens een vast ritme gaan gedragen (kuddegedrag).

De kudde drijft het systeem tot enorme hoogte (“een hype”, “bubble”) waarna het in elkaar stort en een tsunami start die veel opgebouwde waarde vernietigd. Dit wordt positieve feedback genoemd.

Synchronisatie forceert homogeniteit. Ongelijke onderdelen gaan in het geheel op elkaar lijken. Voorbeelden zijn verliefdheid, mensenmenigten (“meutes”), vogelzwermen, bacteria, hersenen, files, het weer en economische bubbles.

11. Over Stroomsystemen en Constructal Law.

Het energieverschil, het potentieel, tussen de ritmische input van de zon en de output  van de ritmisch roterende aarde (via reflectie), wordt omgezet in geordende (geconfigureerde) ritmische (cycli) beweging (stroom systemen, bijv. het weer, de waterkringloop in de zee, …).

Het ritme van de zonnecyclus veroorzaakt grootschalige synchronisatie op aarde.

Als het potentieel te laag is komt de beweging tot stilstand (uitputting). Een blokkade van een aantal stroompaden kan een infarct doen ontstaan waardoor de stroom zich ophoopt en blokkeert. Op den duur wordt de blokkade (“doorbraak”) weer opgeheven als de bron maar blijft bestaan.

Een te grote stroomlijning van de rivierdelta veroorzaakt bij een te groot aanbod overstromingen. Hierdoor gaat de stroom anders lopen (bypass). Een rivierdelta is een combinatie van vele stagnaties die plotseling door de grote druk die zich bij het knooppunt ontwikkeld een bypass veroorzaken.

Tussen stagnatie en vrije stroom bevindt zich een persistent model dat een optimalisatie is van vele variabelen (i.h.a de lengte van de stroom). Dit model, de boom,  komt steeds terug.

Constructal Law is een onderdeel van de Thermodynamica. Ze laat zien dat stroomsystemen allemaal hetzelfde fractale “boom”-patroon vertonen op ieder schaal-niveau (hersenen, longen, bloedvaten, boom, rivier, stad,…).

Het model van Paths of Change bestaat eigenlijk uit vier aan elkaar gekoppelde bomen die 90 graden zijn geroteerd.

Unity is de Boom van de Hiearchie, Sensory is de Boom van de Causaliteit, waarbij een oorzaak vele gevolgen kan hebben.  Social zijn de Wortels van de Boom en Mythic is het omgekeerde van Social. Uit het Vele komt de Eenheid voort.

In zijn totaliteit lijkt het op een centrum (de Leegte) waaruit paden voortvloeien die alle kanten op stromen. Dit model is het gevolg van een systeem zonder weerstand.

Hier toont zich de Levensboom van Thoth en Ma’at maar ook de Uhrplant van Goethe die de wetenschap van de Morphologie (de Vormkunde) in gang heeft gezet.

De essentie van Constructal Law is dat de stroomsystemen in de vorm van boomstructuren op den duur alle weerstand verwijderen zodat ze steeds beter kunnen stromen. Die weerstand wordt gevormd door de vormen die “oude” stroomsystemen hebben geproduceerd.

Dit betekent dat de cyclus sneller gaat bewegen, het boom-object kleiner wordt (maar wel deel blijft uitmaken van een groter object (dat weer deel uit maakt van een nog groter object (via de fractale wetten)))  en de vorm van het object meer gestroomlijnd wordt gegeven het medium waarin het zich bevindt (vissen (water), vogels (lucht), zoogdieren (land)).

Volgens de Constructal Law zijn de organismen maar ook de hulpmiddelen van de organismen (vliegtuigen, boten , auto’s,…) allemaal een gevolg van de rotatie (in de rotatie, in de rotatie) die het overschot aan energie van de zon heeft veroorzaakt.

12. Over Vitaliteit , een voorbeeld van een Spanningsveld.

Vitaliteit is een verband tussen diversiteit (veerkracht) en efficiency (orde). Als er teveel is gestroomlijnd wordt het totale gekoppelde systeem gevoelig voor verstoring (fragiel, breekbaar (brittle)).

Door het uitvallen van een elektriciteit-centrale vallen alle centrales uit of door een virus valt een groot deel van de software uit (collapse). Andersom levert een te grote diversiteit een te lage samenhang (connectivity) op en werkt er niets meer samen (stagnatie, chaos).

Vitaliteit is een voorbeeld van een spanningsveld (Efficiency (Alles gelijk) vs Diversiteit). Als je dieper analyseert blijkt dat alle problemen ontstaan door spanningsvelden die niet in het midden, in balans, verkeren omdat ze met grote moeite in balans kunnen komen.

De ene en de andere kant zijn meer waarschijnlijk maar veroorzaken zulke grote problemen dat een ander spanningsveld ze weer oplost.

Aangezien de spanningsvelden samenhangen middels spanningsvelden is de wereld een systeem dat in wankel evenwicht verkeerd en dat uiteindelijk tot een punt in een kruis kan worden teruggebracht. Dat punt is het scharnierpunt waarom alles draait.

13. Over Panarchy, de Fusie van de God Pan en Anarchie.

De hoofdstukken 4 t/m 6 laten een aantal samenhangende onafhankelijke variabelen zien die een spanningsveld zijn n.l. (1) Verbondenheid (2) Vitaliteit (3) Orde en (4) Potentieel. Die variabelen komen ook voor in het model achter Panarchy.

Panarchy is een fusie tussen Pan, de God van de Natuur en Anarchie, een  niet van boven gestuurde organisatievorm. Panarchy gaat over Autonome processen in de Natuur.

Panarchy is een cyclisch 4-dimensionaal model (een spanningsveld tussen Vorm & Proces) van de ontwikkelingen (de stromen) die een ecologie doormaakt.

De vorm van de cyclus is het cijfer 8, de Möbius-ring. De ring is een 2-Dimensionele band in een 3-D-ruimte die geen boven- en onderkant heeft maar die suggestie wel wekt.

De ring kan worden onderverdeeld in vier fasen die overeenkomen met de cyclische ontwikkeling van een organisme van geboorte tot dood.

De fasen zijn:

(1) geboorte en groei (opbouwen potentie en verbondenheid, groen/blauw), Vanuit het diepste punt (“de depressie”) ontstaat er weer samenhang. De samenhang produceert en consumeert hulpbronnen waarbij er veel meer wordt geproduceerd dan geconsumeerd. Er is nog genoeg ruimte om te groeien en om voorraden te maken. Vanuit het overschot ontwikkelt zich een besturingssysteem (een elite) die vooral zorgdraagt voor consensus. De onderdelen staan in dienst van elkaar.

(2) conserveren (behoud huidige situatie prioriteit, veel te veel connecties, geen mogelijkheid voor nieuwe paden, systeem wordt broos en breekbaar, er ontstaan  verschillende breuklijnen, diversiteit neemt toe, blauw/geel): Het systeem verbruikt vrijwel al zijn hulpbronnen om zich in stand te houden. Er vindt geen innovatie plaats en het verleden wordt belangrijker als de toekomst.

(3) ineenstorten en uit elkaar vallen  (geel/rood): Uiteindelijk valt het geheel uiteen in brokstukken die niet echt op elkaar aansluiten. Er werkt niets meer samen en het systeem komt tot stilstand.

(4) herordenen en opnieuw beginnen (rood/groen): De brokstukken worden weer aangepast en samengevoegd en een nieuwe cyclus begint.

Iedere faseovergang wordt afgesloten met een fase-specifieke ramp omdat er steeds op een andere manier “door de bocht” wordt gegaan.

Het model van de ecologie herhaalt zich op verschillende schaalniveaus. Stromen op een hoger niveau zijn groter en stromen langzamer.

De verschillende schalen (bijvoorbeeld mens, sociaal netwerk, stad, zie verder Hfdst. 15) hebben relaties die omhoog (revolutie, geel/blauw) en omlaag (herinneren/terugval, blauw/rood) springen.

Onderstaand plaatje toont het Panarchy-model geprojecteerd op het PoC-model.

Een aantal observaties:

(1) De Mobius-Ring toont zich hier ook,

(2) Er is een symmetrie tussen Blauw/Geel en Rood/Groen. Aangezien PoC een Quaternio is, zie je hier dat de opposities via de kruislijnen Groeien en Reorganiseren lopen. Groeien gaat van Dieptepunt naar Top en Reorganiseren gaat van Stijgen naar Dalen. Beiden gaan in tegengestelde richting Neer->Op vs Op->Neer, een Golf.

(3) Er is een symmetrie tussen Blauw/Rood (Analytic Game, Maken/Analyseren) en Geel/Groen (Emergence, Inzicht in Waarde, Waarde van een Inzicht).

Het Analytische Spel (Unity <-> Sensory) is een mensenspel. In een Ecologie wordt dit niet gespeeld. Het spel ontstaat via de terugkoppeling naar een hogere orde. Dat komt omdat we bij het Ontwerpen altijd veel te abstract denken en een aantal stappen terug moeten doen om de realiteit weer te bereiken. Thoht wordt altijd weer teruggefloten door Ma’at.

Taleb: “We have the illusion that the world functions thanks to programmed design, university research, and bureaucratic funding, but there is compelling — very compelling — evidence to show that this is an illusion.  Technology is the result of antifragility, exploited by risk-takers in the form of tinkering and trial and error.  Engineers and tinkerers develop things while history books are written by academics; we will have to refine historical interpretations of growth, innovation, and many such things. … The error of naive rationalism leads to overestimating the role and necessity of … academic knowledge, in human affairs — and degrading the uncodifiable, more complex, intuitive, or experience-based type”.

Het Spel van de “Emergence” (Mythic <-> Social) laat het gebeuren. Er  wordt niet gehandeld. Soms worden ideeen gewaardeerd (“brainstorm”) maar de grote vraag is of die ideeen echte ideeen zijn. In het algemeen zijn ideeen waarnemingen.

Andersom is het altijd goed inzicht te hebben in de waarde die mensen toekennen aan een proces of een calamiteit die het gevolg is van een gebeurtenis (Black Swan, Dragon King). In het laatste geval is er sprake van een hype en dient te worden opgelet dat de “fictieve” waarde niet te hoog wordt ingeschat.

Een Ecologie is een Autonoom (Natuurlijk) Proces en geen Mensenspel. Mensen hebben weinig invloed in de Ecologie behalve dat ze net als de andere organismen gebruik kunnen maken van de Ecologie en hem daarmee ten gronde kunnen richten door alles op te maken.

(4) Er is een “nieuw” type “Path-of-Change” ontstaan, een Ecologie/Ecologie-sprong dat via Revolutie (geel-sprong omhoog-blauw) en Herinner (Remember) van Blauw-sprong-omlaag-Rood loopt.

14: Over Menselijke Uitdagingen.

De mens (en zijn soortgenoten, de zoogdieren) heeft in zijn leven altijd te maken met existentiële levensproblemen.

Volgens Plutchik zijn dat er vier:

(1) Identiteit (herkennen, herhalen, accepteren, afstoten, isolatie, deelnemer, samenwerken): Als je niet kunt ontdekken wat hetzelfde is kun je nooit iets herhalen. Een persistente identiteit met bijbehorende kenmerken is een eerste vereiste om te kunnen samenwerken.

(2) Hiërarchie (aanvallen, ontsnappen): Hoe hoger hoe machtiger. Om te kunnen overleven moet het duidelijk zijn wanneer je moet vluchten en wanneer de kans groot is dat je wint.

(3) Tijdelijkheid (voortbestaan, reproductie, overdracht van kennis & ervaring (= inzicht), verschil, samenkomen, vertrekken, leven en dood, vieren, spel): Als er voor alles een einde is moet het mogelijk zijn om te reproduceren zowel lichamelijk als qua cultuur. Het slagen van een reproductie is een moment waarop men viert. Het einde van een existentie is een moment van droefenis. Reproductie herhaalt hetzelfde maar niet helemaal hetzelfde. Er is sprake van een afwijking of van verschil.

(4) Territorium (exploratie, oriëntatie, beschermen, grenzen, voorspelbaarheid, hulpbronnen, overschotten, markten): Een territorium is nodig om rust te hebben om hulpbronnen op te bouwen en te bewaken. Een territorium moet een duidelijke grens hebben en de overschotten en tekorten van een territorium moeten kunnen worden bewaard en verhandeld.

15: Alan Fiske : Over Menselijke Verhoudingen.

Deze problemen kunnen worden afgebeeld naar de vier relationele elementaire sociale relaties van Alan Fiske:

(1) Identiteit->Cummunal Sharing, groen,

(2) Hierarchie->Authority Ranking, blauw,

(3) Tijdelijkheid -> Equality Matching, geel en

(4) Territorium ->Market Pricing, rood.

De sociale relaties kunnen ook worden afgebeeld naar de vier wereldbeelden van PoC.

Die vier relaties van Fiske zijn vooraf gegaan door de agonistische en hedonistische samenleving, waarbij de eerste was gebaseerd op hiërarchie en conflict (territorium, oversprong-gedrag, mannelijk) en de ander op spel/cultuur (tijdelijkheid, vriendschap, vrouwelijk) en samenwerking (identiteit).

16. Menselijke Emoties

Plutchik is vooral bekend geworden door zijn 3D-model van de menselijke emoties. Het model bestaat uit vier primaire emoties met hun tegendeel:

(1) Vertrouwen vs Afkeer, groen,

(2) Angst vs Woede, blauw,

(3) Verrassing vs Waakzaamheid, geel en

(4) Vreugde vs Droefheid, rood.

In het plaatje wordt de intensiteit weergegeven.

Het model van Plutchik is afbeeldbaar op PoC en alle andere modellen die de revue hebben gepasseerd in deze blog. Het model is op vele manieren uitgetest en wordt bijvoorbeeld gebruikt bij het ontwerpen van robots.

17. De Menselijk Maat

Volgens de meettheorie is meten het maken van een afbeelding (f) van de buitenwereld (de meting, waarnemen),  het waarderen van de meting en het plaatsen van de afbeelding in een abstracte relationele wiskundige wereld (het netwerk-model, groen).

De wijze van afbeelden (de analyse, de methode, de functie f) mag geen invloed uitoefenen op het eindresultaat anders wordt het model veranderd (“bias”). Deze invloed, vertaalt in specifieke eisen wordt een schaal genoemd.

Alan Fiske ontdekte dat zijn theorie over de menselijke verhoudingen (zie Hfdst. 9) ook van toepassing is op de verhoudingen tussen de meetschalen. Mensen nemen naast objecten ook menselijke verhoudingen (een ratio) waar.

De vier schalen zijn ontstaan door “symmetry-braking“. Iedere volgende schaal beperkt de vrijheid van handelen op een formele manier.

In Communal Sharing is iedere combinatie van identiteiten toegestaan, terwijl Authority Ranking een bepaalde volgorde van deze entiteiten tolereert. Daarna wordt het verschil van de entiteiten (in de zin van afstand) toegestaan en als laatste mogen de verschillen alleen nog meer een eenheid zijn (meetlat).

De Ratio Schaal (Market Pricing) is vergelijkbaar met de Euclidische Geometrie, een ruimte waarin evenwijdige lijnen elkaar niet snijden. Het is de ruimte waarin we denken te leven als we dicht bij huis blijven. In werkelijkheid, als we vanuit de ruimte naar de aarde kijken zien we dat we op een bol leven en snijden de evenwijdige lijnen elkaar weer wel.

De meest vrije geometrie is de Projectieve Geometrie, die verbonden is met Communal Sharing en de Nominale Schaal. In dit geval bestaat de werkelijkheid alleen maar uit kruisende lijnen (een netwerk), waarbij een punt een kruispunt van twee lijnen is (in de N=2 dimensionale ruimte), een lijn een verbinding van twee punten en de onderliggende werkelijkheid een bol (of een anti-bol, een zadelvlak) is.

De symmetrie tussen punt en lijn wordt dualiteit genoemd en is een algemene eigenschap in alle projectieve ruimtes.

De gekromde ruimte is de ruimte van de relativiteitstheorie van Einstein, waarin er geen vast punt is en alles relatief ten opzichte van elkaar beweegt. Alles draait om alles. Communal Sharing is Agile en is de anti-these van Market Pricing.

De Ratio Schaal en de Euclidische Geometrie hebben vrijwel geen mogelijkheid om te transformeren. Ze zitten vast in hun eigen structuur. De werkelijkheid is lineair en de enige toegestane transformatie is vermenigvuldigen.

Market Pricing, de meest gebruikte sociale relatie op aarde, is daarom de meest rigide (anti-agile) en egoistische organisatievorm die er bestaat.

De Nominale Schaal (Communal Sharing (CS)) is een opsomming (bijv. de Politieke Voorkeur van Mensen).

De onderdelen van de schaal (de voorkeuren) kunnen in iedere willekeurige volgorde worden getoond (permutatie).

De deelnemers van een CS zijn voor elkaar inzetbaar en inhoudelijk vervangbaar (“functional redundant”).

Een CS is agile (flexibel) omdat iedere structuur via andere combinaties mogelijk is. CS is de basisvorm van de community.

Wiskundig staat de nominale schaal voor het behoud van de identiteit ( s1=s2 ⇔ f(s1) = f(s2), de permutatie groep).

In de Ordinale Schaal (Authority Ranking (AR)) zijn de onderdelen geordend  (bijv. kledingmaten).

De basis-relatie is baas-ondergeschikte. Deze relatie is complementair. De baas speelt zijn rol maar de onderschikte ook.

AR is fragiel omdat de rangorde ook een uniek pad van escalatie bepaalt. Je hebt aan een zet voldoende om de rest van de keten te raken. De ramp is voorgebakken in de ordening en kan door een kleine trigger in gang worden gezet (domino).

Wiskundig staat de ordinale schaal voor het behoud van orde (( s1< s2 ⇔ f(s1) < f(s2)). Deze orde wordt beschreven door monotoon stijgende functies.

De Interval Schaal (Equality Matching (EM), vriendschap) gaat over de verschillen tussen de waarden in de Ordinale schaal.

Voorbeelden zijn de temperatuur-schalen van Celcius en Fahrenheit die geen “echte” nul hebben omdat de verschillen ook negatief kunnen zijn (onder nul).

Bij EM streeft men naar evenwicht door verschillen te beperken (balans, reciprociteit). Iedere deelnemer levert een gelijkwaardige bijdrage. Er moet een evenwicht zijn tussen geven en nemen. EM is veerkrachtig.

Wiskundig gaat het hier om het behoud van verschil (s1 − s2 = s3 − s4 ⇔ f(s1) − f(s2) = f(s3) − f(s4)). Dit behoud wordt vertaald in de lineaire functie (f(x)= ax+b, a>0), vermenigvuldigen en optellen.

In de Ratio schaal (Market Pricing (MP)) zijn de verschillen altijd gestandaardiseerd op één waardoor de getallen in de schaal als Eenheid (meter, kilogram, sec,…) worden gebruikt en de waarde nul de laagste waarde is (Kelvin).

In MP is de relatie gebaseerd op een transactie waarin de partijen gelijkwaardige objecten ruilen. De prijs van het object is meestal gebaseerd op geld.

Relaties worden door middel van de transactie afgewikkeld en van te voren door een contract gedefinieerd. Ze zijn meestal kortstondig van aard.

MP is Anti-Agile. Ze is gemaakt om niet te veranderen (gestandaardiseerd).

Wiskundig gaat het om het behoud van ratio/verhouding: s1/s2 = s3/s4 ⇔ f(s1)/f(s2) = f(s3)/ f(s4). De functie f moet daartoe de vorm f(x)=ax aannemen.

18. Opnieuw Over Anti-Fragility.

Er is veel reden om aan te nemen dat wat in Panarchy Revolt (Geel-sprong-vertraag-Blauw) wordt genoemd door Nassim Taleb Anti-Fragility (AF) wordt genoemd.

AF is de kunst om een enorme gefrustreerde diversiteit (mythic, geel) op een gezamenlijk doel (unitary, blauw) te richten. Dit gebeurt bij revoluties waarbij de gefrustreerde achtergestelde volksmassa (groen) de positie van de machthebbers (blauw) willen veroveren.

AF veroorzaakt een overgang tussen twee (eco-)systemen waarbij er een nieuwe hogere orde ontstaat.

De nieuwe orde heeft een lager ritme (trager) omdat ze de flexibiliteit van de lagere orde kwijt is geraakt en een grotere reikwijdte heeft.

Door de revolutie is de bureaucratie van de oude structuren opgevuld met de deelnemers die buiten de orde stonden. In wezen verandert er weinig (de ijzeren wet van de oligarchie).

De nieuwe orde heeft een ander concept gevonden voor de diversiteit die onder druk staat. Voorbeeld is de overgang van het eencellige naar het meercellige organisme dat in haar eencellige staat  tegen de stroom in moest gaan om voedsel te verzamelen en nu gewoon wacht tot de bruikbare hulpbronnen langskomen.

Zolang het nieuwe plan, model  alleen maar in de geest aanwezig is is het model schaal-onafhankelijk (“een visie of een filosofie”).

Zodra men het ontwerp gaat maken (Blauw/rood/-> maken) zal men terug moeten vallen op wat er is of nog veel moeten ontwerpen en bouwen (de “utopie”) om de complete ecologie vorm te geven.

Anti-fragility ontstaat als de onbalans in een Equality Matching-structuur (veerkracht) te groot wordt en de structuur weer naar zijn evenwicht wil terugspringen.

In zo’n geval zijn er drie mogelijkheden (1) de onderdelen gaan terug naar de oorspronkelijke AR (blauw) en worden opnieuw geordend (contra-revolutie) (2) de onderdelen gaan MP (standaardisatie, rood) doen en worden vertaald in (een aantal) eenheden of (3) ze verlaten de huidige ecologie en gaan naar een “hoger” liggende ecologie waar ze ook in een nieuwe AR terecht komen.

Het plaatje laat zien dat Veerkracht (Anti-Fragile) en Fragiel een categorie vormen en dat Agile en Anti-Agile een categorie vormen.Hierbij moet je je afvragen of Anti-Fragiel en Veerkracht niet hetzelfde zijn.

De eerste categorie (Fragiel, Anti-Fragiel) zijn een Vorm waarbij Fragiel een fysieke vorm is (een glas, materie, vast, “aarde”) en Anti-Fragiel een Idee (“lucht”, film, software, media).

Agile en Anti-Agile zijn Samenwerkingsvormen die een proces besturen. In het eerste geval (Anti-Agile) is het proces (een stroomlijn) gefixeerd (standaard, aarde/ijs). Het tweede geval (Agile) is heel flexibel (“water”). Alle paden van de bron stromen naar de zee.

19. Nassim Taleb over de Anti-Fragile Mens

In het boek Anti-Fragility staan een groot aantal “heuristieken”.

Een paar voorbeelden:

Be less dependent on external material objects

First remove the downside before you add more things to your life to make it better: Ruim eerst je troep op voordat je aan iets nieuws begint.

Seek out novelty: Try as many things as you can and keep your risk low: Dit is vergelijkbaar met de Bijbelse Spreuk “Onderzoekt alles en behoudt het goede”.

Many Small Risks can give a Big Win; Dit is de z.g. Barbell Strategy.

Get comfortable being uncomfortable:  Stop trying to be a Machine: Comfort is Not the Human Ideal:  Laat je nooit door anderen programmeren met redenen die een risicoloos bestaan garanderen. Uiteindelijk gaat er altijd iets mis of in de buitenwereld of in de binnenwereld en zul je moeten reageren. Als je daarin niet hebt geoefend ben je een willig slachtoffer.

Maintain your mobility;  Zorg  ervoor dat je altijd in beweging blijft en dus niet om wat voor reden ergens vast komt te zitten. Als je niet op tijd kunt vertrekken kun je getroffen worden door een ramp.

If you have more than one Reason to do something, Don’t Do it:  Dit heeft te maken met twijfel, motivatie en vooral ook onduidelijkheid (“elevator pitch”). Als er meerdere redenen zijn zijn er ook meerdere acties die nu nog door elkaar heen zitten.

Stop pretending you know so much about your future and structure yourself to take advantage of opportunities in the future. More Options, Less Plan: De toekomst is niet voorspelbaar dus plannen (voorspelbare acties) gaan altijd ergens mis. Als je dan geen alternatieve paden hebt zit je vast.

Evolution does not need narratives. Taking action now is the best thing to doDe natuur verzint niets. De natuur gebeurt. Er is niets op tegen om zomaar wat te doen en is te kijken wat de uitkomst is. Uitvindingen worden niet bedacht ze zijn vaak een gevolg van een fout of een andere kijk op hetzelfde.

Nimium boni est, cui nihil est mali:  The good is mostly in the absence of the bad: The quickest way to riches is to avoid becoming poor. The most effective way to health is to purge the unhealthy. The easiest way to be happy is to remove unhappiness. The fastest way to wisdom is to not be stupid: Het slechte en het goede hebben hun eigen domein. Ingewikkelde problemen moet je niet oplossen maar ze vermijden.

20. De Anti-Fragile Stad

Met behulp van PoC kunnen meerdere lagen van een Ecologie tegelijkertijd worden gemodelleerd. Bovenstaand plaatje toont een model van de Stad in vier lagen (Openbare Ruimte, Sociale Netwerken (verdeeld in Sub-netwerken), Bedrijfsleven (Waarde-ketens/cycli) en Bestuur. Iedere laag bestaat uit vier stappen waardoor er 16 (4×4) knooppunten zijn.

In bovenstaand plaatje wordt de Anti-Fragiele Stad getoond. Het Bestuur van de Stad is het resultaat van een groei-proces (zie Hfdst. 8) dat ontstaat vanuit het waarderen van de bedrijvigheid door het Sociale Netwerk. Het Bestuur van de Stad stuurt de Innovatie via de Creatieve Sector.

21. De Anti-Fragile Mens

Bovenstaand plaatje is een PoC-afbeelding van het MBTI (Myergs Briggs)-model van de Menselijke Persoonlijkheid. MBTI is een interpretatie van de archetypen van Jung die zijn samengevat in het Quaternio.

Het model bestaat uit drie delen:

(1) Observator: Observator-In-de-wereld= Judging vs Observator-Boven-de-wereld = Perceiving.

De observator is een hogere (of lagere) (fractale) vorm van de Quaternio.

(2) Rotatie: Extravert (Met-de-klok-mee-draaien) vs Introvert (Tegen-de-klok-draaien) en

(3) Een 2-combinatie zonder herhaling van de vier “organen”

(a) Thinking (T, Unity, Denken, Blauw),

(b) Sensing (S, Sensory, Waarnemen/Actie, Rood),

(c) Feeling (F, Social, Emoties, Groen) en

(d) Intuiting (N, Mythic, Verbeelding, Geel).

Je bent Anti-Fragiel als je met de Verbeelding (Inzicht, N) een Sprong maakt naar een Ordening (Thinking, T) die boven de Mens uitstijgt (in het domein van de Observator). Hierbij heb je de keuze om in de Lucht te springen (omdat er niets kan worden gemaakt) of om aan te sluiten met wat nu is. Hierbij moet je vaak weer een paar lagen terug gaan om de aansluiting te vinden.

De kortste weg tussen Waarnemen en Anti-Fragiel is om zowel de Emoties (waarderen) als het Denken (waarheid) te negeren. Het gaat hier om “zien” met de verbeelding (“het derde oog”, inzien).

22. Over de Magier

Thoth and the Human represented by the Ape. The Ape uses the Eye of Horus (the third Eye) to look at Thoth

Het derde oog doet me erg veel denken aan de  Magier (Thoht) die de Veerkracht van  de Creativiteit (Equality Matching, het Verschil, de Creatieve Spanning, de Levenskracht) gebruikt om het Universum een stap verder te brengen waarbij Ma’at er voor zorgt dat die stap een haalbaar stapje is.

Mijn favoriete tovenaar is Don Juan een magier uit de Toltec-traditie die in de boeken van Carlos Castaneda zijn leerling, Carlos, leert om van de Tonal (het bekende, het talige) naar de Nagual (“het onbekende”, de anti-fragiele wereld) te springen. De Nagual is een hoger dimensionaal gebied waar de tovenaar kan toveren wat hij wil.

Hierbij is het opvallend dat veel van de aanbevelingen van Nassim Taleb in de boeken van Carlos Casteneda terug te vinden zijn wanneer Don Juan Carlos uitlegt hoe hij een impeccable  “warrior” kan worden:

The attributes of a warrior are ruthless, cunning, patience and sweetness. The fifth element is not a personal one: timing. With those tools he faces every day life. Ruthless is not cruelty but a lack of self pity. Patience is waiting without rushing. Cunning is to distract the mind from the real issue, so it won’t interfere with the process. Sweetness is simply being nice. Timing is the ability of the warrior to use those four qualities at the right time. The warrior aims to be impeccable in whatever he does, but never takes himself and his actions too seriously, considering them as controlled folly. He acts with sustained effort and unbending intent in order to raise his level of energy.

A warrior lives by acting, not by thinking about acting, nor by thinking about what he will think when he has finished acting.


Over de Adaptive Cycle (zie Panarchy)

Een hele uitgebreide Engelse samenvatting van het boek Anti-Fragility

Over Polarity Management

Over het Viervoudige (Quaternio)

Waarom Neurale Netwerken op het Universum lijken

Een lange lijst van vierluiken

About Anti-Fragility (in English)

Over Magie

Over Alchemie

Over de Evolutie van de Schoonheid

Over Ma’at

Over Synchronisatie

Over Don Juan & Tales of Power

Samenvatting boeken Castaneda

About Alchemy and Logic:

When thou hast made the Quadrangle Round, Then is all the Secret found”. George Ripley (d. d 1490).

This blog is about Logic, Alchemy and the relationship between Logic and Alchemy.

Alchemy is the old Egyptian Art of Transformation summarized in the Latin expression Solve (break down in separate elementset Coagula (coming back together (coagulating) in a new, higher form)..

Classic Logic is based on the Square of Opposition of Aristotle. This square was discussed for more than 2000 years. Recently scientists detected that the Square is really a Cube. It misses an extra dimension.

The Square describes  the six oppositions (“dual combinations”) of possibility (“some”, Particular Affirmative), necessity (“all”, Universal Affirmative), not-possibility (“not some”, Particular Negative) and not-necessity (“not all”, Universal Negative).

Geometric Logic is a part of Modal Logic which is a part of Logic.

In Geometric Logic the Linguistic Representations of Logic are mapped to the Graphical Representations of Geometry.

Modal Logic works with the notion that propositions can be mapped to sets of possible worlds.

The idea of possible worlds is attributed to the famous mathematician Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716), who spoke of possible worlds as ideas in the mind of God and argued that our actually created world must be the best of all possible worlds. Possible worlds play an important role in the explanation of Quantum Mechanics.

Alchemy is based on the Square of the Four Elements. The Four Elements are oppositions. The oppositions of Alchemy are related to the oppositions of the Square of Opposition of Aristotle in an orthogonal model. They form an arc of 90 degrees, which makes Alchemy the complex part (imaginary) of Logic.

In his work De Arte Combinatoria Leibniz developed a general theory of science that was based on a fusion between Alchemy and Logic.

The four Elements of Leibniz
The Square of Leibniz

In this blog I will explain Alchemy and Logic and show that Alchemy and Geometric Logic share the same geometry, the Hexagon (the Seal of Solomon), which is a 2D-mapping of the Cube of Space of the Sefer Yetsirah.

Leibniz calculating machine
Drawing of Leibniz’s calculating machine, featured as a folding plate in Miscellanea Berolensia ad incrementum scientiarum (1710), the volume in which he first describes his invention.

About Alchemy

One of the most complicated ancient architectures is the architecture behind Alchemy. The architecture of Alchemy is full of strange concepts and allegories.

Alchemy comes from the Arabic al-khemia meaning the Black Soil of Egypt (or the ((Egyptian) Black Art). Alchemy is the art of transformation.

Alchemy is an ancient science that was practiced all over the world. The most famous teacher was called Hermes Trismegistus in Greece and Thoth in Egypt. The old science of Hermes came back in the Renaissance.

The essence of Alchemy is called REBIS (Res Bina), Double Matter. REBIS is the end product of the alchemical magnum opus or Great Work. It is the Fusion of Spirit and Matter (the Body). Spirit is the Creative Part of the Human.

Double matter is sometimes described as the divine hermaphrodite, a being of both male and female qualities as indicated by the two heads within a single body.

The Great Work is the chemical and personal quest to create Double Matter, the Philosopher’s Stone, Spirit in Matter.

The Stone is the agent of chemical transmutation, and the key ingredient in the creation of the elixir of life, said to heal all diseases, induce longevity and even immortality.

In current Physics  transmutation is proved at room temperature in a proces called Cold Fusion.

In Physics one explanation for the fusion between Quantum Mechanics and Gravity is called the Wheeler Feynman Absorber Theory. In this theory the Future causes the Past and vice-versa. We are always in the Now, the Middle between Past & Future.

The Future and the Past are created by the Intention of the Observer, we call Measurement.

The Philosopher Stone
The Philosopher Stone

The aim of the Great Work is a fusion with the One (the Blazing Star, Saturn, Point) that is divided in the Two (Sun & Moon, Male & Female, Line) and the Four Planets (Square), the 12 (4×4-4) Constellations or more structures based on a power of a power (of a power….)  of 2. The Great Work moves from 2**N, …., Sixteen to Four to Two to One (or from one to two to four) in a Spiraling Spiral Motion.

The Spiraling Spiral in Chartres Cathedral
The Spiraling Spiral in Chartres Cathedral

The One, to which the elements must be reduced, is a little circle in the center of the squared figure (the cross). The cross is the mediator, making peace between the opposition of the planets.

The First Matter is the primordial chaos comparable to what we now call the vacuum, the state of lowest energy. This state contains all possibilities.

It can be looked on as an unorganized state of energy  that is the same for all substances and exists in an invisible state between energy and matter.

The First Matter is the One, the Point in the Middle of the Circle. In current physics a point is called a singularity or a black hole.

Alchemy is about Recombination

Alchemy is about re-combination summarized in the Latin expression Solve (break down in separate elementset Coagula (coming back together (coagulating) in a new, higher form).

Solve and Coagula
Solvite Corpora et Coagulata Spiritus (“dissolve the body and coagulate the spirit”).

Earth (Body) becomes Water (Spirit) by dissolving it in some solvent. Water becomes Air (a moist vapor) by boiling, which further heating turns into Fire (a dry vapor).

Finally Fire becomes Earth by allowing the vapors to condense on a solid material (a stone).

The circulation may repeat if it is done in a reflux condenser, such as the Pelican or kerotakis.

The Pelican is the Symbol of the Heart Chakra the connector between the Upper- and the Lower Triangle of the Body.


According to the early alchemists, the four elements—fire, water, air, and earth—come into existence via the combination of specific qualities, recognized as hot, cold, wet, and dry, being impressed on to the Prime Matter. For example, when hot and dry are impressed on the Prime Matter, we have fire.

(Hot and Cold) and (Wet and Dry) are oppositions. Their fusion is the empty set.

(Hot or Cold) and (Wet or Dry) can be combined -> (Hot, Wet), (Hot, Dry), etc.

The Cold allows substances to get together. The Hot is the power of separation.

Wet things tend to be Flexible (Fluent, Movement, Self, Not-Agency) whereas Dry things are fixed and structured (Agency, Resistance, not-Movement).

When the qualities are changed, the elements themselves are changed. Adding Water to Fire substituting wet for dry; hot and dry becomes hot and wet: steam, or Air.

As you can see in de picture below Hot & Cold and Wet and Dry are Binary Opposites (“lines”) that are voided by the central cross, the point of the Empty Set, The Void (A and not-A -> Empty).

Hot & Dry = Fire, Hot & Wet = Air, Cold & Wet = Water and Cold & Dry = Earth.

There are four types of Trinities the Passion-trinity (Dry, Wet, Warm), the Structure-trinity (Dry, Wet, Cold), the Resistance-trinity  (Warm, Cold, Dry) and the Movement-trinity (Warm, Cold, Wet).

The Square rotates. The wheel of the Square is driven by the four qualities. Wet on the rising side, Hot on the top, Dry on the descending side, and Cold on the bottom.

The start is powerless (Cold). By becoming more flexible (Wet) success and power comes (Heat).  At the top Rigidity (Dry) undermines the system and it falls back to a powerless state.

The Four Triangles
The Four Elements arise out of the Quintessence, The Fifth Element, The Symbol of The Heart Chakra, the Seal of Solomon

The four Elements all share the Triangle of the Holy Trinity. Every Trinity is seen from another perspective.

The two triangels, The Up-triangel and the Down-Triangel, are Opposites that are created out of two triangels that contain two Opposites that are fused. Humans are opposites in opposition.

Humans are FourFold

Humans are part of the Bilateria,  animals with bilateral symmetry.

Humans can be described as a fusion of two mirrored bilateral triangles, the Up-triangel related to the Top of the Body (Mind) and the Bottom-triangel of the lower Body both connected by the Heart. The two triangels and the separate triangels have to be balanced.

The principle of Balancing the two Triangles of Top & Bottom of the Body is represented by the Egyptian Goddess Ma’at who weights the Heart (the connector of Up and Down) of the Dead with her Feather (Nothing).

The Balance of Ma'at
The Balance of Ma’at

As you can see the Square of the Cycle of the Four Elements is visible in the picture below. The total picture shows a Hexagram with a Center (The Cross).

The points that are missing in the Square are the top- and the bottom of the two triangels which are the Whole (Up, Heaven) and the not-Whole, Emptiness, the Bottom (Hell).

The Seal of Solomon
The Seal of Solomon

A hexagon is a 2D-projection of a Cube.

The hexagon of Solomon can be transformed into the Cube of Space of the Sefer Yetsirah.

Cube of Space
Cube of Space

The Cube of Space can be transformed into the Tree of Life. The Tree of Life also called the tree of knowledge or world tree  connects heaven and underworld and all forms of creation and is portrayed in various religions and philosophies all over the world.

The Spiral of Alchemy is about the Chemical Transformation of the Body by the Conceptual Transformation of the Mind.

The Tree of Life shows the levels/scales (three) and possible paths of the Opus Magnum, the alchemical journey.

About Truths for a Fact and Truths for a Reason

People have always believed in the fundamental character of binary oppositions like Hot & Cold and Wet & Dry are used in Alchemy.

In this part we move to the Field of Logic. In this case Hot/Cold and Wet/Dry transform into Necessary /Not-Necessary and Possible/not-Possible.

Chemical Wedding (Union of Opposites)
Chemical Wedding (Marriage of Opposites)

Oppositions can be divided in:

  1. Digital oppositions, contradictories, contain mutually exclusive terms (Gender (Male/Female)).
  2. Analogue oppositions, antonyms  or contraries: contain terms that are ordered on the same dimension (Temperature (Minimum->Cold/maximum->Hot)).
Square of Opposition
Square of Opposition

The doctrine of the square of opposition originated with Aristotle in the fourth century BC and has occurred in logic texts ever since.

The logical square is the result of two questions: Can two things be false together? Can two things be true together?

This gives 4 possibilities: no-no: contradiction (A/O, E/I); no-yes: subcontrariety (I/O); yes-no: contrariety (A/E); yes-yes: subalternation (A/I, E/O) better known as implication (A->B).

The four corners of the square represent the four basic forms of propositions recognized in classical logic:

  1. A propositions, or universal affirmatives take the form: All S are P.
  2. E propositions, or universal negations take the form: No S are P.
  3. I propositions, or particular affirmatives take the form: Some S are P.
  4. O propositions, or particular negations take the form: Some S are not P.

The square of opposition was debated for many reasons for more than two thousand years.

One of the discussions is about the difference between possible and necessary. In the so called Master Argument Diodorus proved that the future is as certain and defined as the past. The essence of logic (necessaty) implies the non-existence of freedom (possibility). X is possible if and only if X is necessary.

The term ‘possible’, in Aristotle’s view, is ambiguous. It has two senses known as one-sided possibility and two-sided possibility (or contingency). Being two-sided possible means being neither impossible nor necessary, and being one-sided possible simply means being not impossible.

Leibniz distinguished between necessary Truths for a Reason, which are true for a reason—i.e, their opposite is a contradiction—and contingent truths, (Truth for a Fact) such as the fact that the president of France is François Hollande. A contingent truth cannot be proved logically or mathematically; it is accidental, or historical (based on facts (events)).

About Geometric Logic and n-dimensional “Squares” of Opposition 

Modal Logic is about the fusion of necessity and possibility, contingency.

Logical Hexagon
Logical Hexagon

In Modal Logic the propositions are modelled in a logical hexagon where:

  1. A is interpreted as necessity: the two propositions must be either simultaneously true or simultaneously false. A is a Proof or Law.
  2. E is interpreted as impossibility. E is an Observation that contradicts the Proof of A.
  3. I is interpreted as possibility:  the truth of the propositions depends on the system of logic being considered . I is an Idea implied by the Proof that Contradicts E.
  4. is interpreted as ‘not necessarily’. O contradicts A.
  5. U is interpreted as non-contingency: neither logically necessary nor logically impossible, its truth or falsity can be established only by sensory observation.
  6. is interpreted as contingency: propositions that are neither true under every possible valuation (i.e. tautologies) nor false under every possible valuation (i.e. contradictions). Their truth depends on the truth of the facts that are part of the proposition. Y is a possible proven theory.

The Logical Hexagon has the same geometry as the Seal of Solomon. It contains the Square of Opposition (A,E,I,O).

The Logical Hexagon can be transformed just like the Seal of Solomon to the Cube of Space now called The Cube of Opposition.

The Logical Hexagon is used in many fields of Sciences like Musical Theory or Scientific Discovery.

The Hexagon of Opposition based on Musical Theory
The Hexagon of Opposition is used in Musical Theory

Every opposite can be defined by a string of zero’s and one’s like 1010. An opposite is 0101. This means that there are 2**4/2 = 4×4/2= 16 / 2 = 8 possible opposites. This is called the Octagon of Opposites.

The Octagon contains six reachable and two unreachable points in the Center (0000, 1111), the Empty Set (the Void, the Hole, Contradiction) or its Opposite (The Whole, Tautology).

Logical Geometry
Logical Geometry
The rhombic dodecahedron RDH with the standard bitstring decoration
Octagon of Opposition

It is clear that it must be possible to create higher dimensional models based on n-based-logics.

When n becomes very big the geometry will tend to a n-Dim circle in which every point is in opposition to the point at the other side.

The big problem with n-based logics is language. We don’t have the names to articulate the many grades of opposition that are possible.

The other problem is that a negation is not a symmetric operation (A = not-not-A) but a rotation with an angle 360/n.

The n-opposite-geometries are highly related to Simple Non-Abelian Groups (SNAGs). They play an important role in biology.

The last step is to transform the static n-opposite geometries by making n very large (infinite) to a dynamic “opposition field”.

Related Models

In current Psychology Hot & Cold are called Communion and Moist & Dry, Agency. Together they create the so called Interpersonal Circumplex.

Interpersonal Circumplex

The four stages of Learning by Jean Piaget.

The mathematical model behind the theory of Piaget is called the Klein Four Group or Identity/Negation/Reciprocity/Correlation-model.

INRC-model of Piaget
INRC-model of Piaget

In the Science of Ecology (Panarchy) Agency & Communion are called Connectedness and Potential. The Panarchy model looks like a Mobius Ring.

panarchy model
panarchy model

A model that describes the Four Perspectives on Security:


The Semiotic Square of Greimas:

Semiotic Square
Semiotic Square

The Chinese Sheng-Cycle: The Chinese Five Element Model is comparable to the Western Four Element model. It contains as a Fifth Element, the Whole-Part-relationship (Earth, Observer State). Emptiness (Nothing, the Tao) is represented by the recursive Pentangle inside.

The Sheng Cycle
Tetralemma (Ancient Indian Logic)
Tetralemma (Ancient Indian Logic)

The lesson

When thou hast made the quadrangle round, then is all the secret found“.

When You have moved once through the Cycle you have seen Everything there is to See. The only way to move out of the Cycle is to jump into the wHole in the Middle.

The secret: It is impossible to move though the center because the paths that go through the center are a contradiction or a tautology (I am what I am, JHWH).

We have to move with the Cycle (making the rectangle round (a circle)), around the Singularity (the Hole of the Whole), going Up and going Down all the time.

The only way to solve this problem is to join the opposites by accepting only one thruth-value, by:

  1. Accepting everything (Wu Wei),
  2. Denying everything (Stoics) or
  3. Diminishing the amount of dimensions (“becoming Simple”, “like Children”) by moving up in abstraction (Hot & Cold -> Temperature -> Everything is Energy) to the level of zero dimensions, a point, becoming One with the First Matter (Tao, Vacuum, The Kingdom).

“If we then become children, would we thus enter the kingdom?” Jesus said unto them, “When ye make the two one, and when you make the inside like unto the outside and the outside like unto the inside, and that which is above like unto that which is below, and when ye make the male and the female one and the same, so that the male no longer be male nor the female female; then will ye enter into the kingdom.” (Gospel of Thomas, Logion 22).


About the History of Cycles (in Dutch)

About the Geometry of Negation

About the Logic of Music

About Wu Wei

About Modal Logic

About the Cube of Opposition

About Logical Geometry

About the Square of Religion

Semiotics for Beginners

About Holonomic Alchemy

About Paths of Change

About the Sheng Cycle

How to use the Square of Opposition as a Research Tool

About the Cube of Space of  Sefer Yetzirah

About Truth of Reason and Truth of Fact

Why Humans are Toolmakers

About Chemical Transformation (Cold Fusion)

About the Ars Generalis Ultima of Ramon Lull (1305)

About the Six Domains of  the Polynomic System of Value

About the Logic of Creation

About Leibniz Calculating Machine

About Zero Dimension 

Why Innovation is Re-Combination

How to Balance the Seal of Solomon

About Interpersonal Theory 

About Panarchy

About the Hexagon of Opposition

About n-based logics

About Flow-Systems

Anti-Fragility and the Square of Opposites

An Introduction to Hexagonal Geometry


Op weg naar de Persoonlijke Voedsel Monitor (in Dutch)

Ik ben de enige zoon van een boer uit Wekerom en ben door mijn vader getraind in het boerenvak. Een paar jaar geleden werd ik uitgenodigd voor een bijeenkomst van investeerders in de voedselketen in Wageningen.

Hierdoor werd mijn latente interesse voor de landbouw weer aangewakkerd. Wat mij vooral begon te interesseren was de relatie voedsel en gezondheid. Door het netwerk werd ik steeds doorverwezen naar deskundigen op dit gebied.

Tot mijn verbazing bleek dat al die deskundigen grotendeels in het duister tasten ten aanzien van de relatie voedsel/gezondheid.

De reden was dat men zich veel te veel had geconcentreerd op de statistiek en onvoldoende had rekening gehouden met het feit dat de mensheid heel divers is.

Als je die diversiteit combineert met het feit dat alle omstandigheden ook weer specifiek zijn kom je uit op een omkering van alles.

De mens heeft behoefte aan specifiek voedsel in specifieke omstandigheden (“personalized food”).

Sinds een aantal jaren houd ik mij bezig met Smart Technology. Het woord Smart betekent dat het gedrag van de software niet is te onderscheiden van het gedrag van een mens. Een goed voorbeeld is de zelf-rijdende auto.

In dit document concentreer ik me op de “slimme” voedselketen.

Een slim systeem heeft zintuigen nodig (sensors), moet zelfstandig kunnen denken (analytics) en handelen (proces management) daarnaast moet het ook kunnen samenwerken (community) met mensen en andere slimme systemen en overzicht houden (monitoring).

Slimme systemen bewerkstelligen keten-integratie en keten-omkering.

Keten-integratie resulteert in het direct koppelen van consument en producent. De intermediair in de keten verdwijnt en wordt overgenomen door een (software)-infrastructuur die vaak wordt aangeduid met E-Commerce.

Consumenten kopen steeds meer hun producten in web-shops waarna de producten aan huis worden bezorgd. Het thuis bezorgen gaat een revolutie ontketenen in de stadslogistiek omdat het gebruikelijk concept van het centrale (of regionale) distributiecentrum niet meer nodig is als je instaat bent om verschillende logistieke stromen slim te combineren.

In het eerste stadium werd de web-shop vooral gebruikt om luxe goederen te verkopen maar sinds kort neemt het on-line kopen en bezorgen van voedsel enorm toe. Een deel of een groot deel van dit voedsel wordt in de nabijheid van de klant geproduceerd en werd vroeger op lokale markten verhandeld.

Door de globalisatie worden lokale producten nu de hele wereld over getransporteerd en vice-versa waardoor er erg veel energie verloren gaat.

Bewuste consumenten willen weer terug naar lokaal geproduceerde voeding. Dit geldt niet alleen voor voeding maar ook voor energie en werk. Er komt steeds meer behoefte aan zelfvoorziening (autarkie). Het is dan ook niet onwaarschijnlijk dat de lokale markt weer terugkomt.

Keten-omkering wil zeggen dat de consument en niet meer de producent aan het begin van de keten komt te staan. Die consument wordt nu het waarnemingsinstrument, de sensor, van de keten. Wat hem of haar aantrekt wordt uiteindelijk vertaald in een vraag. De grote vraag is hoe de consument zijn vraag kan articuleren.

Niet het produceren maar het consumeren wordt dominant in de waardeketen. De consument moet nog erg wennen aan het feit dat zijn vraag bepalend wordt voor het aanbod.

Steeds meer mensen beseffen dat voedsel heel belangrijk is voor hun welbevinden. Hierbij gaat het niet alleen om de ingrediënten maar ook om de wijze van de productie van deze ingrediënten in de voedselketen. Deze voedselketen integreert en keert net zo hard als alle andere waardeketens.

De diëtetiek, de voedingsleer, is een hele oude wetenschap.  In de preventieve holistische gezondheidsleer van Griekenland, Rome, China en India werd  er veel aandacht besteed aan voedsel.

Voedsel in de zin van kruiden was ook het belangrijkste middel om een ziekte te genezen. De kruiden zijn in de loop der tijd getransformeerd in chemische (farmaceutische) geneesmiddelen. Wat veel mensen niet beseffen is dat medicijnen ook voedsel zijn.

De oude wetenschappers waren op de hoogte van het specifieke van het lichaam en de persoonlijkheid en ontwikkelden ook classificaties (de humores en de temperamenten) die tot op heden worden gebruikt in de psychologie (Big Five).

De visie van de beroemde Hippocrates op de diëtetiek wijkt in zijn wezen niet zo erg af van de huidige visie over voedsel. Los daarvan is er erg veel veranderd en die verandering is veroorzaakt door de technologie.

In het begin van de 20ste eeuw kreeg de technologie invloed op de medische wetenschap. Er werd steeds meer kennis verkregen over de onderdelen van het menselijk lichaam waardoor de specialisatie enorm toenam. In 1930 was 25% van de medici gespecialiseerd in 1980 80%.

Door de specialistische visie op de mens is de kennis over de voedselverwerking in het lichaam enorm toegenomen en begint men na het uitzoeken van het menselijk DNA ook steeds meer zicht te krijgen op de specialistische invloed van voedsel op de gezondheid.

Door de specialisatie is het holistische karakter van de geneeskunst grotendeels verdwenen.

De invloed van de technologie op de voedselketen is enorm. De productieprocessen zijn opgeschaald en het voedsel is geoptimaliseerd zowel aan de buitenkant als aan de binnenkant. De tomaat van vroeger lijkt door de genetische manipulatie in niets op de tomaat van nu.

Het is de grote vraag of de ingrediënten van het huidige voedsel nog passen op het lichaam van toen.

Daarbij komt dat de bodem (‘de aarde”) steeds meer is ontdaan van zijn natuurlijke samenstelling waardoor ons voedsel belangrijke stoffen (zoals magnesium) mist.

De consument begint zich hiervan bewust te worden door allerlei publicaties en televisieprogramma’s en vraagt steeds duidelijker om gezond voedsel. Wat gezond is, is niet erg duidelijk. Er worden tientallen boeken op de markt gebracht die elkaar soms fors tegenspreken.

Om te voorkomen dat men door de bomen het bos niet meer blijft zien kan de technologie als hulpmiddel worden aangewend. Het wordt tijd voor de Persoonlijke Voedsel Monitor (PVM). Deze monitor moet de match maken tussen het voedsel en mens.

Wat er in het voedsel zit kan binnenkort door de persoonlijke spectrometer real-time in kaart worden gebracht. Op basis van het persoonlijke voedselprofiel kan dan worden bekeken of dit voedsel passend is.

Met behulp van lichaam-sensors in combinatie met een DNA-profiel kan real-time in kaart worden gebracht wat het lichaam op de lange en de korte termijn nodig en niet nodig heeft. Deze behoefte kan worden vertaald in ingrediënten en daarna in producten.

Daarnaast kan de PVM ook helpen bij het geven van inzicht in de relatie lichaam en voedsel door de koppeling aan een slim leersysteem (SLS).

Vraag en aanbod kunnen door de koppeling aan een E-Commerce systeem direct aan elkaar worden verbonden waardoor het “gezonde” voedsel “on demand” kan worden thuis bezorgd.

Als mensen hun persoonlijke data willen delen kunnen we met behulp van statistische analyse-software (“Big Data”) real-time wetenschappelijk onderzoek doen naar de relatie voedsel en gezondheid en de resultaten persoonlijk terugkoppelen.

Hierdoor kun je heel goed zien hoe je “het doet” ten opzichte van mensen die op je lijken. Indien er interesse is kunnen die mensen ook met elkaar in contact komen. Natuurlijk moet er hier goed aandacht worden besteed aan privacy.


Over de geschiedenis van de gezondheidszorg

Over zelfvoorziening

Over Biofysica

Over de persoonlijke voedselspectrometer


About the Next Steps of the Future Center Smart Systems and the Leiden Center of Data Science

At 28-4-2014 the Future Center Smart Systems (FCSS) was launched At the same moment the Leiden Center of Data Science (LCDS) was announced. This is not a coincidence.

FCSS and LCDS are two parts of the same coin. LCDS is focused on the Science of Data and FCSS is focused on using the results of the Science of Data to build Smart Systems or to give the Science of Data interesting problems to solve. FCSS is Practice and LCDS is theory.

When we look at Wikipedia we see that the Data Sciences are defined as “The study of the generalizable extraction of knowledge from data”. Knowledge shows itself in this case as Models, Patterns and Laws (Rules).

The Data Sciences detect patterns based on facts and are an abstraction of the Scientific Process itself.  The Data Sciences are therefore also called E-Science. 

E-Science is a combination of:  Signal processing, Mathematics, Probability models, Machine learning, Statistical learning, Computer programming, Data engineering, Pattern recognition and learning, Visualization, Uncertainty modeling, Data warehousing, and High performance computing.

Because E-Science is an abstraction of Science it can be applied to every science you can think of. In the case of the LCDS the current sciences that are involved are Physics, Astronomy, Bio-Science (Leiden Bioscience Park), Life-Sciences (Dutch Techcenter for Life Sciences, DTL), Medical Sciences (LUMC), Law (Leiden Law School), Aviation (NLR), Mathematics and Informatics (LIACS).

The FCSS is not only about E-Science it is also about using the patterns that are discovered to control processes and influence humans. In this case we are interested in the developments in Value, Case & Process-managers,  Domain Models and Sensor-Technology. Theory is static and practice is dynamic. Theory becomes practice by doing.

In the long view we expect that the combination of Senses & Actions & Thinking Machines will lead to Autonomous Systems that will help and support Humans. These systems are sometimes called Robots because we believe Autonomous Systems look like us but an autonomous system like our Universe does not have to move itself.

The next step of the Future Center is to connect with practice, start with technology transfer and find out what the need is of the market.

The Future Center is already involved in some projects and we wants to start some more. If you are interested to participate in one of the projects or want to start a new projects send an email to hans.konstapel@gmail.com.

  • Smart System Architectures
Smart Systems need Smart System Architectures. They are a combination of existing architectures based on Process-Models & Sensor-Systems (the Sensory-Motor System) and new architecture that are related to Visualization (the Imagination), Analytics (Data, Process, Text, Software-mining (Thinking)) and Social Networks. (Emotions). The end state is called Global Brain (“The Singularity”).
  • Disclosure of Open Data (Repository, Data Warehouses/Data Cards, Visualization)
A lot of Open Data is entering the market. It is not clear where this data is situated and what the data means. In this case we need a Repository and tools to define what part of the data we need at this moment (a Data Warehouse, Data Cards). We need also tools to hide the complexity of the current open databases and makes it possible to show what is available (Visualization).
  • Smart Innovation (Business-model generation out of Big- & Open Data) 

There are already many on-line tools available that support the innovation process. The data that is used in these tools (for instance market-data) has to be gathered to validate the models. We want to use the Data-sciences to gather appropriate market-data and detect interesting business-opportunities, To do that we want to use Big- and especially Open Data. 

  • Smart Value Chain Integration & Reversal (Product Configurators, Data/Proces/Software-Mining, Intelligent User-Interfaces)
The value-chains are integrating and the customer is moving into control. Currently a value chain consists of many companies that use many not integrated and not connected legacy-systems. These systems contain data and process-models. We want to use the Data-Sciences to detect these models (Process-mining. Data-Mining, Software-Mining) and map them to available domain-models (ACCORD, ARTS,…) or develop shared domain-models. The data that is used in the value-chain can be mapped to a product-configurator. Last but not least the user-interaction with the customers has te be designed.
  • Smart Education (Just-in-Time Education)
Technology is changing fast. This has a huge impact on education. The current system of education is not able  to react to the fast moving technology-waves because it is created  to support the Industrial Revolution that ended around 1950. We are now beyond the next wave that is taking over manual work and moving into the next step in which the Human Brian is copied. The solution to this all, Life Long Education,  is already invented a long time ago but we are not implementing this solution because the Current Education System is aimed at preventive education, trying to train people in the first stage of their life. The solution is Just-in-Time-Education, training people at the moment they need knowledge (DeepQA) or experience (Simulators).
  • Smart Buildings & Building Process (with ABN AMRO Dialogs House)
The Building Industry is already using 3D-Models (BIM). A BIM-model is a low-level product-configurator but the model can be moved to a higher level in which it is possible to share (and sell) complete Models (for instance a Hospital). The models can be used to simulate every attribute of a building and let the customers play with possible designs. The models can be used to calculate risk and most important optimize existing buildings (Facility Management). When we combine this with sensor-technology we are able to create adaptable buildings.
  • Smart Food Chain & Dietetics
The Food Value Chain will revert and the customer will be in control. At this moment the customers are educated with theories about food that are changing fast. “Good” Food is time, context and body-dependent. We want to make tools that use personal sensors that show the customer what they have to eat to stay healthy and tell them where and how they can buy this food.
  • Food & Health (with the International Alliance of Future Centers)
It is not clear what the impact is of Food on our Health. In this project we will analyze the complete food-chain.
  • Smart Urban Space (The Self Actualizing City)
This is an integration of the concepts of the Smart City, Integrated Value Chains, the Creative City and Smart Social Networks.
  • Next Generation Media

Media are at this moment based on the Sender/Receiver-concept. We want to use the Data Sciences to detect patterns, transform these patterns into text and images and implement a feed-back process with the customers.

  • Next Generation Theatre
We want to use the concept of  5D Film to create a new type of sensory and emotional experience.
  • Next Generation Energy Systems
Implementing Autarkic Energy Systems.
  • Smart Mobility
Using new concepts like the Self-Driving Car & Sensor-Networks  to optimize mobility in Big Cities.
  • Social Enterprises (Impact Finance, Social Bonds, Circular Systems, Cooperatives, Complementary Currencies)
The next generation enterprises has to be aware and reduce its impact on society and environment. In this project we also look the finance of Social Enterprises (Impact Finance, Social Bonds) but also at the circular economy, new organizational structures (cooperations, ) and new financial systems based on complementary currencies.
  • Conflict-Resolution/E-Mediation
Preventing and resolving conflicts by implementing Smart Mediation.
  • Future Jobs (Unemployement & Sense-making, with the International Alliance of Future Centers)
What are the consequences of Smart Systems on employment?
  • Smart Care Systems

We want to use Smart Systems to help people that need Economic, Physical, Social and/or Mental Support.

  • Virtual Future Centers (with the International Alliance of Future Centers) 
Future Centers are currently location-based. Future Centers look like Smart Systems because they Sense their environment, react (Process Manager) on the Events that are happening, try to predict what will happen (Analytics), involve Networks (Communitiies of Practice, Interest and/or Affinity) and Scientific Knowledge Centers (like the LCDS), create a shared Vision and  put this vision into Action (Entrepeneurs, Innovators, Incubators). There are already many people busy with developing parts of the Virtual Future Center. We are currently designing an Architecture and will create an Alliance to join the efforts of all participants.
  • Next Generation Secure Data Centers
Smart Systems need Smart Data Centers.


The Presentation of Prof. dr. H. J. van den Herik about Big Data and the Leiden Center of Data Science.


About Autarky

written in 2012,

The amount of local cooperative energy-companies in the Netherlands (in 2012) is increasing. It all has to do with the decrease of the price of solar-sells but there is more at stake.

Local energy-companies are part of a movement aimed at Autarky. Autarky is the quality of being self-sufficient.

The word Autarky comes from Greek αὐτάρκεια (autárkeia), itself from αὐτός (autós) = self and ἀρκέω (arkéo) which in its passive form means be satisfied, content or “Out of my own Power“.

The need to become self-sufficient has certainly to do with the current economic-, ecological- and energy crisis. People are afraid that the supply of vital energy and food will suddenly stop or become priceless. This is not the only reason.

Some people think we are wasting our money, food and energy by producing nondurable throw-away goods in which the packaging is sometimes more important than the content. They want to create durable products and services. This is not the only reason.

Some people don’t trust the suppliers of their food and energy, their politicians and/or the caretakers of their savings, the banks, anymore. They believe that their food is intentionally manipulated, their savings are wasted, their country is sold out to the rich and their environment is polluted for just one simple reason, Greed, the opposite of “Being Satisfied”.

The people of the autarkic movement want to recreate the necessary functions (bank, energy, food, work, healthcare, government) themselves in a cooperative way in their own living context.

Atmospheric Energy Diagram
Atmospheric Energy Diagram

The local cooperatives  are now joining on a higher (mostly country) level and are  in need of a shared (real-time)infrastructure. The current infrastructure does not support flows that move between many participants (so called peer-to-peer-networks).

The current system is a Hierarchic Top Down System containing Huge Highways that are connected to Big Production-facilities. This makes it impossible to consolidate, share and distribute resources peer-to-peer on a local level.

The Electric Highway

The Top Down System has created Global Markets where the local production is sold  to the highest bidder.

The Global Markets are the playing field for advanced speculators that make a lot of money. After the deal is made the local production is transported to a far away destination. That is the reason why the Top Down Systems are integrated in world-wide Logistic Systems.

If we want to coordinate all the local initiatives we need advanced systems that Up- and download, control, predict, connect, share, balance and distribute vital local resources on the short and long term.

The Panarchy Cycle of an Ecology
The Panarchy Cycle of an Ecology

Examples of these systems can be found in “crowd funding“, “virtual power plants”  and “treasury management” (balancing many small amounts of Money at the short and long term).

In Nature we find comparable (Fractal) Distribution-Systems in the Lungs, the Arteries, Riverdelta, the Weather Cycle and Ecologies.

All of these fysical Flow Systems, that map 1 Resource-> on Many Resources or Many Resources->on 1 Resource,  are based on the third Law of Thermodynamics called Constructal Law.

Virtual Power Plant
Virtual Power Plant

In the philosophy of the Stoics and Cynics of Ancient Greece the perfect human was not only arete (“all-around excellent”) but also independent of every need. Arete was associated with a full life as a citizen of a city.

Later Spinoza (“On Human Freedom“), Rousseau and David Thoureau (Walden) have developed their own autarkic philosophy.

Autarky was the ideal of a complete man who needed no one and no organization. This ideal can also be found in Zen Buddhism, Taoist practise, Early Christians (Nazarites), the Catholic Order of the Franciscans and the Protestant Quakers.

In reality it is almost impossible to be completely self-sufficient as a lonely human being. We need others when we are young, sick and old and we need others because we are specialized (“Talented”). Autarky is a possible aim for a small community.

Resource Balancing in Nature (Lungs, RiverDelta)
Resource Balancing in Nature (Lungs, RiverDelta)

The religious, cultural and political movements at the left and the right aimed at living the “good life” (“Living Slow“) are converging in  the movement of the Cultural Creatives. The Cultural Creatives are the new Elite that is moving to the AND-state (Left AND Right).

They don’t believe in the old Competitive Ideologies (Socialist, Capitalist, Religious, Liberal, Nationalist, Conservative, Globalist, etc..) but want  to focus on the Shared Collaborative Values between all Humans. We all need Love, Food and Shelter.

The Stoic Zeno shows the Doors to Truth and False
The Stoic Zeno shows the Doors to Truth and False

Autarky has always been a major political aim of countries. Autarky is about the possibility to control your own future and to become independent of other powers that could use your dependency to tell you what to do to get what you desperately want.

At this moment the shortage of fossil fuels, especially oil and gaz, is used to influence the policy of other countries and is the cause of local conflicts in the Middle East.

China is buying all kinds of vital materials to make sure their economy will not become dependent on others. If they will succeed and nobody doubts about that, they will become the economic controlling power of the world.

Reaching a state of local autarky, being satisfied with what your environment provides you, has become the aim of the wordwide sustainability movement.

Total autarky is possible when you want to live as a stoic or a survivalist. Most people accept a more simple living, move off-the-grid and build autonomous buildings that make use of  renewable energy.

Allotment Garden
Allotment Garden

Others start to farm in their own backyard, join an allotment garden or move back-to-the-land and practice sustainable agriculture.  To handle their surpluses and shortages independent  local markets are created that make use of  alternative currencies.

A strive for (regional) Autarky pushes the need to innovate to a higher level because not all regions contain the right materials, knowledge or experience to realize everything everybody needs. To become fully Autarkic the Production and Consumption Systems in the Region have to be based on simple concepts and parts that are available everywhere. Simple concepts are concepts that are easely copied.

The only way to combine Simple and Complex concepts is to use the Concept of Self-Reference (Fractals). The only way to make use of parts that are available everywhere is to make use of the Simple Building Blocks of Nature. A good example is the use of algea in food processing.

The concept of Autonomy not only plays an important role on the many levels of human (personal, organization, country) and animal society (Competitive vs Collaborative (Ants)). It is also a major subject in the research of (Second-OrderCybernetics (Control Theory).

Self Reproducing Systems
Self Reproducing Fractal Systems

Second Order Cybernetics is concerned with the Control of the System of Systems (the Meta-System). Hierarchy is not the solution to this problem because it leads to the logical problem of Infinite Regress (“Turtles on turtles on … all the way down”).

The Meta-System is controlling, reproducing and balancing itself by a Fractal Feedback-Cycle that moves Backwards (Consumption) and Forwards (Production).

The concept of Self-Reproduction is called Autopoiesis or Autocatalysis. The Design Philosophy of Cradle to Cradle is a good example of Autopoiesis.

A System is an Autarky if all its Levels are capable of Self-Reproduction.

If a human wants to become self-sufficient he has to accept and develop his own talent and find complementary people so he is able to create a Self-Reproducing Unit.

The smallest Self-Reproducing Unit in Human Society is the Family living in one House. This House has to produce more than enough Energy and the Garden has to produce more than enough food to support the Family.

Garden City (Culemborg, the Netherlands)
Garden City (Culemborg, the Netherlands)

If we cluster all these Self-Reproducing Families/Houses & Gardens in a small City the chances are high that the combined talents of the families will be able to supply every profession needed if the people of the city want to Live a Simple Life.

It is also possible that the surplusses and shortages of the families can be compensated by creating a Market on the level of the small City or one level higher, the Region.

An Autarkic Movement becomes an Aggressive Competitive Nationalistic Movement when the Citizens of the Country feel that their Country is plundered by outsiders and their Leaders promise to get it all back by expanding the Space to Live (“Lebensraum“) to facilitate everything that is needed.

This happened when Germany was preparing for War after the enormous reparation payments of 132 billion gold marks to the Winners of World War I.

The Autarkic Movement could also become a Peaceful Cooperative Social Movement like the Movement of Gandhi in India when the people accept the Good Life they already live and want to share the surpluses with others who are in a worse state.


Dutch Report about Local Energy Companies (in Dutch)

About the house that produces his own energy (Passive House)

The Complete Book of Self Sufficiency

About Close-Loops Systems

About Smart Grids

About Anti-Fragility

About Fractal Distribution Systems

Jerry Rifkin: About the Distributed Economy

The John Seymour School for Self Sufficiency

About Entrainment

About the EU Policy of Smart Specialization of Regions

About Darwin and Collaboration 

About Artificial Life

About Smart Technology

About the Thermodynamics of Living Systems

About Worldviews (How to find Complementary People)

A City is an Organism

About the Viable Systems Model of Stafford Beer

About Garden City

Gandhi’s view on Capitalism

The Autarkic Dreams of Germany

About Intelligent Design

Andre Bejan Explains Constructal Law with the use of his favorite sport basketball. Complexity in Nature looks like a huge flow system yhat looks like a tree.

Thermodynamics, the Science of Heat, became an important science in the 19th century when physicists started to improve the Steam-Machine. This blog is about a recently discovered law of Thermodynamics called the Constructal Law.

The Constructal Law describes How Intelligent Systems emerge out of the Laws of Thermodynamics.

Heat is Random Motion

According to Thermodynamics the evolution of the universe has been characterized by an on-going transformation from a simple, restricted, highly condensed, homogeneous state (the Big Bang) to an increasingly complex, widely dispersed, dynamic, multipotent, granular diversity.

Energy always moves from High to Low Temperature. This is the main reason why most of the energy of Earth comes from our Sun.

With help of the Electro-Magnetic radiation of the Sun we call Light, plants, algae and bacteria transform simple molecules into complex organic structures (Biomass = Potential Chemical Energy) and store the energy of the Sun. Bacteria and Fungi brake up these structures, produce heat, reduce the complexity, and close the Cycle.

The Input of the Heat of the Sun has to be compensated by a comparable Output of Radiation otherwise Earth would be burned instantly. The difference between the Input and Output of Energy is transformed into Movements on Earth.

The Earth’s climate is a huge flow system. It circulates air and water from the tropics to the poles and back. These flows develop as air and water move from hot to cold regions, a result of variation in the heating of the Earth’s surface by the sun.

The Earth is not only heated by the Sun. The hot kernel of the Earth is surrounded by a small crust. At certain places on Earth and the Sea the rotating pool of the magma-ocean produces a lot of energy.

The Earth with its solar heat input, heat rejection, and wheels of atmospheric and oceanic circulation, is a heat engine without shaft. Its maximized mechanical power cannot be delivered, but is instead destined to dissipate through air and water friction and other forms of heat loss. It produces maximum power, which it then dissipates at a maximum rate.

The earth is wasting a lot of energy because the transmission of  most of its energy is not contained in a Tube-like-system.

The system maximizes the sum of the work done driving the planetary circulation, and the heat rejected back to space at the cold end of the heat engine.

When the speed of the planetary circulation is low, so are the turbulent losses. As speed increases, up to a certain point the sum of work done (circulation speed) and heat rejected also increasing until the turbulence starts to interfere with the circulation and  actually decrease the total of work done and heat rejected. That is the point, “the edge of turbulence”,  at which the system will naturally run.

Every flow system tries to find the perfect balance between movement and friction.

The biomass on Earth is direct or later (Oil, Gaz, Coal) consumed by all kinds of organisms. In Food-Webs Organisms are consumed by other organisms.

We, the Humans, describe the interaction of the organisms in the Food-Webs as a Struggle for Live, a Survival of the Fittest, but the flow of energy in the food webs could also be seen as an adaptive chain of chemical reactions that are performed in self-moving, self-reproducing chemical factories.

Energy is Potential Movement. The potential energy stored in the biomass on Earth is transformed into circular movement (kinetic energy). During this transformation Heat is produced. Heat is the waste produced by a restrained non-effective movement.

The energy of the Sun produces all kinds of movements on Earth. Examples are river-delta’s, our respiratory system and the weather-system.

Flow Systems that move from one  to many always look like a leaf or a tree
Flow Systems that move from One to Many always look like a Leaf or a Tree. Left a River Delta is shown. Right a picture of the Lungs is displayed.

According to Constructal Theory the generation of design (configuration, patterns, geometry, shape, structure, rhythm) in nature is a physical phenomenon that unites all animate and inanimate systems. Design in Nature always shows itself as systems that flow and improve themselves.  Systems improve themselves because the movement from chaos to order takes many discrete steps.

Biological organisms are flow systems. River basins are flow systems. A Tree is a flow system. The Traffic System is a flow system. The City of Paris is a flow system. The Financial Market is a flow system. The Internet is a flow system. A Proces-Manager is a flow system.

Flow Systems

All these flow systems must be structured (architecturally designed) in such a way that the currents that flow (Life Energy, Water, Air, Electricity, Gaz, People, Cars, Trains, Airplanes, Content, Money) increasingly get to where they need to go. This gives shape and structure to everything that evolves over time.

Flow Systems always remove the Resistance to the Flow themselves.

Constructal Law is formulated as follows: “For a finite-size system to persist in time (to live), it must evolve in such a way that it provides easier access to the imposed currents that flow through it.”.

Nature always provides Resistance to Change (Heat, Erosion, Friction) and this resistance is provided by the Systems of the Past. The current Order resists the potential Chaos of Free Moving Energy.

The Paths of Change of our Universe always move in the same way. The pattern looks like a Moebius Ring, the number 8, because this is the only way to cope with the polarity of the movements. In a Moebius Ring two Opposite Cyclic Movements are perfectly United.

A Moebius Ring is a 2D-structure that operates in 3D because it needs a Twist to operate.

According to Constructal Theory the Energy of the Sun creates two types of Systems called Engines and Brakes.

Engines are the most effective and efficient states in the evolution of our Universe. They have found the best way to cope with the resistance that is provided by the Brakes. Brakes are the old systems like trees, forests and natural or constructed dams that slow down the movement so the potential energy can be stored.

If the Energy of the Sun is not stored,  the Self-Reproducing Systems are unable to evolve to a higher level of organization.  If every Resistance would be gone the Flow-Systems would Flow in a Radial Pattern to every Direction possible.

If we remove the Natural Brakes (Forests, River-delta’s) the Expansive Flow-systems will take over control and the Smart Highly Improbable Next Generation Brake Systems, the Organisms would die.

We, the Humans, are here to Resist the Engines that give the Flow-Systems the opportunity to make Everything the Same. Every Thing has to become the Same because the Universe does not discriminate. Every configuration has the same chance to be alive.

Dependent on the type of flow there are standard solutions to the dualities that are provided by the eternal battle between engine (movement) and brake (not-movement).

Paris is a Flow System

The standard solution can be calculated using the Laws of Thermodynamics. Tree (or Leaf)-shaped fractal systems are for example the best solution for a One-to-Many (or Many-to-One) Flow. The Flow Systems always converge to these Shapes.

Our Earth is rotating, spinning and moving around our moving Sun. The influx of Energy on every area on Earth is changing all the time.

This means that every Flow-System on Earth has to adapt to the short term and long term changing Energy Input of the Sun.

The stability of a Flow-System, the Resistance to Change, is highly dependent on the Resilience of the System.

According to the theory of Panarchy the Resilience of a System is dependent on the Potential and the Connectedness of a System.

In  the Exploitation/Conservation phase of the Adaptive Panarchy-Cycle the Constructal Engines become more efficient (producing more Potential) and Connected. This means that the amount of possible paths in the River-delta of the System is reduced. This amount determinates the resilience of the system.

At the state of maximum production and maximum connection (conservation) the system is spending all its potential at self-reproduction and is highly vulnerable to external disturbances. At a certain moment when a disturbance destroys the majority of the paths the system collapses (release).

Revolt: A small Wildfire can destroy a complete Ecology

The bits and pieces, the components, of the scattered ecology are reassembled sometimes in a different way (reorganization) and the system starts again most of the time on a higher level of organization.

Kleiber’s law

Kleiber’s Law is an example of the Constructal Law. It shows the many levels of organization that have occured since the chemical factories of the bacteria started to work together. Kleiber’s Law can be extented to the level of the Community and the City.

The Panarchy Cycle is Self-Similar. It repeats itself on many Scales. The higher the scale the bigger the impact and the slower change takes place.

The Scales are interconnected. A huge disturbance on a lower scale (Revolt) can have an huge impact on a higher scale when both cycles are moving into the Release State.

A Slow moving High Level Cycle can help to restructure a fast moving cycle by providing the template of the way the components were originally assembled (its CommunityDNA) (Remember).

Constructal Law is a Law of Thermodynamics. Thermodynamics has evolved into a Statistical Theory called Statistical Mechanics. To calculate a probability you have to define the Space of all Possibilities of a System, the Phase Space.

When you don’t know what a system will look like it is impossible to calculate the Phase Space. To calculate the possibilities of Constructal Law you have to imagine the possible constructions of Mother Nature.

It is possible to play with Probability Theory without knowing the exact Phase Space. In this case you have to look at the probabilities of the probabilities. These probabilities are described by the Triangle of Pascal. Behind the Triangle of Pascal a new Triangular Structure shows itself. This pattern goes on and on until the primary Triangle of Creation, the Holy Trinity, is reached.

The Trinity is a combination of Desire (Mother, Female, Expansion, FLOW), Control (Father, Male, Compression, BRAKE) and the combination of both Expansion AND Compression also called the Void or the Tao. In Physics the Void is called the Vacuum or the Zero-Point-Field.

The Triangular Pattern behind the Triangle of Pascal

When we have moved back in time and have reached the state of the Trinity we are very close to the Big Bang. The Big Bang is a result of the Union of the Opposites (Yin/Yang, Male/Female, Matter/Anti-Matter, Expansion/Compression) that both came out of the Void.

The Vacuum is the Eternal Flow System of Creation. It contains everything that is possible even the impossible, the Empty Set.

The Tao is like a well: 

used but never used up.

It is like the eternal void:

filled with infinite possibilities.

It is hidden but always present.

I don’t know who gave birth to it.

It is older than God.

(Tao Te Ching 4)

According to Constructal Law every finite-size system must evolve in such a way that it provides easier access to the imposed currents that flow through it.

The Tao is the Channel of the Energy of Life. If Constructal Law is Right we have to give easier access to this Flow. We have to become the River to move to our final destination, the Sea of the Nothing.


A video about Constructal Theory

About the Higgs Field and the Big Bang

Why the Objects in the Universe are of Different Size

About Innovation and Thermodynamics 

About the Big Bang

About Friction

About the Big Freeze

About the Constructal Theory of David Deutsch

The Website about Constructal Theory

An Introduction into Constructal Theory

About Morphology

About Panarchy

About Kleiber’s Law

About Genetic Similarity Theory

Why a City is an Organism

About the Triangle of Pascal and the Holy Trinity

About the Holy Trinity

About Constructal Law and the Trinity

Attraction + Obstacles = Excitement 

About the Law of three & Gurdjieff

Over Veerkracht (Resilience) (in Dutch)

De leer van de thermodynamica is in de 19e eeuw ontstaan uit natuurkundig onderzoek dat werd uitgevoerd om de efficiëntie van de stoommachine te verbeteren. Inmiddels heeft deze wetenschap belangrijke wetten over het Universum ontdekt.

Volgens de thermodynamica beweegt de energie in het Universum op de lange termijn zich van een onmogelijke extreem hete situatie, de Big Bang, naar een toestand van extreme kou en een hoge waarschijnlijkheid, de Big Freeze, waarin alles netjes uniform verdeeld is. Het universum beweegt van extreme chaos naar extreme ordening.

Energie stroomt daarom altijd van hoge (chaos) naar lage temperatuur (orde). Vrijwel alle energie op aarde komt van de zon in de vorm van electro-magnetische straling. Met behulp van deze zonnestraling transformeren planten, algen en bacteriën simpele chemische structuren in complexe biomassa (chemische energie). Bacteriën en schimmels breken deze structuren weer af waardoor de cyclus wordt gesloten.

Biomassa wordt door de rest van de organismen op aarde direct of soms veel later (olie/gas/steenkool) geconsumeerd. Het consumeren van de primaire zonne-energie vindt plaats in voedselketens waarin de organismen ook zelf weer worden geconsumeerd.

Vanuit ons menselijk perspectief interpreteren wij het consumeren van de participanten in een voedselketen als een competitie (“survival of the fittest”) maar we kunnen het ook zien als een uiterst flexibele keten van chemische reacties die worden uitgevoerd in bewegende zichzelf reproducerende chemische fabrieken.

 Energie is de mogelijkheid om iets in beweging te krijgen of te houden. De opgeslagen (potentiële) energie in de aarde wordt soms in meerdere stappen omgezet in beweging (kinetische energie). Tijdens deze omzetting gaat er altijd warmte verloren (dissipatie, wrijving, weerstand, erosie).

De energiestroom van de zon wekt door de rotatie van de aarde stroom-systemen (flow-systems) op. Stroom-systemen hebben een boom-structuur als de stroom van een punt naar een oppervlak of een volume gaat. Een voorbeeld zijn het weersysteem en een meanderende rivier-delta. De longen en de bloedvaten in ons lichaam hebben precies dezelfde opbouw omdat hetzelfde proces ook in ons lichaam optreedt.

Volgens de Constructal Theory van Adrian Bejan verbeteren de stroomsystemen zich steeds opnieuw en dat doen ze door gebruik te maken van de permanente slijtage (dissipatie, wrijving, weerstand, erosie) die de stroombeweging veroorzaakt.  Uiteindelijk vindt er altijd weer ergens een doorbraak plaats in de meander.

Adrian Bejan heeft de Constructal Theory volledig analytisch afgeleid uit de wetten van de Thermodynamica. Hij  beschouwt het principe van de verbeterende stroomsystemen (“construction”)  als een Hoofdwet van de Thermodynamica. Volgens hem is ontwerpen niet een intelligente actie maar een volstrekt logisch gevolg van de werking van ons Universum.

De stroom van onmogelijkheid naar uniformiteit, van hoge onwaarschijnlijkheid naar hoge waarschijnlijkheid gaat gepaard met allerlei tussenstadia waarin de bestaande structuren de nieuwe structuren de weg wijzen.

De doorbraken in de meanderende stroompatronen maken beter gebruik van de huidige mogelijkheden maar de oude paden behouden lange tijd hun functie. Hierdoor is een stroomsysteem niet afhankelijk van één pad en is daardoor ook bestand tegen calamiteiten (bijv. een sterk verhoogde regenval in het stroomgebied van de rivier).

Het systeem waar de stroomsystemen onderdeel van uitmaken bestaat uit Machines (Constructal Engines) en Barrières (Brakes).

De machines en de barrieres zorgen ervoor dat de aarde niet te warm of te koud wordt.

De machines zoeken de weg van de minste weerstand, optimaliseren de stroom, bouwen structuren op, slopen de barrieres, produceren kinetische energie en minimaliseren de slijtage. De machines slechten het pad naar de Big Freeze waarin alles gelijk zal zijn en alles stil zal staan.

De barrières bevatten potentiële energie, leveren de weerstand om de minste weerstand te vinden, slopen de machines, optimaliseren daardoor de dissipatie en produceren een maximale hoeveelheid straling met een hogere golflengte als de binnenkomende zonnestraling die de aarde weer verlaat.

Produceren (Machines) en Consumeren (Vernietigen, Slijten) houden het wankele evenwicht van Moeder Aarde in stand.

De evolutie van ecologieën, steden, organismen (wet van Kleiber), talen (wet van Zipf), organen (de longen, bloedvaten), sporten en technologieclusters voldoen aan de Constructal Theory.

In 2002 hebben Holling en Gunderson het boek Panarchy: Understanding Transformations in Human and Natural Systems gepubliceerd.

Panarchy bevat een integrale visie op de evolutie en de adaptieve cyclus van  de constructal engines die men ecosystemen noemt.

Panarchy is ontstaan door het combineren van ogenschijnlijk conflicterende theorieën. Die theorieën leken conflicterend omdat ze betrekking hadden op de verschillende fasen (Zie Plaatje Phase Space hieronder) van de adaptieve cyclus die een ecologie doorloopt.

De combinatie van de vier mogelijke fasenruimten levert een op-en neergaande cyclus op waarin op een zeker moment een sprong (bifurcatie) wordt gemaakt naar een compleet nieuwe ruimte. Nadat deze sprong heeft plaatsvonden stopt de dynamiek van de oude ecologie.

De meest herkenbare fase is de Exploitatie-fase (B).  Dit is de opgaande lijn waarin de ecologie een hoge mate van orde bereikt en overschotten (Potential) produceert.

De vier fasen van de Panarchy Cyclus voorgesteld als een landschap met een rollende bal

Aan het eind van deze fase neemt de potentie af en wordt er van alles gedaan om de levensduur van de ecologie zo lang mogelijk te rekken (C -Conservation). In deze fase zijn de structuren verouderd geraakt en zijn er op allerlei plaatsen reeds alternatieven (bypass) ontstaan die beter passen op de huidige vraag naar beweging.

De ecologie is in de conservatie-fase vrijwel tot stilstand gekomen en besteed al zijn energie aan het onderhouden  van zijn eigen structuur.

Tijdens de langzaam opgaande lijn van de Exploitatie-fase neemt de verbondenheid en vooral de afhankelijkheid (Connectedness) tussen de participanten onderling enorm toe waardoor de ecologie steeds kwetsbaarder wordt voor verstoringen.

De constructal engines in de ecologie gaan steeds efficienter samenwerken wat ten koste gaat van de diversiteit en de variatie in de ecologie.

De ecologie kan verstoringen opvangen totdat de  verschillende paden nog niet zijn dichtgeslibd maar een verstoring die alle paden tegelijkertijd raakt is dodelijk.

Op het laatst wordt de Veerkracht (Resilience) enorm op de proef gesteld en kan het gebeuren dat de Ecologie volledig ten onder gaat (Release) of na een grondige Reorganisatie weer aan een nieuwe levensloop kan beginnen.

De resilience van een ecologie wordt gemeten door de snelheid te meten waarmee een ecologie zich weer herstelt van een verstoring.

Volgens Panarchy beweegt een Ecologie zich op verschillende schalen en plaatsen en kan op die plaatsen in verschillende fasen verkeren waardoor er allerlei soorten van interactie mogelijk zijn. Hoe hoger de schaal hoe langzamer de cyclus verloopt. Hoge schalen dempen de fluctuaties van de lagere schalen.

Een snelle lokale reorganisatie kan zich plotseling heel snel verspreiden (een lopend vuur (Revolt)) terwijl een langzame geleidelijke ontwikkeling (een organisatie) een snelle ontwikkeling weer kan dempen of tot stilstand kan brengen (de organisatie van de Brandweer (Remember)).

Panarchy is een Zelf-Refererend Cyclus-Model dat bestaat uit Vier Fasen en (minstens) drie Schaalniveaus.  De panarchische golfbeweging bestaat uit twee stappen n.l. de  positieve weg Omhoog naar de Top (exploitation, conservation)  en de negatieve weg Omlaag naar het Dal (depressie, reorganization).

Op een bepaald moment kan de golfbeweging zich splitsen waardoor een nieuw (ander) niveau van organisatie optreedt. Deze sprongen doen zich volgens een vaste regelmaat voor.

Als we kijken naar terminologie en inhoud valt het op dat er een groot verband bestaat tussen Ecologische-, Economische- en Persoonlijkheidstheorien. De natuur, de economie en de mens lijken onderhevig te zijn aan dezelfde wetten.

De theorie over de Menselijke Natuur heeft erg veel weg van de Theorie die wij over de Natuur zelf hebben ontwikkeld. De mens is een zelfstandig bewegende ecologie, een stromend stroomsysteem waaraan een groot aantal participanten deelnemen.

Bacteria wisselen DNA uit

Die participanten hebben zich in de loop der tijd verenigd omdat een samenwerkingsverband veel efficienter bleek te zijn dan een solitaire ontwikkeling.

In het begin bestond het samenwerkingsverband uitsluitend uit simpele chemische fabriekjes, bacteriën, die genetische ontwerpinformatie (DNA) van hun fabriekjes uitwisselenden. De eerste fundamentele stap in de samenwerking van de bacterien was de statische spons. De mens heeft erg veel ontwerp-informatie gemeen met de spons.


Later gingen de organismen bewegen en waarnemen. Hierdoor gingen ze als individuen samenwerken met andere organismen die genetisch op hen leken (zie Genetic Similarity Theory).  Het uitwisselen en combineren van ontwerp-informatie ging gewoon door (sex).

In volgende fasen ontstonden er hogere ordeningen, zoals lichamen die lichamen konden bevatten (huizen, steden, vliegtuigen, onderzeeboten en auto’s).

Op dit moment is de (grote) stad het hoogste niveau van koppeling maar niets houdt de “Constructal Law” (of de Entropie) tegen om een ordening te gaan scheppen op  het niveau land of aarde.

Dat betekent dat er nieuwe slagaderen moeten komen om de ontwerp-informatie en de energie die tussen de grote steden gaat stromen te faciliteren. Overduidelijk is dat het Internet de basis vormt van het zenuwstelsel van de aardse informatievoorziening.

De thermodynamica is een statistische theorie. De kansverdeling van een Systeem wordt de Entropie van het Systeem genoemd.

Om een kans te kunnen berekenen moet je de kansruimte (de Phase Space) bepalen. Die bestaat uit alle mogelijkheden.

Het aardige is dat je niet hoeft te beschikken over kennis van alle combinaties van alle componenten van een specifiek systeem om erg veel te weten te komen over een kansruimte.

Je kunt gaan spelen met willekeurige componenten (a,b,c,d,e,….), de combinaties in een matrix stoppen, gaan tellen en patronen zoeken in de getallen die er dan worden gevonden. Je bent dan bezig met de statistiek van de statistiek of beter de waarschijnlijkheid van de waarschijnlijkheid. De mogelijke patronen worden beschreven in de Driehoek van Pascal.

Wat dan blijkt is dat er achter het patroon van Pascal weer een patroon zit (zie plaatje).  Dat patroon bevat wederom driehoeken en het is zeer waarschjinlijk dat er achter de driehoeken weer driehoeken zitten. Driehoeken in driehoeken in driehoeken in…. noemt men een fractal, een zelf-herhaling.

De  (on)waarschijnlijkheid is eigenlijk heel mooi en vooral ook simpel geordend en komt voort uit een zichzelf herhalend patroon, de Drie-Eenheid, dat in iedere godsdienst op aarde voorkomt.

Wetenschap en Godsdienst gaan uiteindelijk over hetzelfde.


Over de Big Bang

Over Thermodynamica

Over Constructal Theory

Waarom een stad een organisme is

Waarom de genen bepalen wie we aardig vinden 

Over Pan en Anarchie

Over de Wet van Kleiber

Over de orde achter de wanorde (Over de Driehoek van Pascal)

Over de Uitgebreide Driehoek van Pascal

Over de drie-eenheid.

A City is an Organism

The surprising math of cities and corporations

The System of Life is growing in size and in complexity, and so do the infrastructures sustaining it.

In 2008 the point was reached where more than 50% of the world population lives in cities. That percentage is growing. By 2030, over 60% of the world’s population – nearly five billion people – will be living in urban area.

The System of Life is generating Super Organisms and the City is one of them.

Urbanization is only a relatively recent phenomenon. As far as we now know urbanization started in Mesopotamia around 4000 – 3500 BC.

For the Ancient Mesopotamians, the cities were the centers of life. Their beginning of time was not a Garden of Eden, but rather an ancient site called Eridu, which they believed was the first city ever to be created.  The creator of Eridu was Enki, the God who came out of the Deep Waters of the Ocean  (the Abzu). The city of Eridu was destroyed by the Great Flood in 3117 BC.

Every time one of the Rulers of a City took control over many Cities and a State was created with a new Center, the Capital. In the Center of the Capital the Palace of the Ruler was situated. What we see is an Expanding Pattern in which the same Structure repeats itself all the Time.

Initially the two life-essential resources for cities were Water and Food.

As Cities grew and as technology evolved, the supply of these resources became dependent on energy for processing, for pumps and for transportation. In the process, cities and their resources evolved into a system of life energized by the individuals that populate cities, and fuel its dynamics.

Kleiber's law
Law of Kleiber.
About the Law of Kleiber

The Law of Kleiber shows that Bottum-Up Structures are more efficient than Top-Down Structures.

It also shows that Big Structures are more efficient than Small Structures. The Law is applicable from the level of the Bacteria to the Level of the City and higher.

These two statements are a contradiction until we realize that there are two ways of looking at the same structure. One view is the Top-Down View. The other is the Bottom Up View. When we look Down we see a huge Hierarchy and start to believe that Big is Beautiful.

When we look Up we see that all the work is done by Small Cooperative Components starting at the Bottom with the Bacteria.

The Law of Kleiber is explained by the fact that all the organisms (including the Cities) contain the Same Fractal Structure.

Bacteria exchange their DNA

About DNA

In the Beginning the Chemical Soup generated Self-Reproducing Chemical Factories. These Factories combined into bigger Factories by exchanging and combining their Factory-Designs (DNA-parts).

Every time when the Factories fused they became more Efficient, Bigger, Stronger, Older and therefore more Competitive. When the Factories became more Competitive they started to Protect themselves against the other Factories.

To Protect themselves the Multi-Cellular Systems began to Sense in Many Directions and became better and better in Predicting the Future.

One of our Ancient Ancestors is the Sponge which is a static Cluster of Bacteria. Scientist have detected that the DNA of the Sponge has a lot in common with the Human DNA. The Sponge contains the Basic Fractal Structure, the Tube.

In a later stage our Ancestors developed something we call a Brain. The Brain is used to Sense the Now and Predict the Future.

The Human is a Moving Sponge who is able to Imagine. With his Imagination the Human is capable to Change the Future (and the Past).

One of the Bilateria: The Octopus

About Innovation

The Law of Kleiber can be explained by the principle of Self-Reference (Similarity,  Fractals).

The Small Structures at the Bottum combine into comparable structures on a higher level.

What we don’t see is that the structures on every level can be decomposed in the Same (DNA-)Components with a different Scale and a different Name.

Innovation is nothing but a  Combination of  the Components in many different ways until all the combinations are made.

At that moment One of the Combinations becomes the new DNA and a new Level is explored.

Life explores every possible path.

About Cities

A City is a Combination of Houses.

A City protects a Cluster of Houses. A House protects a Cluster of Humans and a Human protects a Cluster of Organs.

All the way down to the Bacteria,  Cooperative Clusters are formed that give the participants a more Secure Way to Live.

A House is a Body. It supports the Body but it also contains all the Bodily Functions.

If we provide the House with these Bodily Functions the House becomes more Sustainable. It is possible to regenerate the Waste that the Humans produce into Energy just as the Liver is doing in our Body.

If we Cluster the Bodily Houses into a City and we provide the City with the same functions of the Body we are able to create structures that are independent of the input of external Top-Down Sources of Energy and Food.

If we are able to detect the DNA of the House and the DNA of the City we are able to Compose new Types of Houses and Cities that are Adaptable, Scalable,  highly Sustainable and are also in Balance with Nature.

It will also be  much more easy to Destroy or Move buildings and cities to another Place without the production of Waste.


About Synchronization

In the Miedeval City the Major Cycle was the Cycle of the Seasons. In the Modern City we have become almost independent of the Cycles. We import Food and Energy out of every place in the World.

It takes a Lot of Energy to transport the Food and Energy and Many Places on Earth are dependent on a small amount of other Places that contain the Sources of our always increasing Need to Survive the Effects of our Environment.

When a lot of People (The Slaves) are dependent on a small amount of people (The Masters), the Masters start to dominate the others and increase their Power until Eternity. Power is the most important Addiction of the Humans.

The problem becomes bigger when we realize that many people are producing Food and Energy but are themselves not able to use the Food and the Energy they are producing.

The independence of the Cycles has created a huge unbalance. This unbalance is not only visible in the City but in every place on Earth that is providing Energy and Food to sustain the Modern City.

The only solution to this problem is to create self-sustaining (autarkic) Cities that are able to supply their own food, water  and energy.


When we want to restore Balance we have to Synchronize the Cycles in the City.  This can be done with the help of Smart Technology (Sensors, Actuators, Analytics) but we can also make use of very old fashioned techniques that were used in the Middle Ages.

When Humans communicate from the Heart and focus on the same subject, the Humans start to Synchronize. They become a  Group.

The most important structure in the Miedeval City to Synchronize its inhabitants was the Building of the Heart, the Church.   The Church was always situated in the Center and was visible from a long distance. The Church was also the only place where people were always Protected.

The Human Heart is doing the same thing as the Church is doing in the City. It connects the Mind with the Organs of  the Body and the Pericardium provides one of the major Rythms of the Human Body.

If we want to Synchronize the City we have to create a Center where People are able to Commun(e)nicate about the Shared Goals of the City. The most important way to share can be found in the Human Culture. The Centres have to contain all the ways Human Culture is performed.


About the Memory Palace

Art, Music and Singing were United in the Medieval Cathedrals. The Medieval Cathedrals also contained all the Knowledge (The Memory Palace)  that was needed to understand the Universe.

If we want to Synchronize the Modern City we have to build Modern Cathedrals in the Center of the Center and use them as Places to Commune, to Educate, to Make Music, to Dance and to Sing.

We have to design them as Modern Memory Palaces (Simulators) to teach the Masses about the Fractal Universe and give them Feedback about the State of their own Environment.



This is a  presentation about The City as an Organism

Why the Tube is such an Important Structure

About The Law of Kleiber

Why Innovation is a Combination of Combinations

An Interview with Geoffrey West of the Santa Fe Institute about the Law of Kleiber

About Thermo-Economics

About the Autarkic City

About Cybernetics

About Synchronization

How Gaudi used a Machine to design the Sagrada Familia

About Machines that generate Architectures

How the Heart Synchronizes the Body

About Super Organisms

About Smart Technology

About Addiction

About the Master/Slave-relationship

About the Heart

Why the Cathedral contained all the Knowledge that was Needed

About the start of Civilization