# About Whole and Parts

The Whole of Reality is divided into many overlapping Parts. Most of the Humans look at Wholes and Parts (Smaller Wholes, Contexts) from a Static Perspective but the Whole is also a Dynamic Entity. The Parts are overlapping because many people don’t know how to define the right categories. Overlapping, confusing, part/whole relations are the sole cause of every conflict and war.

The Static and the Dynamic can be divided in two parts. In the first part of the Static we combine the Parts in a different way (Combine, Create). In the second part of the Static we define a Boundary around a part of the parts to protect the Territory (Control). In this case an Outside and an Inside is created.

The Dynamic can be divided in a Causal part (Time) and a Connected Part (Space). In the first part we create a Causal Network in the second part we create a Relationship Network (Social).

The Four (4) Parts of the Two (2) Parts of the Whole can be divided deeper and deeper. The Next division generates sixteen (16) Perspectives.

The big problem is to Name all the Division with a proper Term. Have a look at the Model Below.

 Static Whole Dynamic Whole Split/Merge Static Parts Static Dynamic Change Protect Space Time Create Control Connect Cause New Boundary Actors Effect Combinations Protect Time Whole Change Space Protect Time Space Change Whole Protect Control Plan Communicate Brainstorm Project Time Test Cause Invite Inspire Contract Space Dialogue Network Connect Meeting Integrate Change Design Start Meeting Connect Fuse Whole Think Sense Feel Imagine Reflect

It becomes much easier when the Names are substituted by Numbers. First we have to create a Number System. We use the same procedure.

We start with the Whole Numbers. They are used to Count. We could also use the Prime Numbers since they are the basic parts of the Whole Number System.

The Rational Numbers are the result of the operation of division. They can be represented by the harmonic series (1,1/2,1/3,1/4,..).

Irrational numbers (Pi, e, phi, sqrt(2)) capture the static relationships, the rules of the whole. They are not numbers because it is impossible to count with them. Irrational numbers can be constructed by combining the parts of the harmonic series;

Imaginary numbers capture the transitions (cyclic change) and transformations (change of form) of dynamic relationships.

 Whole Numbers Dynamic Whole Operation Split/Merge Primes Primes Operation Split/Merge Create Rules Connect Cause Imaginary Irrational Multiplication Addition Numbers Numbers Division Subtraction Irrational Whole Numbers Primes Imaginary Rational

In the next part we have a look at a very old (5000 BC!!) Universal Rule System of the Whole Numbers. This System is called the Lo Shu. The Lo Shu is a 3×3 Magic Square. Every straight line of three numbers adds up to the number 15. The Magic, Every Sum of Three Amounts to 15, is the General Rule that keeps the Opposites together. It is a very Simple Rule with spectacular consequences.

The 3×3 Magic Square shows a very old wisdom, “Everything Comes in Three“. Two Opposite Forces are always balanced by a third Force, the Mediator.

When we subtract every number of the Lo Shu (Left) with the number in the center (5) a new Magic Square appears (Right) with a zero sum.

This Magic Square shows interesting symmetries:

1. The numbers (8,2), (9,1), (4,6), (3,7) have a zero sum. They are Opposites if we use the number 0 as the Center of the Opposites of the Whole Numbers. In this way we are able to reduce the numbers to five (0,1,2,3,4).

2. The numbers (3,2) and (1,4) add up to 5. They combine in a “strange” 2×2 Magic Quadrant. If we transform this quadrant to a base 0 (by subtracting 1), the Magic 2×2 Quadrant can be transformed into a Binary Quadrant (11,01,10,00) again with interesting symmetries. The basic forces are brought back to two, Expansion and Contraction (Yang and Yin, 0 and 1) with the “0′ in the Middle.

There are many more symmetries to be found in the basic Magic Square of the Universe but it is impossible to explain them all in this small blog. One of the most important symmetries in the Lo Shu is a Cycle. It helps you to travel the many possible combinations on every level.

The Old Chinese Scientists used the Symmetries of the Lo Shu to create a cycle called the Sheng Cycle. This Cycle is the Cycle of the Seasons but also the Cycle of the Body (Acupuncture), the Cycle of the Context (Feng Shui) and the Cycle of Astrology.

Below is a small part of a huge correspondence table that makes it possible to reuse the practice of one field  of Science (Nature, The Seasons) in a completely different practice (Medicine, Psychology).

If You are Angry You are in the Negative State (Counter the Clock) of the Spring State of the Sheng Cycle (called the Insulting Cycle) and you will have problems with your Liver and Gallbladder.

Something, an Idea You cannot Express, wants to Come out to expand in the Summer-State.

Perhaps You Have to start a Design but do you have a Plan?

What is the Whole You are Looking at?

What are the Boundaries?

 4 9 2 -5 -1 4 -3 3 5 7 -5 -2 0 2 8 1 6 -5 3 -4 1 Lo Shu Lo Shu Step Name Season Feeding Controlling Process Positive Negative Number Number Organs Organs Emotion Emotion 3/-2 7/2 1 Wood Spring Liver Gallbladder Protect Love Anger 2/-3 8/3 2 Fire Summer Heart Small Intestine Time Joy Hate 5/0 0/5 3 Earth Indian Spleen Stomach Balance Fulfillment Obsession 1/-4 9/4 4 Metal Autumn Lungs Colon Space Hope Grief 4/-1 6/1 5 Water Winter Kidney Bladder Change Will Fear

Other scientists found many more relationships between the Lo Shu and Physics (Tony Smith), The I Tjing (Chris Lofting), The Tarot, Archetypes (Jung), Myths (Campbell), Historic Cycles (McKenna), Personality Types (MBTI, Enneagram), Left/Right Brain (Chris Lofting) and much more.

How to use all this knowledge

1. Always look at the Outside of the Boundary of the Context you want to analyze. If you cannot divide a Context in an Inside and an Outside you have done something wrong.

2. Always look at the Static AND the Dynamic part of the Context.

3. The Dynamic Part of the Context is related to a Cause/Effect-pattern (Time). Something is happening!

4. Look at the Social Dynamic Part of the Context. Entities, Objects, Roles, Humans are connecting the Time Lines. They are the Relations in your Static Model.

5. Always try to find New Combinations. If the Context is blocked it wants to move to another Time Line. Remove the Blockages!

6. If you want to analyze the Context one step deeper (16/25 perspectives, watch out, can you handle this?) try to make all the combinations that are possible. Use the Table in this Blog or create Your Own table (Fun). Read the PDF of Chris Lofting! Always use the Sheng Cycle!

7. Want to move much deeper? Use the Whole Numbers. Find Patterns (Irrational, Imaginary Numbers) and transform the patterns into Words. Use Fairy Tales, Myths, Archetypes, Music to explain the transformation.

8. Always Move Up in the Sky (Abstract, Fuse, Integrate) and Down to Earth (Implement, Try Out). Try to Unite what You have Divided. Keep an Overview. Reflect.

There is much more to say but I think you have enough food to digest.

Chris Lofting, How to Create Sound Categories using the I Tjing

Metaphysics is a theory of being in itself, of the essence of things, of the fundamental principles of existence and reality.

A major part of Metaphysics is concerned with the Static Part of the Reality, Being (Ontos, Ontology). The main issues of Metaphysics can be simply derived by playing with the verb to-be.

Behind Ontology (Being) is the verb to Be. The noun Being is-a-State-of to Be. When we take the first-derative, the difference of Being, Being becomes Becoming.

When you apply Causal Reasoning you have to find out Who is the Cause of the change of Being to Becoming. You also have to find out how a Static System changes into a Dynamic System.

A solution is to Imagine an Ultimate Being (The Absolute) who changed his Being into Becoming. This Absolute Being is the One. The change from the Static to the Dynamic is called Creation.

There are two possibilities. The Creator is Outside the Becoming or the Being is part of the Becoming. In the first case we are talking about an Ultimate Being, God, the Void, who is the creator of the Dynamic System.  In the second case God IS the Dynamic System. Let’s call this Being “All That Is“.

The Difference between God and “All That Is” is the way the Act of Creation takes place. The Act of Creation of God is an Explosion, a Unique Act. The Act of Creation of “All That is” is an enfolding. Creation as an Enfolding moves slowly. Every new Expressions of the Unfolding show itself at the Right Time and the Right Moment.

The distinction between Being and Becoming has resulted in a major Fight on every Scientific Battleground we can imagine.

Let’s have a short look at Information Technology.

Data-oriented methodologies emphasize the representation of the Static relationships between the parts of the whole, the Data or the Database. On the other hand, process-oriented methodologies emphasize the actions Performed By a software artifact, a Program.

When we dig a little deeper into this subject we see that A Program (something written in a Programming Language) is a Static (Stored) Representation of a Process. When the Computer Executes a Program it Becomes a Process.

So the Dynamic is Stored in the Static and the Static becomes Dynamic because something called a Computer (An Actor, the Operating System) activates the Static. Interesting Enough the Computer is also a Program that is stored in itself. The basic part of the Computer is the Clock. The Clock generates a Rhythm.

So the Static is really a Dynamic and the Essence (The Metaphysics) of the Computer is a Clock, A Rhythm.

The Dynamic Structure of the Computer is an Enfolding of the Basic Structure of the Computer Itself which is Stored in Itself, which is a Rhythm. During the Rhythm the Computer moves through a Cycle.

I don’t want to dig deeper but I hope you see that the Computer Metaphor is a representation of the idea of “All What Is”.

The interesting point is that in the Reality of the Computer Metaphor there are Many Beings (Monads).

If we dig a little deeper we see that the Many Beings Communicate (by the Internet Protocol). They Unite on a deeper Level and transform into a Network. The Network is What it Is.

To a Human Observer the Network makes no Sense. We are unable to understand the essence (The Metaphysics) of the Network. We understand our Part but don’t see the Whole.

The Whole, the One, is beyond our Understanding. It is Unknowable (“neti neti“, “not this, not that“).

Language is a Static Representation of the Dynamics of Speech. A Human executes Language to perform the Process of Speech but Speech is not captured by Language. Human Speech is constantly adapting to Practice and Language is adapting to Practice. New (Computer) Languages are created all the time.

A Computer Language is a sub-set of Human Languages called Logic. Logic is a sub-set of Human Speech called Reasoning but Reasoning is not able to Understand the Whole.

Theory is a Static Representation of the Dynamics of Practice. A Human executes a Theory to perform the Process of Practicing. But Practice is not able to Understand the Whole so When a Practice fails we create a new Theory. Theory is adapted Practice and Practice is applied Theory. Being is adapted Becoming.

Being changes in Time because we are Experiencing (Being (t) = Being (t-1) + Experience). Experience is the Difference of Being is Becoming. The Becoming who is The One is generating Experience.

God is the Experience of God.

As You see it is possible to create many concepts and theories of Metaphysics just by Playing with the Verb To Be.

There is one more Language Game to Play. If we Play this Game we are entering the World of Deleuze.

Deleuze was fascinated by the Mathematician and Philosopher Leibniz. Leibniz invented a new Mathematical Game called Differentials. When you calculate a differential you calculate the way a function is changing in time.

Leibniz found a way to move from being to becoming and his formula is very easy. Becoming = Lim (t -> 0) (Being (t+1)-Being (t)). Find the smallest distance between two moments of Being. The smallest distance between two Beings is an Event.

The basis Structure of our Reality is not a Substance (The Static) but something that Moves Us (Emotion). The basic Structure of our Universe are Moments, Nows.

We are Points of View that are Experiencing a Beautifull Fluent Crystal, a HyperDiamond. Every Point of the Multi Dimensional Diamond is an Event.

We are trying to explain the Beauty of this Crystal to the other Points of View but we are unable to do this because we are only able to see a very small part and we are looking from our own angle.

We will never See the Whole until we are able to become a Circular Point of View, A Communion.

A Website about Ontology

About Events, Time, Being and Becoming in Physics

About Leibniz and Differentials

The Relationship between Events and Free Will

Deleuze and Events

Why the Universe is a Configuration of Nows

About the Relationship between Events and Creativity, the Ontology of Deleuze