The Simple Geometry of the Big Transformation

In this blog you will learn that we are very close to a big technical but also social and medical transformation caused by a major breakthrough in physics because of the Fusion of Quantum Mechanics, Gravitation, Electromagnetism, the Weak Interaction, and the Strong Interaction.

The Big Transformation (Chapter 1) is the move from the Age of Pisces to the Age of Aquarius being the change of Dualistic(1>-<1 = 2) Science to Non-Dualistic Science,

being the Zero. 0, of the nothingness of the Nilpotency (chapter 0) of the Heart of the Universe (0=0)

and the 1 of the Unity of the Point of the Singularity of the Bindu (the Zero-Point Field)and the 2 of the Line of the Observer of Projective Geometry,(Chapter 2)

and the 0+1+2=3 Dimensions of Space and the Trinity of the Triangle of the 2+3=5 of the Pentagram of the Chinese Sheng Cycle.

The Sheng Cycle projected on Paths of Change.

In this Blog I Combine (Part 3), Change/ Transformation (Part 1 ) and Geometry (Part 2).

In Chapter 0 You will see that Physics can be explained by the Octonions being a Combination of the Combination (Quaternions) of the combination (Complex Numbers) of the Real Numbers being Rotations of Rotations of Rotations (= Spirals)of Space.

The World Clock
The dream of the World Clock of Wolfgang Pauli looks like the rotating rotators of the model of the Octionions but also like the Vision of Ezekiel in the Bible. The model is also an Astrological model of the four Tetramorphs,
Spirals New Grange Ireland: It is an exceptionally grand passage tomb covered with symbols.
Erwin Laszlo: Mystics and sages have long maintained that there exists an interconnecting cosmic field at the roots of reality that conserves and conveys information, a field known as the Akashic record.

This field also called the Zero-Point Field consists of a subtle sea of fluctuating energies from which all things arise: atoms and galaxies, stars and planets, living beings, and even consciousness. It holds the record of all that ever happened in life, on Earth, and in the cosmos and relates it to all that is yet to happen.
Nataraja , the Lord of the Dance dances the Universe. His four gestures (mudras) are explained by Paths of Change which is also the model behind the Octonions.

Will McWhinney The Four Worldviews of Paths of Change
Rudolf Laban Space Harmony -The letters of the Alphabet are represented by (geometric) pPatterns movements and sounds. They are the Foundation of the old Cultures on earth. The old cultures give us insight in the ways the State and the cities were Organized. In their organization the Ancient patterns play an important role.
Kim Veltman the manager of the McLuhan-institute in Maastricht (died-1-4-2011) explains using the history of the Alphabets how the old civilizations (<920.00 BC) communicated by trade using the old traderoads, boats and land-bridges sharing their cultures and seers and why christianity is an offspring of Zen (Gospel of Thomas).

0 Introduction: The Nilpotent Universe

The Big Bang is an interpolation of the Expanding Universe to a theoretical Beginning. In Part 2 you will learn that there is a lot of doubt about this concept.

The main reason is that the foundational measurements of the “speed of Light” prove to be wrong destroying the theory of Albert Einstein.

The big problem is that a Big Bang needs a lot of Energy but also generates the same question again and again until we believe in an always returning, Cyclic Universe.

If you are willing and able to read this chapter you will see that the solution to our biggest and most expensive scientific problem is very simple and applicable to all the other exact sciences including Biology:

Our Universe is a self-replicating Turing Machine and

the Human is a Bio-computer connected to the Bio-field.

This 0th chapter contains links and texts that prove that our Universe is Nilpotent meaning that all the Values of the Parts Sum to Zero.

This makes it possible to bring a lot of the most complex formula’s back to simple formula that show very simple connections that can be explained by Symmetry Breaking.

Our Universe can be explained by simple building blocks that unite and disconnect in a very simple way that can be described by a simple machine just as the old Magus Leibniz imagined. He called this the principle of sufficient reason:

““Dieu a choisi celuy qui est… le plus simple en hypotheses et le plus riche en phenomenes” (God has chosen that which is the most simple in hypotheses and the most rich in phenomena)”.

The most useful Production rules” of the grammar of the Universe are the so called Octonions a generalization of the complex numbers in 8 (2**3) dimensions where i, j en k are √-1. are the foundation of the Quaternions. The most important point here is that he Complex numbers, the Quaternions and the Octionions represent Rotations in N-dimensional Space.

Our Universe rotates and its rotations rotate also generating changes that are unchanged. We always move back to the beginning that is Empty (“zero”). History Repeats Itself and patterns repeat themselves in so many different the same ways that most people don’t see that we are repeating the repetitions on every level of scale until the smallest Planck level and the biggest universe. The patterns are Scale-Free.

David Krakauer is President of the Santa Fe-institute specialized in Complexity Theory (CT). This video is about the foundations of CT. THis video is interesting but not needed to understand this chapter.
Quaternions Multivariate Vectors
A geometric model of the Universe of the mathematician Peter Rowlands that will be explained (taken out of the 2 dimensions (plane) we usually use to understand (move Up in 3D)) in chapter 2.
Peter uses the Octonions as a Number System that needs 8 dimensions (2**3). Peter proves that everything we know about the universe can be explained by the number 2 and 3 and their sum 5.

This is the Chinese Sheng Cycle (SC) which is result of the Lo Shu Magic Quadrant projected on Paths of Xhange.

Observe that the Model of Peter Rowlands looks a lot like the model I use (PoC) with the big difference that PoC is a Dynamic Model. In the Sheng Cycle you see the combination of Duality (<->) and Trinity by making a connection to the other Dualities. The Paths of Cange moves With (Producing) and against the Clock (Consuming).

Lo Shu Magic Squares Explained | Kids, Code, and Computer Science |
Lo Shu Magic Square.
Wen Wang Bagua
The Sheng Cycle is a result of connecting the Numbers of the Lo Shu Magic Quadrant.

A model of PoC (Paths of Change) in which the Fourfold model is represented as a combination of Contraction (C) and Expansion (E). The colors refer to the description of the Points of View. The connection C & E is often represented by a Breath.
Paul La Violette: Rather than imagining the universe as originating explosively out of nothingness, it instead conceives that the matter making up our universe has been materializing spontaneously throughout all of space and within all celestial bodies, coming into being through a process of continuous creation or parthenogenesis (virgin birth)
The model of Path of Change (PoC). Every Cycle (1<-1) to 1->2->3->4 is a PoC. The 4 Points of View have their own color. Observe that the Sheng Cycle contains the Duality (2) and the Trinity (3) with a Sum 5 being 3×5, the Sum of the Lo Shu.

Paths of Change (PoC) is based on a Dual model that contains two variables (1): Agency(Compression) & (2): Communion (Expansion) which are the same as Yin & Yang. 2×2= 4 = 2**2. 4 points have 12 + 1 (center) = 13 connections. Because of the 12 connections PoC contains many Triangels.

PoC contains 4 Points of View (PoV) called Unity (Blue, Rules, Thinking), Sensory (Sensory Meter System, Real Red), Social (Emotions, Green) and Mythic( Creation, View, Imagination), Yellow).

Time and Charge are Imaginary unless we use a Clock like the Earth rotating the Sun or the Polestar rotating with the Precession cycle.

Space is Real when we move on Earth using a Reference System that also could be the Stars and the Planets we can see with our personal Sensors. Mass is Real because we experience Mass as an Attraction of a bigger Mass (Earth) and sense the influence of the Moon in the rise of the Sea. Mass & Charge are Attractors and Not Attractors and are therefore related to the Emotions.

Mass & Charge are “Conserved” Physical quantities that remain constant with time are called conserved quantities. Example, for a body under external force, the kinetic and potential energy change over time but the total mechanical energy (kinetic + potential) remains constant. The appearance of a given amount of positive charge in one part of a system is always accompanied by the appearance of an equal amount of negative charge somewhere else in the system;

Mass & Charge contain a “negative” and a “positive” value we could define as “zero”. According to Peter the Universe is Nilpotent meaning that its sum is always zero. This implies that the (Sum of the) Beginning of the Universe was Zero too (Empty).

The mathematician Emily Noeter proved that every conservation can be translated in a special type of Symmetry (see Chapter 2).

Peter Rowlands The Universe is a universal Turing Machine that uses a rewrite system based on Chomsky’s theory of grammars. I believe the grammar is based on the the number 3, the Trinity.

1 Change

A Big Transformation is Predicted by The Precession Cycle

There are many Cycles with different Periodicities. The longest Cycle known by the ancient Astrologers is the Precession Cycle with a cycle-time of 25800 years. The cycle runs retrograde, in de opposite direction as the Seasonal cycle and covers the twelf Constellations of the Zodiac. An age takes 25800/12= 2150 years.

A much shorter cycle is the Kondratiev with a periodicity of about 50 years. Currently we are moving from the Kondratiev Winter to the Kondratiev Spring a period in which many disruptions take place. After the Spring we will move into the Golden Age (Summer).

An Age takes (2150/50=43 Kondratiev-cycles.

43=3×13+4 = is called the Bronze Mean X(n+2) = 3*X(n+1) + X(n), and is a generalization of the Golden Mean.

13=1+3×4 (Zodiac=Sun in Center, Jesus + 12 Disciples)), (Square) 4= 1+3×1, which means that x0=1 (Point,Zero Emptiness, ).

43 is the number of the Sri Yantra

The Sri Yantra contains 43 triangels and contains the 1 (Center, Point, Bindu, Void), the 4 Gates being the Four Gardians of the Zodiac comparable to the four Worldview of Path of Change., the Wheel with 4×4=16 petals that moves the Gates.
precession Cycle

We are allegedly in the Age of Aquarius. 

According to astrologic we are leaving the Age of Pisces (started around 0BC. In Luke 22:10, when jesus (the Fisherman) is asked by his 12 apostles where he will go to settle
his new kingdom, he responds, “Behold, when ye are entered into the city, there
shall a man meet you bearing a pitcher of water, follow him into the house where
he entereth in.” This is the “
House of Aquarius”.

A video from this website: https://www.starmythworld.com/video that contains a lot of video’s and links that show that the procession of the Equinox and the many helical risings show a story that was taken over in many myths all over the world. It also shows that our time the Time of the Waterbaerer is the time of John the Baptist OANNIS who initiated the fish in the river Jordan which is a metaphor for the Milkey Way.
The Age of Aquarius is the Age of Flow Systems hat transport Data and make Meaning by Programming the (Semantic Model of the) Data until the programs Fuse into a Global Brain.
Around 2040 we will face a Big Transformation in which a New Global Religion will appear or an Ancient Religion will reappear.

The Return of the Goddess was predicted a long time ago using the Cyclic Patterns of the Precession of the Equinox that could be observed looking at he movement of the North Star by the ancient Magi in Persia. Our current pole star is Polaris dedicated to Maria (Stella Maris). The Sign of the current state of the Precession of the Zodiac is Aquarius the Carrier (of the Cup of Water (Emotions). The water of Aquarius feeds the Fish that swim in the Sea of our Milky Way.



In this blog you will find that the roots of our civilization contain the roots of the major change science is making. The main reason is the rise of complexity-science in which Self-Organization (“Flow Systems) plays an important role.


25,800-Year Cycle of Earth called the Precession Cycle. Here you see a picture of the Pole Stars that dominated the sky a long time ago.

Stella Maris.
Entheogen documents the emergence of techno-shamanism in the post-modern world that frames the following questions: How can a renewal of ancient initiatory rites of passage alleviate our ecological crisis? What do trance dancing and festivals celebrating unbridled artistic expression speak to in our collective psyche? How do we re-invent ourselves in a disenchanted world from which God has long ago withdrawn?

Entheogen invites the viewer to consider that the answers to these questions lie within the consciousness of each and every human being, and are accessible if only we give ourselves permission to Awaken to the Divine within.
Mark Solms Consciousness is Prediction in Action. The brain is a Self Organizing System with the following properties:
(1): It is ergodic, meaning it has limited number of states.
(2): It has a Markov blanket, a boundary between itself and its environment.
(3): It has active inference, It makes predictions about its own states and its environment from that environment’s effects on their Markov blanket.
(4) It is preservative, which means minimizing its internal entropy, maintaining homeostasis.

Perception involves the more central regions making predictions, which propagate toward the peripheral (sensory) regions. The peripheral regions compare the prediction with incoming sensory information and send back prediction error signals. This happens across numerous layers.

We see what we expect to see, with the incoming information forcing corrections.

Solms notes that a self evidencing system receiving information that violates its expectations can react in one of three ways.

  1. It can act to change conditions to bring the signals more in line with its expectations.
  2. It can change which representation(s) it’s currently using to make better predictions. This is perception.
  3. It can adjust the precision of the predictions to more optimally match the incoming signal.

Solms identifies the last as Consciousness.

Interview with avid Krakauer, President of the Santa Fe Institute that researches Self Organization.
The theory of the universal quantum computer has brought us rapid technological developments, together with remarkable improvements in how we understand quantum theory.

There are, however, reasons to believe that quantum theory may ultimately have to be modified into a new theory: for instance, it will have to be merged with general relativity, to incorporate gravity; and some claim that it may be impossible to have quantum effects beyond a certain macroscopic scale.

So what lies ahead of quantum theory, and of the universal quantum computer?
To shed some light into these questions, we need a shift of logic in the way things are explained.
Specifically, one can adopt the approach where the basic assumptions are general principles about possible/ impossible transformations, rather than dynamical laws and initial conditions.
To find out what is impossible we will find the possible.This approach is called constructor theory.

This ‘Physics of Can and Can’t’ may be the first step towards the ultimate generalisation of the universal quantum computer, which vonNeumann called the ‘Universal Constructor’ or the Creator of Everything including itself.
The ancient knowledge of the Feminine Goddess (Tantra) revived in the Renaissance at many Places: (France (Kathars) Praque (Alchemists, Spain, Kabbalists , Engeland (John Dee), Italy (Bruno) into the group of the Rosicrucians. The “war” between the Heart and the Ratio was coordinated out of Venice the center of Financial Power at that time. It was won by the victory of the Ratio in the Enlightenment. The Power of the Imagination and the Emotions is still there and is returning.
What is Maya? Maya is ignorance but also expectation, taking things for granted.
Debashish Bannerji: The history of Yoga goes back to the time of the Devine Goddess and the hunter gatherers in the Indus Vally >5000 BC. There are many pictures of practices and rituals that were performed to bring the Internal and external Animal (Tantra) under Control.
The Fourfold Cycle of PoC related to the Body connected by the Heart to the Fourfold Cycle of the Mind generating (3(+1)+3)=7 Chakra’s. The imagination controls the Will that generates Action in the Outside Reality (\magic).
Heidegger: Humans are toolmakers projecting our expectations into the Future. The aim of Science is to control Nature by developing devices (instruments, screen,..) that hide nature.

2 Geometry

“Imagination is more important than knowledge For knowledge is limited to all we now know and understand, while imagination embraces the entire world, and all there ever will be to know and understand” (Albert Einstein)

In this blog I Combine (Conformal) Geometry and Change-management

In a Conformal Geometry you look at the world with the (cognitive) Instrument of a fisheye-lens.

Escher’s drawing of a conformal (hyperbolic) space

In a conformal geometry Big and Small are comparable. This means that our Universe is Fractal or as was stated by the ancient Magi as As Above so Below: Our mind is a simulation of the universe.

The feedback-loops in the cell-like structures of self-propelling space can be seen as a giant mind (a neural network) that is split in many (in)dependent minds. One of these minds is the mind of the Human but cells, the body, the brain, earth, our galaxy and the universe are also mindful” (Reginald Cahill)

Physics is based on a wrong interpretation of the experiments of Morrison and Morley that wanted to measure the Speed of Light. Space is not static but looks like a fluid.

The ancient interpretation of space, the Ether, is back.

Space .is just as gravity fractal and contains just as quantum-theory a Stochastic factor in which space “chooses” a direction to grow. Space has a lot in common with organisms . Watch/listen to the presentation above, read this blog or read the document below.

Below a picture of relational (social) fractal space.

Observe that this geometry is comparable with Projective geometry which is comparable with an Observer looking at the horizon which is the frame of the de Anti de Sitter Space. AlReginald Cahill explains why the ether is a dynamic environment that influences not only the sun and its flares but also Earth and its Climate. Interested In this case? Have a look at this blog.
About the relationship between the Process physics of Reginald Cahill, the Semiotics of Sanders Peirce and the Anticipating Systems of of Robert Rosen. More will be explained in the Last part of this blog.

According to Conformal Field Theory (CFT) we live on the almost Flat Boundary (“a Frame“) of a “sliced” (“layered”) (hyperbolic) Anti-de-Sitter Space.Observe the “fisheye-structure”on top and below of the 3D-“tube”.

Above you see 3 types of space in which space is curved at a special way in which the sum of the angles is equal smaller or bigger than 180 degrees. Observe that the all the types have their own way to define a RIGHT angle which is a way to define a new dimension.

Christi Belcourt (Métis) - The Wisdom of the Universe, 2014
Christi Belcourt (Métis) – The Wisdom of the Universe, 2014

Julian Barbour (Physicist, writer of the book “The end of Time“): The only thing that Exists in our Universe are Changing Shapes. “There is no invisible river of time. But there are Shapes that you could call Instants of Time, or ‘Nows‘. As we live, we seem to move through a succession of Nows, and the question is, what are they? They are arrangements of everything in the universe Relative to each other in any moment, for example, now“.

Imants Barušs : The Universe comes in- and out of focus, it is Recreated, at every Planck-Time just as Julian Harbour tries to explain.Between those moments of not-being our consciousness fills in the gaps.

Currently we measure Time with an artificial constructed (atom-)Clock. Before the invention of the clock time was related to the cyclical processes in the year that were related to the movement of the (Male)Sun and the (Female)Moon.

The big patterns were related to the movement of the Stars that are related to the Precession Cycle. At that time the Map of the Sky and the Map of the Earth were aligned.This means that the maps of the Earth are projections of star maps but also that the locations on earth where looking like the patterns in the sky. A good example is the Seven Cities of Paul in the Apocalypse that were aligned to the Pleiades.

The Geometry of Shapes (“Similarity Geometry“) is the most important geometry because it contains the Potential of creation. This Geometry corresponds with Mythic in paths of Change (the Creative Personality) and Equality Matching in the theory about Social Relationships of Alan Fiske. It can also be found as the Hero in the Myths of all Cultures researched by Joseph Campbell., the Fool (o) in the Tarot, Zero in the Numbersystem and Λ or in Set Theory.

he most used geometry is Euclidian Geometry. We measure everything. Even our relationships are measured in terms of values like money and possession. We have forgotten to value social contributions.

The number of steps in the Hero‘s Journey corresponds with the cards of the Major Arcana of the Tarot (-> To R AT, RO T AR,..).
About Value Analysis.

In the Beginning

The blog begins after a few Video’s about the current insight about the Geometry of the Universe. It looks like our Universe is without a beginning and an end but also without Time and Space. It is filled with Infinite Possibilities.

The Tao-Te Ching:

The Tao is like a well:
used but never used up.
It is like the eternal void:
filled with infinite possibilities.

It is hidden but always present.
I don’t know who gave birth to it.
It is older than God.

In Hinduism, a Kalpa. , a Cycle of a Universe, is equal to 4.32 billion years, called a day of Brahma . In Hinduism, Brahmā (Sanskrit: meaning “swelling” or “expansion”) is God in his manifestation as Creator of the universe. Brahmā is part of the Trimurti (the Hindu Trinity) alongside Vishnu and Shiva. Brahma lives on top of Mount Meru (look at the triangle on the head of Brahma) also called Pascal’s Triangle (see Chapter 9).

Lord Brahma, the Hindu God of Creation - yogalife
Brahma

Symmetry

What is the relationship between symmetry and conservation laws. This has to do with the numbers you use for instance -1. When the rules contains a square 1**2 = (-1)**2 but also (i)**2=(-i)**2=-1.

Force

When we push all the shapes together they will become a Black wHole. What is able to create such a Force? What lies behind the Black Hole? The Nothing, Empty Space? Is Empty space Possible? Is the Sum of Things Zero or Infinite (8)?

How small do we have to go and what energy do we need to “see” gravity? Why is gravity very different from electro-magnetism and what have we learnt from the last few years? According to Einstein Gravity is a distortion (“curvature”) of Minkowski-Space-Time but the Universe seems to be outside time and is curved in a completely different opposite way called a Anti-DeSitter Space.
In this space we live on the surface that looks like a square (not a volume). We are framed in a Black Hole that is slowly evaporating ceating a new Universe that starts with a Big Bang that is not an explosion but a slow motion expansion until the limit is reached. It looks like Ancient Indian Cosmology is right.
Phase changes are related to the closeness of the parts. What happens when parts are closely packed. What phase is this? a Bose Einstein Condensensate? Is the Universe going through phases repeating the same pattern again and again?

About the Conformal Booststrap : Geoffrey Chew, “Nature is as it is because this is the only possible nature consistent with itself,”

It is possible to unite all the different theories of the universe by playing with the the Dimensions and geometry of space which could be flat or curved in a positive or negative way.

The explanation for the data we have gathered about the beginning is that there wwas no time in the beginning which is the same explanation as the conformal bootstrap above. A universe without time is infinite but not in space. An universe without time that is not infinite in space can only be explained by an infinite converging sequenc. This is called an Anti-de Sitter-Space, a space with almost zero curvature which looks like flat space.
About the Cyclic Universe. In the beginning the Universe was so chaotic (“hot”) that their was no mass so gravity was not existent. In every stage (Kalpa) of the Universe a new Big Bang occurs that repeats the beginning.
What happens on the edge of the universe.
About Conformal Field Theory but now from the perspective of the Holographic Universe.
About the iconformal (CFT) bootstrap.CFT is a mathematical way to map many physical theories using a conformal transformation which a transformation that preserves angles (examples rotations, translations). If you are not interested in background information skip this one.
Again about Conformal Fields but now by a very good teacher Leonard Susskind.

List of Chapters


  1. The Pragmatism of Charles Sander Peirce, an Introduction into Semiotics plus an advanced application of Semiotics to determinate the beginning of our Universe by moving to Zeroness
  2. Thinking about Thinking: About the Implicate Order of David Bohm and Jiddu Krishnamurti
  3. About Hyperspace: Predicting the Future by Observing the Observer, The Mathematics of Hyperspace, about the Soul, Moving out of the Body, Healing and the Big Bang that never was
  4. The Geometry of Finite and Infinite Games, The role of the Trickster
  5. Science: Filosophy The future of Artificial Intelligence
  6. Foundations: Symmetry, Contradiction,Duality & Polarity
  7. Geometry: Spiritual, Indian, Curved Space, Topology,
  8. Theory of Measurement
  9. Mount Meru: About the Triangel of Pascal in Indian Music, Achitecture and Mathematics
  10. This blog is a fusion of blogs about Projective- and Algebraic Geometry with a blogs about Panarchy, Resilience and Anti-Fragility , the Future of the State and Complexity Theory
  11. Projective Geometry and the shared viewpoint Constructing by Connecting
  12. Introduction to Change Management
  13. Change Management and Affine Geometry
  14. Euclidian Geometry and Change Management, about the Horizon, MindScapes and Meta-systems
  15. Projective Geometry, about lines points and the shared view
  16. Similarity Geometry and Being Different, Creativity and the Holy Ghost
  17. Mappings between Geometries Moving back to Panarchy, what is a Geocology?

Chapters 1-12 are about Geometry, Mathematics and Physics.

In chapter 3 I will show you how a new concept of Space is able to produce a Theory of Everything that explains the Para-Normal.

From chapter 10 on I describe the relationship between geometry and change. I will show that our Embodied language already contains everything we have to know about geometry.

As an example, reflect on what we are projecting on What when we design(“ont-werp“) and what Scape we See when we are projecting.

IMAGE: Leonardo's perspectograph
The Perspectograph of Leonardo Da Vinci

This blog is still under Construction.

1 The Pragmatism of Charles Sanders Peirce

Writing chapter 12 has generated (as always) many issues I never thought about before. The major cause is Charles Sanders Peirce , (1839-1914) the “inventor” of Semiotics and the first Pragmatist in the Us. He believed that science is finished when the theories are working in Practice but also that the Laws and Constants of Nature are changing all the time.

 In this blog you wil find out that current science has moved far away from he path of converging because it lost its foundation. This foundation lies behind the imagination in the nothing.

After my encounter with Peirce I stumbled upon The theory of J. W.Dunne who experimented with predicting the Future and discovered Hyperspace.

Looking for Hyperspace gave the link to ANPA, an organization of scientists who try to understand the Paranormal. After that I rediscovered (New) Thinking Allowed (NTA), a YouTube-channel of Jeffrey Mislowe, a wellknown para-psychologist.

I (re)discovered NTA because I have always been interested in the paranormal because I was ” paranormal” since I was a child. Ghosts visited me when I was young and when I was older I became “enlightened” (“a terrifying experience”).

Looking for an interesting issue on NTA I rediscovered Alien Abductions and the Grays (our descendants out of the Future), an issue I also encountered when I met the medium Judith Moore. by accident. She helped me to understand what was happening to me after my Jump of my Kundalini that caused many strange effects. Through Judith I discovered that I was of the lineage of the Persian Magi.

As you can see this Blog grows by accident because I Explore (a connection between the Imagination and Action) every Possible paths just as Nature is doing.

Introduction in Semiotics

If we are to proceed in a logical and scientific manner; we must; in order to account for the whole universe; suppose an initial condition in which the wholeuniverse was non  existent; and therefore a state of absolute nothing:…We start; then; with nothing; pure zero: But this is not the nothing of negation: For not means other than; and other is merely a synonym of the ordinal numeral second: As such it implies a first; while the present pure zero is prior to even first: The nothing of negation is the nothing of death; which comes second to; or after; everything: But this pure zero is the nothing of not having been born: There isno individual thing; no compulsion outward nor inward; no law: It is the germinal nothing; in which the whole universe is involved or foreshadowed: As such; it is absolutely undefined and unlimited possibility  boundless possibility There is no compulsion and no law: It is boundless freedom:(Collected papers of S. Peirce, 1931)

This is a Very compact explanation of Semiotics. Peirce uses a model with 3 components that he calls first-ness (1), second ness (2) and thirdness(3).

1stness is the Senses, 2ndness are the Emotions (Social in PoC, the Other). They are a power, force, a resistance but also a Relation (Duality).
3rdness is the Mind (Unity in PoC), patterns, habits. Interesting is that Peirce forgets the Imagination which could be the influence of the Enlightenment.

When you look at he 2 pictures below who are taken out of the second link about Semiotics you can see that the Representamen is an intermediary beween the Duality of the Object (Event, Outside) and the Subject (Inside, Square, (Mind<-> Senses)<-> (Emotions<->Imagination).

Observe that it is possible to substitute the first picture in the second picture at he place of the Human. In this case the sequence becomes Nature->Object->Human-Interpretant ->Culture. You can extend the chain as long as you want by filling in new Trialities.

Peirce has produced an enormous amount of documents that still need a lot of specialized scientists to interpret what he meant.

It is very clear that Peirce used a “fractal” model without knowing what fractal (Recursive) meant.When you look at Paths of Change Peirce used connected triangels as you can see in the Path of the Human Hero a model of the MetaMyth.and the Trickster who plays the role of God always teasing and stimulating us to Explore and Create because we are the real Creators made in the image of God.

In the third picture below you see that the Triangel is a Connection of 3 Dualities.

About the Semiotics of Physics.

MetaMyth

The metamyth is a model that contains all the myths in every culture. This myth is defined by Joseph Campbell in his book The Hero with a thousand Faces.

The Metamyth defined with the model of Paths of Change.
Observe that it is possible to define more triangels when you connect Unity (Modelling) and Social (Values) or break open the four Squares who are connections of two Triangels. In this case the amount of Possible Paths explodes.
Defining possible paths between ” virtual particles” (“Temporary States“) is the essence of modern Physics that is caused by the invention of the Path Integral by Richard Feinmann.
The model of Paths of Change containing Four Independent Worldviews that make 12 combination because all of the connections are Bilateral.

2 Thinking about Thinking

David Bohm, the successor of Albert Einstein came into contact with the Indian philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti chosen by the Theosophical Society as the new Maitrea . They started to find out what lies behind Thinking what they called the Implicate Order. In this blog you will learn that the Implicate order is the Vacuum(“Empty Space”) sustained by our Imagination.
Freeman Dyson about the Path Integral of Richard Feinmann.
Sheldrake is a follower of Peirce.
When you start to study Science you have to start with Rupert Sheldrake a scientist who came with a highly ignored theory that reality is influenced by the majority of the behavior of others. This implies that bbehavior spreads in TimeSpace without Direct physical contact and is picked up elsewhere. You can also explain this by believing that Structure is a Field and just as in Quantum Mechanics parts that are connected stay connected using “bridges” in space-time that are Magic to us just as Einstein called them “spooky action at a distance”1.
The return of American Pragmatism.

3 About HyperSpace

Predicting the Future by Observing the Observer in Hyperspace

in 1924 J.W. Dunne detected that he and his friends where able to look in the Future and the Past by moving into a state of Lucid Dreaming. He discovered that there are 3 levels of SpaceTime in which an observer is observing an observer that could be the same observer. The big problem, of this theory is called infinite regress. The model has no end. In the next video you learn how you can transform an infinite series into a converging series that simulates Space.

The Mathematics of Hyperspace

Louis H. Kaufmann About Spacetime Algebra. Sometimes Algebra starts with No Thing that could be not a thing but also be nothing or the void. By using a tautology A=B Kauffman develops numerical patterns that start with the beginning (void, nothing, zero) and move into infinity. These patterns contain meta-patterns (orders) that can be interpreted as a rhythm that look like a wave that connect cycles in cycles that contain particles that are the anti-particle of itself that can be described by a Clifford Algebra (also called Geometric Algebra) which is an extension of the Imaginary (i) numbers i with j and k where i.j.k.=-1.
Doug Matzke Hyperdimensional Reality. How Intelligence can be explained by points that are “close” in a hyperdimensional Space (“synchronicity“) and the experiments by Robert Monroe (leaving the body) , William Tiller (the Placebo Effect) and others.
Interview with Robert Monroe about Out-of-the-Body Experience .
What is a hyper-Space? This is a visualization.

4 Infinite Games

This is Version 2. In this version I have finished the Educational part of this blog (Chapter 1) and I have started to write about the Geometry of Change. in chapter 12.

In this part I advice you to spend some time on a video of George Lakoff one of the Leading Scientists in Embodied Cognition . This part of Cognition Theory is based on the Fusion of Complementary concepts (“Bisocation“).

Will McWhinney gave me a book of J.P. Carse called Infinite Games. Infinite games are the opposite of the Finite Game that ends when somebody has won. The Infinite Game is a Game that Creates Games. It is the game of the Trickster. The same Dichotomy can be found in the difference between a Vocation and a Career. In a career (a Racetrack) you Win or Lose.

Hopi Raven Trickster . Raven Steals the Light. Famous Flemisch Trickster Tijl Uilenspspiegel (Mirror of the Owl) .
The Trickster Tijl Uilenspiegel with the Owl in his Left (Magic) Hand and the Mirror of Cycle of Life (the Zodiac) in his Right Hand.

In this blog you will find that the Finite Game of the Controllers is related to Affine Geometry (Order, Ranking, Being the Same) and the Infinite Game of the Trickster to the Similarity Geometry (Being Different). There are two more Geometries that are related to Measures (Euclidian) and Connections (Projective).

Why Science is an Infinite Game.

5 Science

This is a Part of a long series about the Philosophy of Science in which you see the Perspectives of Paths of Change come back united with an idea about How to Do Science in which we learn from our Mistakes.

Artificial Intelligence

We are witnessing the birth of Artificial Intelligence (AI). AI has nothing to do with Intelligence. It is producing Artificial Humans that beat humans in many area’s (Chess, GO) but still not in Mathematics. Just like you’re calculator you have the choice to be dependent on a machine or to become an exception a human who is able to calculate by Head. Every new Technology makes us more dependent from this new technology (“the so called Automation Paradox)

This a Generator of Cycles where the Stages of the Cycle are determinated by Paths of Change The generator is a Fractal pattern. The (meta-)model behind the Generator is the Chinese Lo Shu (a 3×3 Magic Square) that turns into the Sheng Cycle when you connect the points.
The Cycle Generator applied on Technology shows that we are approaching a new Era in which we will see a Global Brain emerging.

6 Foundations

Symmetry

This is one of the most interesting documents about the Foundations of Physics and Mathematics I have read for a very long time. It shows what I already wrote down a few years ago about Geometric Algebra that the Number system opens up new number systems when to want to Reverse what you did.

The Positive numbers end by zero and move over to the negative numbers. When you standardize repeating adding and call it multiply dividing ends when you reach zero. Repeating multiplying generates the square roots that end with the negative numbers generating the Imaginary numbers (i=SqRT-1) but this is not the end. Generalizing the imaginary numbers (the Quaternions) created numbers nobody understood until it was found that they are Rotations in N-Dimensional Space.

Peter Rowland surprises by showing that the symmetries in the symmetries show the Implicate Order of David Bohm and more important that zero (“truly empty) is the Beginning (“alpha”) and the end (“omega”). Which means that the universe is always in balance.

Duality & Polarity

If a statement is true its Negation is also true. In geometry Points also called incidents are lines that Meet and Lines are unions of Points. A point is not-Space and is empty and Flat space is a union of lines. True Statements can be rephrased with different components that create new truths about existing components. The next step is Category Theory in which you can reason with theories (called Functors) as objects called Types.

Marvin Minsky About Triality.
Marvin Minsky: About Artificial Intelligence.
An Alternative view on the reason why there is Dark Matter based on the theory of Peter Rowland. Rowlands asserts that physics and mathematics are even more intertwined than we commonly believe, and that quaternions together with the assumption that zero is the natural start and end state of all physical reality is enough to derive all of quantum mechanics including Dirac’s and Schrödinger’s equations.
A presentation about the Theory of Peter Rowland.
In 1972, Frank Wilczek was 21 years old. He and his thesis adviser, David Gross, discovered the basic theory of the strong force — the final pillar of the Standard Model of particle physics. Their work revealed the strange alchemy at work inside the nucleus of an atom. It also turned out to underpin almost all subsequent research into the early universe. Wilczek and Gross went on to share the 2004 Nobel Prize in Physics for the work. Frank wrote a new book about Complementarity which looks a lot like duality and polarity. Deep below the universe two forces are creating a subtile equilibrium in which energy is given and taken.
Frank Wilczek explains Physics with the help of the same insights of Maxwell who detected the Electromagnetic Field. Maxwell used a model based on the 3 colors we use to make all the colors we see by mixing and adding intensity. Frank shows that Physics can be explained by so called property-fields in which complementary forces combine to make other complementary forces that keep Balance. Stangely enough this is the same as the model of Panarchy that describes an ecology. Is the Universe an Ecology of different shapes?
Time crystals
A Time-Chrystal When time crystals were first proposed in 2012 by physicist Frank Wilczek they seemed like an exotic consequence of quantum mechanics in systems of many interacting particles. Wilczek argued that such systems broke symmetry in time, changing so as to return periodically to the same state just as ordinary crystals exhibit periodicity in space.
Subsequent experimental work has found that quantum time crystals can exist in systems maintained out of equilibrium by some driving force. Now Norman Yao of the University of California at Berkeley and colleagues suggest that time crystals can arise without the need for quantum physics at all.

Contradiction

The third video is about the emerging Global Brain. The first two video’s are about the Foundation of Mathematics which is based on Contradiction . The fourth video is about the Human Relationship theory of Alan Fiske.THis theory is a Bridge between Geometry and Change Management.

About Global Brain. By connecting many specialized local Brains we will reach a higher level of AI.
A design of a highlyDistributed Adaptive computer that is based on the Wave Function of Quantum Mechanics that could become Conscious when it moves above a certain level of complexity.
How Godel proved that it is impossible for a System to Observe Itself. This was also proved by alan Turing . He invented what is now called a Turing Machine a model of a Computer that is able to Represent a Theory.
Gregg Zuckerman About the Mathematics of Consciousness based on Non-russell Sets. Consciousness is based on Contradiction.
Alan Fiske has developed a widely accepted and used theory about how people coordinate and cooperate. This theory is compatible with Paths of Change. The theory is also compatible with the results (see chapter 8) of Measurement theory where the types of measurement are called Scales. Scales can be related to Geometries. In the blog I start with explaining geometries and move in Chapter 12 to the field of change Management where I Apply the Geometries.
When I studied Mathematics I found the Dutch Mathematician Brouwer who believed what I now still believe and George Lakoff later proved that you have to See Mathematics otherwise it is wrong.

History of this Blog

The reason behind this blog is explained in the last chapter of my blog About the Ecology of the State.

In the blog about the Ecology of the State I reused a blog about Anti-Fragility, a new name for Resilience. Resilience is a major variable in the theory of Panarchy which is a theory about Ecologies.

I combined Panarchy with Paths of Change also a Theory about change and the theory of Alan Fiske about Human relationships. This combination gave me the insight that there is a shared Geometry behind many of the theories tabout Change.

This blog gives you an opportunity to combine the theories yourself. I also will show you that this geometry was known for a very long time ago mainly starting in India (See “Vedic Mathematics“). In the interpretation of the Theory of Alan Fiske the Scales of Measurement play an important role. I have created a special Chapter 8. for this subject.

In this blog I want to explore the Geometry of Change. To make it possible that others are also able to think about Geometries this blog contains many Educational Videos’.

7 Geometry

The four Geometries of Paths of Change
A projection of the model of Panarchy on the model Paths of Change.
Model of Vitality projected on Paths of Change.
The Model of Panarchy projected on Paths of Change using the colors of PoC.
The ridel of Alan Fiske projected on Paths of Change using the colors of PoC.

As you can see in this Chapter Geometry is very old. It was the Foundation of Art, Architecture , the State and Religion. People have been fascinated by Patterns like the visible patterns Up in the Sky of the Sun, Moon Planets and the Zodiac but also the patterns in numbers. Out of Geometry many sciences have grown that were grouped in schools sometimes called a University. Behind he patterns music was found and music was also created using patterns. The most important Music was the Music of the Spheres . This chapter is Big. It contains many Video’s that contain simulations. The main reason is that you have to See (“insight”) the Theory to understand the Practice.

How Physics, Movement, Symbols and Sound are supported by Geometry

Richard Feynman was able to recreate every theory at will and was therefore able to explain what the theory was about. His lectures are famous. This is a recontruction with a Simulation of his Last Lecture. It is a lecture about Geometry. Below you see a comparable lecture about a comparable genius Riemann who lived a short life but was able just as Feynman to see (Imagine) a lot. This shows the Power of Mathematics. It is not about Reasoning but about Insight. That’s why I have selected many video’s and will find more. Enjoy.
Why the Prime Numbers lie on a line but nobody knows why. A nice present of Quanta Magazine. about the Hypothesis of Riemann. Riemann comes back later when he solves another problem, the problem why geometries are different. He proved that this has to with the Curvature of space. Something you see below when you see the solution of Einstein to the problem of Gravity solved before that time by Newton who stole it from Leibniz, one of the last Magicians before the Golden Dawn (see video below about Mystic Geometry.) Einstein got the solution for his problem of his friend the Mathematician Minkowski.
The curved space of Einstein.
The role of Higher Dimensions in Physics and Mathematics. It started with Albert Einstein. He used a new 4D curved geometry to explain gravity. Kaluza found that Gravity and Electro-magnetism could be united by adding an extra 5th Dimension. This solution was improved by Oscar Klein by introducing Imaginary (2D) numbers . This solution transformed much later into 10 dimensional (vibrating) String /theory to integrate quantum mechanics, . As you can see in the next video the extra dimensions are put into a Very Small Closed in itself (“circular”) area in Space.
About Kaluza Klein Theory.
Part of a long series of lectures and simulations about symmetric shapes that played an important role in ancient physics and mathematics which was at that time related to the Order of phytogoras.
Transforming a flat structure into a 3D projection of a higher order structure made of Pentacles.

The Physicist Sean Carrol About Geometry and Topology in particular Riemannian non-Euclidean geometry, and topological invariants called “Homotopy groups.

The geometry of our space has zero curvature. In spaces with positive or negative curvature other rules are valid. George Bernhard Riemann developed a new geometrical concept by imagining a 2-dimensional bookworm living on a 3D crumpled sheet of paper.

The surface of the paper would seem to be flat and undistorted. Because the worm can only perceive two dimensions it would not be able to detect that his own body crumples with the paper in the higher dimension. The “force” that would keep the bookworm from moving in a straight line was not a mysterious “action at a distance”, but a result of the unseen warping from the third dimension.

You can imagine a similar experience by walking a straight line on a rotating platform. To you the shortest connection is a straight line while you move with a curve when observed by someone outside the platform. The geometry changes the idea that the shortest distance between two points is a straight line.

It even changes the idea that we return on the same point when we move in a loop (“circle”). This happens when our space contains one or more holes (“singularities”, “dividing by zero”).

With this example you can learn that it makes a lot of Difference when you are In (Intrinsic) or Outside (Extrinsic) the Context.

Geometry and the Riemann Space
Space Harmony: The work of Rudolf Laban about Movements. The same geometry can be used to make letters, sounds and meaningful symbols.
Kim Veltman about the history and geometry of Letters.

 

System Theory related to Buddism. A speedy introduction of system thinking leading to chapter Eleven. .
How to transform an infinite proces into a finite proces
A very rich source about Mystic Geometry. About India, Soemer, Egypt, Magic Kabbalah, the Rosicrucians , Blavatsky and of course the Golden Dawn.

8 Theory of Measurement

Measurements can be made through the human Senses or through the use of a measurement Instruments.

Measurement is the assignment of Numerals to a system according to a set of rules.  These rules are called a Theory.

Our senses or the instruments that are used to measure the system also represent a theory. This theory has a sometimes unknown impact on our measurement.

To avoid the Bias of the Theory behind our Measurement Systems a theory has to be a Structure Preserving mapping, a homomorphism. The Structure of the system has to stay the same when the rules are applied.

If the theory does not preserve structure the theory introduces its own theory and we are not measuring the original system.

Not only the primary theory has to be a homomorphism. The complete chain of theories we use has to preserve the structure (The Uniqueness Axioma) of the original system.

To avoid Bias a System of Measurement Scales is defined.

A video about Scales.
The Hierarchy of Scales
The Hierarchy of Measurement Scales. Observe that the scales are Nested.THis means that every scale is Part of a “higher” scale and all the constraints have to be valid on a higher level. This means that C4 contains C3 etc.

a Nominal Scale defines Sets. Sets contain the Same elements. When we want to preserve structure  we have to satisfy the constraint If s1 = s2 ⇔ f(s1) = f(s2) (“the Same stays the Same”). This is called the Symmetric group, the group of all Permutations of the objects in the Set.

The Ordinal Scale is part of the nominal scale. The relational structure preserved during the measurement process preserves equality and order. The set of admissible transformations are relations that satisfy the constraint If s1 < or >s2 ⇔ f(s1) < or >f(s2). This is called the Order-Preserving Group and is the group of monotonic increasing functions.

Monotonic Functions Increasing and Decreasing
Monotonic Increasing and Decreasing functions,

The Interval Scale has to satisfy the constraint  If s1−s2 = s3−s4 ⇔ f(s1)−f(s2)=f(s3)−f(s4).This is called the General Linear Group (or Affine Group).  Differences can only be preserved when the transformation is a Linear transformation Ax + B where A is a Rotation and B is Translation (Displacement).

The Ratio Scale has to satisfy the constraint If s1/s2 = s3/s4 ⇔ f(s1)/f(s2) = f(s3)/f(s4). This is called the Linear Group.The only transformation that satisfies this constraint is the functions f(x) = Ax. This means that the only tranasformation that is left is muliplication and division (“not by zero!). which is transl;lated in Expansion and Compression the object of Topology.

A short Seminar about the history of Topology and a few highly interesting applications that show you for instance why we have to leave thinking in Hierarchy and move to Topological Structures with a higher Betti-Numbers (Loops).
Mathematician Prof. Norman Wildburger About the History of Mathematics focusing on geometry. . Norman has made thousands of video’s explaining everything you don’t know but want to know. THis video is about History.
An introduction to Group Theory. Group theory is about “being the Same“. This is a visualization.

Geometry, the Art of Transformation Size, Shape and Symmetry.


Figures shown in the same color are similar. A similar structure can be transformed by Rotation, Translation (Displacement) and Scaling (Multiplication), “blow up/down”).

Groups can be compared to numbers. Just like the primes the Simple Groups can be used to create other groups. The Biggest group is called the Monster.
The Geometry of the Space we live on, the Sphere, where Parallel Lines Cross at the Poles. This video contains nice visualizations.
Affine Geometry, The Geometry of Linear Transformations.

 

Projective Geometry is about Perspective and the projective plane, the space of one-dimensional subspaces of a three dimensional vector space (lines through the origin). This view leads to Hyperbolic and Eliptic Geometry finally framed in the language of Geometric Algebra . Affine geometry is the “world” of Linear Algebra and Vector Spaces leading to Euclidean and Einstein’s (Minkovski) ,Relativistic geometry.

With Geometric Algebra you can Calculate with Shapes. Geometric algebra is a very convenient representational and computational system for geometry. It is going to be the way computer science deals with geometrical issues. It contains, in a fully integrated manner, linear algebra, vector calculus, differential geometry, complex numbers and quaternions as real geometric entities, and lots more.

Geometric Algebra brings us back to the Tetractys of Pythagoras which shows the Fourth triangular number which is part of the Triangle of Pascal.also called the Yang Hui in China and Mount Meru in Sanskrit. The Triangle of Pascal contains many Fractal structures that were used a very long time ago in Music (Rythms), Art & Architecture (Proportions) and Numerology (“The Art of interpreting Patterns in Numbers).

Triangular Numbers.
The Tetractys (1+2+3+4=10 = 1 MOD 9) in a Mystical Vision of Jakob Böhme. In the center of the Heart you can see the Hebrew letter/numbers that are a copy of the comparable Sanskrit symbols. See the video of Kim Veltman above.

9 Mount Meru

the roots of all the geometries can be found in Ancient Indian Mathematics.

The five central towers of Angkor Wat symbolize the peaks of Mount Meru; Angkor, Cambodia.
Mount Meru Prastaara. When you Want to know more about the history of Sanskrit (“krit” = the Practice) and “sans = Speaking and the influence on many cultures (~f.i. Hebrew) of the culture of ancient India look at the Video of Kim Veltman above.
Theory of ALan Fiske explained by Steven Pinker.

It all comes back to Breathing

Realize that the 3D version of Panarchy is also a 3D version of the Movement of the Relational Models of Alan Fiske and their related Geometries in Cognitive Space and the movement of many Concepts that share the same Worldviews of Path of Change.

Also Realize that Panarchy is a result of a theory (Cultural Theory) that is based on the same Worldviews of PoC and of Alan Fiske that can be explained by a 2×2 Matrix containing the variables Agency and Communion that are the same as Yin and Yang.

Agency and Communion also determine the Big Five the most used Personality Classification (and many others)

Yin and Yang are also represented by 0 and 1 and therefore the Triangle of Pascal represents the many combinations of possible personalities on earth but is also a result of a completely different System (Geometries) to calculate Combinations. Think about (X>Y)**n (Affine) or (X-Y)**n (Euclidian) as an example (X>Y)**n is a Program (“Protocol”) to n times create all the possible combinations of X>Y.

It is therefore also not strange to call the total process of the movement of Expansion (Yin) and Compression (Yang) in space the Cosmic Breath named the Svara in Sanskrit. Svara स्वर (svara and svāra): Voice, musical note, sound; note of the musical scale, tone in recitation, accent in grammar, symbolic expression.

Hierarchy

The Ished Tree | Egyptian gods, Egyptian art, Ancient egyptian
Ished Tree in Egypt. Thot with the moon on his head (“the inventor) and Seshat with the wheel of the Seven Stars (Pleiades) and the symbol of the Bull, the daughter of Ma’at the Goddess of
Balance aquire the Magic leafs of the tree.The names of the ascended ones are written on its leaves.
The Benu Bird (Phoenix, the Fire Bird) lives on the top of the ished tree. in Heliopolis. The Phoenix is recreated by the Fire of the Kundalini also represented by the Snake of Ouroboros being a Cycle that connects to itself. This fire was wellknown in antiquity.
Yggdrasill, Old Norse Mimameidr, in Norse mythology, the world tree, a giant ash supporting the universe. One of its roots extended into Niflheim, the Underworld; another into Jötunheim, land of the Giants; and the third into Asgard, home of the Gods. Asgard was according to Kim Veltman situated in Tomsk Russia.

Balance

The Egyptian Goddess Ma’at was later called Sophia (Wisdom). Ma’at is the keeper of the Underworld. She is also the keeper of the Harmony in the universe. Ma’at weights the Heart (“the center”) with her feather which carries the symbol of the nothing (“the empty set”). When the Heart weights light as a feather the human was balanced in the Heart Chakra meaning that he lived a “Good Life” and was allowed to enter Heaven. Observe that the Heart is the Controller of the Upper (Head) and the Lower (Body) Cycle of Blood (“=Life“). Observe that the human is represented by an Ape with the moon of Thot on his head.
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11 About Perspectives and Projective Geometry

Projective Geometry PG)is a result of Perspective Drawing

IMAGE: Leonardo's perspectograph
The Perspectograph of Leonardo Da Vinci

As you can see in the picture above PG makes use of drawing Lines that connect the Point of the Eye (the Sensor) with the \Planes and Points of the Object of the Drawing. Observe that the object is a Sphere. and that the two lines connect with the sphere at the Horizon which is a line we often confuse with Infinity(“the point we will never reach”).. Also observe that the rear-end of the Sphere is invisible.

The pole of the Sphere can be connected to Parallel Lines that Never Cross. The lines connected to the eye of the artist and the Pole always have an Angle>0.

PG Connects many Points(“people”) by Lines (“Connectors“) and is there fore highly comparable with Communal Sharing of Fiske and Social of PoC.

What Perspectives have in Common.

What is a Point of View?

Two projections of the same object.
Alberti was the first to ask what two pictures have in common if two drawing screens (Planes) are interposed between the viewer and the object, and the object is projected onto both resulting in two different pictures of the same scene. Leone Battista Alberti (1404-72) was the writer of the irst treatise, about Perspective  Della pittura (1435). The solution to this problem was found in 1803 by  Lazare Carnot
In his book “Géométrie de Position” he proved that the so called Cross-Ratio is always preserved in a Projection with One Point of View.
The Cross-Ratio is the Ratio of the Ratio of the Four Points A,B,C,D lying on a Line that intersects the Four Lines defined by a,b,c,d that orginate at the Vanishing Point O. Carnot proved that (AB)(CD)/(AC)(BD) = (A′B′)(C′D′)/(A′C′)(B′D′).
How to unite all the geometries using a General Way of describing Lines and Points in higher dimensions. In this way the Horizon becomes a circle.
Cross-ratios are invariant under Möebius transformations. THis is a visualization.A Moebius transformation is a combination of many transformations, a reflection, a rotation, an inversion a translation and a homothety, a homogeneous dilation .
Geometries are types of Transformations (Rotation, Translation, scaling, projection and )and Things that Stay the same -> Invariants (Length, Angle, parallel lines, incidence (“crossing lines”, points) and the Cross-Ratio ( a complicated way to relateLlines or Angles that have the Same Point of View) ).

about Meta Geometries

Moving one step Higher in Abstraction.

About 4D Space and Quaternions : Quaternions are the Imaginary Numbers (x, i,j,k) of 4 D Space. The Imaginary Numbers are Rotations in 3D space (x,i) . This video gives you a way to train your 4D-view by starting in Flatland being an imaginary world in 2D. A Line is a projection of a Circle that starts at Infinity which is a point at the North Pole of the Sphere.

In 1872 Felix Klein, published a new Mathematical Research Program called the Erlangen Program under the title Vergleichende Betrachtungen über neuere geometrische Forschungen.

In this program Projective Geometry was emphasized as the Unifying Frame for all other Geometries.

Although lines in the Projective Plane meet in one point of Infinity Klein argued that there could be two points of Infinity if the Projective Plane was a Surface Closed in Itself.

When we look at the Origin of Projective Geometry, the Artist painting A Sphere, Earth, on a Flat Surface, it is not difficult to realize that this Closed Surface is a Sphere. This sphere is projected on a plane that contains the imaginary numbers that are solutions of the cross-ratio when the 4 points 𝐴𝐵𝐶𝐷 are not on a circle.

COnformal mappings are mappings that preserve angles. This video shows why the cross ratio is complex when the points are not on a circle.
About Kleins erlangen Program

12 Using The Geometry of Change

Refresh and Surprise

First I present a few Slides to refresh your knowledge about the Background of the Blog or to surprise you.

In chapter 13 start to talk about the Geometries of Change.

The issue of this chapter is to help you to think about related issues like Machines, Cybernetics, the Anticipatory System of Rosen but also about Semiotics.

You don’t have to understand everything and you can also skip as many issues as you want.

I hope you become inspired to look at the geometry with another view (“I hope the Mythic“) and see the Magic (“have you looked at . the video about “Mystic Geometry in Chapter 1″?).

The engineering method COLLIN Looks like Paths of Change.
This is a >4 times Expansion of Paths of Change with the Human in the Middle and the Four types of humans that surround him/her.
Here you see four types of Social Networks with a Production and Sales Cycle moving With- and Against the clock.
The four Communities correspond with the four Relationship types of Alan Fiske.
Remember that the four Relationships are related to four types of Geometries. This was proven by relating the Relationships to Scales of Measurement.
Measurement theory (Chapter 2) is based on the idea that measurement has to be based on Structure-preserving maps from the outside (what we think we see with our senses) to the inside (what we see with our imagination which is related to an inner sensor (“the third eye”) which is the Pineal Gland).

Keep your Third Eye Open - Foods That Activate And Decalcify Your Pineal Gland of the Endocrine System — MOT MAG

Observe that explain means making something plane (flat) which is a projection from Knowledge (Affine Geometry) to the (flat) Image of the Imagination (Similarity Geometry).
Observe also that Design (in Dutch Ont-Werp) is related to Throwing (projection) something at the right moment (ont).
What target (Goal (Plan) ) do you want to hit? Realize that the energy for the projection comes out of the fusion of Complementary (Different) concepts. What is different? Not-the same. Not is a Negation.

Mind, Machines and Anticipatory Systems

Professor of Cognitive and Computational Neuroscience Anil Seth looks at the Neuroscience of Consciousness and how our biology gives rise to the unique experience of being you
.This presentation is mostly about the so called the Bayesian Brain. In this theory the brain is a prediction machine that produces a “best guess” combining internal “memory” / “imagination” and external data produced by the senses.
Damasio: ” Living systems are not static, but they act in the world in order to minimize surprise and persist in a future shaped by uncertainty” but humans Need Surprises to find life exiting.
“Organs are not machines” : The defining property of a living system is that it has organisational closure: every efficient cause (why, Aristotle) ) that is necessary for its continued existence must be in turn generated from within the system.
The presentation We looks at organisational theories of the organism from Aristotle, via Kant, to Robert Rosen, who provided a basic relational diagram for a system with closure to efficient causation. The reason for its existence has to come from within the system and the paths that are connected by the “causes” have to connect and close.
Mathematical Foundations of Anticipatory Systems | SpringerLink
Robert Rosen: Anticipatory System.Observe that this picture can be mapped to Paths of Change by mapping a Natural Systems to the Sensory Worldview and the Formal System to the Unity Worldview. Final Cause is the Why Question which is the Mythic Worldview. The material cause is the Social Worldview. Closure is what Will Mcwhinney called a Path.

https://www.slideserve.com/dora/robert-rosen-and-george-lakoff-the-role-of-causality-in-complex-systems

Semiotics

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The model of Cybersemiotics.
Humans (We = I (Sensory) and/or The Other(s, Social) Exchange our models being personal interpretations of the Natural Systems we sense or are part in.
This exchange can take place using a “communication-model” being the Conduit Metaphor (we exchange containers) or the Toolmaker Metaphor in which we exchange our experiences about using the models.
We are an organism and we communicate using the expiriences of our outer or inner body. In t he last part we are specialized and therefore talented to experience our Inner Eye or we get insights without knowing how.
Cybersemiotics uses the Semiotics of Peirce. Peirce uses a “simple” model in which he uses 3 Stages in te proces of Meaning, The Sign , the “cause” of the Sign and the Interpretation of the Sign in the Mind.
About 1st, 2nd and 3rdness x 1st, 2nd and 3rdness = 9 correlates.
Peirce's Triadic Model – Interpreting Signs
The basic Trinity of Peirce.

A lot of Questions and Observations of Soren Brier trying to find a new foundation for the sciences. It will not help you to find certainty. Perhaps it wil sharpen your questions or doubts.
Another presentation of Soren Brier: The Cybersemiotic star: A diagram of how the communicative social system of embodied minds‟ four main areas of knowledge arises.
Physical nature is usually explained as originating in energy and matter, sometimes also information.
living systems as emerging from the development of life processes (such as the first cell).
Social culture is explained as founded on the development of meaning and power in language and practical habits, and, finally, our inner mental world is explained as deriving from the development of our individual life world and consciousness,
in spiritual and religious framework often ultimately from an objective transcendental spirit or as a soul coming from a personal creator God.

Atopoiesis

An interview with Niklas Luhman in German but translated into English. Luhmann has tried to incorporate the idea of autopoiesis (self-reproduction) in sociology. He proves that Social Systems reproduce themselves and are therefore highly resistent to change.

Autoiesis is about Self-Reproduction or Repair during Production. Neil Theise loops from makro-levels to micro-levels of what we call reality. He explains complexity, autopoiesis,positive &negative feedback-loops, cancer and how all that relates to us in the universe and the universe in us? Why ants move away from their territory to come back when they have found the food that is needed.

Simulation of the Human Cell.

ROBERT ROSEN AND GEORGE LAKOFF: THE ROLE OF CAUSALITY IN COMPLEX SYSTEMS – PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The presentation behind the link above explains the theory of Robert Rosen in combination of the theory of George Lakoff. For the last one move below. For the first one explore this blog about Meta-Engineering. As you will see is that the presentation tells a comparable story as Chapter 2 about measurement in the way that it explains that a model is a mapping from something we experience outside with our senses (A natural system) or with our instruments and we have to make a structure preserving mapping to avoid that we introduce a bias with our measurement instruments.

Paths of Change mapped on Kolb Learning Styles In this picture you can see what a Closure means, a path connecting the four worldview. Know that the arrows can also move the other way around and every Box is a PoC-model in itself. Thats way PoC is a Fractal System of Change.
Body and Mind are connected by the Heart and are centers of cycles where the four views/types move around. The four views with one shared view create the “magic” number seven (3+1+3) . Observe that the cycles move with and against the clock creating the well known Moebius Ring (8). This model maps on the Indian Model of the Chakra’s and the Chinese Median Points. Service above Self is the motto of the Rotary where ROTAR is a permutation of TAROT.
Paths of Change mapped on the minor Arcana of the Tarot.
The path of the Hero (Fool) connects 2 triangular paths
The history of the Tarot. Rob Doctors van Leeuwen was visited by an Angel who asked him to do research about the pattern of the Tarot. He (and his brother Onno) detected two new cards called Truth (Blue) and Intuition (Yellow)
Paths of Change used in a model about the Production Cycle.
A picture out of my Blog about a new Ecology of the State that unites Panarchy, ALan Fiske and Paths of Change. It is an application of the Geometries. The most important Worldview is Yellow and was called Mythic by Will McWhinney in his book Paths of Change.
Mythic relates to Intuitive in the myers Briggs Model: “Intuitive people live in the future and are immersed in the world of Possibilities. They process information through patterns and impressions. Intuitive people value inspiration and imagination. They gather knowledge by reading between the lines. Their abstract nature attracts them toward deep ideas and concepts”

The first thing you have to realize is that you have been looking at pictures that describe the same subject with different names. All of them are about Change and Change looks like Breathing <-.-> (Contract/Expand). Below you see the Expansion Pattern of “nothing”/. This pattern is controlled by the Trinity, the number 3 and the Triangel. This pattern is called the Bronze Mean. It is a specialization of the Golden mean. The bronze mean contains a very important number 43.

The center is the Empty set (Yellow), the Nothing, the Foundation of creativity. Desire (Female) and Control (Male) create a child (Communion) Left you see Adam Kadmon the first Human and the Tree of Knowledge.
By playing with the Arrows (->) Expansion (Red) and Compression (Blue) are reproduced. The other 2 combinations create The Emotions (Green) and Creativity (Yellow).

The first picture of this paragraph contains a Cycle connected to another Cycle where both cycles move in opposite direction showing the well known Moebius Ring (8). The model contains a center that contains the model of the whole. This is called a fractal. When you compare this model with other models look at the colors. I have used the same colors of PoC all the time.

13 About Affine Geometry, Maps, Metaphors and Mappings

In the model of the Geometry of Change you see that Blue, named Unity in PoC and Knowledge in other models is called an Affine Geometry and is connected the concept Rank and the Constraint If s1 < or >s2 ⇔ f(s1) < or >f(s2) which is called the Order-Preserving Group. Knowledge is an Order but what order?

The solution to this puzzle can be found at the beginning of this blog where you read the sentence “The role of Higher Dimensions in Physics and Mathematics”. The concept Dimension is used to define a Ranking of Spaces.

Basic spatial dimension
Higher Dimensions are represented as Projections on a Plane. This 2D plane could be called a Scape (taken out of out of Land-scape).
George Lackoff researched the brain and detected that the Brain is based on the Body (“Embodiment”). When we are young we learn that it is difficult to learn to find balance to stand right up and to move. Thats why Up (Higher) is better dan Lower (Down). Thats why Heaven is Up and Hell is Down. Thats why a Tree is a Symbol of Knowledge. George also discovered that we always make represent ations of what we think. When we try to represent an abstract concept we use a prototype (one out of the set). He also found out that Our brain uses Frames to interact with the outside world: About Framing. This is also the subject of Goffman.

14 About Euclidian Geometry, Distance and the Horizon

beach birds calm clouds

In the picture above you see the Horizon. Horizon is related to Horizontal, a line that is perpendicular to a line that moves from Up to Down or Back. the horizon is an Illusion because we live on a Globe. Behind the Horizon we see nothing but we know that there is something behind the Horizon. In our Perspective the Horizon is the place where parallel lines Cross. The word horizon derives from the Greek “ὁρίζων κύκλος” horizōn kyklos, “separating circle”,[3] where “ὁρίζων” is from the verb ὁρίζω horizō, “to divide”, “to separate”,[4] which in turn derives from “ὅρος” (oros), “boundary, landmark. The horizon is a symbol for infinity (“the place we never will reach” but also something we can find wen we keep on moving at the right direction.

About Deep Learning & Euclidian and Non-Euclidian Shapes.

This video explains Neural Networks using Graphs that are able to recognize Non-Euclidian Objects.

About Scapes and Meta-Systems.

Below you see a picture and a presentation of Kent Palmer. He found out that the term Scape (Schap in Dutch) we use in Landscape is used to imagine a “flat plane” . In dutch and english scape is also translated into ship (“Friendship, vriendschap) being a relationship that carries as a tray, something to hold something.

Perspectives are about seeing something but seeing is used as an insight. We look at our personal frame.

A Few years ago I gave a presentation about Context to Software-architects about Mikhail Bahktin: The Wordwide Carnival: A Short Introduction into the World of Mikhail Bakhtin. He was a Russian Philosopher that was put into a Goelag-camp by stalin. He was an expert in Dialog and what he called the Chronotope: “The place where the knots of narrative are tied” or “the intrinsic connectedness of temporal and spatial relationships”.

Exploring Intelligent Enterprise System Limitations Incose 2007 Palme…

About The Future of the State

Introduction.

are you interested in a possible new State? Read this.

This blog started as (and is still) a blog about the Future of the State we are part of.

In the first version of this blog (now Part 3) I detected that The Democratic State is a Facade for an Aristocratic Elite (“A TRIBE). This has been the case since the first King of Ur Gilgamesh returned after the Great Flood.

It looks like the state is collapsing everywhere in the world and a Big new type of state (China) is growing and expanding based on Big Brother Technology,

The 2nd version of this blog ended with a search into the history of the State.

During this search I detected that our Ancient Forefathers build advanced Forecasting Systems like Stonehenge to predict Calamities. It looks like we are now not prepared to face such a calamity.

In Part 2 I introduce Bruno Latour with his ideas about the new Constitution. It looks like Bruno is pointing to a Political Ecology which is a nice way to look into the Future.

In Part 7 you will find a List of Chapters of the previous versions.

Today I have started a new Blog to discuss a Design for a new State .

The Code behind Stonehenge
ccording to Hopi Myth we now live in the Fourth World. This World is Ending Soon. What will the Fifth World bring?Probably a new Great Flood that will come when the Earth Magnetc Field Moves.

 

Konstantin Meyl: Why the Earth is Growing, The Magnetic Field is Turning and the Big Flood will come after we connect with a Super Nova.

 

The Earth is facing many Calamities all the time. Many of them are cyclic and therefore predictable. In old times the Timekeepers of the State watched the Sky to make sure nothing bad was coming.
This is a short clip made from the documentary Entheogen – Awakening the God Within.entheogen documents the emergence of techno-shamanism in the post-modern world that frames the following questions: How can a renewal of ancient initiatory rites of passage alleviate our ecological crisis? What do trance dancing and festivals celebrating unbridled artistic expression speak to in our collective psyche? How do we re-invent ourselves in a disenchanted world from which God has long ago withdrawn?

According to Behavioral Economics Humans are highly Confused Predators. As a Predator Humans Protect their Territory with every means possible. They are Confused because they are incapable to Observe and Reason about their own behavior and the behavior of others. The predators are often called Hawks and their victims Doves.

A lot of people don’t believe or don’t know that the Spirit of Inspiration is a Conscious Being.

This spirit is specialized in The current Time (Anima Mundi) or Place (Genius Loci). The Russian Philosopher Bahktin called the combination of Place and Time, the Chronotype.

The Twilight of Democracy. :by Ann Applebaum. The book. describes how the Power of the State was grabbed in Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria, Brazil and now Italy and probably the USA and the UK.

In all of these countries the Leaders change the rules of the Game of Politics to get a Majority and take control over the Media especially the Social Media.

The Treason of the Clerks by Julien Benda. One of the arguments of Applebaum is taken from the book of Julien Benda. He shows how Intellectuals join a powerful group by Changing their Arguments using powerful Rhetorical tools.

It happened in Germany to stay out of trouble of the Nazi’s and the Russians in East Germany but also in the US in the time of Mccarthy and in Turkey during the time of Erdogan.

We are forgetting to Ask our Creator-Ancestors for Guidance. We have forgotten that that they are able to See the Future from a Far-Away Perspective.

The Nation State has a very long history that begun when Humans started to Organize themselves in the Stone Age.

Certain Civilizations (Egypt, Sumer, Inca) were (Re)Created at About the Same Time by comparable entities Enki (Sumer), ( Thoth Egypt) ( Viracocha, Inca ) who warned us for possible recurring Disasters (f.i. the Great Flood, the End of Civilization ).

God Ea, seated, holding a cup. From Nasiriyah, southern Iraq, 2004-1595 BCE. Iraq Museum.jpg
Enki.
Hermes Trismegistus
Thoth, Hermes Trimegistres.

 

ABouthe irst City of Eridu: Sumer Akad and the man Joannes that came out of the Sea.

The Creators of the old Civilizations build Celestial Observation Centers (like Stonehenge, Machu Picchu, Carnac,..) all over the World to determine the exact moment in Time of the recurring Calamity.

Stonehenge

It is remarkable that they warned us for what is happening in our time.

The same warning comes from leaders of very old civilizations like the Maori, the Aboriginals but also of the Hopi.

According the Hopi Prophesy Three Previous Human Worlds were destroyed when people became Greedy, Worshipped technology as a god, Fought and Hurt each other, and repeatedly forgot the Ethical teachings they’d been given to Honor the Earth as the Source of life and sustenance. Our Fourth World is dying.

Hopi Phrophesy

The first State after the Flood was a City State called Ur. City-states expand into big states by increasing wealth, taken over othe states by violence or negatitation. States are destroyed by a disaster or war or internal conflcicts.

States and city-states look like organisms.

A City-State is a Distribution System. It distributes Wealth (Surplus, Food, Energy, Knowledge, Human Labor) between rich and poor people.

A State with an unBalanced Distribution system will Collapse.

Because of the Growing (Niche Weather, Fertile, soil) Surplus The Organizatonal Sructures of the States and the States themselves grew bigger and bigger and behaved as humans behaved because humans used them for their Own Benefit.

States grew by Expanding or by taking over other states.To expand states fused but also took over control which was most of the time done with a lot of Violence.

To stay alive States had to increase the amount of soldiers and make or invent new weapons.

Small States fuse into bigger structures like the European Union to benefit from the Protection of a bigger state.

Most of the time the soldiers were children out of the underclass of the state. To motivate the soldiers States became something to Die for.

States Act like humans because humans always Project humans in Agents that show an active behavior. These agents take over the role of the Parent (mostly the Father). States became a Substitute for the Family.

Currently we see a lot of Competing states that compete with other structures that coordinate Human Behavior.

Big Global Companies are sometimes more Powerful than States.

The most innovative state of the state, the constitutional state (See Part 2) has to be innovated to Integrate all of the organizational structures currently available.

If this is not done one of the new structures will Take over Control.

Current Technology is able to Control and Manipulate billions of people by Changing their behavior

Big Brother is real and wide awake waiting to Rule the World.

This blog will show you what the Big Troubles were created by not turning back to the roots of the human structures, Mother Nature connected with .the Moon Cycles

The only Ancient Culture that is still in Tune with Mother Nature lives in Australia and in New Zealand.

Let us Copy their behavior or start looking for a Place to Hide perhaps in the Old Caves in Capadocia.

Corroboree an Australian Aboriginal dance ceremony which may take the form of a sacred ritual or an informal gathering.Central Australia near Tenant Creek Northern Territory, NT Australia

Part 1: Surviving in a Cave Looking for the Secret Grove of the State.

What are all the Megalyths doing? It looks like they were Showing the Way to the Stars in an ancient landscape that was almost totally covered with Woods.
Archeology uses Astronomy to explain what all the ancient Megalyths are doing. They show that our ancestors knew a lot about the Stars and their Cycles and the Important connections between the Cycles and Nature. In this way they were able to predict important changes in Nature like Spring and Autumn.
Atlantis
Prehistoric wooly mammoth hunters using bows and arrows
Hunter Gatherers cooperate to kill a Mammoth: Picture out of an Article in the Gardian.
The Bronze Age
Reconstruction of a a Bronze Age ettlement (a Proto-City) in Dartmoor Wales.

The State started as a small City-State surrounded by Walls where the Keeper of the Storage of the Food became a King.

The word King comes from kin (related by birth, bloodline) probably with a God (the first Creator). It is well known that in history powerful kings openly declared that they were a God.

Jericho.is probably the oldest continually-inhabited city.

Walls of Jericho.

Archaeologists have unearthed the remains of 20 successive settlement dating back 11,000 years.

he old walls of Jericho were part of a very old Proto-City.

an Old Sanctuary in the Fertile Crescent, Goebeli Tepe, Turkey, 10.000 BC
Recently Scientists have detected the existence of an old Cataclism that caused the end of Atlantis. They assume that Kobele Tepie was created by the people who survived the disaster

Humans are Toolmakers.

One of the most interesting inventions was the Boat that made people Look at the Sky to navigate and detect the cycles and the important moments in the cycles (Spring).

Cappadocia, Turkey
Ancient rock-cut church and cave dwellings in Cappadocia, Anatolia Turkey. Capadocia was called Phrygia in old times.

Below the Churches vast Underground Cities were found. They were used to hide from the Invasions of the Sea People.

They were people that migrated with their catlle and boats out of Iran and Turkey later returning from Europe to their Homeland.

Many ancient citystates were destroyed in the Bronze Age Collapse. This happened because of the attack of the Sea People, a huge force of returning seafaring hungry people from Europe because of a sudden Climate Change caused by a Vulcano in Iceland.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/d/d5/Relief_Sherden_Breasted_2.jpg

The State looks like a Beehive.

Phrygia is well known for the Gordian Knot a puzzle solved by Alexander the Great and its King Midas who wanted to create Gold with his touch.

The Goddess of the Phrygians was Cybele, an old Moon Goddess. At that Time the culture was Matriarchal.

 
Beehive Houses Harran Turkey.

Cybele was the Goddess of the Bees. She originated from a big Black Stone, a meteorite, fallen from Heaven. This Stone became the Kaaba, the Black Stone in Mecca.

The Statue of Cybele was always accompanied by a priesthood of eunuchs who dressed like bees.

The male priesthood castrated themselves during an ecstatic celebration, called the Day of Blood’, which took place on 24 March.

Cybele carries the Wall of a City as a Crown on her head.

Cybele the Mother Goddess with her Lions

Cybele and her priests played an important role in Rome by keeping the Cybilline Books that contained prophesys about the End of the State of Rome.

The methaphor of the Cave must have come from the ancient cavedwellers. All of them developed the same concepts probably related to the Bee-hive of Queen Bee Cybele containing citizen-Working-Bees that provided for the Food of the state.

Egypt was known as the land of the bee, its kings were called ‘beekeepers’ and the founders of the Nile Valley appear to have travelled from the Source of the State Mesopotamia with bees in their boats after the flood, circa 3,000 BCE.

Egypt became one the most stable Nation States on earth for a very long time.

It produced, because of the cyclic flooding of the Nile, a vast amount of Food, was so Wealthy that it was able to defend itself by hiring Mercenaries, even against the Sea People and was therefore able to store a long history of knowledge in its Archives that were taken over by new rulers, the Greek (Alexander the Great) and later the Romans. Alexander was extremely impressed by the Priests of the center of knowledge Heliopolis.

Heliopolis attracted many intelligent people from all over the world to learn the State of the Art in Navigation, Prediction, Architecture, History etc.

About the Hunter Gatherers.

The Maori Culture and the of Australia Aboriginals are the oldest culture on earth.

The Maori made a conscious choice not to start Agriculture but to live from Mother Earth.

The Hunter Gatherers developed an intuitive knowledge of what Mother Nature needed. In these cultures only people with a “gift”, the shamans, become priests.

The Origins of the State according to Plato.

The roots of the State go back to Greece where Plato wrote about it. He believed in a city-state he called kallipolis. The state was ruled by a Philosopher King.

Plato got his teachings in Heliopolis, the Center of Wisdom of Egypt and the whole world at that time. His teacher was the Horite priest, Sechnuphis. His teachings came from Thot also called Hermes Trismegistus. Plato mixed the ancient teachings with the dialogs in his books.

The Books of Thot.

The books of the ancient library of Heliopolis were transported to Alexandria and later to Byzantium, , the Center of the new Roman Empire. Later they were taken to Venice and played an important role in the Renaissance.

Part 2: Bruno Latour: About The New Constitution.

Latour speaks about the New Constitution.

A Constitution is a Law that Controls Laws, a Meta-Law.

Accoding to Latour a State is an Ecology.

To formulate the right Laws we have to Solve the Distinction Between Hard and Soft, Science (Facts) and Politics (Society, Values) ,  Nature and Culture, Thing and Subject.

The adaptive cycle as a dynamic map for resilience thinking
The theory of complex dynamic systems called Panarchy describes the periodic, rhythmic dance of the spiral of the holy spirit between order and chaos, between stability and transformation as a fundamental pattern of self-organization in complex (living) systems

An Ecology (= a State) Grows when the parts of the ecology are not too connected (“autonomous“) and the Wealth of the Economy is widely available for action.

The Panarchy Cycle ends with the end of the Ecology (in the Conservation-state), This state is always saved in a Sacred Grove.

I hope that you realize that the Sacred Grove of the state is kept alive in the Maori- and Aboriginal Culture and in humans that are able to Feel and/or See, the new Bards and Druids.

In a Conservation-state a State (a Political ecology) is old and fragile only busy with itself, spending all of its energy (wealth) to reproduce

The windows of a Cathedral show the Spiral of Life. Cathedral are always build on a Sacred Grove.
The Medicine Wheel is the basic form of Model of the Cycle seen in the way animals behave. .

The Sacred Grove was the place were the Spiritual Buildings (Churches/Cathedrals) were build by the Priests of te Old Orders. Atlas (“the Mapmaker“) and the creator of Atlantis shows the Maps that were made to Navigate all over the World and to Predict the Future by projecting Time in Space (f.i Lightyear).

To find the Future of the State we have to research the time we lived in the Caves,

Politicians have to realize that the State is an Ecology that Contains a Diversity of Matter (Things) and Life Forms (subjects) and

Scientists have to realize that Objects are also Actors, they move and/or are a cause and/or an Effect .

Politicians (Thinking(Unity) <->, Feeling (Social) <–> Manipulate and negociate Consensus and

Scientists (Thinking (Unity) , Sensing <–> Make, Analyze) ) have to realize that besides their Archetypes there are other Archetypes like Seeers (INtuiting) and Empats (Feeling). that Play a Role in the Cycle of Paths of Change.

Paths of Change mapped to the Tarot where Mythic (= Imagination, idea, Intuitive, Seeer, Cups), Social (= Opinion, Status, Emotion, Feeling, Pentacles), Sensory ( Fact, Experience, Wands, Action, Grow) and Unity (= Knowledge, Order, Rule, Law, Swords).
The Parliament of Things has to make a full Rotation of PATHS OF CHANGE with the Clock (Generating, Producing) or and / or Against the Clock (Consuming). With and Agaianst the Clock = a Moebius Ring). Observe the MOEBIUS RING in the Picture of PANARCHY Above and Below.

Does the New Constitution, the new Meta Law also apply to Things-Animals and Things- Machines (Robots)?

Who will Speak for the Lakes, the ozon layer, the Trees and the Self-driving Cars in the Parliament of Things.

Are the Laws of Nature in conflict with the New Constitution or are they the same Laws (and what are these Laws)?

In Chapter 9 of this blog you will see that Humans and Animals (and even Viruses and Bacteria apply the (Ethic) Principle of Tit-for-Tat, a solution to the Infinitely Repeated Prisoners Dilemma.

We are all kept in the same Prison that is Nature and our only way to get out is to Collaborate with all of the Life-Forms.

Part 3: What is Happening?

We are witnessing a Global Transformation in which the old Organizational Mass Structures are Loosing their Power and the Struggle between the Hawks (Rich, Influentional) and the Doves (Poor, Isolated) comes back.

History Repeats itself in a completely different Context filled with Big Brother Technology.

Is it possible to create a Big Brother State that citizens Love to live in?

It looks like (Surveillance Capitalism) could become our Big Friend by Automating Us.

Jared Diamond. Societies collaps because of environmental problems (“climate, too Dry, too Cold,..) combined with External and Internal Conflicts and the Resilience of the Society, (the Way the Citizens are able to Solve their own Problems), is low.
The Panarchy 4D Model of Ecologies fits the development of the Sate. It shows that Resilience is a combination of Connectedness and Wealth (Resources). When a State is too connected (“Burocratic“) and has not distributed its Wealth between the Rich and the Poor it will Collaps.

Part 4: The History of the State.

The State was invented in Sumer translated in Akkadian as the “Land of the Civilized Kings”.

Their forefathers moved from a hunter-gatherer society to an Agrarian one prior to 5000 BCE.

The Kings and their High Priests invented Cuneiform script, the Wheel, the Sail Boat, Irrigation, Law, Diplomacy, Trade, Bookkeeping and astrology.

Machu Picchu, A December Solstice Observatory of the Inca.The Inca’s are part of the Norte Chico Civilization that existed at the same time as Sumer. The December Solstice was observed all over the world. The civilization of the Inca’s was destroyed by the Spanish Golddiggers who killed for Christ and brought many Diseases that killed the Inca too,

Part 5: Theory of the State.

State formation is explained by The production of surplus (Wealth) resulting in a division and specialization of labor: leading to Classes who worked the land and to those who could devote their time to other tasks including astrology and warfare.

Large societies tend to develop Ruling classes and supporting Bureaucracies (Systems, Connectedness) , which leads to larger organizations that want to Control the world.

When the state is too dependent on systems the state will collaps when a Not Expected Disaster takes place (a Black Swan or a Dragon King.).

For a very long time the Hierarchy was the most important Control-System in Use.

Currently the Center of the System is moving from the Top to the Bottom because of the Rise of Communication Technology (Internet).

Part 6: Summary.

A big part of this blog is about the State we live in called the Constitutional State, the Nation State or the Rechtsstaat.

All of them are highly Dependent on the Belief that People are regulated by Laws and that there is something behind all these Laws which is an Eternal principle that represents the Good.

A deep (but not very difficult) analysis shows that the State is an instrument to benefit a certain Elite (A Tribe?) that is Sustained by the Systems of the State in which the Educational System is the most important.

The article by William I. Robinson: Gramsci and Globalisation: From Nation‐State to Transnational Hegemony shows that the current Social Networks of Local Elites connect on the World level and are influenzing the Global Nation States.

The extreme wealthy creators of the Global Social-Network Technology know that they are able to Control the World with a Silent Revolution in which the Needs of their users can be changed to live in a new type of Paradise in which the old Roman theory of controlling their citizins with Food & Play will Lead the Way.

Part 7.List of Chapters.

This list contains numbered summaries of the chapters of this blog from now. It makes it possible to Jump into the blog without missing much.

Watch out: THis Blog is still in Development. It will not be the same in a few weeks from now.

Comment? <-click there.

2: What is a State?

A State was an instrument to support the Ruler of a Boundary in Space called a City State.

The Rulers became Omnipotent when they transformed themselves into a God.

Nice to Monaco

THe City State Monaco.

3. History of the State starting with the GREAT FLOOD.

Before the Great Flood Humans were organized in Tribes and later in Kingdoms. Most of the humans were owned by other humans.

After the Industrial Revolution the Slaves started a Revolution and the Kings had to share their Power with the Many still divided in the Rich and the Poor.

People no longer felt they were Owned by some Ruler; instead they now gave their Loyalty to something bigger, the Nation-state.

4. The Constitutional State.

This is a new concept in which the “good” is put into a General accepted Meta-law (a law that rules over other laws) chosen by a Majority of people. The big problems with a Meta-System is that it not bounded. It suffers Infinite Regress.

The big problem with a not bounded Constitution is that it will eventually cover All of the Humans, the Animals, the Territory of Earth (UNO) or even Space.

5. The problems of the Constitutional Sate.

To service its citizens the Rechtsstaat starts Companies that operate in the for- and the non-profit Market.

These Companies are now sold (or “given”) to the rich elite or the rich global companies that are now controlling the world.

Poor Citizens are paying Taxes for the benefit of the rich others.

This is Splitting the State and gives Opportunistic Leaders (Populist) the chance to drive their followers into a Renaissance of the Fascist State.

The STaat is also competing with other rechtsstaats (EU, UNO, ..). that control the “lower” rechtstaat giving the Nationalists the opportunity to dissolve structures that were created to Prevent a 3de World-war.

6. The End of the Nation State.

States are connected to a physical boundary. The United Nations relate to Earth.

The perspective of Humanity changed when we were able to see the Earth in the Middle (Bible, Creation Story) the Sun in the Middle ( Science Copernicus) to the Center of the Milkey Way in the Middle (Hubble Telescope, Technology).

The Cycle of History is moving to the Center. Our movement into Space_ generates a new (Space)-Spirituality created by the Meta-Myth of Joseph Gampbell that motivates people to leave Earth and move to Mars or even further.

7. About Anarchy and Terroism.

The Institutions of the state and the Elite that controls the state have been an object of Destruction for a very long time. Until now the State seems to be Resilient/ Anti-fragile. It restores and grows from Chaos.

8. Living in Caves. The Pre-Historic State.

What can we learn from the time Humans were not part of a State (and part of a Tribe).What we can learn is that a lot of the experience of that time is put into our culture and in our myths and religion.

9: Are Humans different from Animals & Organisms.

Organisms & Animals “create” organizational structures that look like States. How different are we from organisms and our cousins the Apes. An important feature we don’t want to see is Synchronization. It helps dictators to control the masses.

10. Diverging States?

In 1989 The Berlin Wall fell and the western Nation-State became the “normal” model of the World. After that moment old conflicts started all over again. The same happened when the world wanted to get rid of “real” Dictators like Saddam Hoessein.

States are not a computer program that controls citizins, we can Restart.

States revert to their Initial State which is a Tribal Structure in which Violence is a normal tool to control the Population.

The New Leaders Copy the Story of the Ancient Leaders by Remembering old Stories about Lost Battles. This happened everywhere in the World from YugoSlavia to Ruanda.

Dictators with the use of State Violence control latent conflicts.

States are a very Complex Balancing Act in which many Powers are Neutralized.

A debate with Francis Fukuyama, Professor of Political Science Stanford University

11. The Techno-State.

In 1999 I wrote a document called MOVING UP and MOVING DOWN Ideas and opinions about the connection between Small Scale specialized human networks and large scale collaborative IT-technology.

It shows that we are moving to a connected Collaborative Space mostly called the Internet (or Hyperspace).

Hyperspace is now owned by big Global companies like Google and Facebook that Sell and Predict the Activity-profiles in Hyper- and Physical Space of many people on earth.

1.Introduction.

This blog is the result of an increasing frustration about the Performance of the State I live in (The Netherlands).

My Government acts without a vision, spends a huge amount of (tax)money and makes nistake after mistake most of the time in the use of Technology but also in providing effective Healthcare, Education, Protection, etc etc.

I Spend a few weeks reading thinking and writing about the State and came to the conclusion that we are facing the end of the Nation State.

It looks like Big Brother is already there and we are facing a situation in Europe that looks like the rise of the Totalitarian fascists States around 1933.

Is history repeating?

2. What is a Sate?

A Nation State is a Top Down Management Structure that controls a lot of people that share a lot. Currently the Top (Government) is loosing its power to other powers (Companies) .

In this last case the Nation State will transform into a Network of Special Economic Zones comparable to Hong Kong that provide a Tax-haven and a Secure haven to the very Rich. .

People that look alike synchronize and turn into a crowd that follows the directions of the Leader if he (or she) uses the Rhetoric of the Common Enemy. Most of the influentual Dictators were aware (by instinct or training) that they could bring a huge amount of people in Sync doing things they never believed that was Possible.

Crowds Synchronize when they look at the same thing.

Nation States are fragmenting into small Cultural Identities.

The State is defefined by Max Weber as a polity that maintains a Monopoly on the use of violence.

The Greek philosopher Aristotle believed that questions of the State, how it should be organized, and how it should pursue its ends, were fundamental to the achievement of happiness. Aristotle was aquainted with the City-State of Athens.

Acropolis Athens

The State we live in is the result of a Top-Down/Bottom Up process that repeats itself many times.

States start as small City States, and grow into Big Burocratic States.

Burocratic states are highly fragile and are therefore easily destroyed by a calamity or taken over by groups of violent people specialized in warfare that are triggered by famine caused by a change of climate or a change of the environment caused by human activity (desert creation, the industrial revolution).

Another cause of the end of a state can be found in internal conflict between competing groups often part of the Rulers (Masters) and the Ruled (Slaves).

This conflict can result in a Split of the state and or a Fusion of comparable parts. India and the Us are an example of both in which Religion was the cause of the split and a Cultural Likeness (“Capitalistic, Calvinistic) the reason of a Fusion.

The Huns, especially under their King Attila, made frequent and devastating raids into the Eastern Roman Empire. invaded Italy and almost conquered Rome.

Chinese government build big walls to protect the country against the Mongols.

Great Wall, China

In time the Victors fill in the old framework of the burocracy with their own people and the system becomes fragile again.

Systems (and humans) Reproduce themselves with Parts that reproduce themselves ( autopoiesis. ).

3. History of the State.

The next Great Flood will probably not be caused by a collision with a meteorite but by the melting of ice caused by the rising of temperature caused by Climate Change.

The repeating process of State-production was stopped by and started again after the Great Flood. This happened around 3117 BC.

After the Flood had swept over the earth and when kingship was lowered again from heaven, kingship was first in Kish. . . . in Uruk the divine Gilgamesh . . . ruled 126 years . . . its kingship was removed to Ur

Hero lion Dur-Sharrukin Louvre AO19862.jpg
Gilgamesh.

The City State of Ur.

Ur was a new .start. Soon the City States started to make war and grew into a bigger structure.

Ur has always been an important location, a harbor, part of the trade-routes that connected the East and the West. Because of the Trade The rulers (Male and/or Female) of Ur became very rich.

Rulers become God and The High Priest gets te power.

Extreme richness, Power and Praise often leads to many psychological disorders (described by Interpersonal Theory) including Histrionic, believing your Fantasy is true ) Narcissism (extreme self-esteem) and Paranoia (Believing that Everybody is a Threat).

Shulgi, the greatest king of the Third Dynasty of Ur, who solidified the hegemony of Ur and reformed the empire into a highly centralized bureaucratic state. Shulgi ruled for a long time (at least 42 years) and deified himself halfway through his rule.

The transformation from ruler to God brought the King to the highest state of Power. Many rulers copied this behavior and many new Gods appeared making life very complex.

At the time of Shulgi rulers were often adviced by Magi that had a lot of knowledge about Mass Manipulation, Personal Magic and Medicine. When the rulers became God the Magi became the High Priest.

 

Persian Magician.

Monotheism.

The Egyptian Pharao Akhenaton who was probably the Master of the Biblical Mozes Defined one God as the principal God. He started a new trend Monotheism based on the worship of Aten (the Sun Disk) .

In the Egyptian state the Priests were very powerful. They rebelled against Akhhenaton and restored the cult of Ammon.

Ahkenaton worships the Sun.

Ancient Israelite religion was originally polytheistic; the Israelites worshipped many deities including El, Baal, Asherah, and Astarte. Yahweh was originally the national god of the Kingdom of Judah.

The ancient economies of China, the Incan Empire, the Indian Empires, Babylon, Greece, and the various kingdoms of Africa operated on principles of reciprocity and redistribution with a very limited role for markets.

Cycles: History repeats itself.

Below you see a picture of a cycle-generator that generates Cycles in Cycles (etc). Cycles are driven by harmonic patterns that have a lot in common with music (“the Music of the Spheres“).

The Waves and the Overtones of the cycle going Up and Down can be described with recurring themes part of a five-fold-pattern (Pentangle). This pattern shares the four World Views of Path of Change (PoC) with a center which represents a whole. . PoC is a very old theory about Change that was discovered by Will McWhinney.

Kondratiev Cycle has a cycle-time of 52 years. Currently we are in a State called a Spring. In Spring the economy is growing until it moves into a recession. Every step in the cycle is controlled by a specific issue related to a world-view of Paths of Change. The colors are reused in this blog. Green is Social, Blue is Control, Yellow is Imagination, RED is Action and White is Center/Whole (Geheel).
Cycle generator. desrcibed by a pentangle containing a pentangle etc shows how waves contain waves etc.

Two states of The State of Rome.

The Spiral of Time focused on Europe based on the Cycle of Bahktin.
The spiral of Time is based on Paths of Change Blue is control, Yellow is Imagination, Green is Social / conflict, White is Center and Red is Action/revolution. The white stage always starts a new Religion.

Rome was a state ruled by an elected emperor controlled by an elected parliament with representatives that were Roman Citizen.

Mitrash is slaying the white Bull. The Bull is a symbol for the the Star Sign Taurus.Taurus represents the Worldview Sensory.

Emperor Constantine the Great made Christianity the leading religion of Rome because it looked a lot like the belief of his soldiers the (persian) cult of Mitra. Mitra transformed into Archangel Michael.

The Emperor of Rome transformed into the Pope of Rome.

New Empires.

To the Romans, anyone who was not a citizen of Rome or who did not speak Latin was a barbarian. In Europe there were five major barbarian tribes – the Huns, Franks, Vandals, Saxons, and Visigoths (Goths) – and all of them wanted to destroy Rome.

The rulers of the barbarians soon created kingdoms, empire-states that took over the rule of Rome. As always the expansion of the new Empires generated conflicts and war.

The Secular State.

In the renaissance the Zeitgeist of Europe turned into the state of Imagination/Spirit.

The Bible was translated in the languages of the empires and a unique interpretation of the Christian Faith turned into a Work Ethic based on the theories of Calvin.

Cpitalism and the freedom of Faith were born. The State left the field of religion and the Secular _State was born.

The State of the (Capitalistic) Hawks.

“The German sociologist Franz Oppenheimer (1864-1943), said, there are only two ways for men to acquire wealth.

The first method is by producing a good or a service and voluntarily exchanging that good for the product of somebody else.

This is the method of exchange, the method of the free market; it’s creative and expands production; it is not a zero-sum game because production expands and both parties to the exchange benefit.

Oppenheimer called this method for the acquisition of wealth the “Economic means“.

The second method is seizing another person’s property without his consent, i.e., by robbery, exploitation ND/OR looting.

horus

The Noble Price winning Economist Daniel Kahneman wrote a book called Hawkish Biasis in which he explains economic behavior with the same attitudes Exchange (cooperation, Dove) and competition (Hawk, war, immoral behavior).

Oppenheimer called the thawkish method of obtaining wealth “the political means.” And then he went on to define the state, or government, as “the organization of the Political means,” i.e., the regularization, legiti­mation, and permanent establishment of the political means for the acquisition of wealth of the Hawks (the Upperclass) .

Socialism, Communism and Equality.

Around 1789 Europe was in the Social State meaning that social-conflicts started to increase.

The French Revolution (1789) started a revolt of the underclass that was hit by an economic crisis caused by a change of the climate caused by an explosion of a vulcano in Iceland. After the revolution the Middleclass (Bourgeoisie) took over the power and created factories powered by the steammachine. This stage in history is called the Industrial Revolution.

The Industrial revolution created a new underclass, the proletariat. Marx following Hegel detected that World History follows Patterns

The French Revolution triggered the start of the Socialistic Movement in England that caused many revolutions in for instance Russia and China. Both are countries that are controlled by an Elite (“the Party“).

russian revolution historiography

Although most of the time not highly visible all countries with a State are controlled by an Elite that creates a Network connected to special Schools/Universities, Political Parties and big Companies or networks of specialized comparable Small companies (Farmers rtc).

Cultural Revolution poster.jpg

The State as an Selforganizing System.

Anthony Giddens (1985) stresses that the emergence of the “Internally Pacified State” that centralizes the Means of Violence and hence prevents Armed Struggles between opposed classes was accompanied and enabled by a large expansion of the apparatuses of Surveillance and Bureaucratic Administration.

Giddens argues that the nation state is a “Power Container” [Giddens, 1985: 13] that stores and concentrates Authorative and allocative resources and that with the rise of capitalism the nation state replaced the City as the most important power container.

The Institutions of the State are the Keepers of the Rules that facilitate the systems in the state to self-organize:

Can a human society be constrained in such a way that self-organization will thereafter tend to produce outcomes that Advance the Goals of the society? Such a society would be self-organizing in the sense that individuals who pursue only their own interests would none-the-less act in the interests of the society as a whole, irrespective of any intention to do so. This paper identifies the conditions that must be met if such a self- organizing society is to emerge. It demonstrates that the key enabling requirement for a self- organizing society is ‘consequence-capture’. Broadly this means that all agents in the society must capture sufficient of the benefits (and harms) that are produced by their actions on the goals of the society. ‘Consequence-capture’ can be organized in a society by appropriate management (systems of evolvable constraints) that suppress free riders and support pro-social actions. In human societies these constraints include institutions such as systems of governance and social norms. The paper identifies ways of organizing societies so that effective governance will also self-organize. This will produce a fully self-organizing society in which the interests of all agents (including individuals, associations, firms, multi- national corporations, political organizations, institutions and governments) are aligned with the interests of the society as a whole.

4. The Constitutional State.

At the turn of the nineteenth century, the constitutional state took its origin from a revolution against absolutist rule and feudal inequality.

‘Constitution’ as a revolutionary new concept of law meant as an ideal-type: written, supreme, secular law, decided by the people and regulating all public power.

Constitutional monarchy was the dominant type of constitutional state in Europe throughout the nineteenth century.

It was marked by a fundamental dualism between monarchical and parliamentary power, which tended towards parliamentarization and came to an end with complete constitutionalization and democratization of European states as an outcome of the First World War.

While the post-war years represented the apex of European constitutionalism, the deep European crisis of the 1930s with the rise of dictatorship destroyed the core function of constitutionalism, to legally bind state power, which came to be restored only gradually after 1989 for the whole of Europe.

Currently a big part of Europe is controlled by the European Union (EU) created 1-1-1958. The citizen support for the EU is in a steep decline culminating in the rise and come back of many nationalistic parties and the Brexit (Exit of Brittain).

5. The Future of the Dutch Constitutional State.

In 2003 the WRR ( Dutch Government Scientific Think Thank) wrote a report about the future of the Dutch Constitutional State called a Rechtsstaat.

A Rechtsstaat is a “constitutional state” in which the exercise of governmental power is constrained by the law.

The big problem not adressed in the document above is that Law is a symbolic system that could be in line with the Zeitgeist or otherwise.

It is almost impossible to program the citizins of a country unless the program is put into many examples that are thaught at primary school.

Louis Althusser is a Marxist Philosopher who claims that Education is the Foundation of the Ruling Power of the State.

Civil Society.

The ZeitGeist is currently in the State of the Center (Whole, White, Boundaries).

Citizins want to be treated as respected Individuals (Informalization) and are exploring boundaries (Intensivation) . Young people Cross boundaries, companies work without boundaries (Globalization) and countries define new boundaries.

The system of rules governing a rechtstaat is becoming too complex and the connected system becomes too bureaucratic, while capacity problems are arising on account of the large flow of applications, public participation procedures, complaints, pleas and proceedings against the government on the part of assertive citizens.

Competing Rule Systems.

Next to this there are many more “rechts states” (EU, UN) that are are creating and enforcing competing rule-systems.

The Service State moves to the Market.

Public services are what make the state visible to its citizens.

Public services are citizens’ direct line to government. They make the state tangible through an almost daily interaction, direct or indirect.

public infrastructure made the previously far away centres of power more accessible.

Currently many public services are given over to the Market making the state more and more invisible.

The Third Sector.

Especially in small cities and parts of big cities (comparable to city-states) a new third sector is growing that contains cooperatives of civilians that develop shared autarkic non-for-profit (social) functions like energy& food-production, care for the elderly etc etc. These functions are based on exchange of material and services (reciprocity ).

This a model based on Paths of Change that is based on reports of the Social Cultural Planning Bureau in the Netherlands described in this blog (in Dutch).

6. The End of the Nation State.

(THis part of Chapter 6 is Cited from a part of this long article out of the Guardian)

“Similar varieties of populism are erupting in many countries. Several have noted the parallels in style and substance between leaders such as Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, Narendra Modi, Viktor Orbán and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

All countries are today embedded in the same system, which subjects them all to the same pressures.

20th-century political structures are drowning in a 21st-century ocean of deregulated finance, autonomous technology, religious militancy and great-power rivalry.

Finally, the old superpowers’ demolition of old ideas of international society – ideas of the “society of nations” that were essential to the way the new world order was envisioned after 1918 – has turned the nation-state system into a lawless gangland“;

Everything that was structured most of the time by a Top Down Hierarchical Structure and Controlled by Lawmakers that enforce their own rules is now attacked by many new connected (by a Telecom Network) bottom-up structures that make it possible to Control and Direct the Individuals in the Masses with Highly Intelligent Big Brother technology.

A Model of a Human based on the Paths of Change (PoC)-model.

The 2nd part of Chapter 6 is cited out of an Article out of Forbes.

From Top to Bottom.

There is a strong popular demand for decisions to be taken at lower levels than Central Government

At the extreme, this has fuelled Iindependence movements in Scotland, Quebec, Catalonia and Western Sahara, not to mention Palestine and Kosovo. Less dramatically, we see an increasing devolution of Central Powers in most countries.

Multinational Corporations are more powerfull than Governments:  They operate globally, unrestricted by borders

The biggest tech companies are now richer than most countries, and foreign Governments find it very difficult to tax them properly on the profits they make.  

Hannah Arendt The Origins of Totalitarianism.

At the very center of Hannah Arendt’s analysis of The Origins of Totalitarianism is her insight into the decline of European Nation-States.

Nation-states were always based on a fiction so that the demanded Liberté, égalité and, fraternité demanded by liberal States was held to be compatible with the national Homogeneity of the Nation.

But as different Ethnic Groups demanded recognition and rights and as refugees advocated for rights within traditional nation-states, the Tension between legal equality and national recognition set the nations of Europe Against the states and led to the rise of Fascism in Italy and Totalitarianism in Germany.

Today there are similar indications that nation-states are once again failing and . that the rise of populist nationalist movements around the world is a response to the widespread failure of nation-states to address 21st century problems.

This is why a strange brand of Apocalyptic Nationalism is so widely in vogue. But the current appeal of Machismo as Political Style, the Wall-building and Xenophobia,the fantastical Promises of National Restoration – these are not cures, but symptoms of what is slowly revealing itself to all: nation states everywhere are in an advanced state of political and moral decay.

7.The History of Terrorism, Anarchy, The End of the State by Violence.

Deprivation (poverty, lack of education, lack of political freedom) can drive people to terrorism.

Late in the 19th century, Anarchist labor unions began to use the tactic of general strike. This often resulted in violence by both sides and some of the strikes even resulted in the Deaths of striking workers, their replacements and security staff. In this climate, some anarchists began to advocate and practice terrorism or assassination.

Violence Against the State is used by Groups of People (“Freedom Fighters”) who do not recognize that the current State represents the (Origional) Citizins and/or that the Law of the State is not the Accepted general Law (“Religious Fighters“) of a Culture that occupies the State.

Sometimes the State uses Violence to Control the Citizens of the State (State Terrorism).

8. Living in a Cave: Lessons from The Pre-Historic State of the Humans.

Alvin Toffler , The Third Wave, After, the Hunter Gatherers the State was caused by the move to Agriculture. The big question is what the State will become in the Third Wave or What is the Fourth Wave.
Translating Rock Art. It looks like the Ancient Rock Art contains the Symbols we see in Ancient writing.

The State was created when we,the humans Stopped Moving Around, Settled Down and started Agriculture. . The first place we settled down were Caves.

Using mainly red pigments and sometimes black, groups of animals, hand stencils, engravings, dots, discs and geometric designs are depicted in the cave paintings.
Oldest known cave art was made by Neanderthals, not humans

Outside the Cave Nature was filled with many Animals and Plants we could eat.

To Kill Animals we made Weapons and to make weapons we needed Fire and Iron. Powerful Weapons were filled with Magic.

Magic is a System that gives the Focused Human Belief-System to take the role of Observer in Quantum Mechanics.

Joseph Campbell — Jung and the Right and Left-hand Paths. The Cycle of Life moves with and Against the Clock.

With the Clock moves the Path of Creation, the Path of Birth, Light, Spring and Summer.
Against the Clock (the path of Darkness, Winter and Autumn) is the Path of Destruction making place for New Life
.

As a a human we have to Cope with Violent Acts like an Accident, the Killing of an Animal that looks like a Human and the Strange Transformations of our Body we encounter when we Grow from a Child to a Grown-up.

Our transformation follows the Path of the Hero.

 

This path has a lot in common with Paths of Change, a General Theory about Change.

The Meta-Myth, the Path of the Hero describes the way Humans move out of the patterns enforced by Society and the State and come back with a new Vision.
Paths of Change. based on the Spiral of the Universal One of Walter Russelll

The Humans in the Cave became Aware of the Cycles of the Day, The Year and the Equinox.

They crated Rituals to cope with Stress and to avoid Bad Luck.

OSEPH CAMPBELL: “After the animal has been killed, the hunter then has to fulfill certain rites in a a mystic participation with the animals whose death he has brought about, and whose Meat is to become his Life.

So the killing is not simply slaughter, at any rate, it’s a Ritual Act. It’s a recognition of your dependency and of the Voluntary Giving of this food to you by the Animal“.

Dr. Stephan Hoeller at the Gnostic Society in Los Angeles talks about MAgic and Animal Powers.
During the beginning of humanity certain people (now called Shamans) had the possibility to look at the other worlds and receive inspiration from higher entities sometimes called a God. The Shamans turned into the Priests until they were replaced by people who spoke the words of the High Priests.

The humans in the cave specialized and new Crafts came to life. The oldest “jobs” were the Firemaker and the BlackSmith. Both jobs were taken by Shamans. Important crafts were projected on the Gods.

In the Creation-Myths Gods like Ptah and Vulcan were worshiped as the Creator of all things and the patron of various crafts, such as Sculpting and Metalworking.

The Blacksmiths are the Makers & the Warriors.They have a lot in common with the Druids and Bards of the Celts and the Magi of Persia. A Blacksmith was called a Merlin in Celtic Culture.

dia41_h600px.jpg

Vulcan – God of fire and volcanoes as well as Smith of the gods

The Dagda is portrayed in Celtic Myth as a Father-figure, king, and druid.He owns a Magic Staff, which kills with one end and brings to life with the other, a Cauldron which never runs empty (Symbol of the Heart Chakra) , and a magic Harp which can control men’s emotions and Change the Seasons

The Ancient Egyptians Blacksmiths, the Heru-Behutet, are associated with the Power of the Serpent (“the Ka“) and the Winged Disk, the symbol of the Zodiac (Astrology).

Image result for Heru Behutet

Heru Behutet is shown as a Hawk-Headed Man bearing the double crown of Egypt, holding Metal Weapons, and more often as a Winged Disk flanked by a White and a Black Cobra (White and Black Alchemy).

Te story of Osiris (The Old King of Egypt, The Old Order, Blind, ISIS (Queen of the Underworld, Chaos looking for her Husband, Order and the brother of Osiris Seth (the Devil, Evil) He kills Osiris and Cuts him in 42 Pieces (the Number of the Nomes of Egypt) and distributes them all over Egypt.
ISIS makes love to his Penis and Horus the Falcon with the Eye of Insight is born who brings back order. A Horus and Isis are the Black Madonna (Mary Magdelena).


This is a good example of the Cycle of Paths of Change.

 

Th Black Madonna with the Child Jesus is Isis, the Mother of the Underworld with Horus the Child she got from Penis of Osiris, the Old King of Egypt and of Order.

The Mesniu had shaved heads, wore short tunics that exposed their chests, and bore either an inverted Lance or some other Metal instrument.

In the rear of their temples was situated a “Holy of Holies,” called the Mesnit, which was only accessible by the Mesniu. A Holy of Hollies is Fractal Model.

In the Bible the Blacksmiths are associated with the children of Tubal Cain. One of his descendants is Hiram, the Master Builder of the Temple of Solomon. Building big Buildings became an Art.

Ron Eglash. Fractal Patterns in African Culture.
Fractal African Village
The Fractal Pattern of an African Village with a Holy of Hollies.

In African Orisha Culture, the Ogun, the Blacksmiths are always isolated in a special group outside Society because they are the carriers of the Third, (Evil) Eye of Horus and are able to manipulate the Force of Life, Nyama or Ka (Chi, Prana, Ether, the Fifth Element).

Creative People are able to manipulate the Power that Creates.

Image result for biology status symbols birds sexual reproduction

As soon as the States were created Humans started to Trade & exchange Objects, Creating a new concept called Wealth.

Humans measure their Importance by the physical objects (including caves and animals) they own or are able to buy. They show their importance just like animals in the way they look, wear clothes and the Language they speak.

Humans are experts in detecting lying but we are experts in lying when we deceive ourselves.

There many types of animals that create and defend a Territory.

9. Are Humans different from Animals & Organisms?

Robert SaPolsky: We have much more in common with all kinds of Animals and organisms we think. We all synchronize because we all vibrate and produce signals sometimes of a chemical nature (pheromones).Hmans and Animals use a solution to the Prisoners Dilemma, Tit-for-Tat as a way to survive making Tit-for-Tat a Universal Law. Tit-for-tat is called an Eye for an Eye in the Bible.


The only thing we are different from is Abstraction Methaphor and Being Motivated by something that is Almost Impossible. We love to take Obstacles.
Another Explanation about How we are Different from Apes. We have slowed down and spend a lot of time imitating and producing other humans. We are excellent Copy-Machines.
Robert Trivers The Logic of Deceit and Self-Deception in Human Life Organisms decept to survive and Humans decept themselves. the primary reason we fool ourselves is to fool others“. Humans are exceptionally good at picking up various verbal and physical cues (e.g., speech intonation, eye movements,…) that indicate when another human is practicing deception.
There are many situations such as playing “chicken” and seeing who will back down first, where it can actually benefit an organism to deceive itself, by so doing the organism can better deceive others.

Multilevel Societies emerge from Cultural Transmissions.

Organisms create Complex Organisational structures that look like a State. They do that by Imitating others that look Similar or Act Similar. Acting Similar (Copying) is the reason for Synchronization.

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Object name is ncomms9091-f1.jpg
Empirical multilevel network depicting the three nested levels in the sperm whale society off the Galápagos Islands: individuals within social units within vocal clans.

 

10: States: What makes them Work?

Humans attribute a human Personality to an Active process (an Agent). The weather is nice and States look like a Father ANDor a Mother. or a Family.

George Lakoff is a specialist in Metaphor. A Metaphor is a function between two models.

For instance Freud made a model of the Human by Mapping the Human Body to a Steam Machine.

George Lakoff believes in his book Moral Politics that US Citizins see the State according to their party as a Nurturing Mother (Democrats) or a Strict Father (Republicans) part of a Family (Being a Tribe).

Metaphors are also often used to motivate a country going to a War or to perform another Violent Act.

States are often represented by Humans (Mother Russia) or a Bounded Location (the Heimat, Germany).

States are Born and Grow Up just like Humans.

Just like life a birth is not a gentle process but comes with stress and pain. The Big Battles between states live for many years and the Reason can be revoked to start a new Battle.

The same applies when a State was a Superpower in the past. States without a shared dramatic story don’t motivate citizens to support the state without asking questions.

The State works when the Citizens are able to Trust the state and or be Proud to be part of the state they live in. The state is Evaluated by its Activities but also by the people it represents (PoliticianS).

When we use model of Path of Change (picture below) we can see that Politicians combine Rules and Social (vice verse) which means that they play a Game in which they make a combination between What People Believe and What they Value and are PART OF A CYCLE in which ACTION and REFLECTION takes place.

The task of the Politician is to establish Consensus between the citizens of the State.

Paths of Change model applied to Communication.
Paths of Chhange Model applied to Making.
Moral Pilitics Georg Lakoff.

 

11 Will The Techno State bring Real Democracy?

Many thought the internet would spawn a Digital democratic utopia: Today, we witness the opposite Hacking elections and Polarizing open societies.

Democracy is not only about Voting but also about having a Voice to articulate what is Needed. Citizens want to participate in the beginning of a project and not only use the result. One of the possibilities is to Vote with the Tax you Pay .

Roslyn Fuller: Citizen Participation in an International Context

Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a democratic process in which community members decide how to spend part of a public budget. It gives people real power over real money.

PB started in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in 1989, as an anti-poverty measure that helped reduce child mortality by nearly 20%.

Since then PB has spread to over 3,000 cities around the world, and has been used to decide budgets from states, counties, cities, housing authorities, schools, and other institutions.

 

 

 

 

About Meta-Engineering

This blog is about a new foundation of Technology and Science . This foundation is found deep in the Imagination where we create our Reality,

This blog is in honour of Edsger Wiebe Dijkstra who was a short time in 1969 my teacher at Leiden University when Computer Science was still a part of Mathematics.

Edsger Dijkstra never stopped to find the foundation of IT in Mathematics.

Programming is one of the most difficult branches of applied mathematics; the poorer mathematicians had better remain pure mathematicians (Edsger Wiebe Dijkstra).



An Inter
view with Edsger Wiebe Dijkstra.

Later in this blog I introduce Kent Palmer who did 4 times a PHD on Meta-engineering.
If Edsger Dijkstra would live today he would be very happy with Functional Programming (FP). In FP a Program is a Mathematical Function and Data is called a Type. In terms of a “normal” language A Program is a Function is a Verb and Data is a Type is a Noun. A Noun is a nominalization of a Verb. In terms of Time A Function is a Dynamic/ Moving/Movie, A Noun is static is a Photo or a Frame in the Movie. The Difference bewteen FP and “normal” Programlanguages is that FP can be proven just like a mathematical theory.

In this blog you will see that Meta-Mathematics provides the key to a new software-foundation and going one level deeper to a better understanding of Physics.

This blog is about the Art of Making Tools that Support Humans in every step of their Life where Making is Implementing models based on a Vision that rises out of a Collective.

The AUTOMATION PARADOX.

“The more automated machines are, the less we rely on our own skills. But instead of relying less on automation to improve our skills, we instead rely even more on automation.”

Every New Innovation in IT makes us More Dependent on this Innovation .

Image result for What is King Solomonbaby sword"
King Solomon Solves a Wicked Problem by Introducing a not-Desirable Technical Solution..

Technology (and Science) is (and Politics are)the Cause and the Solution of many Wicked Poblems.

The reason is that Politicians forget to look at Reality and Engineers forget to look at the Users of their systems or forget to look at the Impact of their Systems on society or Nature.

In the end the problem looks Unsolvable and the engineers start with a New (Better?) Approach (technique, method).

Wicked Problems Generate New wicked problems when they are Solved and often end up in a Huge (Social) Conflict between the Stakeholders.

wicked problems are Solved by System Thinking combined with Collaborative Learning. and High Order Cybernetics (Circular Models, Many Iterations and Feedback Loops).

Controlled by a Special Type of Dialoque initially invented by the Physicist David Bohm (chosen by Einstein as his successor) in Cooperation with the Indian Philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti. (initially chosen by the Theosophical Society to become the Maytreya) Written about in the book On Dialoque by David Bohm.

About Mental Space.
Collaborative Learning contains 3 connected Cycles connected in a Cycle. The )sub-cycles) operate in a Social Context, Mental Space and Physical Space. This model is an application of one level of Paths of Change (see Part 2 of this Blog).
The Circular Paths of Change applied to System Development. See Part 2 of this Blog. The Cycle consists of 4 Independent Points of View consists of >12 steps because every connection between two Points of View is Bilateral. Observe that the cycle is a Square and that every Square that is a Point of View can be divided in Cycles. that can be divided in Cycles (etc, etc)that Move With and/or Against the Clock.

In this Blog I Ttry to develop a Circular (Cyclic) Context-Dependent View on Technology.

Wicked Problems involve Many Stakeholders with different Values and Priorities, Issues with Roots that are Complex and Tangled. Problems that are Difficult to come to grips with and that Change with every Attempt to address them.The challenge has No Precedent. There’s Nothing to indicate the Right answer to the problem.Wicked problems can be Solved by Applying Paths of Change (Part 2)

About Dialoque Mapping:

About Dialoque Mapping.

=>List of Chapters.

Part 0: Introduction. This chapter written in a Dualistic Style ends with a Video of a Presentation of Neil Theise about Non-Dual Realism which Could Be the Theme of this Entire post.

Part 1 Managing Complex Engineering Projects using COLLIN.(Collective Intelligence) developed by Engineers of the Technical University Delft. Collin contains a Video of the Geometric Process-Model developed by Theo Lohman. This model has a lot in common with Paths of Change.

If you are Only interested in Managing Complex Engineering projects you can find a very extensive Dissertation about this subject in this part. If you want to know more you can also Contact me.

Part 2 about Change management and Paths of Change.(PoC), a very Old Philosophy highly related to the Research of Carl Jung about the Quaternion.

Paths of Change are fractal Cyclic (CirCular) models that combine many Independent Points of View (Worldviews).

in Part 3 I introduce you to the work of Kent Palmer. He defined Schema Theory as a theoretical Framework for system Design. A Schema is a 2xN-Dimensional Frame

Part 4 Why Meta-Systems, are a Schap (Scape). and why the Future lies behind the HORIZON which is where Infinity(the point we will never reach) is situated.

A scape (in for instance in landscape) is a horizontal (2×2) frame we use to project verything we See (“insight“).

A Meta-System is a scape that contains a scape (ad infinitum). We almost always forget to take the context into account when we design changes with a high impaqt.

About Projective Geometry, Space-Time, the Chronotope and the Philosophy of Bhaktin .

Bhaktin found a Pattern behind all the Books of World Literature he Read when he was imprisoned for lifetime in Stalin’s Gulag Archipel.

Part 5 is about Phenomenology

: a theory about what we as Embodied HUmans are able to See with our Emotions.

Part 6 About Ancient Science of Egypt .

Part 7 About Predicting Dreams and the Role of consciousness in Design.

Designs are not created out of nothing but are Received in our dreams from the Spirits (Gins) that Inspire us.
inner self
A Gini is a Gardian Angel that acts as the Higher Self. The Higher self is able to see the Past and the Future from the Now.

Part 8: About WHoles, holes and Holons.

Part 9; How the Future influences the Past. This is a result of Feynmann Wheeler Absorber Theory

Part 10. about Cycles TechnologyCycles, and Why Synchronization is the cause of Hypes.

In this chapter I show that it is possible to Predict the Future of Technology with a very high Accuracy.

This Cycle was known 1000nds of years ago and used to Predict the Future of Kings and States.

Part 11. about Industries, Meta-Industries,

Why a City is an Organism and why engineers have to become Ecology-managers.

Our Industry is destroying not only Earth but also our particles (CERN) and our Body (with Chemicals). We have to believe in our Biofield.

Part 12: About Creativity and Innovation (TRIZ & ASIT).ASIT is about Thinking In the Box.

Part 13:: About the Philosophy of Technology.

Part 14: About Cybernetics.

Part 15: About Art and Meta-Art. Why Modern Art is a Technology.

PArt 16 About Webs. Who is weaving the web we Live in?

Part 17 ABout Intuition, and Mathematics with many Links about Proof-and Type-theory.

and new developments in Meta-MetaMathematics (The SymbolScape) .

Part 18: About Schema-theory and Duality(Link to Document of Kent Palmer with a personal explanation of his theory.

Part 19: About Magic as a Technology. Do spirits exist? (Link to Presentation about Egyptian Magic).

Part 20: About Rhetorics, the Art of Memory and the relarionship between Rhetorics and Music.

With memory (Akasha) we keep the World Alive.

Part 21: About Architecture in Building and Software.

What is Beauty, What is a Living Building?

About Quality and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance.

About Lila, Dynamic Quality and Quantum Mechanics.

About Christopher Alexander and the Luminous Ground.

Part 22: Looking for a Theory of everything

Part 23: About Stuff and Things.

Part 24: About the Conformal Bootstrap.

Part 25: Conclusion.

The End: Bookeeping of this Blog.

Part 0: Introduction

I Started Writing this Blog on June 29th 2019.

I have spend Every Day until today to do Research or to write.

The blog shows you how to improve engineering perhaps by doing the Opposite of improving (not-Improving (maintenance, Keeping Alive) or the Opposite of the Opposite (destroying?, getting rid of?, clean up, transforming?) .

Engine-ering (Machineering) is about Making Remaking or Taking Care of something (a Seed?) or someone.

This Blog is still in Development but every part is worthwile.

Start where you want and move around.

This Blog is a Piece of (meta)-Art because It is Writing itself.

If you want to Look at a Summary of this Blog look at the Video Below about the Fundamental Awareness Model of Neil D. Theise and Kafatos.

Summary of the Summary: Everything that goes Wrong makes things Work and every New Theory we Detect is the result of an Observation at the Wrong Scale.

Engineering Innovates by Learning from the Mistakes off Others. We could even innovate by Generating Mistakes that generate Solutions to Problems that do not Exist.

Summary of the Summary of The Summary : Nature and Humans Experiment. (Just like Engineers do).

What looks like a Body at one Scale of Perception is Billions of Cells and Trillions of Molecules on Another Scale.

Life is an Autopoietic Machine which is a Machine organized as a Network of Processes of production of components which realize the network of processes that produce them.

Death caused by a Disaster is needed to invoke an Alternative Path to Improve Life.

We experience our ‘Selves’ as Both a current Set of EMERGING Feelings, Sensations, and Thoughts, as well as a Boundaryless Ocean of Memories and Imagination.

Our Universe is a Conscious Experience which expresses itself in novel ways for the purpose of Enriching Experience.

Non-Dual Conscious Realism ~ Neil Theise:

Part 1 Managing Big Engineering Projects.

Big engineering projects almost always fail (and are therefore highly Innovative).

This blog is written to improve Engineering or to create a new Type of engineering that is in tune with the Spirits of Nature. and founded on the most robust foundation of Science which is mathematics.

Thanks to Kent Palmer this blog will also bring systems-theory in line with the State of the Art in philosophy.

Out of the many documents of Kent Palmer I use you will see that he is trying to Recreate Ssystems-Theory from the Bottom. This Bottom is very old and lies in China, India and Egypt.

Imagining Nothing is Something but Nothing, “the VOID” (currently called the vacuum) , could contain the source of creation we always use when we make something out of nothing. (this is the essence of the Diamond Sutra).

After  a few lines my English Text Starts->

De inspiratie om te gaan schrijven ontstond toen ik door Harm Rozie in contact werd gebracht met ingenieurs die bezig waren met het verbeteren van hun vakgebied onder de noemer (First Time Right).

De reden is dat de meeste technologieprojecten die vaak meer dan een miljard kosten mislukken en dat het er op lijkt dat de aannemers erg veel baat hebben van dit mislukken omdat dan alles nog een keer of meer moet.

-> Part 1 : Collin.Managing Complex Projects

The amount of failing complex technology-projects is increasing.

I got in contact with a group of people connected to the Technical University of Delft who were trying to solve this problem.

One of them is Theo Lohman.

He developed a method called Collin (Collective Intelligence).

The model of Collin

Leo Ruijven, wrote a dissertation about Collin (and more) called : A unified framework improving interoperability and symbiosis in the field of Systems Engineering.

Kent Palmer has been busy in the US to solve the same problems in a completely different way.

Kent is building a new engineering theory he calls Schema Theory.

Theo and others have  developed Relatics . Relatics is a tool to support the making of project-documentation.

You can link documents to a common project-datamodel. The idea behind Relatics is that big projects fail because the participants loose oversight.

This can be prohibited  by making standardized documentation.Relatics is a manual tool. You have to make the projectmodel and the  links to the content/documentation by hand.

We (Alchemist BV) have developed a tool that makes a semantic-network  out of the content of a project using text-mining.

This tool can also be used to make a semantic network out of of any software-code.

THis tool is a result of a Big project (called Resolver) I started at ABN AMRO around 1991 to solve our big software integration problems caused by a merger under pressure.

After a long time of search and research all over the world we ended up at the CWI (Center for Mathematics and Informatics) close to our headquarters in Amsterdam where Paul Klint was developing a meta-parser. .

Alchemist is the result of research by Wim Goes to solve the problem that the rules of the parsers (“translators) of software-languages are changing all the time with every new language. or new version of the language.

To become future-proof we needed a general tool.

This tool was developed on top of an advanced text-mining-tools proving that a progam-language is nothing but a specialized human language with the same problems (“dialects”, etc) as human languages have.

Alchemist not only generates a semantic-network but it also detects patterns behind the many pieces of software and contextual textual content a company (or a network of companies) produces.

It shows the implicit progress of the activity of many people who look at the same context with a different view.

Part 2. Paths of Change (PoC)

Paths of Change taken out of the Book the Universal; One by Walter Russell.

I found out that Collin has a lot to do with Paths of Change (Poc) of Will Mcwhinney. The main reason is that PoC contains a widely applicable general framework that has been used for many ages in many cultures.

PoC is a Meta-Theory (or better a Meta-Praxis) that explains many theories (and philosophies).

PoC uses the concept of Worldview, a Sensory definition of a unique perspective at the world you live in. “

look/view” is not the right word because one of the worldviews is called  Sensory.

Poc has a lot in common with the Archetypes of Jung (Sensing, Thinking (Unity, Models, Rules), Feeling (Social, Emotions) and Intuiting (Mythic, Imagination).

The worldviews of PoC are orthogonal which means that the views are independent.

They are a 2×2 combination of Expansion (red) and Contraction (blue) often called the Cosmic Breath.

The most simpe representation of the Cosmic Breath is a two-side arrow (<->).

The four worldviews are independent and are a 2×2 combination of expansion and contraction

PoC is a fractal framework which means that Poc can be applied to  Itself.

Poc is also a clyclic framework which means that the views of the Paths of Change are connected in a cycle (and a meta-cycle (etc.) that moves With (Introvert) and   Against the cClock (Extravert) .

Poc also contains a center. (the cross) that can be seen as a Projection of Consciousness seen as the Observer.

Below a view on a Chinese model called the Five Elements Map.

The four corners of the square of PoC and the center of the Cross add up to Five Perspectives.

The Four + one center Elements come back in many Cultures and in Old and Recent Science.

As you can see the two directions of the movement are called destructive (Against the Clock, Consuming) and generative/ Productive.

The two movements connect and create a Moebius Ring (the number 8 ((infinity) FOR EVER).

5elements

Wicked and other Problems are solved by Making a connection between the Worldviews to create a cyclic Path of Change.

Every 2-combination (called a Game) of Worldviews is a step in a circular Path of Change is named with many names.

For instance Unitary<-> Sensory is called Make (Unity->Sens) or Analyze. (Sens->Unity). Sen-Unity is named the Analytical Game Sensory-Social, the Game of the Market. and Mythic-Social is the GAme that Creates Games.

Combinations of Steps are related to well known Methods. 4-Rotations with or against the Clock are High Level Resolution Paths called Renaissance(Rebirth) or REvitalization.

Later in this Blog you will see that there are many Theories that are easely mapped to PoC.

Slide04

Garl Jung called the framework behind his Archetypes a Quaternion, a 4×4-square that contains complementary (“dual“) concepts (Senses/Facts vs Imagination), (Object/Unity) vs/Subject (Social).

Complementary concepts share the void when they are united. They are often called a Paradox.

The Quaternion has a lot in common with the Chinese  Lo Shu Magic square which is the “generator” of the ancient Chinese Cyclic Models.

The Lo-Shu was given to the mythical Emperor Yu before the great Deluge when he was sitting at the Yellow River.

The Lo Shu Magic Square was an important model for time and space and served as a basis for city planning, tomb design, and temple design. The Magic Square was used to designate spaces of political and religious importance.

The Lo Shu Square on the back of a small turtle surrounded by the signs of the Chinese zodiac
.

The Turtle is a synbol of Orion a constellation that played an important role in many ancient cultures.

The pyramids of Egypt were oriented at Orion and Sirius (the Dog Star).

The Dogon in Africa who knew a lot about ancient Egypt tell in their creation story about the extraterestials (the Nommos) that came from Sirius B to create life on Earth. They were the first engineers on earth.

Jung got a lot of his ideas out of a very long discussion about the dreams of Wolfgang Pauli, one of the creators of Quantum Mechanics.

A Quaternion is a square. A square can be divided by a line into two Triangels. The mathematical Triangle is highly related to the Spiritual triangel, the trinity .

The Triangel is also a Basic Building Block in Geometry.

The work of Kent Palmer is called Schema Theory.Schema Theory uses Mathematics  as a foundation and shows that the history of mathematics follows the history of Engineering. Both make use of the same ideas/concepts.

To me this is fine because  I am a trained mathematician.

The nice thing with mathematics is that most mathematicians are also philosopher because both need the same concepts to explain what they are looking for or have found.

Kent Palmer uses the concept of the Schema as a central frame to explain what is or was happening in Engineering . A Schema is a 2-dimensional frame.

Part 3: Kent Palmer About Naming SYstems

My Father was born in the center of the Netherlands called “de Veluwe”. His family spoke a different dialect as my mothers family.

Later I met other people with different dialects. I even found out that Science and Banking use their own dialect.

A Dialect is a unique way in which people speak a language that is often highly related to a shared language.

There are many ways to group dialects (Location, Social Class, Profession,.History, culture ..). Dialects can be highly confusing that’s why standardizing terminology is needed when you want to make enduring relationships. 

Bahktin, a Russian Philosopher spent his whole life researching literature.

Bahktin developed the concept of the Chronotope : “the intrinsic connectedness of temporal and spatial relationships that are artistically expressed in literature”.

Bahktin found many cycles (the Wheel of Life) that are explained by Paths of Change.

Bahktin wrote a lot about Systemscapes called a Context. He believed that structuring (Coding) kills a context by destroying its potential:

A context is potentially unfinalized; a code must be finalized. A code is only a technical means of transmitting information; it does not have cognitive, creative significance. Code is deliberately killed context.

ferris wheel under blue sky

In 1976 At ABN (a big bank) I was asked to take care of the Data and the Terminology of the bank (Data-Management). We used a special database called a Dictionary to store all the definitions of the data and their technical implementations in database, software and manual processes. The model of the Dictonary was called a Meta-Model.

After some time we found out that the meta-model was a self-reference (a fractal) and it all came back to my favorite subject I found when I was trained as a Computer Scientist at the University of Leiden by a group Scientists which included Edsger dijksta .

To teach us we  were given highly difficult problems we had to solve in a very short time using a highly limited computer (1969 CRI Leiden). I found out that the best solutions were Always Fractal.

Later the specifications of the software and the coding  were stored in the same dictionary now called a Repository.

Later I got into contact with many scientists that were highly interested in data and the meaning (semantics) of data.

In my fathers dialect  a  Plank was called a schap. In English Schap is called scape . A plank is a horizontal frame that is used to carry objects.

A LandScape is A portion of land or territory which the eye can comprehend in a single view, including all the objects it contains.

A Horizontal Frame can be seen from a Stake. A stake (“paal”) is a pointed foundation hit in the ground.

When you climb  the Stake you can see the Horizon.

When you climb you use a scale.The Horizon is a Horizon-tal Line.calm water with sun and orange skyPerspective (looking thhrough a hole) was invented by Painters in the Renaissance and was transformed into Projective Geometry that was transformed into the Model of Curved Space/Time that was used by Einstein when he developed Special Relativity Theory.

Alfred Durer demonstrates his Perspective Machine.

Vriendschap is called Friendship in English.

A Ship is a Scape. a horizontal frame floating on Water.

A Scape, a view or picture of a scene, has various synonyms: context, situation, environment, ecosystem, medium, milieu,or Gestalt.

In the linked document called Naming Systems Kent Palmer writes bout Meta-Systems, Meta-Systems float above normal Systems.

Meta  means about the thing itself. It’s seeing the thing from a higher perspective.

When you want to get oversight you have to go UP until you see the Horizon. UP is called Abstracting.

An Abstracted System is always simpler than the System itself. This means that Abstracting is leaving “things out”.

When the process of leaving things out is chaotic you will leave the relation between the Meta-System and the System it is about.

If this is the case the total development-process is in a mess.

To save the project or sometimes even the company you have to find all the content produced and reconstruct the genesis of the project to pick up the pieces.

When ABN and AMRO (another big Bank) were fused I was made co-responsible for this process.

To fuse the two banks we needed new technology (called reverse-engineering) to get the meaning out of all the stored content in many sometimes very old libraries called archives.

We even needed tools to extract the meaning out of operational software without source and object in in the state of a load module.

To save the bank we even had to look worldwide for solutions and got into contact with institutions (NASA) that finally pointed back to Scientists in the Netherlands.

This started an ongoing research-relationship until today in which we develop new tools to handle the new content (pictures, movies, ,,)  available and try to reach a higher level of understanding.

An important point to note is that software-engineers especially in highly complex businesses have perhaps solved more problems than the engineers that started the field of system-engineering.  I am sure that Kent Palmer is aware of this point.

Part 4:  Kent Palmer About Meta-Systems

Kent Palmer wrote a document: The Advance of the Systems Engineering Discipline through an understanding of Meta-systems theory.

To write This part I have copied ltext out of the document but have also added pieces of my own thinking/out of my own practice.

Paths of Change (PoC) contains connected Steps that are defined by a World-View. A World is a long period of time. The steps always end at the same step. That is why PoC is called a Cycle.

A world-view is about looking in a special way or at a special direction at a scape.

As we already saw we are looking Up into the sky when we are abstracting. When we have abstracted (made things simpler) we have developed a theory.

When we apply/use the theory we are practising. Practice is about going Down until we are standing with our feed on the ground (earth).

We can also look backwards (the Beginning, Creation, History) or forwards (Future, Horizon).

Systems Engineering can be viewed as a practical discipline and Systems Theory as an academic pursuit.

A dual is a mirror of paired concepts. Theory and practice are duals.Their mirror is the reverse of a  process we call abstracting.

A Mata-System is a dual of a System but it is not necessary that the reverse-process is a mirror.

A System has an environment or ecosystem (” or a Scape) that surrounds it and which it is embedded in. This use of “meta” means beyond (or part of or connected to )  rather than above.

In this case systems can even live (or interact) in their-Scape.

Systems (in terms of theories) can even be tested in their Meta System without going from theory to practice.Perhaps practice does not need theory or practice is ahead of theory.

The only thing we have to detect is the stake we have climbed to see the horizon of the system or what is behind its horizon.

Systems Theory should learn from Systems Engineering. But there are equally many places where the reverse is true.

Systems Theory has no practical side that allows it to generate problems for the academics to solve. But on the other hand Systems Engineering lacks the theoretical foundation that will allow it to ground its practice.

It can appropriate Systems Theory but really it needs not just a Systems Theory but also the inverse of that, a Meta-systems Theory. It will take both of these to ground a robust Systems Engineering practice.

Part 5: Kent Palmer: Emergent Design: Explorations in Systems Phenomenology in Relation to Ontology, Hermeneutics and the Meta-Dialectics of Design

This is a highly complex document with a lot of discussion about subjects most engineers don’t know about. I have taken out of this document what I can use to make a point. I understand that a part of the language is too difficult.Text between “is a citation

Systems Engineering is focused on creating systems as artifacts that are used and operated, which, in turn, change the environment for newer systems that will take their place in the future“.

“These systems are created by a lengthy and involved development process that includes: Requirements Development, Architectural and Sub-system Design, Implementation, Verification, Validation, Integration, and Operation”.

Schemas are templates of pre-understanding of spacetime envelopes that we project onto our experience in order to differentiate objects of different scales in terms of their dimensionality”.

Kent Palmer is desperately trying to find a level of abstraction (a place high in  Sky) to make a distinction between all the ways objects (humans but also animals or perhaps machines) that look or are aware have an understanding of the environment they exist in.

He believes that we live in space/time which is the result of a very long  process of thinking about perspective in painting which is looking through a very small hole at a scape.

In the scape we look at objects he calls envelopes (something filled with something else). In spacetime objects have a location that possibly moves in space and a form that also moves and changes in time. humans make pictures/movies/content of the movement share/ communicate about the content and remember/imagine and make models of the content.

Space/time is a highly dynamic environment.What we make or have made is sometimes stable for some time but the process of making (“engineering”) disappears and is sometimes reconstructed (archeology“) with a lot of imagination involved.

sand desert statue pyramid
Spynx

A schema looks like a method but Kent Palmer calls it a template of pre-understanding.

The richness of nature comes from the variety of schematic organizations (“a ants nest”) that are being projected by different species, while the artificial creation of our human centered environments tends to blot them out and replace them with our own schematizations exclusively, which leads to a lessening of the variety of schematizations that can be realized in the overall natural environment“.

Are Ants engineers?

Ants are genetacally programmmed to repeat the same behavior when they are chemically (Pheromones) triggered.

It looks like organisms that are very different from the human and that don’t use language are able to ceate artifacts that are highly comparable to what human engineers are making. Until now we don’t know how they are doing this.

I believe their creation is guiding them to make a new creation. They live in their own design which forces them to maintain and create old and new designs.

animal world apiary beehive bees

Kent Palmer makes a difference  between ants and humans by using the concept  of a  Shared  experience. of a lifeworld.

This concept was created by Edmund Hussler around 1936.”The ‘lifeworld is a grand theatre of objects variously arranged in space and time relative to perceiving subjects“.

A “ifeworld means a person’s subjective construction of reality, which he or she forms under the condition of his or her life circumstances“.Slide1

the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it.

.All experience is organized by Templates of Understanding.

Once a phenomenon has been assigned a template it is possible to begin to come to terms with it by discovering its essence, the categories it belongs to, its unique characteristics, and its significance. If

we reverse this process as we do when we design something new, then the schemas become the anchor of everything we design. . schemas are hidden in normal practice, because the schemas are understood as tacit knowledge.

Part 6:  About the Age of Reason and the Power of the Imagination.
Kent Palmer writes about the many  strange coincidences that happened when he was looking for patterns that could help him to extend General Systems theory.

The same happened to me. It all happened when I got into an unexpected Jump Of my Kundalini.

This happens when (the 7th)and the down chakra (called Trumpets in the Bible) fuse.

This   started a strange process of synchronicity that brought me a lot of information about the theory behind ancient knowledge.

This ancient knowledge returned to the West (Italy) at the Renaissance when the archives of the center of knowledge of the ancient world in Heliopolis (Egypt)(later  Alexandria) were found in Byzantium

Heliopolis was a Scientific center of the World a long time ago and attracted “scientists” sometimes called Magicians  (see Magi) that advised the Rulers of the World that wanted to prevent the world for a new disaster comparable to the Great Flood.

Observe that we now are living in the Age of the Waterbearer. We are now already flooded by images and texts that TAKE all our TIME.

One of the visitors of Heliopolis Plato warned for this time, the time when we would lose the ability to memorize and make use of the Memory Palace we now call the Zodiac.

The most important knowledge to protect  was  the control of the Power of the Mind by the Imagination.

To block this power a counter-movement was organized out of Venice, the financial center of the world. The managers of this movement started to promote Reason as a powerful force.

They decided to use Newton as as an Example of  a briljant Scientist and started to block the thinking of Leibniz that had a lot to do with Alchemy, the Science of Ancient Egypt.

So ABove So Below: The fractal pattern of the Moebius Ring repeats itself, The Cup of the Heart is a Dual Trumpet called  Chakra in India.

This al started the Age of Reason

, The Enlightment, in which the Imagination was transformed into the confusing Fantasy and the warm Emotions of the Heart became a blockage for Cold scientific thinking.

Part 7:  AboutPredicting Dreams and Consciousness

The Neuroscience of Consciousness – with Anil Seth

many people feel the power of an .Ancient Religious Place like a Cathedral of the Middle Ages. The catholic powers often reused the power of these ancient places.

A good example is  Chartres which was a holy place of the Druids.

BlackMadonna

The Black Virgin of Chartres Cathedral.

The book the Third Reich of Dreams shows that people know what will happen in the Future. 

After Hitler came to power in 1933, Charlotte Beradt, a Berlin-based journalist, began to awaken night after night bathed in perspiration, teeth clenched in terror.

On one of these nights, after dreaming of being hunted “from pillar to post” by storm troopers, a new thought arrived: what if she wasn’t the only one?

What if the things that appeared in her nightmares were also being visited upon other people?

This startling thought set in motion the seeds of a research project. Beradt quietly began to query people about their dream-life. 

She found out that many people dreamed the same dreams and dreamed the concentration camps of the NAZIS long before they were invented.

When people are brought under hypnosis they can be brought back to the past (into their past lifes) and into the Future. The experiments of Helen Wambach showed that people are able to predict a shared future with a high accuracy. 

The best explanation for the fusion of Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory is the so called Wheeler Feynman Aborber Theory. This theory shows that it is possible to influence history in the future.

John Wheeler believes that the Universe is a Self-Observing system. Wheeler suggested that reality is created by observers and that: “no phenomenon is a real phenomenon until it is an observed phenomenon.” .

When I was a young child I found out that I was able to Read people.

When you read people you are able to see what is in their mind. 

When I was much older I met highly experienced Advisors that took a training in reading.

We experimented  with collective reading and proved that we could read an organization.

Will McWhinney organized workshops in New Mexico near Taos. We were introduced to many “new” techniques that were developed.

They were called Organizational Dreaming (OD) and Organizational Sculptures (OS).

In OD people agreed to solve a problem by sharing their dreams.

In OS one person used other people to build a balanced structure (“a sculpture“) that represented his problems/ questions.

After a signal of the Sculptor everybody makes a next step en tells the “scluptor” what came up in his or her mind.

This gave remarkable results.

Much later OC came back in the Netherlands as Opstellingen (Constellations).

aerial photography of rock formation  [/New Mexico

The concept Paranormal indicates that science does not believe what abnormal people are capable of.

Is the design of a system known before it was made?

Is it possible to ask the Domus of a City if it wants engineers to develop a new part or let designers destroy an old part?
Acropolis

IPart 8: Is it possible to make a Whole with only Holes? Are holes also Wholes (or Holons)?.

A Holarchy

A holon is an evolving self-organizing structure.

Self-organization or Auto-catalysis or Self-Reproduction (Auto-poiesis) by sustaining the identity is one of the determinating attributes of of life.

Our complete body and mind is reproduced by millions of cooperating parts that contain millions of cooperating parts every moment we live.

The concept Holon was invented by Arthur Koester and taken over by the American Philosopher Ken Wilber.

Wilber has created his own version of Paths of Change in which he defined four types of holes/holons. One of them is the Social Hole a hiding place.

Another is the Independent Self Reliant (Autarkic) Hole (Unity) which is an Identity of its own.

Sensory Holes look like the Iris of the Eye that project the outside world onto the inside world.

The Mythic Hole is a Picture of a Hole: O.

The Aboriginal Dreamtime is about the Beginning of Time.

Creation is believed to be the work of Ancestors who travelled across a formless land, creating sacred sites and significant places of interest in their travels. In this way, “songlines” travelling trails of the Spirit Beings were established all over Australia that are comparable to the ley-lines in the West.

Around 2000 I was asked by Stephen Strong to write an introduction for his book about Aboriginal culture.

Stephen found the parts of an old Egyptian Pyramid including Hieroglyphs that describes an expedition send to Australia.

I believe there was a lot of contact between the Ancient Cultures which shows itself in many shared concepts.

Ayers Rock Australia
aboriginal dreamtime art
A picture about the Dreamtime.

What is nothing?

Nothing in terms of A-A = 0 comes from the Arabian word zfir meaning empty.

Parmenides.made a difference between space (“potential emptyness”) and the void,

In Physics the void is called a singularity.

In Indian Philosophy the void was called a Bindu (a point).

According to Lurianic Kabbalah, the first act of creation, was the Tzimtzum “self “withdrawal” of God to create an “empty space”, to create in.

. When we imagine Emptiness it becomes something.

Forms are Empty, Emptiness is Form: Heart Sutra).

In Dutch (vshowing (tonen) is called weergeven (Giving “weer”). The oppsite of imagining (Sensing) is called waar-nemen *Taking “weer”. When we sense we take something. When we look we give something (our attention).

This observation can also be found in Goethe’s Color Theory and Wittgenstein\s Remarks on Color.

Psychology : Michel Eugene Chevreul 1839.  From an article by Jude Stewart  The Wonderful C
Goethe’s Color Theory. The colors map on PoC.

How to combine combinations.

A formula that contains variables contains holes to fill.

A Tunnel is a (worm)-Hole to Connect

.
image0.jpg

If Emptness is empty and enpty is O and =>O = 0 (zero) than a lot of emptyness is still 0.

If a system contains only holes the sum of the parts is the same as the system.

When the holes are conncted the sum of the system is the same as the sum of the connections.

A system that is the sum of its connections is a network.

A network that contains holes that connect is a flow-system.

Does emptyness contain matter?.

Emptyness (the vacuum) is a fluctuating production of mattter.

The vacuum looks a lot like the mind producing thoughts when the observer is observing which is called meditation in ancient Indian science.

The Empty Set is a set with zero members. If we are able to remove members out of a set we will get sets with negative numbers of members. These are sets that are missing something (“longing” sets”).

The mathematician John Conway defined a process (a machine) that produces all the numbers there are called a Conway Game and even numbers we did no know about before he defined his process called Surreal Numbers.

Conway’s game of life the members leave the set of numbers,

A Highly Composite Number (HCN) is a positive integer with more divisors than any smaller positive integer. A HCN is a social number.

HCN were invented by Ramanujan a mathematical genius found in India who got his inspirations from Lakshmi the Goddess of Namagiri.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/Raja_Ravi_Varma%2C_Goddess_Lakshmi%2C_1896.jpg

The HCN are the numbers that define Harmonics . HArmonics shows that the Universe is a (Musical) Wave that produces Overtones (The Music of the Spheres.

To prevent a recurring of the Great Depression the US Government created the Institute for the Cycles lead by Edward Dewey in 1942.

Until today the Istitute researches and predicts every well known Cycle and has found the Cycle-Times of many Economic and related Cycles.

They found that the cycle-times are related to Harmonics in Music.

In ancient Indian Science the Tattvas are an aspect of Reality highly comparable to the Classical Elements and the Worldviews.

The Tattvas are the five modifications of the Great Breath a harmonic wave called the Svara..

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/01/Tattva_alap.png
Tatvas Blue is the Moon, in the cener the Cosmic Egg.

Part 9: ABout the Future of Engineering.

Part 10: About Cycles

When you want to predict the future you can make use of cycles.

Every cycle has a unique Cycle-Time and contains (or is part of) other cycles.

There are cycles related to the price of oil but there are also cycles that are related to a country or a Cultural Identity (“western europe”).

There are very short cycles (“Clock-Cyle of your PC) or cycles we are unable to measure.

The longest cycle of Humanity is the Cycle of the Precession of the Equinox.

This cycle was known a very long time ago and could be deduced by observing the recurring of the Pole Star.

Shaman believe that the Hole in the Sky is an entrance to another World (our Parallel Universe). They called this hole Jacobs ladder.

Jacobs ladder was implemented in a Zigurat (a Step-Tower containing 7 steps)) called the Tower of Babel.

The Seven Heavens
Dante and the Tower of Bable.

The Magi’s of Heliopolis knew about the precession-cycle and made sure that the state of Egypt was aligned to the right Star.

This star was also connected to the (secret) Horus)Name of the Pharao.

The system of measurement of space was at that time related to the measurement of time. Every piece of the pyramid represented a step in time.

Daily Time measurement was related to the Sun Cycle. The unit of measurement (foot) was all over the world the same and related to the duration of the Precession Cycle.

The Standard of Measurement of Distance was changed after the French Revolution when the unit became the metre.

The standard of Time became decimal (based on 10 hours in a day) and was measured by a mechanical device, a clock .

The major steps in the Precession Cycle were the movements of the constellations of the Zodiac.

They predicted major changes and the major changes were also implemented in society by rhe Priests.

At this moment we are moving into the Age of Aquarius related to the dominance of “flow systems” (electricity, Internet, Logistics).

flow system

A major detailed analysis can be done with the Economic Kondratiev Cycle.

This cycle with a cycle time of 52 years is divided in “Seasons” where the UP is called Summer and the Down Winter. Kondratiev Winter started at the year 2000.

When I researched the Kondratiev Cycle I discovered that there is a fifth season often called Indian Summer. or Womens Summer, Gypsy Summer, Poor mans summer or Summer of the Geese.

The Goose is a symbol of harmony.The Goose game is an old game that simulates Life.

It is the season of the Center with the “color” white where Winter (Blue) and Summer (Red) are in equilibrium.

The 2nd picture below shows the Bahktin Cycle of (Western) culture with a cycle-time 5x the Kondratiev Cycle Time (= 5×52 = 260).

Cycles always move through the same five steps. The steps carry different names but all have the same focus, tattva (Thatness), worldview, perspective or season.

In the picture below you see how cycles modulate on other cycles. What you also see is different names for the same perspectives of POC and how a Pentacle outside creates a Pentacle inside when the connectors are connected.

Cycles modulate on other cycles and modulate on other cycles etc. The Peaks (UP)and Downs of the Cycle are classified by the Worldviews of Paths of Change (See Colors)..
The Cycle of Erope based on Bahktins design based on his analysis of many “important” parts of literature. The Color of the parts of the Cycle are the Colors of Paths of Change.
PoC projected on Aarde (Earth) using Dutch words. India Geest <-> Spirit, China <-> Geheel Whole. Islam, Samen<->Together, US Red Intensit

in the Picture upside you see how Islam is triggering the US by being extremely social to the people who are part of the same tribe and much more important why China is the (new or old) center of the World.

The new center China was predicted a long time ago in the Dreams of Wolfgang Pauli (the creator of Quantum Physics QF) who were analyzed by Gustav Jung.

Pauli explained JUng that the concepts of QF where given to him by Robert Fludd an old English Alchemist who created the Theater the Globe, which was a model of the Harmonic Universe for the plays of William Shakespeare who probably was Francis Bacon who was the initiator of the Enlightment.

Robert Fludds Model of The Globe The Theater for William Shakespear (Francis Bacon) based on the Harmonic Universe of Kepler.
Atlas carries the Harmonic Universe.of Kepler.

The central set of “harmonies” was the musica universalis or “music of the spheres,” which had been studied by Pythagoras, Ptolemy and many others before Kepler; in fact, soon after publishing Harmonices Mundi, Kepler was embroiled in dispute with Robert Fludd, who had recently published his own harmonic theory.

Part 10.1: About Technology Cycles.

In this part two pictures out of a Powerpoint Presentation are added that are also part of my PDF-document about The history of the Cycles. They proved to me how powerful the theory of the cycles is.

When you know about the cycles the only thing you have to do is fill in the blanks which means mapping the classification to a terminolology/dialect people of your audience understand.

The theory becomes much more interesting when you understand that it is also possible to generate software out of the cycles.

Part 10.2 About-very-long-cycles/

A Picture of The Kondratiev Cycle Modulated on the Bahktin Culture Cycle. Interesting to see is that the Sixties were a conjunction of two phases with the same focus Creativity. In 2040 there is a “white” conjunction.on there levels!
The Technology Cycle moves from Creative technology (text, pictures, ..) to collaborative technology to a global infrastructure (white) named Global Brain.

Part 10.3. 2000 My first Reflection We are controlled by our Own Creation.

Around 2000 I was asked to write a part of a book that was created to celebrate the anniverary of SMO (Stichting Maatschappij en Onderneming), a Think Tank of the Dutch employers.

My part became a reflection of my education (mathematics) and my job (IT-manager at a big bank).

At the end I concluded that Global IT was moving into a new autonomous state.

We are not programming new systems but the systems are programming us.

Just as Frankenstein, the Old Jewish story of the golem, we are fighting our own creation of an artificial human (the Robot).

Part 10.4 About Type Theory and CLEAN:.Software is a Mathematical Function.

In 1985 I met the creators of a new Programmming Language called Clean .

Clean is called a Functional Programming (FP) language and uses a mathematical concept called a type.

FP treats all computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions.

Type theory tries to solve Russels Paradox a philosophical problem that is created when you use something that contains itself. This causes infinity regress.

Type Theory uses Lambda Calculus.

Russels Paradox also happens when you define that systems contain systems, a problem Kent Palmer tries to solve by defining a Meta-System or a Scape.

I decided to introduce CLEAN at ABN AMRO but the introduction failed for the simple reason that most of the IT-people were not mathematicians but trained in Business Administration (Bedrijfskunde).

This was a problem that the famous Dutch Computer scientist Edsger Dijkstra already forsaw in 1969.

The problem shows itself currently in the very low quality of software.

The software-body-immune-system does not work.

It becomes sick when it is attacked by software-viruses.

Clean is not called clean for nothing. It is highly reliable and immune to external attacks.

That is also the reason why FP is successful currently.

CLEAN Has many competitors now. like Erlang, Lexifi and Haskell. Read success-stories here.

Srep 10.5 : About Not-Destructable (Anti-Fragile) Ecologies

Two years ago I have tried to connect the concept of Anti-Fragility of Nassim Taleb to two theories. `

one about Ecologies named Panarchy and (2) about Social Networks (also an Ecology) described in the Relations Theory of Alan Fiske.

I used Paths of Change (PoC) as an intermediairy connecting theory.

In the end I found a well known pattern the Moebius Ring again.

Please read this blog when you want to read a comprehensive (i hope) story.

In the picture below you see three connected moebius rings (called a Panarchy-cycle) in which a PoC-cycle (Yellow-creative), (Blue, Order, (Red, Action), (green, Emotions, Value) takes place.

In every “jump” the cycle-time speeds up or slows down.

. All systems  exist and function at multiple scales of space, time and social organization, and the interactions across scales are fundamentally important in determining the dynamics of the system.

The panarchy framework connects adaptive cycles in a nested hierarchy.

There are potentially multiple connections between phases of the adaptive cycle at one level and phases at another level.

Two significant connections are labeled ‘revolt‘ and ‘remember‘.

The smaller, faster, nested levels invent, experiment and test, while the larger, slower levels stabilize and conserve accumulated memory of system dynamics.

In this way, the slower and larger levels set the conditions within which faster and smaller ones function.

Every level is organized in a four phase cycle of birth, growth and maturation, death and renewal. That cycle is the engine that periodically generates the variability and novelty upon which experimentation depends.

As a consequence of the periodic, but transient phases of destruction  and reorganization the structure and processes can be reorganized.

This reshuffling allows for the establishment of new system configurations and opportunities for the incorporation of exotic and entirely novel entrants into the system.

 The adaptive cycle explicitly introduces mutations and rearrangements as a periodic process within each hierarchical level in a way that partially isolates the resulting experiments, reducing the risk to the integrity of the whole structure.

The theory of Panarchy is a result of long during intensive research by Holling and Gunderson.

Panarchy is based on researching the practice of a natural ecology but because we, humans, are also part of nature (which we often forget)the theory is also applicable to us.

What you see is that we (humans) often revolt (for instance by starting a big fire) and dont believe that the total ecology (including us) moves to a very dangerous state and becomes highly unstable.

What we also dont see is that many ecologies are resilient and move back (“remember“) to an old state (nature restores itself) we dont like because we want to build a lot of stone houses and roads all connecting the houses creating a big city which acts like a big organism.

What we don’t understand is that we are often saved by the bell by the forces of nature.

What we also dont see is that we want to fight nature because we believe that we (engineers) are able to create our own nature.

The big problem is that most engineers don’t take the time to understand nature and that we could accomplish a lot by copying her (is nature a female?).

If you want to be in tune with nature entrain with nature.

To understand what entrain means move to the next step of this part.

Panarchy. Model works on 3 levels of abstraction. The colors are related to PoC. .
Panachy in 3D. The cycle is a Moebius Ring floating in 3D Space where 3 lines (variables) coordinate called connectedness ( Social in PoC), Resilience, a result of two worldviews Mythic(an Event, Idea) and Unity (patterns) and Weath (Values).
Idea Adaptability
The Product Panarchy Cycle.

The interesting part of the Theory of Fiske is that its model looks like Paths of Change and mathematicians have found a relationship between this model and the mathematical theory of scales (“a staircase”) we use to measure our outside world.

The model of Paths of Change (PoC) is with the usual colors is mapped on a spiral. and related to four community-types.

Fiske detected that we measure (“feel“, with our emotions) our social relations with the same tools we measure our outside world we “see” with our senses.

The Human Relations Model of ALan Fiske with PoC colors.
The Hierarchy of Scales
The Scales of Measurement map to the Relationship-types.

Each of the elementary models resembles one of  the classic scale types from measurement theory. 

Communal Sharing resembles a nominal scale.  A nominal scale is classifying things into categories.

Authority Ranking resembles an ordinal scale in which items are ranked.  

Equality Matching resembles an interval scale insofar as one can measure the degree of inequality in a social relationship using equal intervals so as to judge how to correct the imbalance. 

It is by use of such a scale that people in an Equality Matching interaction can specify how much one person owes another. 

However, an interval scale cannot be used to express a ratio because it has no absolute zero point. 

For example, the zero point on the Celsius scale is not absolute so one cannot say that 20 degrees is twice as warm as 10 degrees while on a Kelvin scale because the zero point is absolute one can express ratios. 

Given that Market Pricing is the application of ratios to social interactions, it resembles a ratio scale such as the Kelvin scale. 

One cannot, for example, meaningfully speak of the maximization of utility without presupposing some sort of ratio scale for measuring utility.  Maximization would correspond to 100 percent.

Part 10.6 About Black Swans and Dragon Kings.

Below you see what happens when a major event (‘A Black Swan“) hits a community (or an Eccology).

When the event is not too big the ecology resists the event and stays the same.

An example could be a Dike to resist a flood.

When the ecology is resilient it returns to its old state.

It is also possible that the parts of the ecology (mostly organisms) make a new combination and perform the same process in a different order.

In the last case a completely new combination appears that gives us (the humans) the impression that the ecommubity has innovated.

THis a Powerpoint that contains the Ant-fragile-model trtranslated in PoC (see colors). What is anti-fragile? It is a jump out of a Moebius-pattern where the Fusion takes place of many divers parts comparable to the creation of the multi-cellar organisms for example the Sponge. The pattern is a Moeibius Ring and starts with Green (Social Community) to Blue (Order) and tries to find balance. Read the Blog about Anti-Fragility and you will see how this picture maps to Panarchy and the Model of Fiske.
seasponge
Sponge

Part 10.7 About Synchronization

During my research I detected the work of Didier SOnnete .

Didier found a special type of an Event Taleb calls a Black Swan, a rare and unpredictable outlier event. Didier calls these events Dragon Kings.

Dragon Kings are a result of ynchronization.

Synchronization happens between humans (and animals) when they are focused on the same event.

Humans synchronize when they look at the same event.

When people syschronize they copy their behavior, become the same, and create a hype.

Will McWhinney used the theory of sychronisation he called coupling to write a new book after Paths of Change he called Grammars of Engagement.

Synchronization explains Human Rituals.

When humans take part of rituals they accumulate energy and produce a special sound Randall Collins calls the hum of solidarity.

Interesting point is that this energy stays for seven days (a week) when the ritual starts at the day of Saturn .

Saturn is a center that is surrounded by a ring containing many similar parts.

Have a look below and observe that the Kaaba also called the Cube of Space circulated by many synchronized humans looks like Saturn.

crowd
The Kaaba is the Kube of Space dedicated to Saturn..
RUSSIA-EASTER
Rituals generate an energy that lasts for seven days.

.

Big events like the Big Bang trigger 3 types of systems Spiral (evolition) , Organism /Atopietic) and Dualistic (Order, Chaos).

Part 11: Why Industries are Meta-Systems.

The paper in the link contains the argument that the building construction industry acts as a meta-industry., an ‘industry of industries,’ .

In this part you will see that this meta-industry is really a part of nature that is consuming a lot of nature we call an eology..

The building industry needs a lot of nature, “space” and natural resources to create arficial holes with boundaries (“caves”) to live in.

Houses protect the body but are also a body.

A city is a system that contains connected houses (bodies that are holes connected to holes) that are connected by roads (Transport tubes, lungs). A city looks like an organism. It is a super organism or even better a meta organism.

Is an engineer like the Ant in part 4?

A city is a flow system. Our Lungs are a Flow System.

A River Delta is a Flow System.

Cities grow like organisms. Organisms consume other organisms,

Are engineers who are participating in the building industry participating in the growth of the system or are they in control?.

Remember that I stated the same theory when I wrote about the Software Industry (and hardware is software) in Chapter 10.

Are we in control of Ahriman?

The city of Paris is a flow System.
Flow Systems that move from one  to many always look like a leaf or a tree
Our lungs look like a River Delta.

The energy consumption of organism and the super-organisms including the cities follow the law of kleiber.

Kleiber's law
The law of Kleiber

By 2030, over 60% of the world’s population – nearly five billion people – will be living in an urban area.

between the year 2000 and 2030 new construction (infrastructure as well as building) will double all existing construction.

IPCC predicts that $20T will be spent in energy infrastructure from 2006 to 2030.

This new construction is fueling an unprecedented increase of infrastructure especially in energy generation to support and maintain the new growth.

This additional capacity to generate energy is adding to emissions directly through construction and indirectly through an increase in transportation, and most importantly in affluence with its unbounded consumption patterns.

mexico-city
MexicoCity.

Furthermore, substantial construction will be needed in order to replace what is destroyed or abandoned due to the consequences of world climate change.

Part 12.0 About Innovation and Creativity.

This is a thesis by Roni Horowitz called Creative Problem Solving in Engineering.

Roni created an inovation of TRIZ called ASIT.

ASIT is about transforming the Box people use when they want to think Out of the Box.

ASIT generates the right tension to push the mind to fuse the contradiction a problem represents.

TRIZ was created by the Russian researcher Genrich Altshuller in 1946. He researched patents and found that every innovation solves a specific Contradiction.

TRIZ makes it possible to reuse an innovative solution in a different problem.

TRIZ Connects Contradictions which is a contradiction by itself.

The Thesis of Roni Horowitz contains a lot of historical material about the science of Creativity and Engineering.

It shows that the best way to innovate is Stepwise Improvement until the process completely fails.

When you fail you are open to the story of people who succeeded after a failure.

Roger Shank calls this approach Case=Based-Reasoning.

I found Roger when I was asked by the Dutch Ministry of Education to search for a new approach.

I came back with a plan to produce educatiobal games and found the people who were able to make these games. .

At that time Roger was the founder of the Institute for the Learning Sciences in Chicago. I introduced him to people in the Netherlands. We got funding to build an educaional game based on life stories connected to Addiction.

The science of creativity started when the ex nihilo problem (creating (something out of nothing) was replaced by a proces of tranformation from something into something.

Creative ideas do not come into being out of nothing, but involve the restructuring of known elements.

creativity first seen as a rule-breaker that could not be part of a rule-making practice called science became a process of divine Inspiration that appeared when the scientist was Dreaming (or in Trance) the result of an unknown-part that was already known called the consciousness being an activity of the observer.

The Evolution Theory of Darwin made scientists recognize that complex, highly esthetic and efficient creations can result from relatively Simple Rule-Governed Mechanisms.

This helped freeing researchers from the need to resort to God as a necessary condition for the Act of Creation.

Creation happens when the two parts of a contradiction (called a Bisociation by Koestler) Fuse and produce Positive energy (enthusiasm, enjoyment, originally used as “possesed by a God, probably the Holy Ghost, Spirit, Inspired) .

Gilles Fauconnier & Mark Turner (The Way We Think) called the principle of “bisociation” Conceptual Blending.

The disjunct parts are conneced by an Analogy (something looks like something else) or a Metaphor(mapping, function).

George Lakoff detected that most of the Culture-Independent metaphors are embodied.

They are felt by the felt-sense an Inner Bodily Awareness discovered by Eugene Gendlin that can be used to detect the change that is needed by the Human.Body to keep its state of Autopoiesis (Self-Reproduction)

Thomas Kuhn defined the concept of the paradigm a long lasting Stable Pattern that is used as a foundation of science.

Paradigms change suddenly (a Shift) mostly because of an Event(a Catastrophe).

This shift can be predicted by the Cycles (see Chapter 10). and the theory of Self-organized-criticallity. which uses the mtaphor of the sandpile.

Ideas/Concepts jump over like a virus from Person to Person. The jump occors when people are copying others.Copying occurs when people synchronize.

A jumping idea is called a Meme (invented by Richard Dawkins (RD) based on the concept of a gene (RD wrote the book the Selfish Gene). The concept of the meme is taken over in Internet Marketing

Innovation is always the result of a new combination of old ideas.

According to Leibniz the most important part of science is the mathematical Art of combination called combinatorics.

Frontpiece of the Art of Combination by Leibniz.

Part 13:00 About the Philosophy of Technology.

The Link with the Title Cybernetics for the 21st Century.lcontains an interview with the Hong Kong Philosopher Yuk Hui who is trying to solve the same puzzle Kent Palmer is trying to solve.

Yuk Huy researches recursivity (“fracrals, see pictures below) and is trying to find a new place for Chinese Philosophy.

Yuk Huy is like Kent Palmer interested in Heidegger the creator of Phenomenology, (see chapter 5).

Heidegger believed that technology changes the Greek way of ‘helping something to come into being’ to‘forcing something into being.

Technology is comparable to child-birth and therefore starts with the conception of an idea (concept) which is a fusion of a fe-male egg and a male seed bing a contradiction.

Technology reveals the world as raw material with the danger that , humans will also interpret themselves as raw materials (“human resources”) and become enslaved to their own tools.

Borgmann shows that technology replaces experiences such as milking of a cow, the search for and burning of wood by a device, a heating machine controlled by a service interface that makes it possible to control an invisible mechanistic infrastructure that has replaced an “organistic” world.

The expirience of building a fireplace filled with wood that is collected in the wood transforms in a thermometer that controls a heater that is connected to a tube that produces gas that is connected to a gasfield that is made by drilling in the ground etc etc.

Killing a human is done by a soldier who believes he/she is playing a computer game but is in reality is operating a drone.

According to Borgmann Our Current Technology is transforming Reality into Virtual Reality.

Part 14:0 About Cybernetics, the science of feedback,

Heidegger called Cybernetics the successor of philosophy.

Cybernetics comes from the Greek cybernḗtēs “steersman, governor, pilot,

Cybernetics, the Art of Steering is about having a Goal (Unity in PoC) and taking Action (Sensory) to achieve that goal. Knowing (Sensing) whether you have reached your goal (Evaluate/Social)requires “feedback

Teedback can be divided in positive (amplifies change) and negative feedback (reduces change)..

Cybernetics was started by a group of scientists that were interested in intelligent control systems like the brain (Ashby), the body (Biology Bertalanfy)_ Machines (Wiener) and. economic systems (Forrester, System Dynamics, World Simulations).

Cybernetics, the Art of Steering, moved from its first order (machines, circular causal processes) to the second order (living systems, observer, self reproducing (autopoietic) ) to the thirth order (social systems). and even a fourth order. in which “thinking(cognitive) -machines” (Artificial Intelligence) are introduced.

Cybernetics has a lot in common with the work of Escher.The art of Escher represents a model of the Universe later developed by Roger Pensose. The same model can also be found Islamic Art.

Every step in cybernetic order increases the complexity (amount of parts (wholes) relations and types of connections) of the system and makes the system less understandable although the system appears (emergence) as a whole.

Molecular Machines.operate in the Body.

In the end Cybernetics is the science of machines although the machines, could be build by humans, collaborate with humans work in our human body or even look like Gods.

A Viable System is a Recursive Cybernetic System that copies the Human Being.

Loopings, Recursive Systems.
The Viable Systems Model

The Viable Systems Model. Modeelling with the Viable System Model.

The Brain as  the Meta-System of a Viable System
The Brain/Body as a Viable System.

Chapter 15.0 About ART. and Meta-ART.

on Cassirer’s Philosophy of Symbolic Forms

Symbolic Forms can be seen in Myths Metaphor and (Abstract (Science & Mathematics) ) Symbols and Concepts and are a part of Art and Science. Ernst Cassirer shares his theories with Joseph Campbell (the Monomyth) and Carl Jung.(Archetypes).

JUngs pupil von Franz wrote about the symbols behind Numbers. Nunez & Lakoff wrote about the Metaphors behind Mathematics.

The Egyptian (and other) Gods represented Concepts. just as the Angels in the Hierarchy of Heavens.

Art is a representation of “reality”. To make the right impression on the right senses (ye, ear, skin, ..) all kinds of techniques (for instance colored points to generate a picture) are used rhat changed in time.

Art was called Techne in Greece. Techne means Craft. Art was called Fine Art being the art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty,

At the End of Art the artists believed that the only aesthetic Artwork is created by Nature itself or by Coincedence ).

Marcel Duchamp believed that “The Observer Makes the Picture. Duchamps made an end to Fine Art and started other ways to Make something called Meta-Art.

Meta-Art generates possibilities (sometimes made by an algorithm) and makes it possible for the spectator to choose or to guide the process of design to another stage of a needed evolution.

Meta Art was introduced to me by Remco Scha, a friend of Eric Vreedenburgh.

Remco developed an Art Generator that was able to generate all kinds of Styles.

The generator was connected to a configurator that was able to generate possible building-designs.

I used Meta-Art to develop a new Strategy for ABN AMRO.

In this process we used the metaphor of the Medieval City to create a new Architecture based on the idea that every New system is a potential Legacy System.

What we found out is that the Context of the surrounding old systems determines the architecture of the new systems.

The many different architectures in an old city force an architect to create, to copy or to fuse.

The focus on the View of the Observer was the cause of Relativity-theory.

De Leuze The Logic of Sense. About Contradicting Contradictions.

Propositions,  can be related to the Objects to which they Refer, the Subjects who Utter them, or to Other Propositions.

The Theory of the Proposition is Caught in a Circle of Connections. Propositions Make Sense of an Event called a Fact that are a Sense-Act of an Individual translated in a Speech-ACt.  Sense is Produced out of Elements that do not have a Sense.Is Life a Joke?

Interaction Ritual Erving Goffman.

Erving Goffman was the Perfect Observer who found out Why and How People are Framed and How we Deceive Our Selves .

Erving Gffman About the Tole we PLay.

The Speed of the Moving View of the Observer being the Speed of Light became the Limit of Speed just as the Limit of Temperature (0 degree Kelvin) became the limit of movement being the door to the Nothing now called the vacuum.

Perfect Stilness, Just the hissing sound of the popping up Virtual Particles but where do these particle come from? Nothing full op potential still governed by the rules pf Physics that are governed by the rules of Mathematics that are bootstrapped out of botstrapped things that create each-other. The bubbles of the cosmic teapot.

Synestetic Art

At the Royal Academy I was asked to participate in a project aimed at recreating Synestetic (multi-sensory) Art.

Many artists at the Turn of the Century (Edvard Munch, Piet Mondriaan, Paul Klee, René Magritte, Vincent van Gogh), participated in the experiments at that time.

mondriaan
Mondriaan tried to combine Music (JAZZ) and Painting. This painting contains an improvisation in patterns of color and form.
16:0 About Webs.

DNA contains the code for a configurator of orgamisms. The Human DNA has a lot in common with the DNA of Trees.

Research shows that Trees communicate with otherTtrees and humans (using pheromones) using a network called a Rhizome.
Trees are a symbol of a Hierarchic structure moving UP connected to a Network (Web) going Down.
Editing DNA looks like changing a Software-Program without Testing the Program for its Long-Term Effects.
The Wood-Wide-Web: shows how Trees communicate:

In a Thousand Plateaus of Deleuze and Guatari the rhizome is a metaphor for a body being an assemblage of machines producing desire that organize themselves in non-hierarchical communication and transport network in which each connection leads to another connection.

The First Programmable Device was the Jacquard Loom which could be programmed with punched cards to produce Patterns in Cloth (a Wearable Web) being Woven by Machines.

The World-Wide-Web started as a telecomunication-Network of computers is a result of a Technological Solution to prevent a fallout of the world-wide-communicationnetwork by a big catastrophe (Nuclear-Bomb). Every message is able to reach its destination.

The Citation-list connected to a Scientific Document was mapped by Tim Berners Lee to this Network and became a Semantic network that slowly grows into a Gobal Brain.

Fritjof Capra The Web of Life: To create a theory of living Systems one has to fuse the organic the inorganic, the living the nonliving, mind and matter.

Life is a Connected Patterned process. Life is a Flow of Energy From High (Sun) to Low (organism).

Fritsjof Capra The Web of Life
Leaonard Suskind Why the World is a Hologram.

When you Eliminate everything that is impossible the truth remains.

Leaonard Suskind, a theoretical hysicist, explains how a Volume of Space can be Projected on a lower-dimensional Boundary (A Wall).

Two moving Observers are communicating while one of them moves into a Blackhole and moves too fast for Communication to take place but Information is nNEVER destroyed in our Universe.

Where is the communication stored? in the 2 Dimensional Boundary We Live in.

Physics is a Thought Experiment in which Boundaries are Crossed.

Spiders web

Part 17:0: About Mathematics

Mathematics is about Changing a Perspective on Patterns.

Norman Wildberger A Briljant Teacher of Mathematics:

The History of Mathematics.

When I finished High School in 1969 I started with a new Combination (named S4) of a Master in Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics in combination with an intensive laboratory training. At that time I did not know that S4 was created to select scientists for Shell Labs in Amsterdam.

To me Chemistry was a CookBook and Mathematics was an Experience of Beauty caused by an Act of Pure Imagination (Seeing).

I decided to go on with Mathematics (and Informatics) and followed every Course I could and had to follow including Philosophy, Signal Theory (in Delft) Numerical Mathematics, Combinatorics, and Psychology (to become a teacher). I became fascinated by Topology. and Language Theory (Chomsky, Compilers).

One of the interesting Combinations of Philosophy and Mathematics was Brouwer. He created a theory called Intuitionistic logic.

Brouwer based his insights on Buddism just like his follower Henk Barendregt.

Brouwer was part of a group of Artists and Scientists including Mondriaan who lived in a Community in the city of Laren based on the book of Walden by David Thoreau.

De hut ‘Vredewacht’, Schapendrift 82 in Blaricum. In 1915 gebouwd door architect Ru Mauve voor Betsy van Hoogstraten, ooit een geliefde van de schrijver Frederik van Eeden Blaricum, 29-05-09. "Hut" aan de Schapendrift 82. Verhaal stichting Dooyenwaard. Foto Leo van Velzen NrcHb.
The house of BrouwerVredewacht” (Waiting for Peace”) . close to the “Hut” of Mondriaan.

Brouwer did not believe in reasoning. He believed that a mathematics that is based on proof will lead to paradox

Brouwer did also not believe in Infinity and the law of the excluded-middle. This law uses Negation and Negation of something that does not exist does not exist.

Brouwer wanted to combine Life, Art, and Mysticism (the title of his dissertation).

At this moment Brouwer is seen as a highly Infuential mathematician.

Many new developments in Science including the Meta-lanuage theory of George Lakoff share the same insight.

When Brouwer became a Professor in Amsterdam and a wel-known Name he got into conflict with the Magister of Mathematics at that time David Hilbert. Hilbert defined a list of 23 unsolved problems in 1900. There are still two problems left that are probably unresolvable.

This video shows that it is possible to solve a highly complex problem by Detecting the Pattern in the process of Solving the problem when the complexity is increased.

Felix Klein defined a comparable list in the so called Erlangen Program in 1872.

The Erlangen Program of Klein Simplified by introducing a different View.
Douglas Hofstadter, Godel Escher BAch, I am a Strange Loop, talks about Spirital Machines.

Brouwer started the subject of meta-mathematics that ended with the Self-Refencial proof of Godel that shows that Mathematics is unable to look in its own Mirror. The only thing that is left as a Foundation is PARADOX.

We are Caught in our own Consciousness. The only question is who are We or will be the Others. Are they Gods or Machines of our own Making.

About the Mathematics of PARADOX
About Nominalisation.
About Schema’s made by DEMO

Category Theory was invented by S. Eilenberg and S. MacLane in 1945, with the aim of giving a precise, mathematical formulation of the idea of a “Natural Correspondence“.

Eugenia Cheng: Category Theory for Art Students.

Category Theory contains Objects (Noun), and Functors (Verb, Mapping, Function). The nouns live in an Abstract Conceptual World , a Platonic World of `Forms, a Mental and a Physical World. Nouns are fixated (stopped) verbs (a movie) created by nominalising the name of the verb. (A noun is a a Verbing).

A short Seminar about Category Theory related to Topos Theory.

In Category Theory Functions are Mathematical Theories.

Jacob Lurie About Shapes (Topology) and
Transformations of Shapes (Homotopy)
The Universe Speaks in Numbers
About Controlling a Car and Proof Theory.

Part 18.0 : Kent Palmer, Schematization and Non Dual Science

ABout The Perfect forms of Plato .

Protogoras, an early Greek Philosopher, was a teacher of culture (how to Speak and Reason). Protagoras’ss claim is that, “All Things is the Measure of Man meaning that everything is relative to Individual Experience, Judgement, and Interpretation.

According to Plato behind Man there is a World of Forms (abstract Ideas connected to the Mind) that contain the Essence. What we Experience is a Projection of the Forms.

PLato was a promotor of Mathematics and especially Geometry. PLato was also, linked to Pythagoras, an expert in Number Theory.

Aristotle, a pupil of Plato, believed that the only thing that is real, is Matter the Material cause we exprience as Resistance.He also created a Theory (“a Formal Cause) about Causality. By questioning the Cause behind the cause (“a Process“) until Infinity the Primal Agent (Primal Cause), “God” was found.

According to Immanuel Kant the Projection between tReality and The Concepts of the Mind has to be Reasonable (Possible Neccesary Provable (According to the Rules of Logic), Understandable.

According to Heidegger we are only able to understand an outside world with a Mind that is part of a Body that gives us a Reference-Frame. This started the Scientific movement called Embodiment we already saw in the work of the Mathematician Brouwer (Intuitive Logic) the Linguist Lakoff (Metaphors) and the Psychologist Gendlin (Felt Sense).

According to Merleau Ponty we are Entangled with our Twin the Outside World unable to Cut us loose.

According to Samual Todes Our Senses look with Predefined Concepts in Mind. We See what we Want to See. Sometimes we See and don’t understand. When we explore we try to find a favorable Point of View. Sometimes we have to get a better Grip to examine the Object.Sometimes we have to Move (Movement = Emotion, Motivation) to come Closer and see the Details.

When we encounter a particular Object we Classify it with a Familiar Concept (“Looks Like a Chair This is the way of Kant) or we Point at the Object and Utter a Familiar Sound (“Sitting“?).

According to Micheal Taussig Humans are just like Animals experts in copying (Mimesis). Our Aeroplanes look like Birds. We make Pictures and Paintings. We Play with Models of Trains We love to ware the Cloth of Kings and Magisters and want to Look Like a Famous Person. . The Copies are always Inferiror to the Original but also give us the opportunity to Imagine something much Better.

truth” is not a matter of Correspondence, but rather of Coherence.

The School of Athens (Rafael) shows that Plato (Left Pointing UP) and Aristotle (Right, Pointing Down) refer to two Opposing Worlds, the World of the Mind, Forms, Ideas, Concepts) and the World of the Senses (Matter) both connected to a Body.

The French Philosopher Gilles Deleuze is not interested in a Uniform Theory of Everything but in Diffrence in itself. What Lmits are there and What can we Do with all the different Theories Concepts en Experiences. We have to Prevent Repetition of the Same.

The Verification of Science is highly dependent on Technology.

Engineers and Scientists have created many Material Things (Cars, Roads, Trains Weapons, Earoplanes, Electicity, Plastcs) that are polluting or destroying Nature.

The main reason is that Engineers don’t take the Meta-System (Ecology, Context) of their Creation into account.

To find out that is behind/inside Nature we Destroy Nature by Opening the Body (Whole to see the Organs (Parts)), Smashing Particles (CERN, Whole) to find smaller Elementary Particles (Part). Every Time we Dig Deeper or look Higher the same Patterns appear (See Introduction, Fractals).

Part 19: Magic is a Technology.

Part 19.0 : Stephen Skinner: About Egyptian Magic He shows you how to get into a fruitful relationship with high and low Spirits.
About Ecology and the Paranormal. How Spirits of Nature Comunicate with us.
About PAranomal Research for the US Army.

When I was a young boy ghosts appeared in my room. When I was a student many of my friends experimented with a Qui/Ja-board and talked with deceased people who explained many things we could verify in the archives of the City of Leiden. When my Kundaliny was risen I met many “gods” who came in my room. One of them was a beautiful (black) Women (ISIS?). I “helped” the people of OKRA to get in contact with the Spirit of Athens. To me ESP has ben very real and it was a major Drive to Research Physics, Mathematics, Ancient Belief Systems. It also gave the opportunity to meet comparable people all over the World. I also read a lot of books written by Channels like Seth(Jane Roberts) and The Law of One, (the Ra Material) that explain the many Levels off Existence.

Part 20: About RhetoRics and Music.

About Music and Rhetorics.

Rhethorics is the Science of Persuation that was mapped to Music in the Baroque. encouraged by the Catholic Church as a means to cCounter the Simplicity and Austerity of Protestant Architecture, Art and Music.

Rhetorics provides heuristics for understanding, discovering, and developing arguments for Aristotle’s three Persuasive audience appeals: logos, Pathos, and Ethos.

Rhethorics was a major part of the Curriculum of the Medieval University.

liberal arts
The Curriculum of the Medieval University was based on theModel of the Universe of that time.

An important part of Rhetorics was the Art of Memory in which the Memory was connected to training of the Imagination by remembering a Memory Palace. The Art of Memory was a (secret) training in Magic. When this was discovered the trainee was Burned by the Inquisition.

Part 21: ABout Architecture.

Christopher Alexander: About Patterns in the Architecture of Building Applied to (Software) Patterns in Computer Systems. What is the contribution of Software to the Quality of Life.
Image result for quality without a name"

Quality Without a Name.

in his Book The Timeless Way of Building Christopher Alexander’ introduced the “Quality Without a Name.Whether it is in a poem, or a man, or a building full of people, or in a forest, or a city, everything that matters stems from it.  It embodies everything.Yet still this quality cannot be named

Until the rise of the Specialized Architects Architecture was controlled by a Culture controlled concept of Quality and Crafmanschip.

The Builders of the Cathedrals knew how to build (and design) Cathedrals from a Tradition that was handed over from Father to Sun.

The Cathedrals were Memory Palaces that contained all the Wisdom of thousands of years projected on a Geometric Structure with an “index” in the form of a Spiral in the aligned to the setting of the Sun , the Moon and the Galaxy placed on a Cross of Leylines.

Every Point in the spiral pointed to a Story in Stone and Glass.

Spirals in Chathedrals points to windows that contain the appropriate Wisdom Story

In the Nature of Order Alexander writes about Centers. “those particular identified sets, or systems, which Appear within the Larger Whole abecause they have noticeable distinctness, which makes them Separate Out from their Surroundings“. Life is created by small, Incremental changes that Preserve Structure.

In the Luminous Ground Alexander breaks away from the Mechanical Model were buildings or neighborhoods are Assemblages of technically generated, Interchangeable Parts.

He shows that a spiritual, emotional, and personal basis must underlie every Act of Building or Making.

Quality is also the subject of a Book of Robert Pirsig (1974) Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. Pirsig was a teacher of Rheorics.

Robert Pirsig was convinced that Quality and Quantum Mechanics are the same issue. He wrote a second book (Lila)) about it and called this type of Quality “Dynamic Quality. Quality is Constrained by the Intellect (Theory) and Social Patterns (Culture) and Bubles Up out of the Vacuum.

Dynamic Quality of Robert Pirsig.

Will be continued. Have a look Here.

Part 22: Kent Palmer: About a Theory of Everyting.

Kent Palmer is trying to include Schema Theory in a new book of Len Troncale about Systems Sciences. In the document above he introduces Robert Rosens book About Life Itself.

A few citations: “In order to be in a position to say what life is, we must spend a great deal of time in understanding what life is not.

Thus, I will be spending a great deal of time with mechanisms and machines, ultimately to reject them, and replace them with something else.

This is in fact the most radical step I shall take, because for the past three centuries, ideas of mechanism and machine have constituted the very essence of the adjective ‘scientific’; a rejection of them thus seems like a rejection of science itself.”

Physics as we know it today is, almost entirely, the science of mechanism, and mechanisms, as I argue, are very special as material systems

Biology involves a class of systems more general than mechanism. 

In fact the relative positions of physics and biology become interchanged; rather than physics being general and biology special, it becomes more the other way around.” (xvii)

My subject matter herein is… a duality,between ‘hard’ science and ‘soft’ science, between quantitative and qualitative, between ‘exact’ and ‘inexact.’ 

This duality is not to be removed by any kind of tactical accommodation, by any superficial effort of conciliation or ecumenicism….  It is thus not a matter of logical argumentation or persuasion that is involved here; it is a matter more akin to religious conversion.

In the sciences this dichotomy between qualitative and quantitative rests on (generally unrecognized) presuppositions about the nature of material reality and on how we obtain knowledge about it.

These presuppositions themselves have formal, mathematical counterparts, which allow us to reflect this scientific dualism into an exactly parallel one that exists within mathematics itself.”

Rosen posits that life is a material system closed to efficient causation. More precisely (and there is a subtle difference here), he claims that “a material system is an organism if, and only if, it is closed to efficient causation.

In arriving at this conclusion, he draws parallels between Aristotle’s three traditional categories of causation — material (Made out of matter, parts) , efficient (By a Process) , (and formal — and three mathematical counterparts axioms (Parts), production rules (process) , and specific algorithms/ programs (Design) .

File:Aristotle's Four Causes of a Table.svg

It all started with Wolfgang Goethe who wanted to invent the Uhrplant, a model of the Essence of the Plant.

Goethe started the science of Morphogenesis, the science of the Forms. In this post I describe the history from Goethe to Alan Turing.

On Growth and Form by D’arcy Thompson is about the way the genesis of the forms of organisms can be described by structural transformations.

Nicolas Rashevsky, the Teacher of Rosen was inspired by D’arcy Thopnson. He wanted to invent the UhrOrganism. An organism is an organization seen as a set of relationships between functions.

The unity of life is revealed by the fact that one can pass from the representation of one living system to another not by structural transformations, but rather, more generally, by “functional transformations“.

Functions can be replaced by groups of functions—represented as subgraphs in the oriented graph of functions, called a .biotopological mapping.

From this it is a small step to Biological Types connected by Biological Functions. and a uniting Biological Category Theory. resulting in a Universal Biological Turing Machine. We are back to Turing again.

The Modeling Relation 

The Modeling Relation 

Another important book of Robert Rosen is about Anticipatory Systems (AS).

These systems are different from Reactive Systems (RS) are defined by by System Analysis and Dynamic Systems.

A RS changes its State when it has detected a different situation (Context) by its Sensors. A RS needs a Memory to compare the different States.

An AS wants to stay in the Same State by defening a Trajectory that Avoids conflicts.An AS contains a Predictive Model of Itself and its Environment.

An example of an AS is a Clock. A clock does not measure anything. Its Organisation Produces Time and is always On Time.

Part 23: Conclusion.

It is time to conclude although the conclusion was already part of the introduction.

Perhaps the text written in between is a proof although I dont think I neeed a proof to show that current technology is able to destroy earth or is already destroying earth.

This blog contains many stories about the strange ways consciousness is intervening in human activities.

Some people who started to read this blog and saw a picture of an Angel called this blog not-rational/not-scientific/ something a person like me (a mathematician) should not write.

Please re-read the story of Jung and Pauli to see that the un-conscioussness has interfered in the life of a very rational person who seeked help to exlain his dreams.who were highly related to an old medieval Alchemist (Robert Fludd).

Pauli, who’s life was full of strange coincedences was informed by a concrete happening of a Chinese Fludd by a breaking Chinese vase about the Coming Power of the Chinese in our time.

““In April 24, 1948 the foundation of the C.G. Jung institute took place. When Pauli entered the room, a so-called Pauli effect occurred. Without any outer cause a Chinese vase fell onto the floor and the water poured out, resulting in a flood. Symbolically seen, we can say that this psychokinetic event was a Chinese water flood“.

Pauli had begun to deal with the hermetic alchemist Robert Fludd, who wrote his name in Latin as Robertus de Fluctibus. Therefore, we can conclude that these two events belong to a Synchronicity, the psychic (inner) event of it consisting in the tension in Pauli concerning the dispute between Johannes Kepler and Robert Fludd,

Quantum Mechanics is showing the termendous power of the imagination of the mind of Wolfgang Pauli who needed help from a well known Psychiatrist Carl Jung who later needed help of his pupil Anne Marie Louise von Franz to solve the puzzle of Pauli.

The future iof Technology is no only related to the future of Mathematics but also the future of psychology and medicine and both are related to the future of Biophysics.

We will dream the future because the past is caused by the future but is also infuenced by the Future. Our future disasters will haunt us just as the Holocaust haunted the dreams of its victims.

I will not stop but i consider this version as finished.

Plwase come back at this point to learn more about what my dreams tell me.

It is now 25 june 2020 and I am still busy with an important Blog about the Future of the Constitutional State.

Part 24 LINKS

Construction of the Mind.

Why Life exists

ABout Ratio and Magnitude,

About the Battle between Leibniz & Newton

About the Renaissance

About Alchemy

About Heliopolis

About Good Vibrations

About The Indian Science of the Tatvas

About the Roots of Artificial Intelligence

Decoded Secrets of the Mankind’s Prohibited and Forgotten History

About the Precession Cycle

About the Kondratiev Cycle

About Megatiths

History of Writing Systems

Kent Palmer : About the EUropean Dreamtime of Technology

The end: The Book-keeping of this post.

In version 2.4 I have moved all the book-keeping of this post to the end of this post.

.In version 2.3 I have finished Part 12.0, 13.0 en 14.0.

In version 2.2.. I have added Part 12.0 about Innovation and Creativity. Today (20-9-2019) I have opened Part 13.0 About the Philosophy of Technology, Part 14.0 About Cybernetics and Part 15:0 About Meta(-Art.) .

Until part Part 1 this blog contains information that shows you the history of this blog. The blog starts at START BLOG.

I have started version 2.0 by completing a major part which is a comprehensive (with many links ) summary of a blog about anti-fragility. This part I called step 10.2.

In this part you learn about a very important theory about ecologies called Panarchy. I combine this stheory with the work of Alan Fiske about Human Ecologies. The most interesting part is the link of the theory of Alan Fiske with measurement theory.

We measure our relationships with our feelings and our relationships are ordered with the same model Paths of Change (PoC) uses.

PoC is a theory that is thousands of years old.

What is ANTI_FRAGILITY

Out of the Blog about Anti-Fragility also called Resilient, /Robust or even Undestructable I have used a part about entrainment which gives an explanation why processes and humans start to act the same (sychronize) ,

When Humans entrain they cause Hypes or bigger problems like a Depression. Currently a lot of people entrain on becoming rich.

Being rich is an addiction.

Entrainment was detected by an old Dutch Scientist Christiaan Huygens.

Today (14-9-2019), starting with version 2.0 I will spend time to complete Part 11: Why Industries are Meta-Systems.In this part I reuse the blog Why are Cities Organisms which is an application of the Law of Kleiber What I will prove is that Meta-Industries are the cause of the destruction of Earth and that Engineers have to become Ecology-Managers.

Functional {rpgramming is just what Edsger Dijkstra wanted to accomplish, a mathematical pogramlanguage.

Dokter Out of the Box

Ik heb rond 2010 op verzoek van IBM Labs meegewerkt aan de introductie van Watson in Nederland.

De presentatie die in deze blog wordt toegelicht heb ik gemaakt voor het Management van Parnassia, een grote organisatie in de GGZ.

Dit is een Powerpoint-presentatie uit 2011 gemaakt om te laten zien hoe slimme hulpmiddelen zoals semantic mining, sensors en proces-management  kan helpen om de processen in de gezondheidszorg te ondersteunen.

Er wordt gebruik gemaakt van Paths of Change (PoC) van Will McWhinney om het gebied in kaart te brengen.

Dit gebeurt stap voor stap waarbij er iedere keer een nieuwe (medische) functie wordt toegevoegd.

Aan het einde van de presentatie worden alle stappen samengevoegd in een Gezondheidsarchitectuur die zowel voor de lichamelijke als de geestelijke gezondheidszorg bruikbaar is.

Paths of Change past op Interpersonal Theory een psychologische theorie die de mens beschouwd als een interne en externe relatie.

Diagnose is een verband tussen waarnemen (Zintuigen (Sensors), Ervaring)  en waarheid (Kennis). Op basis van de diagnose kun je acties ondernemen die allemaal passen op de algemene verbanden (de “paden”) in Paths of Change. De paden worden in het vervolg verder uitgewerkt.

Dit plaatje is bedoeld om de plek van Watson te introduceren. Watson maakt gebruik van Kennisbanken (een verzameling “waarheden”). Watson is toegespitst op de denkwijze van de specialist. De software doet een specialist na en geeft antwoorden op gestelde vragen.

Dit plaatje bevat een samenvatting van de werkwijze van Watson die door IBM DeepQA wordt genoemd. (QA staat voor Questions/Answers).

In de Diagnostiek worden de volgende aspecten van de Mens meegenomen.

Het is mogelijk om Watson (of een ander Semantisch Mining-tool) automatisch te koppelen aan een Proces-Bibliotheek waardoor er een Behandelplan kan worden gemaakt.

Aangezien er statistische methoden worden gebruikt ontbreekt vaak een menselijke verklaring van de uitkomst. Als het diagnose-hulpmiddel moet aansluiten bij een menselijke expert is dit van belang.

Het behandelplan kan worden gekoppeld aan een database met behandelaars.

en een netwerk met Ervaringsdeskundigen.

Op basis van (diepte)interviews met Ervaringsdeskundigen kan een levensloop-simulator worden gebouwd.

Een groot aantal (zo niet alle) meetinstrumenten van de arts kan worden vervangen door (draagbare) sensors, waardoor er als dat nodig is real-time kan worden gemeten.

Het plaatje geeft een globaal beeld aan van de ontwikkeling van de technologie de komende tien jaar.

De ontwikkelingen in de Medische Wetenschap kwamen in eerste instantie uit verbeterde diagnose (bijv. Rontgen etc) en verbeterde Chemische technologie (BioChemie, Farmacologie). Op dit moment is de BioPhysica aan de leiding. Die ziet de mens als een “Bio(Veld (Biofield). Chemische geneesmiddelen kunnen nu ook worden omgezet in velden.

Duidelijk mag zijn dat E/M-velden kunnen genezen maar ook ziekte kunnen veroorzaken (m.n. Immuunsysteem).

LINKS

Integrale Zorg

Over de Toekomst van Technologie

Over de Comunity of Practice

Van de Wieg tot het Graf: Over Levensloop-Begeleiding

De kern van dit document is in 1993 geschreven na het uitkomen van het boek Paths of Change van Will McWhinney.

Het is daarna gebruikt om een nieuwe (meer sociale) strategie voor de ABN AMRO te ontwikkelen. Het is later gebruikt als discussie-stuk toen er sprake was van het oprichten van een coordinerend Centrum voor Vitaliteit in Regio Leiden (Project 071).

Dit centrum was bedoeld om lokale centra op te richten waarbij er aandacht werd besteed aan de samenhang tussen de geestelijke, lichamelijke, sociale en economische gezondheid van de mens in alle levensfasen.

Een Bank Typologie. Tot aan het begin van 19de eeuw heeft het bankwezen zich vooral geconcentreerd op vermogende bedrijven en de vermogende burger (i.h.a. ondernemers). De banken waren handelsbanken. Rond 1900 kwamen drie nieuwe bankvormen naar voren die zich gingen richten op de minder draagkrachtige (Giro & Postspaarbank, de Standaardbank), het Collectief (Raiffeisen, de Relatiebank) en het verstrekken van consumptief krediet  (Pandjesbaas, Bank van Lening, de Consumptiebank). Deze laatste functie wordt nu vrijwel overal uitgeoefend door de Retail (Kopen op afbetaling).

Als laatste is een deel gebruikt als discussiestuk voor een Smart City-beleid in Den Haag (SUS: Smart Urban Space). Hier werd aangetoond dat Smart City niet alleen een besturingsmodel is maar dat net als bij de Vitaliteit het lichamelijke, het sociale en het creatieve van de mens een rol moet spelen in het “slim” aanwenden van Smart Technologie.

Het model van SUS (Smart Urban Space). Het bevat vier lagen (1) de Urban Space waar de inwoners voorzien van een Persoonlijkheid gebaseerd op PoC de ruimte hebben (2) De Sociale netwerken in de stad die volgens PoC zijn ingedeeld waarbij 1 netwerk (de community of Practice) zich toont als een bedrijf (3) Een waardeketen gebaseerd op PoC en (4) een Bestuur waarbij wederom PoC wordt gebruikt en waar duidelijk wordt dat Democratie een proces is waarin Geel (Visie, Creativiteit,) een grote rol speelt. Aan de rechterkant staat weer een PoC-cycles waardoor het duidelijk wordt dat er hier sprake is van PoC X PoC.
Een slimme stad is een combinatie van vier soorten steden met een monitor in het centrum. De viersoorten zijn de vier wereldbeelden van Paths of Change.

Een stad, “een verzameling verbonden mensen, is net als de mens zelf een organisme en is op zoek naar zelf-ontplooing, datgene wat in de genen al aanwezig is.

Het document is gebaseerd op de verander-methodiek Paths of Change (PoC) van Will McWhinney. De wereldbeelden van PoC hebben in dit document overal dezelfde kleuren: Blauw/Unity/Regels/Waarheid, Rood/Sensory/Waarnemen, Groen/Sociaal/Waarderen en Geel/Mythic/Verbeelden.

PoC maakt het mogelijk om met behulp van steeds hetzelfde model heel verschillende vraagstukken op te lossen zoals het inrichten van een Community of Practice.

PoCkan ook worden gebruikt om Geestelijke Problemen in kaart te brengen met behulp van de Interpersonal Theory.

Op dit moment heeft de bank de wijk verlaten en wordt de klant geacht gebruik te maken van geldautomaten en het Internet. Om dit waar te kunnen maken zijn de bankproducten gestandaardiseerd waardoor het autorisatieproces vrijwel automatisch en dus context-onafhankelijk plaatsvindt. Bankieren is niet meer een klantgedreven maar een datagedreven proces geworden.

Inmiddels is de overheid bezig om een groot deel van zijn sociale taken met aanmerkelijk minder geld over te dragen aan de stad die ze wijkgebonden maakt. De sociale taken van de overheid moeten dichter bij de burger worden gebracht en worden ondergebracht in een wijkcentrum of een winkelcentrum.

De traditionele kerken in Nederland krimpen omdat hun leden ouder worden en overlijden. Het diaconaat binnen de kerken houdt zich in zijn regio, meestal wijkgebonden, bezig met eenzamen, armen, zieken, werklozen en andere medemensen die een moeilijke tijd in hun leven doormaken. Door de krimpende kerk wordt de onbaatzuchtige hulp aan de medemens steeds minder.

Uit het diaconaat zijn vele organisaties ontstaan die dreven op giften, subsidies en vrijwilligers. Sommige van die organisaties, zoals ziekenhuizen en  de ontwikkelingshulp zijn sterk geprofessionaliseerd en hebben zich van hun wortels losgemaakt. Ze worden nog steeds grotendeels uit het overheidsbudget bekostigd.

De bijdragen uit het overheidsbudget die richting deze organisaties gaan worden minder en moeten volgens de overheid net als vroeger worden gecompenseerd door sociaal ondernemerschap, giften en de inzet van vrijwilligers.

Om hun hoge vaste lasten te kunnen dragen moeten de meeste partners beiden werken waardoor ze weinig tijd over hebben voor kinderen en hun oudere ouders. De zorg voor de kinderen wordt overgelaten aan de kinderopvang en de school.

De zorg voor de ouderen is uitbesteed aan de gezondheidszorg. Ook hier lopen de budgetten terug en moet de burger zich als mantelzorger gaan inzetten voor zijn zieke familie, vrienden en buurtgenoten.

De zowel qua inzet als financiering krimpende sociale hulpverleningssystemen zijn in deze tijd van crisis juist meer nodig dan in de tijd van hoogconjunctuur.

De enige manier om dit probleem op te lossen is door een totaal nieuwe weg in te slaan. Die weg kan gevonden worden door moderne technologie te koppelen met medemenselijkheid.

2. Introductie Paths of Change): De Mens is een Relatie

Paths of Change ontwikkeld door Will McWhinney rond 1980 blijkt relaties te hebben met hele oude inzichten die allemaal zijn gebaseerd op de vierdeling die eigenlijk een 2×2 (x2,..)deling is die begint met de Dualiteit Contractie (versimpelen, inpakken) en Expansie )complex maken, uitpakken), die samen werden vergeleken met het proces van Ademhalen.

Het Model van Walter Russell

We beginnen bij de mens zelf. Een mens wordt gekarakteriseerd door zijn persoonlijkheid. Die persoonlijkheid is een combinatie van drie kenmerken, n.l.

(1) Richting Rotatie: Introvert/naar Binnen gericht, Linksdraaiend (<-) vs Extravert/naar Buiten, Rechtsdraaiend  (->) gericht

(2) Afstand: Geheel/Observator Boven de Wereld vs Deel/Ervaren In de Wereld en

(3) Psychische Functie: De psychische functie wordt beschreven door twee variabelen die Agency (Besturing) en Communion (Verbinding) worden genoemd.

Ze vormen samen vier functies die ieder een andere richting op bewegen (bv. Geest, Naar Boven, Abstractie of Ziel, Naar beneden, Depressie, Aarde) en samen een richtingsvector bepalen die de mens als staande golf door de Tijd/Ruimte stuurt.

De persoonlijkheid van de  mens is een relatie tussen deze twee functies in combinatie met de Draairichting en de Afstand.

De functies worden Geest/Ordenen/Waarheid, Lichaam/Waarnemen/Handelen (Sensory Motor Systeem), Spirit/Verbeelden en  Ziel/Emoties/Waarderen/Samen, genoemd. Een combinatie tussen Verbeelding en Ordenen wordt een ontwerper genoemd.

Als er twee gelijke functies worden gekoppeld is de mens psychopathologisch. Het ordenen van het ordenen wordt bijvoorbeeld Paranoïde genoemd.

John Holland ontdekte dat de persoonlijkheid sterk voorspellend is voor het beroep. Daardoor kunnen we met behulp van bovenstaand persoonlijkheidsinstrumentarium ook veel zeggen over bedrijfsculturen.

Met als mogelijke verklaring dat mensen de geschiedenis maken blijkt het ook mogelijk te zijn om het model van de persoonlijkheid te gebruiken om korte en lange cycli te beschrijven en te voorspellen.

3.  De Mens in Crisis

A model of the theory developed by psychiatrist Elisabeth KüblerRoss suggests that we go through five distinct stages of grief after the loss of a loved one: Denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and finally acceptance.

De Life Event Scale van Holmes bevat de gebeurtenissen die de meeste invloed hebben op de mens. Deze gebeurtenissen kunnen meerdere van de psychische functies raken.

De psychische functies van de mens zijn tegendelen die elkaar aantrekken en afstoten. Het persoonlijkheidssysteem van de mens fluctueert daarom rondom een evenwichtspunt, het set-point genoemd. De krachten die tussen de verschillende onderdelen spelen en daarmee de bandbreedte van de golven zijn per mens verschillend. Sommige mensen (Kinderen, Ouderen, Zieken) zijn kwetsbaar.

Als een gebeurtenis een te hoge schok veroorzaakt reageert de mens in eerste instantie niet (freeze). Daarna volgt ontkenning en agressie (fight). Na een depressie begint men om de nieuwe situatie weer te waarderen, te exploreren en te accepteren.

De traumatische fase kan bij kwetsbare mensen vele jaren duren. In deze periode is men niet in staat tot productieve arbeid. Het is de kunst om extreme gebeurtenissen en de negatieve effecten daarop te voorkomen of te verhelpen. Dit kan gebeuren door therapie en verzekeren.

4. Sociale Netwerken zijn soms Sociaal

Mensen zoeken vergelijkbare mensen op en vergelijkbare mensen hebben vergelijkbare persoonlijkheden.

Aangezien persoonlijkheden erfelijk zijn vindt de meest voor de hand liggende koppeling plaats met familie en andere mensen die sterk (genetisch) op elkaar lijken. Dit wordt een Community of Affinity genoemd. De leden van Facebook vormen een dergelijk netwerk.

Linkedin is een hulpmiddel waar mensen hun interesses en inzichten delen (Community of Interest) en Wikipedia bevat gedeelde kennis (Kenniscentrum).

Ervaring ontstaat als mensen een fout maken en van deze fout leren. Een fout is een afwijking van een verwachtingspatroon. Een succesvolle vorm van ervaringsdelen is de zelfhulp-groep.

De sensory-motor component van de mens is expansief en is het complement (het tegendeel) van de ordelijke kant.

Terwijl de ordenende component steeds comprimeert (analyse) en daarmee de werkelijkheid versimpelt ontstaan er steeds weer nieuwe vormen van praktisch toegepast handelen die de werkelijkheid complexer maken. Netwerken waar ervaring wordt gedeeld worden een Community of Practice genoemd.

Als we naar de persoonlijkheidstheorie kijken zien we dat de deelnemers aan een Community of Affinity en een Community of Practice samenwerken terwijl ze in de andere netwerken als individu optreden.

Het concept van de coöperatie past perfect bij de sociale sociale netwerken.

De Communities of Practice leven niet lang. Het zijn veel meer tijdelijke projectorganisaties die na het behalen van hun doel weer worden ontbonden of worden overgedragen aan een producent.

5. Van Hulp naar Levensloopbegeleiding

Het leven is een introvert (“naar binnen gericht”) proces en begint en eindigt in een staat van volledige afhankelijkheid (Low Agency, High Communion, Wij).

In de eerste fase van de levensloop vindt het proces van socialisatie plaats,  eerst in de context van de ouders en later in de eigen groep (de cultuur).

In de pubertijd neemt de behoefte om zich los te maken van ouders en familie toe (Agency,Ze) en richt men zich vooral op gelijksoortigen (de peer-group).

Aangezien het “erbij horen” de hoogste prioriteit heeft neemt men onnadenkend ook veel negatief gedrag over en zet men zich zeer nadrukkelijk af tegen de gevestigde orde, de volwassenen.

Tijdens de pubertijd vindt de laatste training plaats voor de volgende fase. Als jongeren sterk negatief worden beïnvloed door hun soortgenoten wordt deze fase niet afgerond en worden ze een drop-out die moeilijk aan het werk komt.

De persoonlijkheid trekt zich niets aan van de levensloopfasen. Er zijn mensen die altijd kind of puber blijven of weer puber worden (midlife-crisis).

Aangezien de persoonlijkheid ook bepalend is voor het beroep is het mogelijk om in iedere fase van de levensloop begeleiding te bieden met de juiste leeftijd.

Theoretisch hebben oude mensen in het begin van hun fase nog genoeg energie en de meeste levenswijsheid. In een groot aantal culturen wordt hiervan gebruik gemaakt door het  drie-generatie-systeem te hanteren.

Het principe van het drie-generatie systeem wordt in Nederland gebruikt bij de begeleiding van mensen die socialisatie-problemen hebben (“Op eigen kracht”).

Het huidige schoolsysteem is nog gebaseerd op de tijd van de massaproductie van de Industriële revolutie en lijkt op de fabriek waarvoor de arbeiders en managers geschoold moeten worden om aan de lopende banden hun werk te doen. Deze tijd is definitief voorbij.

In de pubertijd gaat het om doen, ervaren en uitproberen. Kennis verzamelen is dan niet echt aan de orde. Die kennis kan men veel beter verkrijgen door te reflecteren. Reflectie vindt plaats als er iets mis is gegaan.

Aangezien kennis zeer snel verandert is het niet zinvol meer om preventief veel kennis te vergaren. Kennis kan just-in-time worden verkregen als men praktisch in de problemen zit of overzicht nodig heeft. Ze heeft dan ook een veel hogere retentie.

In de nabije toekomst gaan instrumenten of zichzelf bedienen of krijgen een simpel user-interface dat de gebruiker vertelt wat hij moet doen.

In de productieve fase (volwassenheid) wordt de mens bestuurd door en maakt hij gebruik van regelsystemen (“het”). In deze periode wordt hij geacht een buffer op te bouwen voor de tijden dat er niet kan worden geproduceerd. Een volwassen zorgt in eerste instantie van zijn leven voor zijn kinderen (en soms partner) en later voor zijn ouders.

6. Het Begeleidingssysteem

Ondersteuningsgroep

Rondom ieder individu wordt een sociaal netwerk gevormd dat bereid is om elkaar te helpen en indien nodig ook te waarborgen. In het algemeen bestaat dat netwerk uit naaste familieleden en vrienden. Het is de bedoeling dat deze groep zo vroeg als mogelijk is in het leven wordt gevormd en zo lang als mogelijk in stand blijft. Denk daarbij ook aan de oude functies van meter en peter.

Coach

Een Coach is een persoon die over praktische levenswijsheid beschikt. Het is iemand die zijn/haar loopbaanpad heeft verlaten en zich als vrijwilliger aanbiedt aan mensen die steun nodig hebben in het leven. Coaches kunnen door een persoon of door zijn ondersteuningsgroep worden gevraagd om te helpen. Een ondersteuningsgroep is een absolute randvoorwaarde om aan de slag te gaan. Een coach kan gebruik maken van een simulator om mogelijkheden te onderzoeken.

Case Manager

Een case manager is een rol die er voor zorgt dat een dringend probleem wordt opgelost. Case managers kunnen zich in allerlei instanties bevinden en kunnen daardoor fors langs elkaar heen gaan werken. Het is de taak van de coach om de probleemhebber (zijn “maatje”) te helpen om een dergelijke situatie te vermijden of te corrigeren.

Case-Management Systeem

Alle betrokkenen maken gebruik van één Case-Management-Systeem (CMS). Een CMS is een procesmanager die op basis van condities zijn werk kan doen. Met behulp van dit systeem kunnen afspraken worden vastgelegd maar ook andere partijen betrokken en aan hun afspraken worden gehouden.

Zelfhulpgroep

Een zelfhulpgroep is een groep mensen die in vergelijkbare omstandigheden heeft verkeerd en bereid is om anderen te ondersteunen met praktische raadgeving. Mensen kunnen deelnemen aan meerdere groepen.

Case

Een case is een gestandaardiseerd beschrijving van een situatie in combinatie met een niet gestructureerde beschrijving. In het laatste geval lijkt het op een dagboek.

Cases kunnen problematisch zijn en om een oplossing vragen maar ze kunnen ook een beschrijving zijn van een gebeurtenis (bv. een ongeluk, een ziekte, een verhuizing, een aankoop). Cases worden gebruikt om een kwalitatief historisch overzicht te krijgen eventueel aangevuld met kwantitatieve informatie. Cases worden zoveel als mogelijk is automatisch aangemaakt.

Verzorgers

Indien een ondersteuningsgroep onvoldoende tijd en mogelijkheden heeft om de benodigde hulp te bieden kan externe hulp worden opgeroepen. Die wordt toegevoegd aan de groep en communiceert ook met de groep.

Specialisten/Hulpmiddelen

Indien nodig kan een case manager tijdelijk of permanent specialisten of hulpmiddelen toevoegen om de case op te lossen.

Kennissystemen/Deskundigen

Indien nodig kan een case manager tijdelijk of permanent deskundigen en kennissystemen tijdelijk of permanent toevoegen om de case op te lossen.

7. Financiering van de Levensloop

Het lichaam is verbonden met kort cyclische zon- en maanritmen zoals de dag, de maan/maand en het jaar (de seizoenen). Het gedrag is meetbaar (sensors), sterk voorspelbaar en daardoor budgetteerbaar mits er geen sprake is van verslaving, de behoefte van het lichaam om eindeloos te genieten.

Het complement van het lichaam, de geest, zoekt zekerheid en zoekt en formeert voorspelbare lange termijn patronen (soms een onderneming genoemd) die zich tonen in de vele economische cycli (Kitchen, Juglar, Kuznets, Kondratiev, …).

Aangezien de patronen onderhevig zijn aan verstoringen moet men ze niet als een absolute zekerheid gaan hanteren. Cycli herstellen zich altijd weer.

De korte cycli moduleren op lange cycli en hebben een voorspelbare verhouding (één Kondratieff = drie Kuznets= zes Juglars = twaalf Kitchens).

De Kontratiev-cyclus duurt +/- 54 jaar wat betekent dat de gemiddelde mens in zijn leven altijd profiteert van voorspoed en tegenslag. Dit betekent dat men met behulp van een lange termijn planning en een adequaat sociaal netwerk de cycli ongehavend door kan komen.

Sommige mensen hebben last van teveel geluk, teveel ongeluk, teveel passie of teveel wantrouwen om flexibel om te gaan met de toekomst.

In dat geval kunnen er voor deze mensen ondersteunde systemen worden ontworpen die zowel het geluk als het ongeluk delen door elkaar een waarborg te verlenen of elkaar te helpen in het besturen van het levenspad.

8. Smart Computing: De Mens in de Machine

Software gaat steeds meer psychische functies van de mens overnemen waardoor er uiteindelijk volledig autonome systemen zullen komen.

Op dit moment zijn vooral patroonherkenning (Big Data) en sensors gekoppeld aan procesmanagers (‘robots”) bruikbaar.

In de volgende stap kan de mens zich gaan koppelen aan zeer krachtige simulatoren die aan de ene kant de buitenwereld voorspelbaar zullen maken (“Early Warning”) en aan de andere kant een persoonlijke fantasiewereld (“het Holodeck”) kunnen maken waarin de mens eindeloos kan doorbrengen.

In de laatste fase kan de mens zich voorzien van lichaamssensors die het onbewuste zullen gaan ontsluiten.

Producten zullen worden gestandaardiseerd middels onderling gekoppelde product-configurators waarmee de klant kan gaan spelen (of andersom).

9. Van Coöperatie naar Banking Robot

Bankieren is heel oud. In de code van Hammurabi (1700 v Chr) werd er al gesproken over verzekeren. Rond 1200 ontstonden in Italië de handelsbanken.

De Treasury voortgekomen uit het graanpakhuis van Hammurabi is de functie binnen de bank die moet zorgen voor de levensloopbegeleiding van de bank door te zorgen voor een goede balans tussen sparen (productie) en lenen (consumptie) op zowel de korte- als de lange termijn.

Bankieren was tot 1900 uitsluitend voorbehouden aan de welgestelden. Rond die tijd ontstonden er twee nieuwe bankvormen die zich gingen richten op het vergaren van vermogen onder de minder draagkrachtigen (Giro & Postspaarbank) en het besturen van collectieve bedrijven en het dragen van collectieve risico’s (Raiffeisen, de Coöperatie of Onderlinge Waarborg Maatschappij).

De Consumptiebank (Bank van Lening) kreeg een enorme impuls toen de arbeiders in de jaren zestig verplicht werden om een salarisrekening te openen. Vanaf dat moment raakten de Nederlanders hun vrees om te lenen en te spenderen kwijt. Deze ontwikkeling werd natuurlijk sterk geholpen door de opkomende Kondratieff-golf.

Aan het eind van 20e eeuw hebben de banken geprofiteerd van de verder oplopende economie en hebben daarbij vergeten om een geldvoorraad voor de slechte jaren op te bouwen. Dit geldt natuurlijk niet alleen voor de bank zelf maar ook voor zijn klanten.

Rond 2000 op de top van de golf werd door de ontwikkelaars van de handelsbank Binck-Bank, Knab gelanceerd als een nieuwe vorm van klantgericht bankieren (Personal Financial Planning).

Knab probeert om de nieuwe mogelijkheden van de IT-technologie ten volle aan te wenden. Tot op heden slaat deze moderne vorm van bankieren niet erg aan omdat de klant de diensten te duur vind. Het grootste probleem is natuurlijk dat deze bank geen aansluiting krijgt bij de duurzame socialen, de expanderende genieters en de comprimerende zekerheidzoekers.

Het ligt in de lijn der verwachting dat rond de tijd van de Singularity de bank zich zal hebben getransformeerd in een begrijpend pratende alleswetende bankrobot die perfect waakt over de belangen van de klant. De teerling voor een Dr.Watson-bank is deze maand door IBM samen met de DSB-bank in Singapore geworpen.

Het lijkt er op dat deze ontwikkeling wel eens sneller kan gaan dan men denkt omdat IBM wederom een miljard dollar heeft gestoken in de toepassingen van zijn Dr.Watson-technologie. Deze investering zal vooral worden besteed aan het verbeteren van de medische Dr.Watson.

Dr. Watson ook wel Semantic Analytics genoemd kan in korte tijd eindeloos veel kwalitatieve (tekst, plaatjes) en kwantitatieve data tot zich nemen, patronen ontdekken,  logische redeneren en praten.

Om de uitdagingen van de komende cyclus-periode aan te kunnen zullen de banken zich moeten gaan concentreren op het balanceren van hun eigen geldvoorraden en daarmee ook de waardenvoorraden van hun klanten. Dit kan alleen als ze zich gaan bezighouden met de volledige levenscyclus.

Dit betekent dat een bank niet alleen alle soorten dienstverlening moet gaan bieden maar ook alle soorten banken onder één noemer moeten zien te brengen.

In dat kader zal de bank ook weer een sociale kant moeten gaan tonen.

We hebben gezien dat deze kant van het bankwezen zich in het verleden heeft getoond in de coöperatie en de waarborgmaatschappij. Deze banktypen zijn grotendeels verdwenen en hebben zich getransformeerd in een “normale” bank en verzekeraar waarbij de inbreng in het beleid van de klanten niet groot meer is.

Het herstellen van de klantbetrokkenheid (zie Knab) is een “hot issue” en “customer co-creation” staat hoog in de trend top tien.  Daarnaast rijst het aantal nieuw opgerichte kredietunies de pan uit en is de regering al druk bezig om deze vorm van onderlinge solidariteit een wettelijke basis te geven.

Het ligt dan ook voor de hand om onderlinge solidariteit (“de naaste”) weer als uitgangspunt te nemen voor de mensen die dat willen en dat zijn de mensen met een sociale persoonlijkheid.

10. Integrale Gezondheidszorg

We zijn weer terug bij het verdwenen bankkantoor in de wijk. Het stond in een winkelcentrum waar inmiddels door de snelle opkomst van de Internetwinkels alleen nog de lichaamsgerateerde kort cyclische retail aanwezig is.

De kans is groot dat die zich zelfs op den duur terugtrekt als de winkel-logistiek zich volledig heeft aangepast aan het aan huis bezorgen.

Vaak is zo’n winkelcentrum gekoppeld aan een gezondheidscentrum dat zich nu ook druk moet gaan maken over de psycho-sociale zorg. De overheid heeft bedacht dat de huisarts in de wijk in samenwerking met de wijkverpleegkundige moet gaan optreden als personal case-manager.

Opvallend is dat de economische gezondheidszorg (de armenzorg) nog grotendeels een kerkelijke aangelegenheid is. Er zijn vele organisaties die de hulp van levenswijze “maatjes” aanbieden om mensen te helpen ook economisch orde op zaken te stellen.

Wat tot op heden nog volledig ontbreekt is een integrale benadering. De vele professionele hulpverleners (“de sociale kaart”) en vrijwilligers werken notoir langs elkaar heen,  het aantal specialismen is sterk gegroeid waardoor ieder probleemhokje een eigen loket heeft en men kan door de soms zeer complexe vaktaal moeilijk onderling communiceren.

Wat vaak wordt vergeten is dat er naast hulpverleners en vrijwilligers ook nog commerciële partijen zijn die belang hebben bij een gezonde medewerker of klant.

Die belangen worden bij voorbeeld gedragen door Arbo-diensten, Verzekeraars en Banken die schadeclaims moeten afhandelen en natuurlijk ook voorkomen. Een vergaande samenwerking rondom het wijkgebonden integrale gezondheidscentrum ligt voor de hand.

Het is hierbij van belang om te beseffen dat de technologie veel werk uit handen kan nemen zodat de mens zich volledig kan richten op het persoonlijk contact zowel in de vorm van een gesprek als van de zorg zelf (totdat de zorg-robot zich aandient).

11. De Zelf-Ontplooiende Stad

Een stad is een verzameling gebouwen, waarin mensen samenwonen, werken, worden verzorgd of plezier maken. De mensen en de gebouwen zijn verbonden door allerlei soorten netwerken (energie, vervoer, telecommunicatie, sociale netwerken, waardeketens, ..).

De stad kan net als het Integrale Gezondheidscentrum verdeeld worden in vier onderling verbonden onderdelen n.l Besturing, Bedrijvigheid, Sociaal en Cultureel.

Boven de Stad kan een Monitor worden gedefinieerd die erg veel lijkt op het menselijke bewustzijn. De Monitor moet er voor zorgen dat de verschillende onderdelen niet te dominant worden.

De vier onderdelen kunnen weer worden opgesplitst in vergelijkbare onderdelen waardoor er in totaal (1+4) x 12 = 60 onderdelen kunnen worden gedefineerd. Die onderdelen kunnen als nodig is nog veel dieper kunnen worden opgedeeld als we de mens weer opsplitsen in bijv. organen en de organen weer in cellen. Op ieder niveau gelden dezelfde wetten.

LINKS

Over Slimme Software

Over de Stad

Over Paths of Change (PoC)

Over Grammers of Engagement

Over Roeping

Over Verslaving

Over Communities of Practice

Over Collaboratief leren.

Over de Magie van de OnKwetsbaarheid , the Magic of Invulnerability of Thot, Anti-fragility of Nassim Taleb and the Quaternio of Carl Jung

This is the same blog in English. This Blog is written in Dutch.

1. Samenvatting.

Nassim Taleb is een mooie combinatie van een geld-handelaar, wetenschapper en filosoof.

Het boek Anti-Fragility is een deel van een serie boeken die onder de titel Incerto worden uitgebracht.

Incerto is is an investigation of luck, uncertainty, probability, opacity, human error, risk, disorder, and decision-making in a world we don’t understand“.

Anti-fragility is een vervolg op het deel de Black Swan dat gaat over de voorspelbaarheid van Rampen. In het boek anti-fragility leer je gebruik te maken van onvoorspelbaarheid (“to get order out of disorder”).

2. Aanleiding.

Deze blog is het gevolg van een  presentatie over Anti-Fragility die ik op 7-9-2016 heb gegeven voor de sofware-architecten van de KNVI (Koninklijke Nederlandse Vereniging van Informatieprofessionals).

De presentatie in 2016 begon met een verhaal over mijn Smart City-project in Den Haag (“Smart Urban Space”). Dit stuk van de presentatie is hier weggelaten op de conclusie na over de Anti-Fragiele Stad. Die conclusie staat in Hfdst. 15.

Het verhaal over de Zelfontplooiende Stad staat hier.

3. Over Anti-Kwetsbaarheid.

Nassim Taleb beweert dat er geen woord in het Engels bestaat voor het omgekeerde van Fragility (kwetsbaarheid). Daarom heeft hij het zelf gemaakt (Anti-Fragility, anti-kwetsbaarheid). In het Nederlands bestaat het woord wel alhoewel het net als in het Engels ook een niet-(on/anti)-woord (“een tegendeel”) is.

Het omgekeerde van Fragility is onkwetsbaarheid, een mythisch begrip, waar veel levenden naar op zoek zijn geweest maar dat alleen aan de Goden is (of was?) voorbehouden.

Taleb plaatst Anti-Fragility vooral in het scheppende perspectief. Met Anti-Fragility kun je chaos gebruiken om je eigen orde te scheppen.

Dit document bevat een zoektocht naar Anti-Fragility langs allerlei modellen die stukjes van de puzzel bevatten.

4. Over Veerkracht.

Op het plaatje houden Thoth, de Uitvinder en Ma’at, de Godin van de Balans, de Levensboom (de Ished) in Evenwicht.

De vruchten van de Boom des Levens gaven Eeuwig Leven (en dus Onkwetsbaarheid) en Inzicht in het Grote Plan.

In de top van de Boom die gesitueerd was in Heliopolis  zat de Bennu Vogel, de Magische Phoenix. De Vuurvogel die uit haar eigen Vuur herboren wordt is het Symbool van Nassim Taleb voor Veerkracht, het laatste stadium voor anti-kwetsbaarheid.

De tovenaar Thoht wordt ook wel Djehuti genoemd. Hij is de bestuurder van de Djed, de levenskracht (“het Vuur van de Phoenix”, de Kundalini), waarmee hij het Rad van Avontuur in beweging  zet dat door Ma’at binnen de perken wordt gehouden.

Het mag duidelijk zijn dat Nassim Taleb op zoek is naar de bron van de Levenskracht en de beperkingen van Ma’at (Balans) wil ontlopen.

In moderne terminologie wil Nassim permanent in de “Edge of Chaos” (“de Adjacent Possible“, Kauffman) opereren. De “edge” is het gebied tussen orde en chaos waar de nieuwe ruimte wordt gevormd en de tijd zijn werk nog niet kan doen.

5. Citaten van Nassim Telab.

Cursief een aantal citaten van Nassim Taleb om in de stemming te komen:

Our brain is not cut out for nonlinearities. People think that if, say, two variables are causally linked, then a steady input in one variable should always yield a result in the other one. Our emotional apparatus is designed for linear causality.

Wind extinguishes a candle and energizes fire. You want to be the fire and wish for the wind. …The mission is how to domesticate, even dominate, even conquer, the unseen, the opaque, and the inexplicable.

It takes a lot of intellect and confidence to accept that what makes sense doesn’t really make sense.

For a free person, the optimal – most opportunistic – route between two points should never be the shortest one.

Not seeing a tsunami or an economic event coming is excusable; building something fragile to them is not.

The ultimate freedom lies in not having to explain “why” you did something.

The best choice is the one that remains for no good reason while other options have 2 or more reasons.

You get pseudo-order when you seek order; you get a measure of order and control when you embrace randomness.

In fact, every step is a new beginning. 

6. Over het Omgekeerde.

Dit document is een persoonlijke zoektocht naar anti-fragility, een concept bedacht door de auteur/wetenschapper/filosoof/geldhandelaar Nassim Taleb. Anti-fragility is het omgekeerde van kwetsbaarbaarheid (fragile).

Taleb is een liefhebber van het omgekeerde en van kunstige metafoor (“The general principle of antifragility, it is much better to do things you cannot explain than explain things you cannot do.”).

Nassim zet zijn lezers graag op het verkeerde been suggererend dat dat het goede been is. Door het omgekeerde te nemen laat hij de grenzen zien van het dagelijkse en opent daardoor een nieuwe wereld die grotendeels onbegrijpelijk is maar wel degelijk mogelijk (“I want to live happily in a world I don’t understand”).

De zoektocht maakt gebruik van wat ik “mapping” noem, het springen (“afbeelden“) van model naar model waarbij het basismodel, Paths of Change,  steeds meer wordt verrijkt met details die zich rondom het kernthema (on-kwetsbaarheid) ophopen.

7. Over Paths of Change.

Paths of Change (PoC) beschrijft veranderprocessen en is ontwikkeld door Will McWhinney.

De methode maakt gebruik van het concept wereldbeeld (worldview), een specifieke kijk op de wereld.

PoC gebruikt vier onafhankelijke  wereldbeelden:

  • Sensory (waar-nemen / handelen/ ervaring/ rood),
  • Unitary (waar-heid /kennis /systeem /blauw ),
  • Mythic (weer (waar?)-geven  / idee/ inzicht/ geel) en
  • Social (waar-deren /waarde /groep / groen).

Een verandering is een cyclisch proces dat minimaal twee wereldbeelden doorloopt. Als voorbeeld, het wetenschappelijke veranderproces, koppelt unitary (waar-heid) aan sensory (waar-nemen) en vice-versa.

PoC is een fractaal-systeem (zelf-referentie, herhaling zelfde model). De basisvorm, de golf, herhaalt zich op ieder schaalniveau. Er zijn vele golven met een verschillende periodiciteit (frequentie).

Cycli van verschillende periodiciteit versterken of beperken elkaar. Omhoog en omlaag van gelijke waarde heffen elkaar op.

Een golf lijkt op een Sinus en bestaat uit een weg omhoog (mythic), de top (unitary), de weg omlaag (sensory) en het dal (social, depressie) waar vandaan de weg omhoog weer start.

De wiskundige Fourier heeft aangetoond dat alle functies kunnen worden beschreven als een verzameling van sinussen en cosinussen. Een cosinus is een vertraagde sinus.

Een Sinusvorm bevat twee tegenstellingen (omkeringen) n.l. richting (omhoog/omlaag) en evenwicht (top/dal).

Richting en (&) evenwicht vormen samen het geheel. Ze worden elkaars complement genoemd. Een systeem dat bestaat uit twee opponenten en complementen wordt een Quaternio genoemd

8. Over de Quaternio.

Een voorbeeld van de Quaternio in het basismodel van PoC is de link waar-nemen (Sensory) vs weer-geven (Mythic). Weer of waar betekent aandacht. De kruisen in het model gaan over tegenstellingen.

Quaternions hebben een hele rijke historie in de geschiedenis van de wetenschap en zijn door de psycholoog/filosoof Carl Jung weer op de kaart gezet.

Een Quaternio biedt de mogelijkheid om met een concept te spelen door complement en opponent te onderzoeken.

Het is duidelijk dat Taleb een expert is in het spel van omkeren en confronteren. Zijn hoogste doel is om de lezer zodanig in de war te brengen dat hij zelf het Licht ziet.

Er zijn veel  vergelijkbare Quaternio’s (“vierluiken”). Die kunnen worden gebruikt om een toegespitste kijk te introduceren in een discussie. Door ze steeds te relateren (“mappen”) aan het PoC-model kun je een meer-dimensioneel plaatje schetsen.

Bovenstaand Quaternio komt uit de Grid/Group-theorie. Er worden twee variabelen gebruikt die een dualiteit zijn n.l. individu en niet-individu (groep) en vrije keuze (prescribing) en niet-“vrije keuze” (prescribed). Hierdoor vormen ze samen een Quaternio.

PoC is te beschrijven met de variabelen Communion en Agency, waarbij Agency lijkt op de Vrije Keuze-variabele maar dan andersom n.l. het effect van Agency is vrije of niet-vrije keuze en de groep-variabele lijkt op Communion (Samen vs Niet-Samen).

De Grid/Group-theorie is onder meer gebruikt bij het ontwerpen van Panarchy, een theorie over autonome processen. Panarchy wordt in Hfdst. 9 geintroduceerd.

De verbindingen tussen de wereldbeelden kunnen worden benoemd. Plan (Unity) -> Praktijk (Sensory) wordt Maken genoemd en Praktijk->Plan (Theorie, Unity) wordt Analyse genoemd.

Unity comprimeert (M->1) en Sensory expandeert (1->M).

De vier onderdelen van PoC kunnen weer worden ingedeeld volgens hetzelfde model. Dit noemt men zelf-referentie of schaal. In het plaatje wordt de persoonlijkheid opgeblazen tot een stelsel van Communities. Een Community of Practice heet een bedrijf.

De rechtsdraaiende cyclus is de Productie-cyclus. De linksdraaiende cyclus is de Consumptie-cyclus.

De kleuren in de plaatjes geven de relatie aan met PoC.

9. De definitie van Anti-Fragility.

Het concept anti-fragile is bedacht door Nassim Taleb en staat in de titel van zijn boek Antifragile: Things That Gain From Disorder. Anti-fragile is de antithese van fragile (kwetsbaar). Hoe meer wanorde hoe beter het anti-fragiele systeem werkt.

Een fragiel systeem is zwak dus zou je zeggen dat een anti-fragiel systeem sterk is (Robuust). Nassim Taleb gooit er nog een paar scheppen bovenop. Als je anti-fragiel bent ben je blij als er iets goed mis gaat want dan wordt het gewin groter.

Tussen fragiel (kwetsbaar) en anti-fragiel (onkwetsbaar) definieert Taleb de concepten anti-agile (niet aanpasbaar, rigide) en agile (aanpasbaar) met robuust (resilient, veerkrachtig) als midden categorie.

Anti-Fragiel worden is eigenlijk onmenselijk vandaar dat Nassim zoveel referenties geeft naar mythische voorbeelden (Phoenix (Robuust, Veerkracht), Hydra (Anti-Fragiel), een veelkoppig monster, dat meer koppen terugkrijgt als een kop wordt afgehakt).

Anti-fragile: is het vervolg op zijn bestsellers Fooled by Randomness, en The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable.

Black Swans zijn onvoorspelbare gebeurtenissen waar je je volgens Nassim tegen kunt wapenen door het systeem robuust te maken.

Fragiele systemen hebben maar twee standen n.l. (0): Heel (H) en (1): Kapot (K). Organismen zijn veerkrachtige systemen.  Ze hebben 2×2 standen (HH (00 =0), HK (01 = 1), KH (10 =2), KK  (11=3)-> Hh->H , HK, KH, KK->K) en zijn cyclisch (0, 1,2,3.0,1,2,3,0,…).

Anti-Fragiele systemen zijn het product van een evolutionair proces. Evolutionaire systemen hebben 2**2**n standen en tonen zich als een spiraal.

In fact, the most interesting aspect of evolution is that it only works because of its antifragility; it is in love with stressors, randomness, uncertainty, and disorder — while individual organisms are relatively fragile, the gene pool takes advantage of shocks to enhance its fitness.

Onderstaande plaatje toont de Involutie (convergentie van de Evolutie) van de Spiraal van het Universum van de Big Bang tot en met het ontstaan van de Sociale Systemen.

Als een fragiel systeem kapot gaat kan de nieuwe staat iets heel anders doen dan vroeger of helemaal niets doen. In dat geval passen de brokstukken niet meer in elkaar.

Een fragiel systeem kan door een grote verstoring anti-fragiel worden omdat de componenten anders worden geordend en ook zelf worden aangepast.

Een niet-veranderbare (anti-agile, rigide) ecologie weerstaat een verstoring.

Een veerkrachtige (robuuste) ecologie herstelt zich maar verandert niet.

Een veranderbare (agile) kwetsbare (fragile) ecologie valt na een grote verstoring uit elkaar, ordent de brokstukken op een andere manier en blijft hetzelfde doen (“functional redundancy”).

Een onkwetsbare ecologie doet iets nieuws met nieuwe brokstukken. Het is de vraag of nieuw beter is. Het is ieder geval anders.

10. Over Black Swans en Dragon Kings.

In tegenstelling tot Nassim Taleb is Didier Sonnete van mening dat er naast de Black Swan nog een ander soort ramp bestaat, de Dragon King.

Black Swans ontstaan door Self-Organized Criticality, “de druppel die de emmer doet overlopen”, de eerste steen die een lawine, een kettingreactie, doet ontstaan. Een kettingreactie duidt op een systeem dat te geïntegreerd is. Alles hangt met alles samen.

Het moment waarop de lawine ontstaat is niet met zekerheid te voorspellen maar de verdeling van de grootte van lawines vertoont een z.g. powerlaw-verdeling (de 80/20-regel, Pareto-principe). Een powerlaw-netwerk heeft heel veel kleine knooppunten en een paar grote “hubs”, die als magneet fungeren voor de kleintjes.

Dragon Kings ontstaan omdat er door synchronisatie min of meer gelijke (homogene) sterk gekoppelde (coupling) objecten gaan ontstaan die zich als een geheel volgens een vast ritme gaan gedragen (kuddegedrag).

De kudde drijft het systeem tot enorme hoogte (“een hype”, “bubble”) waarna het in elkaar stort en een tsunami start die veel opgebouwde waarde vernietigd. Dit wordt positieve feedback genoemd.

Synchronisatie forceert homogeniteit. Ongelijke onderdelen gaan in het geheel op elkaar lijken. Voorbeelden zijn verliefdheid, mensenmenigten (“meutes”), vogelzwermen, bacteria, hersenen, files, het weer en economische bubbles.

11. Over Stroomsystemen en Constructal Law.

Het energieverschil, het potentieel, tussen de ritmische input van de zon en de output  van de ritmisch roterende aarde (via reflectie), wordt omgezet in geordende (geconfigureerde) ritmische (cycli) beweging (stroom systemen, bijv. het weer, de waterkringloop in de zee, …).

Het ritme van de zonnecyclus veroorzaakt grootschalige synchronisatie op aarde.

Als het potentieel te laag is komt de beweging tot stilstand (uitputting). Een blokkade van een aantal stroompaden kan een infarct doen ontstaan waardoor de stroom zich ophoopt en blokkeert. Op den duur wordt de blokkade (“doorbraak”) weer opgeheven als de bron maar blijft bestaan.

Een te grote stroomlijning van de rivierdelta veroorzaakt bij een te groot aanbod overstromingen. Hierdoor gaat de stroom anders lopen (bypass). Een rivierdelta is een combinatie van vele stagnaties die plotseling door de grote druk die zich bij het knooppunt ontwikkeld een bypass veroorzaken.

Tussen stagnatie en vrije stroom bevindt zich een persistent model dat een optimalisatie is van vele variabelen (i.h.a de lengte van de stroom). Dit model, de boom,  komt steeds terug.

Constructal Law is een onderdeel van de Thermodynamica. Ze laat zien dat stroomsystemen allemaal hetzelfde fractale “boom”-patroon vertonen op ieder schaal-niveau (hersenen, longen, bloedvaten, boom, rivier, stad,…).

Het model van Paths of Change bestaat eigenlijk uit vier aan elkaar gekoppelde bomen die 90 graden zijn geroteerd.

Unity is de Boom van de Hiearchie, Sensory is de Boom van de Causaliteit, waarbij een oorzaak vele gevolgen kan hebben.  Social zijn de Wortels van de Boom en Mythic is het omgekeerde van Social. Uit het Vele komt de Eenheid voort.

In zijn totaliteit lijkt het op een centrum (de Leegte) waaruit paden voortvloeien die alle kanten op stromen. Dit model is het gevolg van een systeem zonder weerstand.

Hier toont zich de Levensboom van Thoth en Ma’at maar ook de Uhrplant van Goethe die de wetenschap van de Morphologie (de Vormkunde) in gang heeft gezet.

De essentie van Constructal Law is dat de stroomsystemen in de vorm van boomstructuren op den duur alle weerstand verwijderen zodat ze steeds beter kunnen stromen. Die weerstand wordt gevormd door de vormen die “oude” stroomsystemen hebben geproduceerd.

Dit betekent dat de cyclus sneller gaat bewegen, het boom-object kleiner wordt (maar wel deel blijft uitmaken van een groter object (dat weer deel uit maakt van een nog groter object (via de fractale wetten)))  en de vorm van het object meer gestroomlijnd wordt gegeven het medium waarin het zich bevindt (vissen (water), vogels (lucht), zoogdieren (land)).

Volgens de Constructal Law zijn de organismen maar ook de hulpmiddelen van de organismen (vliegtuigen, boten , auto’s,…) allemaal een gevolg van de rotatie (in de rotatie, in de rotatie) die het overschot aan energie van de zon heeft veroorzaakt.

12. Over Vitaliteit , een voorbeeld van een Spanningsveld.

Vitaliteit is een verband tussen diversiteit (veerkracht) en efficiency (orde). Als er teveel is gestroomlijnd wordt het totale gekoppelde systeem gevoelig voor verstoring (fragiel, breekbaar (brittle)).

Door het uitvallen van een elektriciteit-centrale vallen alle centrales uit of door een virus valt een groot deel van de software uit (collapse). Andersom levert een te grote diversiteit een te lage samenhang (connectivity) op en werkt er niets meer samen (stagnatie, chaos).

Vitaliteit is een voorbeeld van een spanningsveld (Efficiency (Alles gelijk) vs Diversiteit). Als je dieper analyseert blijkt dat alle problemen ontstaan door spanningsvelden die niet in het midden, in balans, verkeren omdat ze met grote moeite in balans kunnen komen.

De ene en de andere kant zijn meer waarschijnlijk maar veroorzaken zulke grote problemen dat een ander spanningsveld ze weer oplost.

Aangezien de spanningsvelden samenhangen middels spanningsvelden is de wereld een systeem dat in wankel evenwicht verkeerd en dat uiteindelijk tot een punt in een kruis kan worden teruggebracht. Dat punt is het scharnierpunt waarom alles draait.

13. Over Panarchy, de Fusie van de God Pan en Anarchie.

De hoofdstukken 4 t/m 6 laten een aantal samenhangende onafhankelijke variabelen zien die een spanningsveld zijn n.l. (1) Verbondenheid (2) Vitaliteit (3) Orde en (4) Potentieel. Die variabelen komen ook voor in het model achter Panarchy.

Panarchy is een fusie tussen Pan, de God van de Natuur en Anarchie, een  niet van boven gestuurde organisatievorm. Panarchy gaat over Autonome processen in de Natuur.

Panarchy is een cyclisch 4-dimensionaal model (een spanningsveld tussen Vorm & Proces) van de ontwikkelingen (de stromen) die een ecologie doormaakt.

De vorm van de cyclus is het cijfer 8, de Möbius-ring. De ring is een 2-Dimensionele band in een 3-D-ruimte die geen boven- en onderkant heeft maar die suggestie wel wekt.

De ring kan worden onderverdeeld in vier fasen die overeenkomen met de cyclische ontwikkeling van een organisme van geboorte tot dood.

De fasen zijn:

(1) geboorte en groei (opbouwen potentie en verbondenheid, groen/blauw), Vanuit het diepste punt (“de depressie”) ontstaat er weer samenhang. De samenhang produceert en consumeert hulpbronnen waarbij er veel meer wordt geproduceerd dan geconsumeerd. Er is nog genoeg ruimte om te groeien en om voorraden te maken. Vanuit het overschot ontwikkelt zich een besturingssysteem (een elite) die vooral zorgdraagt voor consensus. De onderdelen staan in dienst van elkaar.

(2) conserveren (behoud huidige situatie prioriteit, veel te veel connecties, geen mogelijkheid voor nieuwe paden, systeem wordt broos en breekbaar, er ontstaan  verschillende breuklijnen, diversiteit neemt toe, blauw/geel): Het systeem verbruikt vrijwel al zijn hulpbronnen om zich in stand te houden. Er vindt geen innovatie plaats en het verleden wordt belangrijker als de toekomst.

(3) ineenstorten en uit elkaar vallen  (geel/rood): Uiteindelijk valt het geheel uiteen in brokstukken die niet echt op elkaar aansluiten. Er werkt niets meer samen en het systeem komt tot stilstand.

(4) herordenen en opnieuw beginnen (rood/groen): De brokstukken worden weer aangepast en samengevoegd en een nieuwe cyclus begint.

Iedere faseovergang wordt afgesloten met een fase-specifieke ramp omdat er steeds op een andere manier “door de bocht” wordt gegaan.

Het model van de ecologie herhaalt zich op verschillende schaalniveaus. Stromen op een hoger niveau zijn groter en stromen langzamer.

De verschillende schalen (bijvoorbeeld mens, sociaal netwerk, stad, zie verder Hfdst. 15) hebben relaties die omhoog (revolutie, geel/blauw) en omlaag (herinneren/terugval, blauw/rood) springen.

Onderstaand plaatje toont het Panarchy-model geprojecteerd op het PoC-model.

Een aantal observaties:

(1) De Mobius-Ring toont zich hier ook,

(2) Er is een symmetrie tussen Blauw/Geel en Rood/Groen. Aangezien PoC een Quaternio is, zie je hier dat de opposities via de kruislijnen Groeien en Reorganiseren lopen. Groeien gaat van Dieptepunt naar Top en Reorganiseren gaat van Stijgen naar Dalen. Beiden gaan in tegengestelde richting Neer->Op vs Op->Neer, een Golf.

(3) Er is een symmetrie tussen Blauw/Rood (Analytic Game, Maken/Analyseren) en Geel/Groen (Emergence, Inzicht in Waarde, Waarde van een Inzicht).

Het Analytische Spel (Unity <-> Sensory) is een mensenspel. In een Ecologie wordt dit niet gespeeld. Het spel ontstaat via de terugkoppeling naar een hogere orde. Dat komt omdat we bij het Ontwerpen altijd veel te abstract denken en een aantal stappen terug moeten doen om de realiteit weer te bereiken. Thoht wordt altijd weer teruggefloten door Ma’at.

Taleb: “We have the illusion that the world functions thanks to programmed design, university research, and bureaucratic funding, but there is compelling — very compelling — evidence to show that this is an illusion.  Technology is the result of antifragility, exploited by risk-takers in the form of tinkering and trial and error.  Engineers and tinkerers develop things while history books are written by academics; we will have to refine historical interpretations of growth, innovation, and many such things. … The error of naive rationalism leads to overestimating the role and necessity of … academic knowledge, in human affairs — and degrading the uncodifiable, more complex, intuitive, or experience-based type”.

Het Spel van de “Emergence” (Mythic <-> Social) laat het gebeuren. Er  wordt niet gehandeld. Soms worden ideeen gewaardeerd (“brainstorm”) maar de grote vraag is of die ideeen echte ideeen zijn. In het algemeen zijn ideeen waarnemingen.

Andersom is het altijd goed inzicht te hebben in de waarde die mensen toekennen aan een proces of een calamiteit die het gevolg is van een gebeurtenis (Black Swan, Dragon King). In het laatste geval is er sprake van een hype en dient te worden opgelet dat de “fictieve” waarde niet te hoog wordt ingeschat.

Een Ecologie is een Autonoom (Natuurlijk) Proces en geen Mensenspel. Mensen hebben weinig invloed in de Ecologie behalve dat ze net als de andere organismen gebruik kunnen maken van de Ecologie en hem daarmee ten gronde kunnen richten door alles op te maken.

(4) Er is een “nieuw” type “Path-of-Change” ontstaan, een Ecologie/Ecologie-sprong dat via Revolutie (geel-sprong omhoog-blauw) en Herinner (Remember) van Blauw-sprong-omlaag-Rood loopt.

14: Over Menselijke Uitdagingen.

De mens (en zijn soortgenoten, de zoogdieren) heeft in zijn leven altijd te maken met existentiële levensproblemen.

Volgens Plutchik zijn dat er vier:

(1) Identiteit (herkennen, herhalen, accepteren, afstoten, isolatie, deelnemer, samenwerken): Als je niet kunt ontdekken wat hetzelfde is kun je nooit iets herhalen. Een persistente identiteit met bijbehorende kenmerken is een eerste vereiste om te kunnen samenwerken.

(2) Hiërarchie (aanvallen, ontsnappen): Hoe hoger hoe machtiger. Om te kunnen overleven moet het duidelijk zijn wanneer je moet vluchten en wanneer de kans groot is dat je wint.

(3) Tijdelijkheid (voortbestaan, reproductie, overdracht van kennis & ervaring (= inzicht), verschil, samenkomen, vertrekken, leven en dood, vieren, spel): Als er voor alles een einde is moet het mogelijk zijn om te reproduceren zowel lichamelijk als qua cultuur. Het slagen van een reproductie is een moment waarop men viert. Het einde van een existentie is een moment van droefenis. Reproductie herhaalt hetzelfde maar niet helemaal hetzelfde. Er is sprake van een afwijking of van verschil.

(4) Territorium (exploratie, oriëntatie, beschermen, grenzen, voorspelbaarheid, hulpbronnen, overschotten, markten): Een territorium is nodig om rust te hebben om hulpbronnen op te bouwen en te bewaken. Een territorium moet een duidelijke grens hebben en de overschotten en tekorten van een territorium moeten kunnen worden bewaard en verhandeld.

15: Alan Fiske : Over Menselijke Verhoudingen.

Deze problemen kunnen worden afgebeeld naar de vier relationele elementaire sociale relaties van Alan Fiske:

(1) Identiteit->Cummunal Sharing, groen,

(2) Hierarchie->Authority Ranking, blauw,

(3) Tijdelijkheid -> Equality Matching, geel en

(4) Territorium ->Market Pricing, rood.

De sociale relaties kunnen ook worden afgebeeld naar de vier wereldbeelden van PoC.

Die vier relaties van Fiske zijn vooraf gegaan door de agonistische en hedonistische samenleving, waarbij de eerste was gebaseerd op hiërarchie en conflict (territorium, oversprong-gedrag, mannelijk) en de ander op spel/cultuur (tijdelijkheid, vriendschap, vrouwelijk) en samenwerking (identiteit).

16. Menselijke Emoties

Plutchik is vooral bekend geworden door zijn 3D-model van de menselijke emoties. Het model bestaat uit vier primaire emoties met hun tegendeel:

(1) Vertrouwen vs Afkeer, groen,

(2) Angst vs Woede, blauw,

(3) Verrassing vs Waakzaamheid, geel en

(4) Vreugde vs Droefheid, rood.

In het plaatje wordt de intensiteit weergegeven.

Het model van Plutchik is afbeeldbaar op PoC en alle andere modellen die de revue hebben gepasseerd in deze blog. Het model is op vele manieren uitgetest en wordt bijvoorbeeld gebruikt bij het ontwerpen van robots.

17. De Menselijk Maat