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Surviving in a Cave: Looking for the Secret Grove of the State.

The Nation State is a result of a long Development from a Tribe of Hunter Gatherers Living in a Cave developing Agriculture building up a Surplus to Save Time to Divide Tasks to look at the Stars and Predict the Cycles. After the Caves people created Cities that joined into a powerful State. The Cave turned into a Secluded House.
Bruno Latour How to Think as a State. A speech to the Dutch WRR, an Scientific Counsel to Government of the Netherlands.

Latour speaks about the New Constitution.

A Constitution is a Law that Controls Laws, a Meta-Law.

Accoding to Latour a State is an Ecology.

To formulate the right Laws we have to Solve the Distinction Between Hard and Soft, Science (Facts) and Politics (Society, Values) ,  Nature and Culture, Thing and Subject.

The adaptive cycle as a dynamic map for resilience thinking
The theory of complex dynamic systems called Panarchy describes the periodic, rhythmic dance between order and chaos, between stability and transformation as a fundamental pattern of self-organization in complex (living) systems

An Ecology (= a State) Grows when the parts of the ecology are not too connected (“autonomous“) and the Wealth of the Economy is widely available for action.

The Panarchy Cycle ends with the end of the Ecology (in the Conservation-state), This state is always saved in a Sacred Grove.

In a Conservation-state a State (Political ecology) is old ans fradile only busy with itself spending all of its energy (wealth) to Survive.

The windows of a Cathedral show the Spiral of Life. Cathedral are always build on a Sacred Grove.
The Medicine Wheel is the basic form of Model of the Cycle seen in the way animals behave. .

The Sacred Grove was the place were the Spiritual Buildings (Churches/Cathedrals) were build by the Priests of te Old Orders.

To find the Future of the State we have to research the time we lived in the Caves,

Politicians have to realize that the State is an Ecology that Contains a Diversity of Matter (Things) and Life Forms (subjects) and Scientists have to realize that Objects are also Actors, they move and/or are a cause and/or an Effect .

Politicians (Thinking, Feeling (Social) <–> Manipulate / Consensus )and Scientists (Thinking (Unity) , Sensing <--> Make, Analyze) ) have to realize that besides their Archetypes there are other Archetypes like Seeers (INtuiting) and Empats (Feeling). that Play a Role in the Cycle of Paths of Change.

Paths of Change mapped to the Tarot where Mythic (= Imagination, idea, Intuitive, Seeer, Cups), Social (= Opinion, Status, Emotion, Feeling, Pentacles), Sensory ( Fact, Experience, Wands, Action, Grow) and Unity (= Knowledge, Order, Rule, Law, Swords).
The Parliament of Things has to make a full Rotation of PATHS OF CHANGE with the Clock (Generating, Producing) or and / or Against the Clock (Consuming). With and Agaianst the Clock = a Moebius Ring). Observe the MOEBIUS RING in the Picture of PANARCHY Above and Below.

Does the New Constitution, the new Meta Law also apply to Things-Animals and Things- Machines (Robots)? Who will Speak for the Lakes, the ozon layer, the Trees and the Self-driving Cars in the Parliament of Things.

Are the Laws of Nature in conflict with the New Constitution or are they the same Laws (and what are these Laws)?

In Chapter 9 of this blog you will see that Humans and Animals (and even Viruses and Bacteria apply the (Ethic) Principle of Tit-for-Tat, a solution to the Infinitely Repeated Prisoners Dilemma.

We are all kept in the same Prison that is Nature and our only way to get out is to Collaborate with all of the Life-Forms.

What is Happening?

We are witnessing a Global Transformation in which the old Organizational Mass Structures are Loosing their Power and the Struggle between the Hawks (Rich, Influentional) and the Doves (Poor, Isolated) comes back.

History Repeats itself in a completely different Context filled with Big Brother Technology.

Is it possible to create a Big Brother State that citizens Love to live in?

It looks like (Surveillance Capitalism) could become our Big Friend by Automating Us.

Jared Diamond. Societies collaps because of environmental problems (“climate, too Dry, too Cold,..) combined with External and Internal Conflicts and the Resilience of the Society, (the Way the Citizens are able to Solve their own Problems), is low.
The Panarchy 4D Model of Ecologies fits the development of the Sate. It shows that Resilience is a combination of Connectedness and Wealth (Resources). When a State is too connected (“Burocratic“) and has not distributed its Wealth between the Rich and the Poor it will Collaps.

The History of the State.

The State was invented in Sumer translated in Akkadian as the “Land of the Civilized Kings”.

Their forefathers moved from a hunter-gatherer society to an Agrarian one prior to 5000 BCE.

The Kings and their High Priests invented Cuneiform script, the Wheel, the Sail Boat, Irrigation, Law, Diplomacy, Trade, Bookkeeping and astrology.

Machu Picchu, A December Solstice Observatory of the Inca.The Inca’s are part of the Norte Chico Civilization that existed at the same time as Sumer. The December Solstice was observed all over the world. The civilization of the Inca’s was destroyed by the Spanish Golddiggers who killed for Christ and brought many Diseases that killed the Inca too,

Theory of the State.

State formation is explained by The production of surplus (Wealth) resulting in a division and specialization of labor: leading to Classes who worked the land and to those who could devote their time to other tasks including astrology and warfare.

Large societies tend to develop Ruling classes and supporting Bureaucracies (Systems, Connectedness) , which leads to larger organizations that want to Control the world.

When the state is too dependent on systems the state will collaps when a Not Expected Disaster takes place (a Black Swan or a Dragon King.).

For a very long time the Hierarchy was the most important Control-System in Use.

Currently the Center of the System is moving from the Top to the Bottom because of the Rise of Communication Technology (Internet).

Summary.

A big part of this blog is about the State we live in called the Constitutional State, the Nation State or the Rechtsstaat.

All of them are highly Dependent on the Belief that People are regulated by Laws and that there is something behind all these Laws which is an Eternal principle that represents the Good.

A deep (but not very difficult) analysis shows that the State is an instrument to benefit a certain Elite (A Tribe?) that is Sustained by the Systems of the State in which the Educational System is the most important.

The article by William I. Robinson: Gramsci and Globalisation: From Nation‐State to Transnational Hegemony shows that the current Social Networks of Local Elites connect on the World level and are influenzing the Global Nation States.

The extreme wealthy creators of the Global Social-Network Technology know that they are able to Control the World with a Silent Revolution in which the Needs of their users can be changed to live in a new type of Paradise in which the old Roman theory of controlling their citizins with Food & Play will Lead the Way.

1.List of Chapters.

This list contains numbered summaries of the chapters of this blog. It makes it possible to Jump into the blog without missing much.

Watch out: THis Blog is still in Development. It will not be the same in a few weeks from now.

Comment? <-click there.

2: What is a State?

A State was an instrument to support the Ruler of a Boundary in Space called a City State.

The Rulers became Omnipotent when they transformed themselves into a God.

Nice to Monaco

THe City State Monaco.

3. History of the State starting with the GREAT FLOOD.

Before the Great Flood Humans were organized in Tribes and later in Kingdoms. Most of the humans were owned by other humans.

After the Industrial Revolution the Slaves started a Revolution and the Kings had to share their Power with the Many still divided in the Rich and the Poor.

People no longer felt they were Owned by some Ruler; instead they now gave their Loyalty to something bigger, the Nation-state.

4. The Constitutional State.

This is a new concept in which the “good” is put into a General accepted Meta-law (a law that rules over other laws) chosen by a Majority of people. The big problems with a Meta-System is that it not bounded. It suffers Infinite Regress.

The big problem with a not bounded Constitution is that it will eventually cover All of the Humans, the Animals, the Territory of Earth (UNO) or even Space.

5. The problems of the Constitutional Sate.

To service its citizens the Rechtsstaat starts Companies that operate in the for- and the non-profit Market.

These Companies are now sold (or “given”) to the rich elite or the rich global companies that are now controlling the world.

Poor Citizens are paying Taxes for the benefit of the rich others.

This is Splitting the State and gives Opportunistic Leaders (Populist) the chance to drive their followers into a Renaissance of the Fascist State.

The STaat is also competing with other rechtsstaats (EU, UNO, ..). that control the “lower” rechtstaat giving the Nationalists the opportunity to dissolve structures that were created to Prevent a 3de World-war.

6. The End of the Nation State.

States are connected to a physical boundary. The United Nations relate to Earth.

The perspective of Humanity changed when we were able to see the Earth in the Middle (Bible, Creation Story) the Sun in the Middle ( Science Copernicus) to the Center of the Milkey Way in the Middle (Hubble Telescope, Technology).

The Cycle of History is moving to the Center. Our movement into Space_ generates a new (Space)-Spirituality created by the Meta-Myth of Joseph Gampbell that motivates people to leave Earth and move to Mars or even further.

7. About Anarchy and Terroism.

The Institutions of the state and the Elite that controls the state have been an object of Destruction for a very long time. Until now the State seems to be Resilient/ Anti-fragile. It restores and grows from Chaos.

8. Living in Caves. The Pre-Historic State.

What can we learn from the time Humans were not part of a State (and part of a Tribe).What we can learn is that a lot of the experience of that time is put into our culture and in our myths and religion.

9: Are Humans different from Animals & Organisms.

Organisms & Animals “create” organizational structures that look like States. How different are we from organisms and our cousins the Apes. An important feature we don’t want to see is Synchronization. It helps dictators to control the masses.

10. Diverging States?

In 1989 The Berlin Wall fell and the western Nation-State became the “normal” model of the World. After that moment old conflicts started all over again. The same happened when the world wanted to get rid of “real” Dictators like Saddam Hoessein.

States are not a computer program that controls citizins, we can Restart.

States revert to their Initial State which is a Tribal Structure in which Violence is a normal tool to control the Population.

The New Leaders Copy the Story of the Ancient Leaders by Remembering old Stories about Lost Battles. This happened everywhere in the World from YugoSlavia to Ruanda.

Dictators with the use of State Violence control latent conflicts.

States are a very Complex Balancing Act in which many Powers are Neutralized.

A debate with Francis Fukuyama, Professor of Political Science Stanford University

11. The Techno-State.

In 1999 I wrote a document called MOVING UP and MOVING DOWN Ideas and opinions about the connection between Small Scale specialized human networks and large scale collaborative IT-technology.

It shows that we are moving to a connected Collaborative Space mostly called the Internet (or Hyperspace).

Hyperspace is now owned by big Global companies like Google and Facebook that Sell and Predict the Activity-profiles in Hyper- and Physical Space of many people on earth.

1.Introduction.

This blog is the result of an increasing frustration about the Performance of the State I live in (The Netherlands).

My Government acts without a vision, spends a huge amount of (tax)money and makes nistake after mistake most of the time in the use of Technology but also in providing effective Healthcare, Education, Protection, etc etc.

I Spend a few weeks reading thinking and writing about the State and came to the conclusion that we are facing the end of the Nation State.

It looks like Big Brother is already there and we are facing a situation in Europe that looks like the rise of the Totalitarian fascists States around 1933.

Is history repeating?

2. What is a Sate?

A Nation State is a Top Down Management Structure that controls a lot of people that share a lot. Currently the Top (Government) is loosing its power to other powers (Companies) .

In this last case the Nation State will transform into a Network of Special Economic Zones comparable to Hong Kong that provide a Tax-haven and a Secure haven to the very Rich. .

People that look alike synchronize and turn into a crowd that follows the directions of the Leader if he (or she) uses the Rhetoric of the Common Enemy. Most of the influentual Dictators were aware (by instinct or training) that they could bring a huge amount of people in Sync doing things they never believed that was Possible.

Crowds Synchronize when they look at the same thing.

Nation States are fragmenting into small Cultural Identities.

The State is defefined by Max Weber as a polity that maintains a Monopoly on the use of violence.

The Greek philosopher Aristotle believed that questions of the State, how it should be organized, and how it should pursue its ends, were fundamental to the achievement of happiness. Aristotle was aquainted with the City-State of Athens.

Acropolis Athens

The State we live in is the result of a Top-Down/Bottom Up process that repeats itself many times.

States start as small City States, and grow into Big Burocratic States.

Burocratic states are highly fragile and are therefore easily destroyed by a calamity or taken over by groups of violent people specialized in warfare that are triggered by famine caused by a change of climate or a change of the environment caused by human activity (desert creation, the industrial revolution).

Another cause of the end of a state can be found in internal conflict between competing groups often part of the Rulers (Masters) and the Ruled (Slaves).

This conflict can result in a Split of the state and or a Fusion of comparable parts. India and the Us are an example of both in which Religion was the cause of the split and a Cultural Likeness (“Capitalistic, Calvinistic) the reason of a Fusion.

The Huns, especially under their King Attila, made frequent and devastating raids into the Eastern Roman Empire. invaded Italy and almost conquered Rome.

Chinese government build big walls to protect the country against the Mongols.

Great Wall, China

In time the Victors fill in the old framework of the burocracy with their own people and the system becomes fragile again.

Systems (and humans) Reproduce themselves with Parts that reproduce themselves ( autopoiesis. ).

3. History of the State.

The next Great Flood will probably not be caused by a collision with a meteorite but by the melting of ice caused by the rising of tememperature caused by Climate Change.

The repeating process of State-production was stopped by and started again after the Great Flood. This happened around 3117 BC.

After the Flood had swept over the earth and when kingship was lowered again from heaven, kingship was first in Kish. . . . in Uruk the divine Gilgamesh . . . ruled 126 years . . . its kingship was removed to Ur

Hero lion Dur-Sharrukin Louvre AO19862.jpg
Gilgamesh.

The City State of Ur.

Ur was a new .start. Soon the City States started to make war and grew into a bigger structure.

Ur has always been an important location, a harbor, part of the trade-routes that connected the East and the West. Because of the Trade The rulers (Male and/or Female) of Ur became very rich.

Rulers become God and The High Priest gets te power.

Extreme richness, Power and Praise often leads to many psychological disorders (described by Interpersonal Theory) including Histrionic, believing your Fantasy is true ) Narcissism (extreme self-esteem) and Paranoia (Believing that Everybody is a Threat).

Shulgi, the greatest king of the Third Dynasty of Ur, who solidified the hegemony of Ur and reformed the empire into a highly centralized bureaucratic state. Shulgi ruled for a long time (at least 42 years) and deified himself halfway through his rule.

The transformation from ruler to God brought the King to the highest state of Power. Many rulers copied this behavior and many new Gods appeared making life very complex.

At the time of Shulgi rulers were often adviced by Magi that had a lot of knowledge about Mass Manipulation, Personal Magic and Medicine. When the rulers became God the Magi became the High Priest.

Persian Magician.

Monotheism.

The Egyptian Pharao Akhenaton who was probably the Master of the Biblical Mozes Defined one God as the principal God. He started a new trend Monotheism based on the worship of Aten (the Sun Disk) .

In the Egyptian state the Priests were very powerful. They rebelled against Akhhenaton and restored the cult of Ammon.

Ahkenaton worships the Sun.

Ancient Israelite religion was originally polytheistic; the Israelites worshipped many deities including El, Baal, Asherah, and Astarte. Yahweh was originally the national god of the Kingdom of Judah.

The ancient economies of China, the Incan Empire, the Indian Empires, Babylon, Greece, and the various kingdoms of Africa operated on principles of reciprocity and redistribution with a very limited role for markets.

Cycles: History repeats itself.

Below you see a picture of a cycle-generator that generates Cycles in Cycles (etc). Cycles are driven by harmonic patterns that have a lot in common with music (“the Music of the Spheres“).

The Waves and the Overtones of the cycle going Up and Down can be described with recurring themes part of a five-fold-pattern (Pentangle). This pattern shares the four World Views of Path of Change (PoC) with a center which represents a whole. . PoC is a very old theory about Change that was discovered by Will McWhinney.

Kondratiev Cycle has a cycle-time of 52 years. Currently we are in a State called a Spring. In Spring the economy is growing until it moves into a recession. Every step in the cycle is controlled by a specific issue related to a world-view of Paths of Change. The colors are reused in this blog. Green is Social, Blue is Control, Yellow is Imagination, RED is Action and White is Center/Whole (Geheel).
Cycle generator. desrcibed by a pentangle containing a pentangle etc shows how waves contain waves etc.

Two states of The State of Rome.

The Spiral of Time focused on Europe based on the Cycle of Bahktin.
The spiral of Time is based on Paths of Change Blue is control, Yellow is Imagination, Green is Social / conflict, White is Center and Red is Action/revolution. The white stage always starts a new Religion.

Rome was a state ruled by an elected emperor controlled by an elected parliament with representatives that were Roman Citizen.

Mitrash is slaying the white Bull. The Bull is a symbol for the the Star Sign Taurus.Taurus represents the Worldview Sensory.

Emperor Constantine the Great made Christianity the leading religion of Rome because it looked a lot like the belief of his soldiers the (persian) cult of Mitra. Mitra transformed into Archangel Michael.

The Emperor of Rome transformed into the Pope of Rome.

New Empires.

To the Romans, anyone who was not a citizen of Rome or who did not speak Latin was a barbarian. In Europe there were five major barbarian tribes – the Huns, Franks, Vandals, Saxons, and Visigoths (Goths) – and all of them wanted to destroy Rome.

The rulers of the barbarians soon created kingdoms, empire-states that took over the rule of Rome. As always the expansion of the new Empires generated conflicts and war.

The Secular State.

In the renaissance the Zeitgeist of Europe turned into the state of Imagination/Spirit.

The Bible was translated in the languages of the empires and a unique interpretation of the Christian Faith turned into a Work Ethic based on the theories of Calvin.

Cpitalism and the freedom of Faith were born. The State left the field of religion and the Secular _State was born.

The State of the (Capitalistic) Hawks.

“The German sociologist Franz Oppenheimer (1864-1943), said, there are only two ways for men to acquire wealth.

The first method is by producing a good or a service and voluntarily exchanging that good for the product of somebody else.

This is the method of exchange, the method of the free market; it’s creative and expands production; it is not a zero-sum game because production expands and both parties to the exchange benefit.

Oppenheimer called this method for the acquisition of wealth the “Economic means“.

The second method is seizing another person’s property without his consent, i.e., by robbery, exploitation ND/OR looting.

horus

The Noble Price winning Economist Daniel Kahneman wrote a book called Hawkish Biasis in which he explains economic behavior with the same attitudes Exchange (cooperation, Dove) and competition (Hawk, war, immoral behavior).

Oppenheimer called the thawkish method of obtaining wealth “the political means.” And then he went on to define the state, or government, as “the organization of the Political means,” i.e., the regularization, legiti­mation, and permanent establishment of the political means for the acquisition of wealth of the Hawks (the Upperclass) .

Socialism, Communism and Equality.

Around 1789 Europe was in the Social State meaning that social-conflicts started to increase.

The French Revolution (1789) started a revolt of the underclass that was hit by an economic crisis caused by a change of the climate caused by an explosion of a vulcano in Iceland. After the revolution the Middleclass (Bourgeoisie) took over the power and created factories powered by the steammachine. This stage in history is called the Industrial Revolution.

The Industrial revolution created a new underclass, the proletariat. Marx following Hegel detected that World History follows Patterns

The French Revolution triggered the start of the Socialistic Movement in England that caused many revolutions in for instance Russia and China. Both are countries that are controlled by an Elite (“the Party“).

russian revolution historiography

Although most of the time not highly visible all countries with a State are controlled by an Elite that creates a Network connected to special Schools/Universities, Political Parties and big Companies or networks of specialized comparable Small companies (Farmers rtc).

Cultural Revolution poster.jpg

The State as an Selforganizing System.

Anthony Giddens (1985) stresses that the emergence of the “Internally Pacified State” that centralizes the Means of Violence and hence prevents Armed Struggles between opposed classes was accompanied and enabled by a large expansion of the apparatuses of Surveillance and Bureaucratic Administration.

Giddens argues that the nation state is a “Power Container” [Giddens, 1985: 13] that stores and concentrates Authorative and allocative resources and that with the rise of capitalism the nation state replaced the City as the most important power container.

The Institutions of the State are the Keepers of the Rules that facilitate the systems in the state to self-organize:

Can a human society be constrained in such a way that self-organization will thereafter tend to produce outcomes that Advance the Goals of the society? Such a society would be self-organizing in the sense that individuals who pursue only their own interests would none-the-less act in the interests of the society as a whole, irrespective of any intention to do so. This paper identifies the conditions that must be met if such a self- organizing society is to emerge. It demonstrates that the key enabling requirement for a self- organizing society is ‘consequence-capture’. Broadly this means that all agents in the society must capture sufficient of the benefits (and harms) that are produced by their actions on the goals of the society. ‘Consequence-capture’ can be organized in a society by appropriate management (systems of evolvable constraints) that suppress free riders and support pro-social actions. In human societies these constraints include institutions such as systems of governance and social norms. The paper identifies ways of organizing societies so that effective governance will also self-organize. This will produce a fully self-organizing society in which the interests of all agents (including individuals, associations, firms, multi- national corporations, political organizations, institutions and governments) are aligned with the interests of the society as a whole.

4. The Constitutional State.

At the turn of the nineteenth century, the constitutional state took its origin from a revolution against absolutist rule and feudal inequality.

‘Constitution’ as a revolutionary new concept of law meant as an ideal-type: written, supreme, secular law, decided by the people and regulating all public power.

Constitutional monarchy was the dominant type of constitutional state in Europe throughout the nineteenth century.

It was marked by a fundamental dualism between monarchical and parliamentary power, which tended towards parliamentarization and came to an end with complete constitutionalization and democratization of European states as an outcome of the First World War.

While the post-war years represented the apex of European constitutionalism, the deep European crisis of the 1930s with the rise of dictatorship destroyed the core function of constitutionalism, to legally bind state power, which came to be restored only gradually after 1989 for the whole of Europe.

Currently a big part of Europe is controlled by the European Union (EU) created 1-1-1958. The citizen support for the EU is in a steep decline culminating in the rise and come back of many nationalistic parties and the Brexit (Exit of Brittain).

5. The Future of the Dutch Constitutional State.

In 2003 the WRR ( Dutch Government Scientific Think Thank) wrote a report about the future of the Dutch Constitutional State called a Rechtsstaat.

A Rechtsstaat is a “constitutional state” in which the exercise of governmental power is constrained by the law.

The big problem not adressed in the document above is that Law is a symbolic system that could be in line with the Zeitgeist or otherwise.

It is almost impossible to program the citizins of a country unless the program is put into many examples that are thaught at primary school.

Louis Althusser is a Marxist Philosopher who claims that Education is the Foundation of the Ruling Power of the State.

Civil Society.

The ZeitGeist is currently in the State of the Center (Whole, White, Boundaries).

Citizins want to be treated as respected Individuals (Informalization) and are exploring boundaries (Intensivation) . Young people Cross boundaries, companies work without boundaries (Globalization) and countries define new boundaries.

The system of rules governing a rechtstaat is becoming too complex and the connected system becomes too bureaucratic, while capacity problems are arising on account of the large flow of applications, public participation procedures, complaints, pleas and proceedings against the government on the part of assertive citizens.

Competing Rule Systems.

Next to this there are many more “rechts states” (EU, UN) that are are creating and enforcing competing rule-systems.

The Service State moves to the Market.

Public services are what make the state visible to its citizens.

Public services are citizens’ direct line to government. They make the state tangible through an almost daily interaction, direct or indirect.

public infrastructure made the previously far away centres of power more accessible.

Currently many public services are given over to the Market making the state more and more invisible.

The Third Sector.

Especially in small cities and parts of big cities (comparable to city-states) a new third sector is growing that contains cooperatives of civilians that develop shared autarkic non-for-profit (social) functions like energy& food-production, care for the elderly etc etc. These functions are based on exchange of material and services (reciprocity ).

This a model based on Paths of Change that is based on reports of the Social Cultural Planning Bureau in the Netherlands described in this blog (in Dutch).

6. The End of the Nation State.

(THis part of Chapter 6 is Cited from a part of this long article out of the Guardian)

“Similar varieties of populism are erupting in many countries. Several have noted the parallels in style and substance between leaders such as Donald Trump, Vladimir Putin, Narendra Modi, Viktor Orbán and Recep Tayyip Erdoğan.

All countries are today embedded in the same system, which subjects them all to the same pressures.

20th-century political structures are drowning in a 21st-century ocean of deregulated finance, autonomous technology, religious militancy and great-power rivalry.

Finally, the old superpowers’ demolition of old ideas of international society – ideas of the “society of nations” that were essential to the way the new world order was envisioned after 1918 – has turned the nation-state system into a lawless gangland“;

Everything that was structured most of the time by a Top Down Hierarchical Structure and Controlled by Lawmakers that enforce their own rules is now attacked by many new connected (by a Telecom Network) bottom-up structures that make it possible to Control and Direct the Individuals in the Masses with Highly Intelligent Big Brother technology.

A Model of a Human based on the Paths of Change (PoC)-model.

The 2nd part of Chapter 6 is cited out of an Article out of Forbes.

From Top to Bottom.

There is a strong popular demand for decisions to be taken at lower levels than Central Government

At the extreme, this has fuelled Iindependence movements in Scotland, Quebec, Catalonia and Western Sahara, not to mention Palestine and Kosovo. Less dramatically, we see an increasing devolution of Central Powers in most countries.

Multinational Corporations are more powerfull than Governments:  They operate globally, unrestricted by borders

The biggest tech companies are now richer than most countries, and foreign Governments find it very difficult to tax them properly on the profits they make.  

Hannah Arendt The Origins of Totalitarianism.

At the very center of Hannah Arendt’s analysis of The Origins of Totalitarianism is her insight into the decline of European Nation-States.

Nation-states were always based on a fiction so that the demanded Liberté, égalité and, fraternité demanded by liberal States was held to be compatible with the national Homogeneity of the Nation.

But as different Ethnic Groups demanded recognition and rights and as refugees advocated for rights within traditional nation-states, the Tension between legal equality and national recognition set the nations of Europe Against the states and led to the rise of Fascism in Italy and Totalitarianism in Germany.

Today there are similar indications that nation-states are once again failing and . that the rise of populist nationalist movements around the world is a response to the widespread failure of nation-states to address 21st century problems.

This is why a strange brand of Apocalyptic Nationalism is so widely in vogue. But the current appeal of Machismo as Political Style, the Wall-building and Xenophobia,the fantastical Promises of National Restoration – these are not cures, but symptoms of what is slowly revealing itself to all: nation states everywhere are in an advanced state of political and moral decay.

7.The History of Terrorism, Anarchy, The End of the State by Violence.

Deprivation (poverty, lack of education, lack of political freedom) can drive people to terrorism.

Late in the 19th century, Anarchist labor unions began to use the tactic of general strike. This often resulted in violence by both sides and some of the strikes even resulted in the Deaths of striking workers, their replacements and security staff. In this climate, some anarchists began to advocate and practice terrorism or assassination.

Violence Against the State is used by Groups of People (“Freedom Fighters”) who do not recognize that the current State represents the (Origional) Citizins and/or that the Law of the State is not the Accepted general Law (“Religious Fighters“) of a Culture that occupies the State.

Sometimes the State uses Violence to Control the Citizens of the State (State Terrorism).

8. Living in a Cave: Lessons from The Pre-Historic State of the Humans.

Alvin Toffler , The Third Wave, After, the Hunter Gatherers the State was caused by the move to Agriculture. The big question is what the State will become in the Third Wave or What is the Fourth Wave.
Translating Rock Art. It looks like the Ancient Rock Art contains the Symbols we see in Ancient writing.

The State was created when we,the humans Stopped Moving Around, Settled Down and started Agriculture. . The first place we settled down were Caves.

Using mainly red pigments and sometimes black, groups of animals, hand stencils, engravings, dots, discs and geometric designs are depicted in the cave paintings.
Oldest known cave art was made by Neanderthals, not humans

Outside the Cave Nature was filled with many Animals and Plants we could eat.

To Kill Animals we made Weapons and to make weapons we needed Fire and Iron. Powerful Weapons were filled with Magic.

Magic is a System that gives the Focused Human Belief-System to take the role of Observer in Quantum Mechanics.

Joseph Campbell — Jung and the Right and Left-hand Paths. The Cycle of Life moves with and Against the Clock.

With the Clock moves the Path of Creation, the Path of Birth, Light, Spring and Summer.
Against the Clock (the path of Darkness, Winter and Autumn) is the Path of Destruction making place for New Life
.

As a a human we have to Cope with Violent Acts like an Accident, the Killing of an Animal that looks like a Human and the Strange Transformations of our Body we encounter when we Grow from a Child to a Grown-up.

Our transformation follows the Path of the Hero.

This path has a lot in common with Paths of Change, a General Theory about Change.

The Meta-Myth, the Path of the Hero describes the way Humans move out of the patterns enforced by Society and the State and come back with a new Vision.
Paths of Change. based on the Spiral of the Universal One of Walter Russelll

The Humans in the Cave became Aware of the Cycles of the Day, The Year and the Equinox.

They crated Rituals to cope with Stress and to avoid Bad Luck.

OSEPH CAMPBELL: “After the animal has been killed, the hunter then has to fulfill certain rites in a a mystic participation with the animals whose death he has brought about, and whose Meat is to become his Life.

So the killing is not simply slaughter, at any rate, it’s a Ritual Act. It’s a recognition of your dependency and of the Voluntary Giving of this food to you by the Animal“.

Dr. Stephan Hoeller at the Gnostic Society in Los Angeles talks about MAgic and Animal Powers.
During the beginning of humanity certain people (now called Shamans) had the possibility to look at the other worlds and receive inspiration from higher entities sometimes called a God. The Shamans turned into the Priests until they were replaced by people who spoke the words of the High Priests.

The humans in the cave specialized and new Crafts came to life. The oldest “jobs” were the Firemaker and the BlackSmith. Both jobs were taken by Shamans. Important crafts were projected on the Gods.

In the Creation-Myths Gods like Ptah and Vulcan were worshiped as the Creator of all things and the patron of various crafts, such as Sculpting and Metalworking.

The Blacksmiths are the Makers & the Warriors.They have a lot in common with the Druids and Bards of the Celts and the Magi of Persia. A Blacksmith was called a Merlin in Celtic Culture.

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Vulcan – God of fire and volcanoes as well as Smith of the gods

The Dagda is portrayed in Celtic Myth as a Father-figure, king, and druid.He owns a Magic Staff, which kills with one end and brings to life with the other, a Cauldron which never runs empty (Symbol of the Heart Chakra) , and a magic Harp which can control men’s emotions and Change the Seasons

The Ancient Egyptians Blacksmiths, the Heru-Behutet, are associated with the Power of the Serpent (“the Ka“) and the Winged Disk, the symbol of the Zodiac (Astrology).

Image result for Heru Behutet

Heru Behutet is shown as a Hawk-Headed Man bearing the double crown of Egypt, holding Metal Weapons, and more often as a Winged Disk flanked by a White and a Black Cobra (White and Black Alchemy).

Te story of Osiris (The Old King of Egypt, The Old Order, Blind, ISIS (Queen of the Underworld, Chaos looking for her Husband, Order and the brother of Osiris Seth (the Devil, Evil) He kills Osiris and Cuts him in 42 Pieces (the Number of the Nomes of Egypt) and distributes them all over Egypt.
ISIS makes love to his Penis and Horus the Falcon with the Eye of Insight is born who brings back order. A Horus and Isis are the Black Madonna (Mary Magdelena).


This is a good example of the Cycle of Paths of Change.

Th Black Madonna with the Child Jesus is Isis, the Mother of the Underworld with Horus the Child she got from Penis of Osiris, the Old King of Egypt and of Order.

The Mesniu had shaved heads, wore short tunics that exposed their chests, and bore either an inverted Lance or some other Metal instrument.

In the rear of their temples was situated a “Holy of Holies,” called the Mesnit, which was only accessible by the Mesniu. A Holy of Hollies is Fractal Model.

In the Bible the Blacksmiths are associated with the children of Tubal Cain. One of his descendants is Hiram, the Master Builder of the Temple of Solomon. Building big Buildings became an Art.

Ron Eglash. Fractal Patterns in African Culture.
Fractal African Village
The Fractal Pattern of an African Village with a Holy of Hollies.

In African Orisha Culture, the Ogun, the Blacksmiths are always isolated in a special group outside Society because they are the carriers of the Third, (Evil) Eye of Horus and are able to manipulate the Force of Life, Nyama or Ka (Chi, Prana, Ether, the Fifth Element).

Creative People are able to manipulate the Power that Creates.

Image result for biology status symbols birds sexual reproduction

As soon as the States were created Humans started to Trade & exchange Objects, Creating a new concept called Wealth.

Humans measure their Importance by the physical objects (including caves and animals) they own or are able to buy. They show their importance just like animals in the way they look, wear clothes and the Language they speak.

Humans are experts in detecting lying but we are experts in lying when we deceive ourselves.

There many types of animals that create and defend a Territory.

9. Are Humans different from Animals & Organisms?

Robert SaPolsky: We have much more in common with all kinds of Animals and organisms we think. We all synchronize because we all vibrate and produce signals sometimes of a chemical nature (pheromones).Hmans and Animals use a solution to the Prisoners Dilemma, Tit-for-Tat as a way to survive making Tit-for-Tat a Universal Law. Tit-for-tat is called an Eye for an Eye in the Bible.


The only thing we are different from is Abstraction Methaphor and Being Motivated by something that is Almost Impossible. We love to take Obstacles.
Another Explanation about How we are Different from Apes. We have slowed down and spend a lot of time imitating and producing other humans. We are excellent Copy-Machines.
Robert Trivers The Logic of Deceit and Self-Deception in Human Life Organisms decept to survive and Humans decept themselves. the primary reason we fool ourselves is to fool others“. Humans are exceptionally good at picking up various verbal and physical cues (e.g., speech intonation, eye movements,…) that indicate when another human is practicing deception.
There are many situations such as playing “chicken” and seeing who will back down first, where it can actually benefit an organism to deceive itself, by so doing the organism can better deceive others.

Multilevel Societies emerge from Cultural Transmissions.

Organisms create Complex Organisational structures that look like a State. They do that by Imitating others that look Similar or Act Similar. Acting Similar (Copying) is the reason for Synchronization.

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Empirical multilevel network depicting the three nested levels in the sperm whale society off the Galápagos Islands: individuals within social units within vocal clans.

10: States: What makes them Work?

Humans attribute a human Personality to an Active process (an Agent). The weather is nice and States look like a Father ANDor a Mother. or a Family.

George Lakoff is a specialist in Metaphor. A Metaphor is a function between two models.

For instance Freud made a model of the Human by Mapping the Human Body to a Steam Machine.

George Lakoff believes in his book Moral Politics that US Citizins see the State according to their party as a Nurturing Mother (Democrats) or a Strict Father (Republicans) part of a Family (Being a Tribe).

Metaphors are also often used to motivate a country going to a War or to perform another Violent Act.

States are often represented by Humans (Mother Russia) or a Bounded Location (the Heimat, Germany).

States are Born and Grow Up just like Humans.

Just like life a birth is not a gentle process but comes with stress and pain. The Big Battles between states live for many years and the Reason can be revoked to start a new Battle.

The same applies when a State was a Superpower in the past. States without a shared dramatic story don’t motivate citizens to support the state without asking questions.

The State works when the Citizens are able to Trust the state and or be Proud to be part of the state they live in. The state is Evaluated by its Activities but also by the people it represents (PoliticianS).

When we use model of Path of Change (picture below) we can see that Politicians combine Rules and Social (vice verse) which means that they play a Game in which they make a combination between What People Believe and What they Value and are PART OF A CYCLE in which ACTION and REFLECTION takes place.

The task of the Politician is to establish Consensus between the citizens of the State.

Paths of Change model applied to Communication.
Paths of Chhange Model applied to Making.
Moral Pilitics Georg Lakoff.

11 Will The Techno State bring Real Democracy?

Many thought the internet would spawn a Digital democratic utopia: Today, we witness the opposite Hacking elections and Polarizing open societies.

Democracy is not only about Voting but also about having a Voice to articulate what is Needed. Citizens want to participate in the beginning of a project and not only use the result. One of the possibilities is to Vote with the Tax you Pay .

Roslyn Fuller: Citizen Participation in an International Context

Participatory Budgeting (PB) is a democratic process in which community members decide how to spend part of a public budget. It gives people real power over real money.

PB started in Porto Alegre, Brazil, in 1989, as an anti-poverty measure that helped reduce child mortality by nearly 20%.

Since then PB has spread to over 3,000 cities around the world, and has been used to decide budgets from states, counties, cities, housing authorities, schools, and other institutions.

Featured

About the Art of Engineering.

This blog is about the Art of Making Tools that Support Humans in every step of their Life where Making is Implementing models based on a Vision that rises out of a Collective.

“The more automated machines are, the less we rely on our own skills. But instead of relying less on automation to improve our skills, we instead rely even more on automation.”

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King Solomon Solves a Wicked Problem by Introducing a not-Desirable Technical Solution..

Technology (and Science) is (and Politics are)the Cause and the Solution of many Wicked Poblems.

The reason is that Politicians forget to look at Reality and Engineers forget to look at the Users of their systems or forget to look at the Impact of their Systems on society or Nature.

In the end the problem looks Unsolvable and the engineers start with a New (Better?) Approach (technique, method).

Wicked Problems Generate New wicked problems when they are Solved and often end up in a Huge (Social) Conflict between the Stakeholders.

wicked problems are Solved by System Thinking combined with Collaborative Learning. and High Order Cybernetics (Circular Models, Many Iterations and Feedback Loops).

Controlled by a Special Type of Dialoque initially invented by the Physicist David Bohm (chosen by Einstein as his successor) in Cooperation with the Indian Philosopher Jiddu Krishnamurti. (initially chosen by the Theosophical Society to become the Maytreya) Written about in the book On Dialoque by David Bohm.

About Mental Space.
Callaborative Learning contains 3 connected Cycles connected in a Cycle. The )sub-cycles) operate in a Social Context, Mental Space and Physical Space. This model is an application of one level of Paths of Change (see Part 2 of this Blog).
The Circular Paths of Change applied to System Development. See Part 2 of this Blog. The Cycle consists of 4 Independent Points of View consists of >12 steps because every connection between two Points of View is Bilateral. Observe that the cycle is a Square and that every Square that is a Point of View can be divided in Cycles. that can be divided in Cycles (etc, etc)that Move With and/or Against the Clock.

In this Blog I Ttry to develop a Circular (Cyclic) Context-Dependent View on Technology.

Wicked Problems involve Many Stakeholders with different Values and Priorities, Issues with Roots that are Complex and Tangled. Problems that are Difficult to come to grips with and that Change with every Attempt to address them.The challenge has No Precedent. There’s Nothing to indicate the Right answer to the problem.Wicked problems can be Solved by Applying Paths of Change (Part 2)

About Dialoque Mapping:

About Dialoque Mapping.

List of Chapters:

Part 0: Introduction. This chapter written in a Dualistic Style ends with a Video of a Presentation of Neil Theise about Non-Dual Realism which Could Be the Theme of this Entire post.

Part 1 Managing Complex Engineering Projects using COLLIN.(Collective Intelligence) developed by Engineers of the Technical University Delft. Collin contains a Video of the Geometric Process-Model developed by Theo Lohman. This model has a lot in common with Paths of Change.

If you are Only interested in Managing Complex Engineering projects you can find a very extensive Dissertation about this subject in this part. If you want to know more you can also Contact me.

Part 2 about Change management and Paths of Change.(PoC), a very Old Philosophy highly related to the Research of Carl Jung about the Quaternion.

Paths of Change are fractal Cyclic (CirCular) models that combine many Independent Points of View (Worldviews).

in Part 3 I introduce you to the work of Kent Palmer. He defined Schema Theory as a theoretical Framework for system Design. A Schema is a 2xN-Dimensional Frame

Part 4 Why Meta-Systems, are a Schap (Scape). and why the Future lies behind the HORIZON which is where Infinity(the point we will never reach) is situated.

A scape (in for instance in landscape) is a horizontal (2×2) frame we use to project verything we See (“insight“).

A Meta-System is a scape that contains a scape (ad infinitum). We almost always forget to take the context into account when we design changes with a high impaqt.

About Projective Geometry, Space-Time, the Chronotope and the Philosophy of Bhaktin .

Bhaktin found a Pattern behind all the Books of World Literature he Read when he was imprisoned for lifetime in Stalin’s Gulag Archipel.

Part 5 is about Phenomenology

: a theory about what we as Embodied HUmans are able to See with our Emotions.

Part 6 About Ancient Science of Egypt .

Part 7 About Predicting Dreams and the Role of consciousness in Design.

Designs are not created out of nothing but are Received in our dreams from the Spirits (Gins) that Inspire us.
inner self
A Gini is a Gaudian Angel that acts as the Higher Self. The Higher self is able to see the Past and the Future from the Now.

Part 8: About WHoles, holes and Holons.

Part 9; How the Future influences the Past. This is a result of Feynmann Wheeler Absorber Theory

Part 10. about Cycles TechnologyCycles, and Why Synchronization is the cause of Hypes.

In this chapter I show that it is possible to Predict the Future of Technology with a very high Accuracy.

This Cycle was known 1000nds of years ago and used to Predict the Future of Kings and States.

Part 11. about Industries, Meta-Industries,

Why a City is an Organism and why engineers have to become Ecology-managers.

Our Industry is destroying not only Earth but also our particles (CERN) and our Body (with Chemicals). We have to believe in our Biofield.

Part 12: About Creativity and Innovation (TRIZ & ASIT).ASIT is about Thinking In the Box.

Part 13:: About the Philosophy of Technology.

Part 14: About Cybernetics.

Part 15: About Art and Meta-Art. Why Modern Art is a Technology.

PArt 16 About Webs. Who is weaving the web we Live in?

Part 17 ABout Intuition, and Mathematics with many Links about Proof-and Type-theory.

and new developments in Meta-MetaMathematics (The SymbolScape) .

Part 18: About Schema-theory and Duality(Link to Document of Kent Palmer with a personal explanation of his theory.

Part 19: About Magic as a Technology. Do spirits exist? (Link to Presentation about Egyptian Magic).

Part 20: About Rhetorics, the Art of Memory and the relarionship between Rhetorics and Music.

With memory (Akasha) we keep the World Alive.

Part 21: About Architecture in Building and Software.

What is Beauty, What is a Living Building?

About Quality and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance.

About Lila, Dynamic Quality and Quantum Mechanics.

About Christopher Alexander and the Luminous Ground.

Part 22: Looking for a Theory of everything

Part 23: About Stuff and Things.

Part 24: About the Conformal Bootstrap.

Part 25: Conclusion.

The End: Bookeeping of this Blog.

Part 0: Introduction

I Started Writing this Blog on June 29th 2019.

I have spend Every Day until today to do Research or to write.

The blog shows you how to improve engineering perhaps by doing the Opposite of improving (not-Improving (maintenance, Keeping Alive) or the Opposite of the Opposite (destroying?, getting rid of?, clean up, transforming?) .

Engine-ering (Machineering) is about Making Remaking or Taking Care of something (a Seed?) or someone.

This Blog is still in Development but every part is worthwile.

Start where you want and move around.

This Blog is a Piece of (meta)-Art because It is Writing itself.

If you want to Look at a Summary of this Blog look at the Video Below about the Fundamental Awareness Model of Neil D. Theise and Kafatos.

Summary of the Summary: Everything that goes Wrong makes things Work and every New Theory we Detect is the result of an Observation at the Wrong Scale.

Engineering Innovates by Learning from the Mistakes off Others. We could even innovate by Generating Mistakes that generate Solutions to Problems that do not Exist.

Summary of the Summary of The Summary : Nature and Humans Experiment. (Just like Engineers do).

What looks like a Body at one Scale of Perception is Billions of Cells and Trillions of Molecules on Another Scale.

Life is an Autopoietic Machine which is a Machine organized as a Network of Processes of production of components which realize the network of processes that produce them.

Death caused by a Disaster is needed to invoke an Alternative Path to Improve Life.

We experience our ‘Selves’ as Both a current Set of EMERGING Feelings, Sensations, and Thoughts, as well as a Boundaryless Ocean of Memories and Imagination.

Our Universe is a Conscious Experience which expresses itself in novel ways for the purpose of Enriching Experience.

Non-Dual Conscious Realism ~ Neil Theise:

Part 1 Managing Big Engineering Projects.

Big engineering projects almost always fail (and are therefore highly Innovative).

This blog is written to improve Engineering or to create a new Type of engineering that is in tune with the Spirits of Nature. and founded on the most robust foundation of Science which is mathematics.

Thanks to Kent Palmer this blog will also bring systems-theory in line with the State of the Art in philosophy.

Out of the many documents of Kent Palmer I use you will see that he is trying to Recreate Ssystems-Theory from the Bottom. This Bottom is very old and lies in China, India and Egypt.

Imagining Nothing is Something but Nothing, “the VOID” (currently called the vacuum) , could contain the source of creation we always use when we make something out of nothing. (this is the essence of the Diamond Sutra).

After  a few lines my English Text Starts->

De inspiratie om te gaan schrijven ontstond toen ik door Harm Rozie in contact werd gebracht met ingenieurs die bezig waren met het verbeteren van hun vakgebied onder de noemer (First Time Right).

De reden is dat de meeste technologieprojecten die vaak meer dan een miljard kosten mislukken en dat het er op lijkt dat de aannemers erg veel baat hebben van dit mislukken omdat dan alles nog een keer of meer moet.

-> Part 1 : Collin.Managing Complex Projects

The amount of failing complex technology-projects is increasing.

I got in contact with a group of people connected to the Technical University of Delft who were trying to solve this problem.

One of them is Theo Lohman.

He developed a method called Collin (Collective Intelligence).

The model of Collin

Leo Ruijven, wrote a dissertation about Collin (and more) called : A unified framework improving interoperability and symbiosis in the field of Systems Engineering.

Kent Palmer has been busy in the US to solve the same problems in a completely different way.

Kent is building a new engineering theory he calls Schema Theory.

Theo and others have  developed Relatics . Relatics is a tool to support the making of project-documentation.

You can link documents to a common project-datamodel. The idea behind Relatics is that big projects fail because the participants loose oversight.

This can be prohibited  by making standardized documentation.Relatics is a manual tool. You have to make the projectmodel and the  links to the content/documentation by hand.

We (Alchemist BV) have developed a tool that makes a semantic-network  out of the content of a project using text-mining.

This tool can also be used to make a semantic network out of of any software-code.

THis tool is a result of a Big project (called Resolver) I started at ABN AMRO around 1991 to solve our big software integration problems caused by a merger under pressure.

After a long time of search and research all over the world we ended up at the CWI (Center for Mathematics and Informatics) close to our headquarters in Amsterdam where Paul Klint was developing a meta-parser. .

Alchemist is the result of research by Wim Goes to solve the problem that the rules of the parsers (“translators) of software-languages are changing all the time with every new language. or new version of the language.

To become future-proof we needed a general tool.

This tool was developed on top of an advanced text-mining-tools proving that a progam-language is nothing but a specialized human language with the same problems (“dialects”, etc) as human languages have.

Alchemist not only generates a semantic-network but it also detects patterns behind the many pieces of software and contextual textual content a company (or a network of companies) produces.

It shows the implicit progress of the activity of many people who look at the same context with a different view.

Part 2. Paths of Change (PoC)

Paths of Change taken out of the Book the Universal; One by Walter Russell.

I found out that Collin has a lot to do with Paths of Change (Poc) of Will Mcwhinney. The main reason is that PoC contains a widely applicable general framework that has been used for many ages in many cultures.

PoC is a Meta-Theory (or better a Meta-Praxis) that explains many theories (and philosophies).

PoC uses the concept of Worldview, a Sensory definition of a unique perspective at the world you live in. “

look/view” is not the right word because one of the worldviews is called  Sensory.

Poc has a lot in common with the Archetypes of Jung (Sensing, Thinking (Unity, Models, Rules), Feeling (Social, Emotions) and Intuiting (Mythic, Imagination).

The worldviews of PoC are orthogonal which means that the views are independent.

They are a 2×2 combination of Expansion (red) and Contraction (blue) often called the Cosmic Breath.

The most simpe representation of the Cosmic Breath is a two-side arrow (<->).

The four worldviews are independent and are a 2×2 combination of expansion and contraction

PoC is a fractal framework which means that Poc can be applied to  Itself.

Poc is also a clyclic framework which means that the views of the Paths of Change are connected in a cycle (and a meta-cycle (etc.) that moves With (Introvert) and   Against the cClock (Extravert) .

Poc also contains a center. (the cross) that can be seen as a Projection of Consciousness seen as the Observer.

Below a view on a Chinese model called the Five Elements Map.

The four corners of the square of PoC and the center of the Cross add up to Five Perspectives.

The Four + one center Elements come back in many Cultures and in Old and Recent Science.

As you can see the two directions of the movement are called destructive (Against the Clock, Consuming) and generative/ Productive.

The two movements connect and create a Moebius Ring (the number 8 ((infinity) FOR EVER).

5elements

Wicked and other Problems are solved by Making a connection between the Worldviews to create a cyclic Path of Change.

Every 2-combination (called a Game) of Worldviews is a step in a circular Path of Change is named with many names.

For instance Unitary<-> Sensory is called Make (Unity->Sens) or Analyze. (Sens->Unity). Sen-Unity is named the Analytical Game Sensory-Social, the Game of the Market. and Mythic-Social is the GAme that Creates Games.

Combinations of Steps are related to well known Methods. 4-Rotations with or against the Clock are High Level Resolution Paths called Renaissance(Rebirth) or REvitalization.

Later in this Blog you will see that there are many Theories that are easely mapped to PoC.

Slide04

Garl Jung called the framework behind his Archetypes a Quaternion, a 4×4-square that contains complementary (“dual“) concepts (Senses/Facts vs Imagination), (Object/Unity) vs/Subject (Social).

Complementary concepts share the void when they are united. They are often called a Paradox.

The Quaternion has a lot in common with the Chinese  Lo Shu Magic square which is the “generator” of the ancient Chinese Cyclic Models.

The Lo-Shu was given to the mythical Emperor Yu before the great Deluge when he was sitting at the Yellow River.

The Lo Shu Magic Square was an important model for time and space and served as a basis for city planning, tomb design, and temple design. The Magic Square was used to designate spaces of political and religious importance.

The Lo Shu Square on the back of a small turtle surrounded by the signs of the Chinese zodiac
.

The Turtle is a synbol of Orion a constellation that played an important role in many ancient cultures.

The pyramids of Egypt were oriented at Orion and Sirius (the Dog Star).

The Dogon in Africa who knew a lot about ancient Egypt tell in their creation story about the extraterestials (the Nommos) that came from Sirius B to create life on Earth. They were the first engineers on earth.

Jung got a lot of his ideas out of a very long discussion about the dreams of Wolfgang Pauli, one of the creators of Quantum Mechanics.

A Quaternion is a square. A square can be divided by a line into two Triangels. The mathematical Triangle is highly related to the Spiritual triangel, the trinity .

The Triangel is also a Basic Building Block in Geometry.

The work of Kent Palmer is called Schema Theory.Schema Theory uses Mathematics  as a foundation and shows that the history of mathematics follows the history of Engineering. Both make use of the same ideas/concepts.

To me this is fine because  I am a trained mathematician.

The nice thing with mathematics is that most mathematicians are also philosopher because both need the same concepts to explain what they are looking for or have found.

Kent Palmer uses the concept of the Schema as a central frame to explain what is or was happening in Engineering . A Schema is a 2-dimensional frame.

Part 3: Kent Palmer About Naming SYstems

My Father was born in the center of the Netherlands called “de Veluwe”. His family spoke a different dialect as my mothers family.

Later I met other people with different dialects. I even found out that Science and Banking use their own dialect.

A Dialect is a unique way in which people speak a language that is often highly related to a shared language.

There are many ways to group dialects (Location, Social Class, Profession,.History, culture ..). Dialects can be highly confusing that’s why standardizing terminology is needed when you want to make enduring relationships. 

Bahktin, a Russian Philosopher spent his whole life researching literature.

Bahktin developed the concept of the Chronotope : “the intrinsic connectedness of temporal and spatial relationships that are artistically expressed in literature”.

Bahktin found many cycles (the Wheel of Life) that are explained by Paths of Change.

Bahktin wrote a lot about Systemscapes called a Context. He believed that structuring (Coding) kills a context by destroying its potential:

A context is potentially unfinalized; a code must be finalized. A code is only a technical means of transmitting information; it does not have cognitive, creative significance. Code is deliberately killed context.

ferris wheel under blue sky

In 1976 At ABN (a big bank) I was asked to take care of the Data and the Terminology of the bank (Data-Management). We used a special database called a Dictionary to store all the definitions of the data and their technical implementations in database, software and manual processes. The model of the Dictonary was called a Meta-Model.

After some time we found out that the meta-model was a self-reference (a fractal) and it all came back to my favorite subject I found when I was trained as a programmer.

To teach us we  were given highly difficult problems we had to solve in a very short time using a highly limited computer (1969 CRI Leiden). I found out that the best solutions were always fractal.

Later the specifications of the software and the coding  were stored in the same dictionary now called a Repository.

Later I got into contact with many scientists that were highly interested in data and the meaning (semantics) of data.

In my fathers dialect  a  Plank was called a schap. In English Schap is called scape . A plank is a horizontal frame that is used to carry objects.

A LandScape is A portion of land or territory which the eye can comprehend in a single view, including all the objects it contains.

A Horizontal Frame can be seen from a Stake. A stake (“paal”) is a pointed foundation hit in the ground.

When you climb  the Stake you can see the Horizon.

When you climb you use a scale.The Horizon is a Horizon-tal Line.calm water with sun and orange skyPerspective (looking thhrough a hole) was invented by Painters in the Renaissance and was transformed into Projective Geometry that was transformed into the Model of Curved Space/Time that was used by Einstein when he developed Special Relativity Theory.

Alfred Durer demonstrates his Perspective Machine.

Vriendschap is called Friendship in English.

A Ship is a Scape. a horizontal frame floating on Water.

A Scape, a view or picture of a scene, has various synonyms: context, situation, environment, ecosystem, medium, milieu,or Gestalt.

In the linked document called Naming Systems Kent Palmer writes bout Meta-Systems, Meta-Systems float above normal Systems.

Meta  means about the thing itself. It’s seeing the thing from a higher perspective.

When you want to get oversight you have to go UP until you see the Horizon. UP is called Abstracting.

An Abstracted System is always simpler than the System itself. This means that Abstracting is leaving “things out”.

When the process of leaving things out is chaotic you will leave the relation between the Meta-System and the System it is about.

If this is the case the total development-process is in a mess.

To save the project or sometimes even the company you have to find all the content produced and reconstruct the genesis of the project to pick up the pieces.

When ABN and AMRO (another big Bank) were fused I was made co-responsible for this process.

To fuse the two banks we needed new technology (called reverse-engineering) to get the meaning out of all the stored content in many sometimes very old libraries called archives.

We even needed tools to extract the meaning out of operational software without source and object in in the state of a load module.

To save the bank we even had to look worldwide for solutions and got into contact with institutions (NASA) that finally pointed back to Scientists in the Netherlands.

This started an ongoing research-relationship until today in which we develop new tools to handle the new content (pictures, movies, ,,)  available and try to reach a higher level of understanding.

An important point to note is that software-engineers especially in highly complex businesses have perhaps solved more problems than the engineers that started the field of system-engineering.  I am sure that Kent Palmer is aware of this point.

Part 4:  Kent Palmer About Meta-Systems

Kent Palmer wrote a document: The Advance of the Systems Engineering Discipline through an understanding of Meta-systems theory.

To write This part I have copied ltext out of the document but have also added pieces of my own thinking/out of my own practice.

Paths of Change (PoC) contains connected Steps that are defined by a World-View. A World is a long period of time. The steps always end at the same step. That is why PoC is called a Cycle.

A world-view is about looking in a special way or at a special direction at a scape.

As we already saw we are looking Up into the sky when we are abstracting. When we have abstracted (made things simpler) we have developed a theory.

When we apply/use the theory we are practising. Practice is about going Down until we are standing with our feed on the ground (earth).

We can also look backwards (the Beginning, Creation, History) or forwards (Future, Horizon).

Systems Engineering can be viewed as a practical discipline and Systems Theory as an academic pursuit.

A dual is a mirror of paired concepts. Theory and practice are duals.Their mirror is the reverse of a  process we call abstracting.

A Mata-System is a dual of a System but it is not necessary that the reverse-process is a mirror.

A System has an environment or ecosystem (” or a Scape) that surrounds it and which it is embedded in. This use of “meta” means beyond (or part of or connected to )  rather than above.

In this case systems can even live (or interact) in their-Scape.

Systems (in terms of theories) can even be tested in their Meta System without going from theory to practice.Perhaps practice does not need theory or practice is ahead of theory.

The only thing we have to detect is the stake we have climbed to see the horizon of the system or what is behind its horizon.

Systems Theory should learn from Systems Engineering. But there are equally many places where the reverse is true.

Systems Theory has no practical side that allows it to generate problems for the academics to solve. But on the other hand Systems Engineering lacks the theoretical foundation that will allow it to ground its practice.

It can appropriate Systems Theory but really it needs not just a Systems Theory but also the inverse of that, a Meta-systems Theory. It will take both of these to ground a robust Systems Engineering practice.

Part 5: Kent Palmer: Emergent Design: Explorations in Systems Phenomenology in Relation to Ontology, Hermeneutics and the Meta-Dialectics of Design

This is a highly complex document with a lot of discussion about subjects most engineers don’t know about. I have taken out of this document what I can use to make a point. I understand that a part of the language is too difficult.Text between “is a citation

Systems Engineering is focused on creating systems as artifacts that are used and operated, which, in turn, change the environment for newer systems that will take their place in the future“.

“These systems are created by a lengthy and involved development process that includes: Requirements Development, Architectural and Sub-system Design, Implementation, Verification, Validation, Integration, and Operation”.

Schemas are templates of pre-understanding of spacetime envelopes that we project onto our experience in order to differentiate objects of different scales in terms of their dimensionality”.

Kent Palmer is desperately trying to find a level of abstraction (a place high in  Sky) to make a distinction between all the ways objects (humans but also animals or perhaps machines) that look or are aware have an understanding of the environment they exist in.

He believes that we live in space/time which is the result of a very long  process of thinking about perspective in painting which is looking through a very small hole at a scape.

In the scape we look at objects he calls envelopes (something filled with something else). In spacetime objects have a location that possibly moves in space and a form that also moves and changes in time. humans make pictures/movies/content of the movement share/ communicate about the content and remember/imagine and make models of the content.

Space/time is a highly dynamic environment.What we make or have made is sometimes stable for some time but the process of making (“engineering”) disappears and is sometimes reconstructed (archeology“) with a lot of imagination involved.

sand desert statue pyramid
Spynx

A schema looks like a method but Kent Palmer calls it a template of pre-understanding.

The richness of nature comes from the variety of schematic organizations (“a ants nest”) that are being projected by different species, while the artificial creation of our human centered environments tends to blot them out and replace them with our own schematizations exclusively, which leads to a lessening of the variety of schematizations that can be realized in the overall natural environment“.

Are Ants engineers?

Ants are genetacally programmmed to repeat the same behavior when they are chemically (Pheromones) triggered.

It looks like organisms that are very different from the human and that don’t use language are able to ceate artifacts that are highly comparable to what human engineers are making. Until now we don’t know how they are doing this.

I believe their creation is guiding them to make a new creation. They live in their own design which forces them to maintain and create old and new designs.

animal world apiary beehive bees

Kent Palmer makes a difference  between ants and humans by using the concept  of a  Shared  experience. of a lifeworld.

This concept was created by Edmund Hussler around 1936.”The ‘lifeworld is a grand theatre of objects variously arranged in space and time relative to perceiving subjects“.

A “ifeworld means a person’s subjective construction of reality, which he or she forms under the condition of his or her life circumstances“.Slide1

the dimension of a mathematical space (or object) is informally defined as the minimum number of coordinates needed to specify any point within it.

.All experience is organized by Templates of Understanding.

Once a phenomenon has been assigned a template it is possible to begin to come to terms with it by discovering its essence, the categories it belongs to, its unique characteristics, and its significance. If

we reverse this process as we do when we design something new, then the schemas become the anchor of everything we design. . schemas are hidden in normal practice, because the schemas are understood as tacit knowledge.

Part 6:  About the Age of Reason and the Power of the Imagination.
Kent Palmer writes about the many  strange coincidences that happened when he was looking for patterns that could help him to extend General Systems theory.

The same happened to me. It all happened when I got into an unexpected Jump Of my Kundalini.

This happens when (the 7th)and the down chakra (called Trumpets in the Bible) fuse.

This   started a strange process of synchronicity that brought me a lot of information about the theory behind ancient knowledge.

This ancient knowledge returned to the West (Italy) at the Renaissance when the archives of the center of knowledge of the ancient world in Heliopolis (Egypt)(later  Alexandria) were found in Byzantium

Heliopolis was a Scientific center of the World a long time ago and attracted “scientists” sometimes called Magicians  (see Magi) that advised the Rulers of the World that wanted to prevent the world for a new disaster comparable to the Great Flood.

Observe that we now are living in the Age of the Waterbearer. We are now already flooded by images and texts that TAKE all our TIME.

One of the visitors of Heliopolis Plato warned for this time, the time when we would lose the ability to memorize and make use of the Memory Palace we now call the Zodiac.

The most important knowledge to protect  was  the control of the Power of the Mind by the Imagination.

To block this power a counter-movement was organized out of Venice, the financial center of the world. The managers of this movement started to promote Reason as a powerful force.

They decided to use Newton as as an Example of  a briljant Scientist and started to block the thinking of Leibniz that had a lot to do with Alchemy, the Science of Ancient Egypt.

So ABove So Below: The fractal pattern of the Moebius Ring repeats itself, The Cup of the Heart is a Dual Trumpet called  Chakra in India.

This al started the Age of Reason

, The Enlightment, in which the Imagination was transformed into the confusing Fantasy and the warm Emotions of the Heart became a blockage for Cold scientific thinking.

Part 7:  AboutPredicting Dreams and Consciousness

The Neuroscience of Consciousness – with Anil Seth

many people feel the power of an .Ancient Religious Place like a Cathedral of the Middle Ages. The catholic powers often reused the power of these ancient places.

A good example is  Chartres which was a holy place of the Druids.

BlackMadonna

The Black Virgin of Chartres Cathedral.

The book the Third Reich of Dreams shows that people know what will happen in the Future. 

After Hitler came to power in 1933, Charlotte Beradt, a Berlin-based journalist, began to awaken night after night bathed in perspiration, teeth clenched in terror.

On one of these nights, after dreaming of being hunted “from pillar to post” by storm troopers, a new thought arrived: what if she wasn’t the only one?

What if the things that appeared in her nightmares were also being visited upon other people?

This startling thought set in motion the seeds of a research project. Beradt quietly began to query people about their dream-life. 

She found out that many people dreamed the same dreams and dreamed the concentration camps of the NAZIS long before they were invented.

When people are brought under hypnosis they can be brought back to the past (into their past lifes) and into the Future. The experiments of Helen Wambach showed that people are able to predict a shared future with a high accuracy. 

The best explanation for the fusion of Quantum Mechanics and Relativity Theory is the so called Wheeler Feynman Aborber Theory. This theory shows that it is possible to influence history in the future.

John Wheeler believes that the Universe is a Self-Observing system. Wheeler suggested that reality is created by observers and that: “no phenomenon is a real phenomenon until it is an observed phenomenon.” .

When I was a young child I found out that I was able to Read people.

When you read people you are able to see what is in their mind. 

When I was much older I met highly experienced Advisors that took a training in reading.

We experimented  with collective reading and proved that we could read an organization.

Will McWhinney organized workshops in New Mexico near Taos. We were introduced to many “new” techniques that were developed.

They were called Organizational Dreaming (OD) and Organizational Sculptures (OS).

In OD people agreed to solve a problem by sharing their dreams.

In OS one person used other people to build a balanced structure (“a sculpture“) that represented his problems/ questions.

After a signal of the Sculptor everybody makes a next step en tells the “scluptor” what came up in his or her mind.

This gave remarkable results.

Much later OC came back in the Netherlands as Opstellingen (Constellations).

aerial photography of rock formation  [/New Mexico

The concept Paranormal indicates that science does not believe what abnormal people are capable of.

Is the design of a system known before it was made?

Is it possible to ask the Domus of a City if it wants engineers to develop a new part or let designers destroy an old part?
Acropolis

IPart 8: Is it possible to make a Whole with only Holes? Are holes also Wholes (or Holons)?.

A Holarchy

A holon is an evolving self-organizing structure.

Self-organization or Auto-catalysis or Self-Reproduction (Auto-poiesis) by sustaining the identity is one of the determinating attributes of of life.

Our complete body and mind is reproduced by millions of cooperating parts that contain millions of cooperating parts every moment we live.

The concept Holon was invented by Arthur Koester and taken over by the American Philosopher Ken Wilber.

Wilber has created his own version of Paths of Change in which he defined four types of holes/holons. One of them is the Social Hole a hiding place.

Another is the Independent Self Reliant (Autarkic) Hole (Unity) which is an Identity of its own.

Sensory Holes look like the Iris of the Eye that project the outside world onto the inside world.

The Mythic Hole is a Picture of a Hole: O.

The Aboriginal Dreamtime is about the Beginning of Time.

Creation is believed to be the work of Ancestors who travelled across a formless land, creating sacred sites and significant places of interest in their travels. In this way, “songlines” travelling trails of the Spirit Beings were established all over Australia that are comparable to the ley-lines in the West.

Around 2000 I was asked by Stephen Strong to write an introduction for his book about Aboriginal culture.

Stephen found the parts of an old Egyptian Pyramid including Hieroglyphs that describes an expedition send to Australia.

I believe there was a lot of contact between the Ancient Cultures which shows itself in many shared concepts.

Ayers Rock Australia
aboriginal dreamtime art
A picture about the Dreamtime.

What is nothing?

Nothing in terms of A-A = 0 comes from the Arabian word zfir meaning empty.

Parmenides.made a difference between space (“potential emptyness”) and the void,

In Physics the void is called a singularity.

In Indian Philosophy the void was called a Bindu (a point).

According to Lurianic Kabbalah, the first act of creation, was the Tzimtzum “self “withdrawal” of God to create an “empty space”, to create in.

. When we imagine Emptiness it becomes something.

Forms are Empty, Emptiness is Form: Heart Sutra).

In Dutch (vshowing (tonen) is called weergeven (Giving “weer”). The oppsite of imagining (Sensing) is called waar-nemen *Taking “weer”. When we sense we take something. When we look we give something (our attention).

This observation can also be found in Goethe’s Color Theory and Wittgenstein\s Remarks on Color.

Psychology : Michel Eugene Chevreul 1839.  From an article by Jude Stewart  The Wonderful C
Goethe’s Color Theory. The colors map on PoC.

How to combine combinations.

A formula that contains variables contains holes to fill.

A Tunnel is a (worm)-Hole to Connect

.
image0.jpg

If Emptness is empty and enpty is O and =>O = 0 (zero) than a lot of emptyness is still 0.

If a system contains only holes the sum of the parts is the same as the system.

When the holes are conncted the sum of the system is the same as the sum of the connections.

A system that is the sum of its connections is a network.

A network that contains holes that connect is a flow-system.

Does emptyness contain matter?.

Emptyness (the vacuum) is a fluctuating production of mattter.

The vacuum looks a lot like the mind producing thoughts when the observer is observing which is called meditation in ancient Indian science.

The Empty Set is a set with zero members. If we are able to remove members out of a set we will get sets with negative numbers of members. These are sets that are missing something (“longing” sets”).

The mathematician John Conway defined a process (a machine) that produces all the numbers there are called a Conway Game and even numbers we did no know about before he defined his process called Surreal Numbers.

Conway’s game of life the members leave the set of numbers,

A Highly Composite Number (HCN) is a positive integer with more divisors than any smaller positive integer. A HCN is a social number.

HCN were invented by Ramanujan a mathematical genius found in India who got his inspirations from Lakshmi the Goddess of Namagiri.

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/a/a6/Raja_Ravi_Varma%2C_Goddess_Lakshmi%2C_1896.jpg

The HCN are the numbers that define Harmonics . HArmonics shows that the Universe is a (Musical) Wave that produces Overtones (The Music of the Spheres.

To prevent a recurring of the Great Depression the US Government created the Institute for the Cycles lead by Edward Dewey in 1942.

Until today the Istitute researches and predicts every well known Cycle and has found the Cycle-Times of many Economic and related Cycles.

They found that the cycle-times are related to Harmonics in Music.

In ancient Indian Science the Tattvas are an aspect of Reality highly comparable to the Classical Elements and the Worldviews.

The Tattvas are the five modifications of the Great Breath a harmonic wave called the Svara..

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/01/Tattva_alap.png
Tatvas Blue is the Moon, in the cener the Cosmic Egg.

Part 9: ABout the Future of Engineering.

Part 10: About Cycles

When you want to predict the future you can make use of cycles.

Every cycle has a unique Cycle-Time and contains (or is part of) other cycles.

There are cycles related to the price of oil but there are also cycles that are related to a country or a Cultural Identity (“western europe”).

There are very short cycles (“Clock-Cyle of your PC) or cycles we are unable to measure.

The longest cycle of Humanity is the Cycle of the Precession of the Equinox.

This cycle was known a very long time ago and could be deduced by observing the recurring of the Pole Star.

Shaman believe that the Hole in the Sky is an entrance to another World (our Parallel Universe). They called this hole Jacobs ladder.

Jacobs ladder was implemented in a Zigurat (a Step-Tower containing 7 steps)) called the Tower of Babel.

The Seven Heavens
Dante and the Tower of Bable.

The Magi’s of Heliopolis knew about the precession-cycle and made sure that the state of Egypt was aligned to the right Star.

This star was also connected to the (secret) Horus)Name of the Pharao.

The system of measurement of space was at that time related to the measurement of time. Every piece of the pyramid represented a step in time.

Daily Time measurement was related to the Sun Cycle. The unit of measurement (foot) was all over the world the same and related to the duration of the Precession Cycle.

The Standard of Measurement of Distance was changed after the French Revolution when the unit became the metre.

The standard of Time became decimal (based on 10 hours in a day) and was measured by a mechanical device, a clock .

The major steps in the Precession Cycle were the movements of the constellations of the Zodiac.

They predicted major changes and the major changes were also implemented in society by rhe Priests.

At this moment we are moving into the Age of Aquarius related to the dominance of “flow systems” (electricity, Internet, Logistics).

flow system

A major detailed analysis can be done with the Economic Kondratiev Cycle.

This cycle with a cycle time of 52 years is divided in “Seasons” where the UP is called Summer and the Down Winter. Kondratiev Winter started at the year 2000.

When I researched the Kondratiev Cycle I discovered that there is a fifth season often called Indian Summer. or Womens Summer, Gypsy Summer, Poor mans summer or Summer of the Geese.

The Goose is a symbol of harmony.The Goose game is an old game that simulates Life.

It is the season of the Center with the “color” white where Winter (Blue) and Summer (Red) are in equilibrium.

The 2nd picture below shows the Bahktin Cycle of (Western) culture with a cycle-time 5x the Kondratiev Cycle Time (= 5×52 = 260).

Cycles always move through the same five steps. The steps carry different names but all have the same focus, tattva (Thatness), worldview, perspective or season.

In the picture below you see how cycles modulate on other cycles. What you also see is different names for the same perspectives of POC and how a Pentacle outside creates a Pentacle inside when the connectors are connected.

Cycles modulate on other cycles and modulate on other cycles etc. The Peaks (UP)and Downs of the Cycle are classified by the Worldviews of Paths of Change (See Colors)..
The Cycle of Erope based on Bahktins design based on his analysis of many “important” parts of literature. The Color of the parts of the Cycle are the Colors of Paths of Change.
PoC projected on Aarde (Earth) using Dutch words. India Geest <-> Spirit, China <-> Geheel Whole. Islam, Samen<->Together, US Red Intensit

in the Picture upside you see how Islam is triggering the US by being extremely social to the people who are part of the same tribe and much more important why China is the (new or old) center of the World.

The new center China was predicted a long time ago in the Dreams of Wolfgang Pauli (the creator of Quantum Physics QF) who were analyzed by Gustav Jung.

Pauli explained JUng that the concepts of QF where given to him by Robert Fludd an old English Alchemist who created the Theater the Globe, which was a model of the Harmonic Universe for the plays of William Shakespeare who probably was Francis Bacon who was the initiator of the Enlightment.

Robert Fludds Model of The Globe The Theater for William Shakespear (Francis Bacon) based on the Harmonic Universe of Kepler.
Atlas carries the Harmonic Universe.of Kepler.

The central set of “harmonies” was the musica universalis or “music of the spheres,” which had been studied by Pythagoras, Ptolemy and many others before Kepler; in fact, soon after publishing Harmonices Mundi, Kepler was embroiled in dispute with Robert Fludd, who had recently published his own harmonic theory.

Part 10.1: About Technology Cycles.

In this part two pictures out of a Powerpoint Presentation are added that are also part of my PDF-document about The history of the Cycles. They proved to me how powerful the theory of the cycles is.

When you know about the cycles the only thing you have to do is fill in the blanks which means mapping the classification to a terminolology/dialect people of your audience understand.

The theory becomes much more interesting when you understand that it is also possible to generate software out of the cycles.

Part 10.2 About-very-long-cycles/

A Picture of The Kondratiev Cycle Modulated on the Bahktin Culture Cycle. Interesting to see is that the Sixties were a conjunction of two phases with the same focus Creativity. In 2040 there is a “white” conjunction.on there levels!
The Technology Cycle moves from Creative technology (text, pictures, ..) to collaborative technology to a global infrastructure (white) named Global Brain.

Part 10.3. 2000 My first Reflection We are controlled by our Own Creation.

Around 2000 I was asked to write a part of a book that was created to celebrate the anniverary of SMO (Stichting Maatschappij en Onderneming), a Think Tank of the Dutch employers.

My part became a reflection of my education (mathematics) and my job (IT-manager at a big bank).

At the end I concluded that Global IT was moving into a new autonomous state.

We are not programming new systems but the systems are programming us.

Just as Frankenstein, the Old Jewish story of the golem, we are fighting our own creation of an artificial human (the Robot).

Part 10.4 About Type Theory and CLEAN:.Software is a Mathematical Function.

In 1985 I met the creators of a new Programmming Language called Clean .

Clean is called a Functional Programming (FP) language and uses a mathematical concept called a type.

FP treats all computation as the evaluation of mathematical functions.

Type theory tries to solve Russels Paradox a philosophical problem that is created when you use something that contains itself. This causes infinity regress.

Type Theory uses Lambda Calculus.

Russels Paradox also happens when you define that systems contain systems, a problem Kent Palmer tries to solve by defining a Meta-System or a Scape.

I decided to introduce CLEAN at ABN AMRO but the introduction failed for the simple reason that most of the IT-people were not mathematicians but trained in Business Administration (Bedrijfskunde).

This was a problem that the famous Dutch Computer scientist Edsger Dijkstra already forsaw in 1969.

The problem shows itself currently in the very low quality of software.

The software-body-immune-system does not work.

It becomes sick when it is attacked by software-viruses.

Clean is not called clean for nothing. It is highly reliable and immune to external attacks.

That is also the reason why FP is successful currently.

CLEAN Has many competitors now. like Erlang, Lexifi and Haskell. Read success-stories here.

Srep 10.5 : About Not-Destructable (Anti-Fragile) Ecologies

Two years ago I have tried to connect the concept of Anti-Fragility of Nassim Taleb to two theories. `

one about Ecologies named Panarchy and (2) about Social Networks (also an Ecology) described in the Relations Theory of Alan Fiske.

I used Paths of Change (PoC) as an intermediairy connecting theory.

In the end I found a well known pattern the Moebius Ring again.

Please read this blog when you want to read a comprehensive (i hope) story.

In the picture below you see three connected moebius rings (called a Panarchy-cycle) in which a PoC-cycle (Yellow-creative), (Blue, Order, (Red, Action), (green, Emotions, Value) takes place.

In every “jump” the cycle-time speeds up or slows down.

. All systems  exist and function at multiple scales of space, time and social organization, and the interactions across scales are fundamentally important in determining the dynamics of the system.

The panarchy framework connects adaptive cycles in a nested hierarchy.

There are potentially multiple connections between phases of the adaptive cycle at one level and phases at another level.

Two significant connections are labeled ‘revolt‘ and ‘remember‘.

The smaller, faster, nested levels invent, experiment and test, while the larger, slower levels stabilize and conserve accumulated memory of system dynamics.

In this way, the slower and larger levels set the conditions within which faster and smaller ones function.

Every level is organized in a four phase cycle of birth, growth and maturation, death and renewal. That cycle is the engine that periodically generates the variability and novelty upon which experimentation depends.

As a consequence of the periodic, but transient phases of destruction  and reorganization the structure and processes can be reorganized.

This reshuffling allows for the establishment of new system configurations and opportunities for the incorporation of exotic and entirely novel entrants into the system.

 The adaptive cycle explicitly introduces mutations and rearrangements as a periodic process within each hierarchical level in a way that partially isolates the resulting experiments, reducing the risk to the integrity of the whole structure.

The theory of Panarchy is a result of long during intensive research by Holling and Gunderson.

Panarchy is based on researching the practice of a natural ecology but because we, humans, are also part of nature (which we often forget)the theory is also applicable to us.

What you see is that we (humans) often revolt (for instance by starting a big fire) and dont believe that the total ecology (including us) moves to a very dangerous state and becomes highly unstable.

What we also dont see is that many ecologies are resilient and move back (“remember“) to an old state (nature restores itself) we dont like because we want to build a lot of stone houses and roads all connecting the houses creating a big city which acts like a big organism.

What we don’t understand is that we are often saved by the bell by the forces of nature.

What we also dont see is that we want to fight nature because we believe that we (engineers) are able to create our own nature.

The big problem is that most engineers don’t take the time to understand nature and that we could accomplish a lot by copying her (is nature a female?).

If you want to be in tune with nature entrain with nature.

To understand what entrain means move to the next step of this part.

Panarchy. Model works on 3 levels of abstraction. The colors are related to PoC. .
Panachy in 3D. The cycle is a Moebius Ring floating in 3D Space where 3 lines (variables) coordinate called connectedness ( Social in PoC), Resilience, a result of two worldviews Mythic(an Event, Idea) and Unity (patterns) and Weath (Values).
Idea Adaptability
The Product Panarchy Cycle.

The interesting part of the Theory of Fiske is that its model looks like Paths of Change and mathematicians have found a relationship between this model and the mathematical theory of scales (“a staircase”) we use to measure our outside world.

The model of Paths of Change (PoC) is with the usual colors is mapped on a spiral. and related to four community-types.

Fiske detected that we measure (“feel“, with our emotions) our social relations with the same tools we measure our outside world we “see” with our senses.

The Human Relations Model of ALan Fiske with PoC colors.
The Hierarchy of Scales
The Scales of Measurement map to the Relationship-types.

Each of the elementary models resembles one of  the classic scale types from measurement theory. 

Communal Sharing resembles a nominal scale.  A nominal scale is classifying things into categories.

Authority Ranking resembles an ordinal scale in which items are ranked.  

Equality Matching resembles an interval scale insofar as one can measure the degree of inequality in a social relationship using equal intervals so as to judge how to correct the imbalance. 

It is by use of such a scale that people in an Equality Matching interaction can specify how much one person owes another. 

However, an interval scale cannot be used to express a ratio because it has no absolute zero point. 

For example, the zero point on the Celsius scale is not absolute so one cannot say that 20 degrees is twice as warm as 10 degrees while on a Kelvin scale because the zero point is absolute one can express ratios. 

Given that Market Pricing is the application of ratios to social interactions, it resembles a ratio scale such as the Kelvin scale. 

One cannot, for example, meaningfully speak of the maximization of utility without presupposing some sort of ratio scale for measuring utility.  Maximization would correspond to 100 percent.

Part 10.6 About Black Swans and Dragon Kings.

Below you see what happens when a major event (‘A Black Swan“) hits a community (or an Eccology).

When the event is not too big the ecology resists the event and stays the same.

An example could be a Dike to resist a flood.

When the ecology is resilient it returns to its old state.

It is also possible that the parts of the ecology (mostly organisms) make a new combination and perform the same process in a different order.

In the last case a completely new combination appears that gives us (the humans) the impression that the ecommubity has innovated.

THis a Powerpoint that contains the Ant-fragile-model trtranslated in PoC (see colors). What is anti-fragile? It is a jump out of a Moebius-pattern where the Fusion takes place of many divers parts comparable to the creation of the multi-cellar organisms for example the Sponge. The pattern is a Moeibius Ring and starts with Green (Social Community) to Blue (Order) and tries to find balance. Read the Blog about Anti-Fragility and you will see how this picture maps to Panarchy and the Model of Fiske.
seasponge
Sponge

Part 10.7 About Synchronization

During my research I detected the work of Didier SOnnete .

Didier found a special type of an Event Taleb calls a Black Swan, a rare and unpredictable outlier event. Didier calls these events Dragon Kings.

Dragon Kings are a result of ynchronization.

Synchronization happens between humans (and animals) when they are focused on the same event.

Humans synchronize when they look at the same event.

When people syschronize they copy their behavior, become the same, and create a hype.

Will McWhinney used the theory of sychronisation he called coupling to write a new book after Paths of Change he called Grammars of Engagement.

Synchronization explains Human Rituals.

When humans take part of rituals they accumulate energy and produce a special sound Randall Collins calls the hum of solidarity.

Interesting point is that this energy stays for seven days (a week) when the ritual starts at the day of Saturn .

Saturn is a center that is surrounded by a ring containing many similar parts.

Have a look below and observe that the Kaaba also called the Cube of Space circulated by many synchronized humans looks like Saturn.

crowd
The Kaaba is the Kube of Space dedicated to Saturn..
RUSSIA-EASTER
Rituals generate an energy that lasts for seven days.

.

Big events like the Big Bang trigger 3 types of systems Spiral (evolition) , Organism /Atopietic) and Dualistic (Order, Chaos).

Part 11: Why Industries are Meta-Systems.

The paper in the link contains the argument that the building construction industry acts as a meta-industry., an ‘industry of industries,’ .

In this part you will see that this meta-industry is really a part of nature that is consuming a lot of nature we call an eology..

The building industry needs a lot of nature, “space” and natural resources to create arficial holes with boundaries (“caves”) to live in.

Houses protect the body but are also a body.

A city is a system that contains connected houses (bodies that are holes connected to holes) that are connected by roads (Transport tubes, lungs). A city looks like an organism. It is a super organism or even better a meta organism.

Is an engineer like the Ant in part 4?

A city is a flow system. Our Lungs are a Flow System.

A River Delta is a Flow System.

Cities grow like organisms. Organisms consume other organisms,

Are engineers who are participating in the building industry participating in the growth of the system or are they in control?.

Remember that I stated the same theory when I wrote about the Software Industry (and hardware is software) in Chapter 10.

Are we in control of Ahriman?

The city of Paris is a flow System.
Flow Systems that move from one  to many always look like a leaf or a tree
Our lungs look like a River Delta.

The energy consumption of organism and the super-organisms including the cities follow the law of kleiber.

Kleiber's law
The law of Kleiber

By 2030, over 60% of the world’s population – nearly five billion people – will be living in an urban area.

between the year 2000 and 2030 new construction (infrastructure as well as building) will double all existing construction.

IPCC predicts that $20T will be spent in energy infrastructure from 2006 to 2030.

This new construction is fueling an unprecedented increase of infrastructure especially in energy generation to support and maintain the new growth.

This additional capacity to generate energy is adding to emissions directly through construction and indirectly through an increase in transportation, and most importantly in affluence with its unbounded consumption patterns.

mexico-city
MexicoCity.

Furthermore, substantial construction will be needed in order to replace what is destroyed or abandoned due to the consequences of world climate change.

Part 12.0 About Innovation and Creativity.

This is a thesis by Roni Horowitz called Creative Problem Solving in Engineering.

Roni created an inovation of TRIZ called ASIT.

ASIT is about transforming the Box people use when they want to think Out of the Box.

ASIT generates the right tension to push the mind to fuse the contradiction a problem represents.

TRIZ was created by the Russian researcher Genrich Altshuller in 1946. He researched patents and found that every innovation solves a specific Contradiction.

TRIZ makes it possible to reuse an innovative solution in a different problem.

TRIZ Connects Contradictions which is a contradiction by itself.

The Thesis of Roni Horowitz contains a lot of historical material about the science of Creativity and Engineering.

It shows that the best way to innovate is Stepwise Improvement until the process completely fails.

When you fail you are open to the story of people who succeeded after a failure.

Roger Shank calls this approach Case=Based-Reasoning.

I found Roger when I was asked by the Dutch Ministry of Education to search for a new approach.

I came back with a plan to produce educatiobal games and found the people who were able to make these games. .

At that time Roger was the founder of the Institute for the Learning Sciences in Chicago. I introduced him to people in the Netherlands. We got funding to build an educaional game based on life stories connected to Addiction.

The science of creativity started when the ex nihilo problem (creating (something out of nothing) was replaced by a proces of tranformation from something into something.

Creative ideas do not come into being out of nothing, but involve the restructuring of known elements.

creativity first seen as a rule-breaker that could not be part of a rule-making practice called science became a process of divine Inspiration that appeared when the scientist was Dreaming (or in Trance) the result of an unknown-part that was already known called the consciousness being an activity of the observer.

The Evolution Theory of Darwin made scientists recognize that complex, highly esthetic and efficient creations can result from relatively Simple Rule-Governed Mechanisms.

This helped freeing researchers from the need to resort to God as a necessary condition for the Act of Creation.

Creation happens when the two parts of a contradiction (called a Bisociation by Koestler) Fuse and produce Positive energy (enthusiasm, enjoyment, originally used as “possesed by a God, probably the Holy Ghost, Spirit, Inspired) .

Gilles Fauconnier & Mark Turner (The Way We Think) called the principle of “bisociation” Conceptual Blending.

The disjunct parts are conneced by an Analogy (something looks like something else) or a Metaphor(mapping, function).

George Lakoff detected that most of the Culture-Independent metaphors are embodied.

They are felt by the felt-sense an Inner Bodily Awareness discovered by Eugene Gendlin that can be used to detect the change that is needed by the Human.Body to keep its state of Autopoiesis (Self-Reproduction)

Thomas Kuhn defined the concept of the paradigm a long lasting Stable Pattern that is used as a foundation of science.

Paradigms change suddenly (a Shift) mostly because of an Event(a Catastrophe).

This shift can be predicted by the Cycles (see Chapter 10). and the theory of Self-organized-criticallity. which uses the mtaphor of the sandpile.

Ideas/Concepts jump over like a virus from Person to Person. The jump occors when people are copying others.Copying occurs when people synchronize.

A jumping idea is called a Meme (invented by Richard Dawkins (RD) based on the concept of a gene (RD wrote the book the Selfish Gene). The concept of the meme is taken over in Internet Marketing

Innovation is always the result of a new combination of old ideas.

According to Leibniz the most important part of science is the mathematical Art of combination called combinatorics.

Frontpiece of the Art of Combination by Leibniz.

Part 13:00 About the Philosophy of Technology.

The Link with the Title Cybernetics for the 21st Century.lcontains an interview with the Hong Kong Philosopher Yuk Hui who is trying to solve the same puzzle Kent Palmer is trying to solve.

Yuk Huy researches recursivity (“fracrals, see pictures below) and is trying to find a new place for Chinese Philosophy.

Yuk Huy is like Kent Palmer interested in Heidegger the creator of Phenomenology, (see chapter 5).

Heidegger believed that technology changes the Greek way of ‘helping something to come into being’ to‘forcing something into being.

Technology is comparable to child-birth and therefore starts with the conception of an idea (concept) which is a fusion of a fe-male egg and a male seed bing a contradiction.

Technology reveals the world as raw material with the danger that , humans will also interpret themselves as raw materials (“human resources”) and become enslaved to their own tools.

Borgmann shows that technology replaces experiences such as milking of a cow, the search for and burning of wood by a device, a heating machine controlled by a service interface that makes it possible to control an invisible mechanistic infrastructure that has replaced an “organistic” world.

The expirience of building a fireplace filled with wood that is collected in the wood transforms in a thermometer that controls a heater that is connected to a tube that produces gas that is connected to a gasfield that is made by drilling in the ground etc etc.

Killing a human is done by a soldier who believes he/she is playing a computer game but is in reality is operating a drone.

According to Borgmann Our Current Technology is transforming Reality into Virtual Reality.

Part 14:0 About Cybernetics, the science of feedback,

Heidegger called Cybernetics the successor of philosophy.

Cybernetics comes from the Greek cybernḗtēs “steersman, governor, pilot,

Cybernetics, the Art of Steering is about having a Goal (Unity in PoC) and taking Action (Sensory) to achieve that goal. Knowing (Sensing) whether you have reached your goal (Evaluate/Social)requires “feedback

Teedback can be divided in positive (amplifies change) and negative feedback (reduces change)..

Cybernetics was started by a group of scientists that were interested in intelligent control systems like the brain (Ashby), the body (Biology Bertalanfy)_ Machines (Wiener) and. economic systems (Forrester, System Dynamics, World Simulations).

Cybernetics, the Art of Steering, moved from its first order (machines, circular causal processes) to the second order (living systems, observer, self reproducing (autopoietic) ) to the thirth order (social systems). and even a fourth order. in which “thinking(cognitive) -machines” (Artificial Intelligence) are introduced.

Cybernetics has a lot in common with the work of Escher.The art of Escher represents a model of the Universe later developed by Roger Pensose. The same model can also be found Islamic Art.

Every step in cybernetic order increases the complexity (amount of parts (wholes) relations and types of connections) of the system and makes the system less understandable although the system appears (emergence) as a whole.

Molecular Machines.operate in the Body.

In the end Cybernetics is the science of machines although the machines, could be build by humans, collaborate with humans work in our human body or even look like Gods.

A Viable System is a Recursive Cybernetic System that copies the Human Being.

Loopings, Recursive Systems.
The Viable Systems Model

The Viable Systems Model. Modeelling with the Viable System Model.

The Brain as  the Meta-System of a Viable System
The Brain/Body as a Viable System.

Chapter 15.0 About ART. and Meta-ART.

on Cassirer’s Philosophy of Symbolic Forms

Symbolic Forms can be seen in Myths Metaphor and (Abstract (Science & Mathematics) ) Symbols and Concepts and are a part of Art and Science. Ernst Cassirer shares his theories with Joseph Campbell (the Monomyth) and Carl Jung.(Archetypes).

JUngs pupil von Franz wrote about the symbols behind Numbers. Nunez & Lakoff wrote about the Metaphors behind Mathematics.

The Egyptian (and other) Gods represented Concepts. just as the Angels in the Hierarchy of Heavens.

Art is a representation of “reality”. To make the right impression on the right senses (ye, ear, skin, ..) all kinds of techniques (for instance colored points to generate a picture) are used rhat changed in time.

Art was called Techne in Greece. Techne means Craft. Art was called Fine Art being the art developed primarily for aesthetics or beauty,

At the End of Art the artists believed that the only aesthetic Artwork is created by Nature itself or by Coincedence ).

Marcel Duchamp believed that “The Observer Makes the Picture. Duchamps made an end to Fine Art and started other ways to Make something called Meta-Art.

Meta-Art generates possibilities (sometimes made by an algorithm) and makes it possible for the spectator to choose or to guide the process of design to another stage of a needed evolution.

Meta Art was introduced to me by Remco Scha, a friend of Eric Vreedenburgh.

Remco developed an Art Generator that was able to generate all kinds of Styles.

The generator was connected to a configurator that was able to generate possible building-designs.

I used Meta-Art to develop a new Strategy for ABN AMRO.

In this process we used the metaphor of the Medieval City to create a new Architecture based on the idea that every New system is a potential Legacy System.

What we found out is that the Context of the surrounding old systems determines the architecture of the new systems.

The many different architectures in an old city force an architect to create, to copy or to fuse.

The focus on the View of the Observer was the cause of Relativity-theory.

De Leuze The Logic of Sense. About Contradicting Contradictions.

Propositions,  can be related to the Objects to which they Refer, the Subjects who Utter them, or to Other Propositions.

The Theory of the Proposition is Caught in a Circle of Connections. Propositions Make Sense of an Event called a Fact that are a Sense-Act of an Individual translated in a Speech-ACt.  Sense is Produced out of Elements that do not have a Sense.Is Life a Joke?

Interaction Ritual Erving Goffman.

Erving Goffman was the Perfect Observer who found out Why and How People are Framed and How we Deceive Our Selves .

Erving Gffman About the Tole we PLay.

The Speed of the Moving View of the Observer being the Speed of Light became the Limit of Speed just as the Limit of Temperature (0 degree Kelvin) became the limit of movement being the door to the Nothing now called the vacuum.

Perfect Stilness, Just the hissing sound of the popping up Virtual Particles but where do these particle come from? Nothing full op potential still governed by the rules pf Physics that are governed by the rules of Mathematics that are bootstrapped out of botstrapped things that create each-other. The bubbles of the cosmic teapot.

Synestetic Art

At the Royal Academy I was asked to participate in a project aimed at recreating Synestetic (multi-sensory) Art.

Many artists at the Turn of the Century (Edvard Munch, Piet Mondriaan, Paul Klee, René Magritte, Vincent van Gogh), participated in the experiments at that time.

mondriaan
Mondriaan tried to combine Music (JAZZ) and Painting. This painting contains an improvisation in patterns of color and form.
16:0 About Webs.

DNA contains the code for a configurator of orgamisms. The Human DNA has a lot in common with the DNA of Trees.

Research shows that Trees communicate with otherTtrees and humans (using pheromones) using a network called a Rhizome.
Trees are a symbol of a Hierarchic structure moving UP connected to a Network (Web) going Down.
Editing DNA looks like changing a Software-Program without Testing the Program for its Long-Term Effects.
The Wood-Wide-Web: shows how Trees communicate:

In a Thousand Plateaus of Deleuze and Guatari the rhizome is a metaphor for a body being an assemblage of machines producing desire that organize themselves in non-hierarchical communication and transport network in which each connection leads to another connection.

The First Programmable Device was the Jacquard Loom which could be programmed with punched cards to produce Patterns in Cloth (a Wearable Web) being Woven by Machines.

The World-Wide-Web started as a telecomunication-Network of computers is a result of a Technological Solution to prevent a fallout of the world-wide-communicationnetwork by a big catastrophe (Nuclear-Bomb). Every message is able to reach its destination.

The Citation-list connected to a Scientific Document was mapped by Tim Berners Lee to this Network and became a Semantic network that slowly grows into a Gobal Brain.

Fritjof Capra The Web of Life: To create a theory of living Systems one has to fuse the organic the inorganic, the living the nonliving, mind and matter.

Life is a Connected Patterned process. Life is a Flow of Energy From High (Sun) to Low (organism).

Fritsjof Capra The Web of Life
Leaonard Suskind Why the World is a Hologram.

When you Eliminate everything that is impossible the truth remains.

Leaonard Suskind, a theoretical hysicist, explains how a Volume of Space can be Projected on a lower-dimensional Boundary (A Wall).

Two moving Observers are communicating while one of them moves into a Blackhole and moves too fast for Communication to take place but Information is nNEVER destroyed in our Universe.

Where is the communication stored? in the 2 Dimensional Boundary We Live in.

Physics is a Thought Experiment in which Boundaries are Crossed.

Spiders web

Part 17:0: About Mathematics

Mathematics is about Changing a Perspective on Patterns.

Norman Wildberger A Briljant Teacher of Mathematics:

The History of Mathematics.

When I finished High School in 1969 I started with a new Combination (named S4) of a Master in Chemistry, Physics and Mathematics in combination with an intensive laboratory training. At that time I did not know that S4 was created to select scientists for Shell Labs in Amsterdam.

To me Chemistry was a CookBook and Mathematics was an Experience of Beauty caused by an Act of Pure Imagination (Seeing).

I decided to go on with Mathematics (and Informatics) and followed every Course I could and had to follow including Philosophy, Signal Theory (in Delft) Numerical Mathematics, Combinatorics, and Psychology (to become a teacher). I became fascinated by Topology. and Language Theory (Chomsky, Compilers).

One of the interesting Combinations of Philosophy and Mathematics was Brouwer. He created a theory called Intuitionistic logic.

Brouwer based his insights on Buddism just like his follower Henk Barendregt.

Brouwer was part of a group of Artists and Scientists including Mondriaan who lived in a Community in the city of Laren based on the book of Walden by David Thoreau.

De hut ‘Vredewacht’, Schapendrift 82 in Blaricum. In 1915 gebouwd door architect Ru Mauve voor Betsy van Hoogstraten, ooit een geliefde van de schrijver Frederik van Eeden Blaricum, 29-05-09. "Hut" aan de Schapendrift 82. Verhaal stichting Dooyenwaard. Foto Leo van Velzen NrcHb.
The house of BrouwerVredewacht” (Waiting for Peace”) . close to the “Hut” of Mondriaan.

Brouwer did not believe in reasoning. He believed that a mathematics that is based on proof will lead to paradox

Brouwer did also not believe in Infinity and the law of the excluded-middle. This law uses Negation and Negation of something that does not exist does not exist.

Brouwer wanted to combine Life, Art, and Mysticism (the title of his dissertation).

At this moment Brouwer is seen as a highly Infuential mathematician.

Many new developments in Science including the Meta-lanuage theory of George Lakoff share the same insight.

When Brouwer became a Professor in Amsterdam and a wel-known Name he got into conflict with the Magister of Mathematics at that time David Hilbert. Hilbert defined a list of 23 unsolved problems in 1900. There are still two problems left that are probably unresolvable.

This video shows that it is possible to solve a highly complex problem by Detecting the Pattern in the process of Solving the problem when the complexity is increased.

Felix Klein defined a comparable list in the so called Erlangen Program in 1872.

The Erlangen Program of Klein Simplified by introducing a different View.
Douglas Hofstadter, Godel Escher BAch, I am a Strange Loop, talks about Spirital Machines.

Brouwer started the subject of meta-mathematics that ended with the Self-Refencial proof of Godel that shows that Mathematics is unable to look in its own Mirror. The only thing that is left as a Foundation is PARADOX.

We are Caught in our own Consciousness. The only question is who are We or will be the Others. Are they Gods or Machines of our own Making.

About the Mathematics of PARADOX
About Nominalisation.
About Schema’s made by DEMO

Category Theory was invented by S. Eilenberg and S. MacLane in 1945, with the aim of giving a precise, mathematical formulation of the idea of a “Natural Correspondence“.

Eugenia Cheng: Category Theory for Art Students.

Category Theory contains Objects (Noun), and Functors (Verb, Mapping, Function). The nouns live in an Abstract Conceptual World , a Platonic World of `Forms, a Mental and a Physical World. Nouns are fixated (stopped) verbs (a movie) created by nominalising the name of the verb. (A noun is a a Verbing).

A short Seminar about Category Theory related to Topos Theory.

In Category Theory Functions are Mathematical Theories.

Jacob Lurie About Shapes (Topology) and
Transformations of Shapes (Homotopy)
The Universe Speaks in Numbers
About Controlling a Car and Proof Theory.

Part 18.0 : Kent Palmer, Schematization and Non Dual Science

ABout The Perfect forms of Plato .

Protogoras, an early Greek Philosopher, was a teacher of culture (how to Speak and Reason). Protagoras’ss claim is that, “All Things is the Measure of Man meaning that everything is relative to Individual Experience, Judgement, and Interpretation.

According to Plato behind Man there is a World of Forms (abstract Ideas connected to the Mind) that contain the Essence. What we Experience is a Projection of the Forms.

PLato was a promotor of Mathematics and especially Geometry. PLato was also, linked to Pythagoras, an expert in Number Theory.

Aristotle, a pupil of Plato, believed that the only thing that is real, is Matter the Material cause we exprience as Resistance.He also created a Theory (“a Formal Cause) about Causality. By questioning the Cause behind the cause (“a Process“) until Infinity the Primal Agent (Primal Cause), “God” was found.

According to Immanuel Kant the Projection between tReality and The Concepts of the Mind has to be Reasonable (Possible Neccesary Provable (According to the Rules of Logic), Understandable.

According to Heidegger we are only able to understand an outside world with a Mind that is part of a Body that gives us a Reference-Frame. This started the Scientific movement called Embodiment we already saw in the work of the Mathematician Brouwer (Intuitive Logic) the Linguist Lakoff (Metaphors) and the Psychologist Gendlin (Felt Sense).

According to Merleau Ponty we are Entangled with our Twin the Outside World unable to Cut us loose.

According to Samual Todes Our Senses look with Predefined Concepts in Mind. We See what we Want to See. Sometimes we See and don’t understand. When we explore we try to find a favorable Point of View. Sometimes we have to get a better Grip to examine the Object.Sometimes we have to Move (Movement = Emotion, Motivation) to come Closer and see the Details.

When we encounter a particular Object we Classify it with a Familiar Concept (“Looks Like a Chair This is the way of Kant) or we Point at the Object and Utter a Familiar Sound (“Sitting“?).

According to Micheal Taussig Humans are just like Animals experts in copying (Mimesis). Our Aeroplanes look like Birds. We make Pictures and Paintings. We Play with Models of Trains We love to ware the Cloth of Kings and Magisters and want to Look Like a Famous Person. . The Copies are always Inferiror to the Original but also give us the opportunity to Imagine something much Better.

truth” is not a matter of Correspondence, but rather of Coherence.

The School of Athens (Rafael) shows that Plato (Left Pointing UP) and Aristotle (Right, Pointing Down) refer to two Opposing Worlds, the World of the Mind, Forms, Ideas, Concepts) and the World of the Senses (Matter) both connected to a Body.

The French Philosopher Gilles Deleuze is not interested in a Uniform Theory of Everything but in Diffrence in itself. What Lmits are there and What can we Do with all the different Theories Concepts en Experiences. We have to Prevent Repetition of the Same.

The Verification of Science is highly dependent on Technology.

Engineers and Scientists have created many Material Things (Cars, Roads, Trains Weapons, Earoplanes, Electicity, Plastcs) that are polluting or destroying Nature.

The main reason is that Engineers don’t take the Meta-System (Ecology, Context) of their Creation into account.

To find out that is behind/inside Nature we Destroy Nature by Opening the Body (Whole to see the Organs (Parts)), Smashing Particles (CERN, Whole) to find smaller Elementary Particles (Part). Every Time we Dig Deeper or look Higher the same Patterns appear (See Introduction, Fractals).

Part 19: Magic is a Technology.

Part 19.0 : Stephen Skinner: About Egyptian Magic He shows you how to get into a fruitful relationship with high and low Spirits.
About Ecology and the Paranormal. How Spirits of Nature Comunicate with us.
About PAranomal Research for the US Army.

When I was a young boy ghosts appeared in my room. When I was a student many of my friends experimented with a Qui/Ja-board and talked with deceased people who explained many things we could verify in the archives of the City of Leiden. When my Kundaliny was risen I met many “gods” who came in my room. One of them was a beautiful (black) Women (ISIS?). I “helped” the people of OKRA to get in contact with the Spirit of Athens. To me ESP has ben very real and it was a major Drive to Research Physics, Mathematics, Ancient Belief Systems. It also gave the opportunity to meet comparable people all over the World. I also read a lot of books written by Channels like Seth(Jane Roberts) and The Law of One, (the Ra Material) that explain the many Levels off Existence.

Part 20: About RhetoRics and Music.

About Music and Rhetorics.

Rhethorics is the Science of Persuation that was mapped to Music in the Baroque. encouraged by the Catholic Church as a means to cCounter the Simplicity and Austerity of Protestant Architecture, Art and Music.

Rhetorics provides heuristics for understanding, discovering, and developing arguments for Aristotle’s three Persuasive audience appeals: logos, Pathos, and Ethos.

Rhethorics was a major part of the Curriculum of the Medieval University.

liberal arts
The Curriculum of the Medieval University was based on theModel of the Universe of that time.

An important part of Rhetorics was the Art of Memory in which the Memory was connected to training of the Imagination by remembering a Memory Palace. The Art of Memory was a (secret) training in Magic. When this was discovered the trainee was Burned by the Inquisition.

Part 21: ABout Architecture.

Christopher Alexander: About Patterns in the Architecture of Building Applied to (Software) Patterns in Computer Systems. What is the contribution of Software to the Quality of Life.
Image result for quality without a name"

Quality Without a Name.

in his Book The Timeless Way of Building Christopher Alexander’ introduced the “Quality Without a Name.Whether it is in a poem, or a man, or a building full of people, or in a forest, or a city, everything that matters stems from it.  It embodies everything.Yet still this quality cannot be named

Until the rise of the Specialized Architects Architecture was controlled by a Culture controlled concept of Quality and Crafmanschip.

The Builders of the Cathedrals knew how to build (and design) Cathedrals from a Tradition that was handed over from Father to Sun.

The Cathedrals were Memory Palaces that contained all the Wisdom of thousands of years projected on a Geometric Structure with an “index” in the form of a Spiral in the aligned to the setting of the Sun , the Moon and the Galaxy placed on a Cross of Leylines.

Every Point in the spiral pointed to a Story in Stone and Glass.

Spirals in Chathedrals points to windows that contain the appropriate Wisdom Story

In the Nature of Order Alexander writes about Centers. “those particular identified sets, or systems, which Appear within the Larger Whole abecause they have noticeable distinctness, which makes them Separate Out from their Surroundings“. Life is created by small, Incremental changes that Preserve Structure.

In the Luminous Ground Alexander breaks away from the Mechanical Model were buildings or neighborhoods are Assemblages of technically generated, Interchangeable Parts.

He shows that a spiritual, emotional, and personal basis must underlie every Act of Building or Making.

Quality is also the subject of a Book of Robert Pirsig (1974) Zen and the Art of Motorcycle Maintenance. Pirsig was a teacher of Rheorics.

Robert Pirsig was convinced that Quality and Quantum Mechanics are the same issue. He wrote a second book (Lila)) about it and called this type of Quality “Dynamic Quality. Quality is Constrained by the Intellect (Theory) and Social Patterns (Culture) and Bubles Up out of the Vacuum.

Dynamic Quality of Robert Pirsig.

Will be continued. Have a look Here.

Part 22: Kent Palmer: About a Theory of Everyting.

Kent Palmer is trying to include Schema Theory in a new book of Len Troncale about Systems Sciences. In the document above he introduces Robert Rosens book About Life Itself.

A few citations: “In order to be in a position to say what life is, we must spend a great deal of time in understanding what life is not.

Thus, I will be spending a great deal of time with mechanisms and machines, ultimately to reject them, and replace them with something else.

This is in fact the most radical step I shall take, because for the past three centuries, ideas of mechanism and machine have constituted the very essence of the adjective ‘scientific’; a rejection of them thus seems like a rejection of science itself.”

Physics as we know it today is, almost entirely, the science of mechanism, and mechanisms, as I argue, are very special as material systems

Biology involves a class of systems more general than mechanism. 

In fact the relative positions of physics and biology become interchanged; rather than physics being general and biology special, it becomes more the other way around.” (xvii)

My subject matter herein is… a duality,between ‘hard’ science and ‘soft’ science, between quantitative and qualitative, between ‘exact’ and ‘inexact.’ 

This duality is not to be removed by any kind of tactical accommodation, by any superficial effort of conciliation or ecumenicism….  It is thus not a matter of logical argumentation or persuasion that is involved here; it is a matter more akin to religious conversion.

In the sciences this dichotomy between qualitative and quantitative rests on (generally unrecognized) presuppositions about the nature of material reality and on how we obtain knowledge about it.

These presuppositions themselves have formal, mathematical counterparts, which allow us to reflect this scientific dualism into an exactly parallel one that exists within mathematics itself.”

Rosen posits that life is a material system closed to efficient causation. More precisely (and there is a subtle difference here), he claims that “a material system is an organism if, and only if, it is closed to efficient causation.

In arriving at this conclusion, he draws parallels between Aristotle’s three traditional categories of causation — material (Made out of matter, parts) , efficient (By a Process) , (and formal — and three mathematical counterparts axioms (Parts), production rules (process) , and specific algorithms/ programs (Design) .

File:Aristotle's Four Causes of a Table.svg

It all started with Wolfgang Goethe who wanted to invent the Uhrplant, a model of the Essence of the Plant.

Goethe started the science of Morphogenesis, the science of the Forms. In this post I describe the history from Goethe to Alan Turing.

On Growth and Form by D’arcy Thompson is about the way the genesis of the forms of organisms can be described by structural transformations.

Nicolas Rashevsky, the Teacher of Rosen was inspired by D’arcy Thopnson. He wanted to invent the UhrOrganism. An organism is an organization seen as a set of relationships between functions.

The unity of life is revealed by the fact that one can pass from the representation of one living system to another not by structural transformations, but rather, more generally, by “functional transformations“.

Functions can be replaced by groups of functions—represented as subgraphs in the oriented graph of functions, called a .biotopological mapping.

From this it is a small step to Biological Types connected by Biological Functions. and a uniting Biological Category Theory. resulting in a Universal Biological Turing Machine. We are back to Turing again.

The Modeling Relation 

The Modeling Relation 

Another important book of Robert Rosen is about Anticipatory Systems (AS).

These systems are different from Reactive Systems (RS) are defined by by System Analysis and Dynamic Systems.

A RS changes its State when it has detected a different situation (Context) by its Sensors. A RS needs a Memory to compare the different States.

An AS wants to stay in the Same State by defening a Trajectory that Avoids conflicts.An AS contains a Predictive Model of Itself and its Environment.

An example of an AS is a Clock. A clock does not measure anything. Its Organisation Produces Time and is always On Time.

Part 23: Conclusion (in development)

It is time to conclude although the conclusion was already part of the introduction.

Perhaps the text written in between is a proof although I dont think I neeed a proof to show that current technology is able to destroy earth or is already destroying earth.

This blog contains many stories about the strange ways consciousness is intervening in human activities.

Some people who started to read this blog and saw a picture of an Angel called this blog not-rational/not-scientific/ something a person like me (a mathematician) should not write.

Please re-read the story of Jung and Pauli to see that the un-conscioussness has interfered in the life of a very rational person who seeked help to exlain his dreams.who were highly related to an old medieval Alchemist (Robert Fludd).

Pauli, who’s life was full of strange coincedences was informed by a concrete happening of a Chinese Fludd by a breaking Chinese vase about the Coming Power of the Chinese in our time.

““In April 24, 1948 the foundation of the C.G. Jung institute took place. When Pauli entered the room, a so-called Pauli effect occurred. Without any outer cause a Chinese vase fell onto the floor and the water poured out, resulting in a flood. Symbolically seen, we can say that this psychokinetic event was a Chinese water flood“.

Pauli had begun to deal with the hermetic alchemist Robert Fludd, who wrote his name in Latin as Robertus de Fluctibus. Therefore, we can conclude that these two events belong to a Synchronicity, the psychic (inner) event of it consisting in the tension in Pauli concerning the dispute between Johannes Kepler and Robert Fludd,

Quantum Mechanics is showing the termendous power of the imagination of the mind of Wolfgang Pauli who needed help from a well known Psychiatrist Carl Jung who later needed help of his pupil Anne Marie Louise von Franz to solve the puzzle of Pauli.

The future iof Technology is no only related to the future of Mathematics but also the future of psychology and medicine and both are related to the future of Biophysics.

We will dream the future because the past is caused by the future but is also infuenced by the Future. Our future disasters will haunt us just as the Holocaust haunted the dreams of its victims.

I will not stop but i consider this version as finished.

Plwase come back at this point to learn more about what my dreams tell me.

Part 24 LINKS

Construction of the Mind.

Why Life exists

ABout Ratio and Magnitude,

About the Battle between Leibniz & Newton

About the Renaissance

About Alchemy

About Heliopolis

About Good Vibrations

About The Indian Science of the Tatvas

About the Roots of Artificial Intelligence

Decoded Secrets of the Mankind’s Prohibited and Forgotten History

About the Precession Cycle

About the Kondratiev Cycle

About Megatiths

History of Writing Systems

Kent Palmer : About the EUropean Dreamtime of Technology

The end: The Book-keeping of this post.

In version 2.4 I have moved all the book-keeping of this post to the end of this post.

.In version 2.3 I have finished Part 12.0, 13.0 en 14.0.

In version 2.2.. I have added Part 12.0 about Innovation and Creativity. Today (20-9-2019) I have opened Part 13.0 About the Philosophy of Technology, Part 14.0 About Cybernetics and Part 15:0 About Meta(-Art.) .

Until part Part 1 this blog contains information that shows you the history of this blog. The blog starts at START BLOG.

I have started version 2.0 by completing a major part which is a comprehensive (with many links ) summary of a blog about anti-fragility. This part I called step 10.2.

In this part you learn about a very important theory about ecologies called Panarchy. I combine this stheory with the work of Alan Fiske about Human Ecologies. The most interesting part is the link of the theory of Alan Fiske with measurement theory.

We measure our relationships with our feelings and our relationships are ordered with the same model Paths of Change (PoC) uses.

PoC is a theory that is thousands of years old.

What is ANTI_FRAGILITY

Out of the Blog about Anti-Fragility also called Resilient, /Robust or even Undestructable I have used a part about entrainment which gives an explanation why processes and humans start to act the same (sychronize) ,

When Humans entrain they cause Hypes or bigger problems like a Depression. Currently a lot of people entrain on becoming rich.

Being rich is an addiction.

Entrainment was detected by an old Dutch Scientist Christiaan Huygens.

Today (14-9-2019), starting with version 2.0 I will spend time to complete Part 11: Why Industries are Meta-Systems.In this part I reuse the blog Why are Cities Organisms which is an application of the Law of Kleiber What I will prove is that Meta-Industries are the cause of the destruction of Earth and that Engineers have to become Ecology-Managers.

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Doctor Out of the Box (In Dutch)

Dit is een Powerpoint-presentatie uit 2013 gemaakt om te laten zien hoe slimme hulpmiddelen zoals semantic mining, sensors en proces-management  kan helpen om de processen in de gezondheidszorg te ondersteunen.

Er wordt gebruik gemaakt van Paths of Change (PoC) van Will McWhinney om het gebied in kaart te brengen. Dit gebeurt stap voor stap waarbij er iedere keer een nieuwe (medische) functie wordt toegevoegd.

Aan het einde van de presentatie worden alle stappen samengevoegd in een Gezondheidsarchitectuur die zowel voor de lichamelijke als de geestelijke gezondheidszorg bruikbaar is.

Paths of Change past op Interpersonal Theory een psychologische theorie die de mens beschouwd als een interne en externe relatie.

Diagnose is een verband tussen waarnemen (Zintuigen (Sensors), Ervaring)  en waarheid (Kennis). Op basis van de diagnose kun je acties ondernemen die allemaal passen op de algemene verbanden (de “paden“) in Paths of Change. De paden worden in het vervolg verder uitgewerkt.

Dit plaatje is bedoeld om de plek van Watson te introduceren. Watson maakt gebruik van Kennisbanken (een verzameling “waarheden”). Watson is toegespitst op de denkwijze van de specialist. De software doet een specialist na en geeft antwoorden op gestelde vragen.

Dit plaatje bevat een samenvatting van de werkwijze van Watson die door IBM DeepQA wordt genoemd. (QA staat voor Questions/Answers).

In de Diagnostiek worden de volgende aspecten van de Mens meegenomen.

Het is mogelijk om Watson (of een ander Semantisch Mining-tool) automatisch te koppelen aan een Proces-Bibliotheek waardoor er een Behandelplan kan worden gemaakt.

Aangezien er statistische methoden worden gebruikt ontbreekt vaak een menselijke verklaring van de uitkomst. Als het diagnose-hulpmiddel moet aansluiten bij een menselijke expert is dit van belang.

Het behandelplan kan worden gekoppeld aan een database met behandelaars.

en een netwerk met Ervaringsdeskundigen.

Op basis van (diepte)interviews met Ervaringsdeskundigen kan een levensloop-simulator worden gebouwd.

Een groot aantal (zo niet alle) meetinstrumenten van de arts kan worden vervangen door (draagbare) sensors, waardoor er als dat nodig is real-time kan worden gemeten.

Het plaatje geeft een globaal beeld aan van de ontwikkeling van de technologie de komende tien jaar.

LINKS

Integrale Zorg

Over de Toekomst van Technologie

Over de Community of Practice

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Over Integrale Zorg (In Dutch)

Dit document is in 2014 geschreven. Het is eerste instantie gebruikt om een nieuwe (meer sociale) strategie voor de ABN AMRO te ontwikkelen. Het is later gebruikt als discussie-stuk toen er sprake was van het oprichten van een coordinerend Centrum voor Vitaliteit in Regio Leiden (Project 071).

Dit centrum was bedoeld om lokale centra op te richten waarbij er aandacht werd besteed aan de samenhang tussen de geestelijke, lichamelijke, sociale en economische gezondheid van de mens in alle levensfasen.

Als laatste is een deel gebruikt als discussiestuk voor een Smart City-beleid in Den Haag. Hier werd aangetoond dat Smart City niet alleen een besturingsmodel is maar dat net als bij de Vitaliteit het lichamelijke, het sociale en het creatieve van de mens een rol moet spelen in het “slim” aanwenden van Smart Technologie. Een stad is net als de mens een organisme.

Het document is gebaseerd op de verander-methodiek Paths of Change (PoC) van Will McWhinney. De wereldbeelden van PoC hebben in dit document overal dezelfde kleuren: Blauw/Unity/Regels/Waarheid, Rood/Sensory/Waarnemen, Groen/Sociaal/Waarderen en Geel/Mythic/Verbeelden.

PoC maakt het mogelijk om met behulp van steeds hetzelfde model heel verschillende vraagstukken op te lossen zoals het inrichten van een Community of Practice.

Er zijn 4 wereldbeelden en daarmee ook 4 soorten sociale netwerken n.l. een community of Knowledge, eenCommmunity of Practice (deelt ervaring, Fouten),, een Community of Affinity (deelt sociale relaties (o.m. vrieden en ffamilie)) en een Communiy of Interest (deelt interesses (bijv. hobby) etc). Zie Collaborative Learning.

1. Inleiding: Op weg naar de participatie maatschappij

In het verleden vond het contact tussen klant en bank meestal plaats in kleine wijkgebonden kantoren. De directeur van een vestiging fungeerde als steun en toeverlaat voor de kleine zakelijke- (MKB) en particuliere klanten. Op deze wijze werden de meeste financiële calamiteiten voorkomen.

Op dit moment heeft de bank de wijk verlaten en wordt de klant geacht gebruik te maken van geldautomaten en het Internet. Om dit waar te kunnen maken zijn de bankproducten gestandaardiseerd waardoor het autorisatieproces vrijwel automatisch en dus context-onafhankelijk plaatsvindt. Bankieren is niet meer een klantgedreven maar een datagedreven proces geworden.

Inmiddels is de overheid bezig om een groot deel van zijn sociale taken met aanmerkelijk minder geld over te dragen aan de stad die ze wijkgebonden maakt. De sociale taken van de overheid moeten dichter bij de burger worden gebracht en worden ondergebracht in een wijkcentrum of een winkelcentrum.

De traditionele kerken in Nederland krimpen omdat hun leden ouder worden en overlijden. Het diaconaat binnen de kerken houdt zich in zijn regio, meestal wijkgebonden, bezig met eenzamen, armen, zieken, werklozen en andere medemensen die een moeilijke tijd in hun leven doormaken. Door de krimpende kerk wordt de onbaatzuchtige hulp aan de medemens steeds minder.

Uit het diaconaat zijn vele organisaties ontstaan die dreven op giften, subsidies en vrijwilligers. Sommige van die organisaties, zoals ziekenhuizen en  de ontwikkelingshulp zijn sterk geprofessionaliseerd en hebben zich van hun wortels losgemaakt. Ze worden nog steeds grotendeels uit het overheidsbudget bekostigd.

De bijdragen uit het overheidsbudget die richting deze organisaties gaan worden minder en moeten volgens de overheid net als vroeger worden gecompenseerd door sociaal ondernemerschap, giften en de inzet van vrijwilligers.

Om hun hoge vaste lasten te kunnen dragen moeten de meeste partners beiden werken waardoor ze weinig tijd over hebben voor kinderen en hun oudere ouders. De zorg voor de kinderen wordt overgelaten aan de kinderopvang en de school.

De zorg voor de ouderen is uitbesteed aan de gezondheidszorg. Ook hier lopen de budgetten terug en moet de burger zich als mantelzorger gaan inzetten voor zijn zieke familie, vrienden en buurtgenoten.

De zowel qua inzet als financiering krimpende sociale hulpverleningssystemen zijn in deze tijd van crisis juist meer nodig dan in de tijd van hoogconjunctuur.

De enige manier om dit probleem op te lossen is door een totaal nieuwe weg in te slaan. Die weg kan gevonden worden door moderne technologie te koppelen met medemenselijkheid.

2. Introductie Paths of Change): De Mens is een Relatie

Paths of Change ontwikkeld door Will McWhinney rond 1980 blijkt relaties te hebben met hele oude inzichten die allemaal zijn gebaseerd op de vierdeling die eigenlijk een 2×2 (x2,..)deling is die begint met de Dualiteit Contractie (versimpelen, inpakken) en Expansie )complex maken, uitpakken), die samen werden vergeleken met het proces van Ademhalen.

We beginnen bij de mens zelf. Een mens wordt gekarakteriseerd door zijn persoonlijkheid. Die persoonlijkheid is een combinatie van drie kenmerken, n.l.

(1) Richting Rotatie: Introvert/naar Binnen gericht, Linksdraaiend (<-) vs Extravert/naar Buiten, Rechtsdraaiend  (->) gericht

(2) Afstand: Geheel/Observator Boven de Wereld vs Deel/Ervaren In de Wereld en

(3) Psychische Functie: De psychische functie wordt beschreven door twee variabelen die Agency (Besturing) en Communion (Verbinding) worden genoemd.

Ze vormen samen vier functies die ieder een andere richting op bewegen (bv. Geest, Naar Boven, Abstractie of Ziel, Naar beneden, Depressie, Aarde) en samen een richtingsvector bepalen die de mens als staande golf door de Tijd/Ruimte stuurt.

De persoonlijkheid van de  mens is een relatie tussen deze twee functies in combinatie met de Draairichting en de Afstand.

De functies worden Geest/Ordenen/Waarheid, Lichaam/Waarnemen/Handelen (Sensory Motor Systeem), Spirit/Verbeelden en  Ziel/Emoties/Waarderen/Samen, genoemd. Een combinatie tussen Verbeelding en Ordenen wordt een ontwerper genoemd.

Als er twee gelijke functies worden gekoppeld is de mens psychopathologisch. Het ordenen van het ordenen wordt bijvoorbeeld Paranoïde genoemd.

John Holland ontdekte dat de persoonlijkheid sterk voorspellend is voor het beroep. Daardoor kunnen we met behulp van bovenstaand persoonlijkheidsinstrumentarium ook veel zeggen over bedrijfsculturen.

Met als mogelijke verklaring dat mensen de geschiedenis maken blijkt het ook mogelijk te zijn om het model van de persoonlijkheid te gebruiken om korte en lange cycli te beschrijven en te voorspellen.

3.  De Mens in Crisis

De Life Event Scale van Holmes bevat de gebeurtenissen die de meeste invloed hebben op de mens. Deze gebeurtenissen kunnen meerdere van de psychische functies raken.

De psychische functies van de mens zijn tegendelen die elkaar aantrekken en afstoten. Het persoonlijkheidssysteem van de mens fluctueert daarom rondom een evenwichtspunt, het set-point genoemd. De krachten die tussen de verschillende onderdelen spelen en daarmee de bandbreedte van de golven zijn per mens verschillend. Sommige mensen (Kinderen, Ouderen, Zieken) zijn kwetsbaar.

Als een gebeurtenis een te hoge schok veroorzaakt reageert de mens in eerste instantie niet (freeze). Daarna volgt ontkenning en agressie (fight). Na een depressie begint men om de nieuwe situatie weer te waarderen, te exploreren en te accepteren.

De traumatische fase kan bij kwetsbare mensen vele jaren duren. In deze periode is men niet in staat tot productieve arbeid. Het is de kunst om extreme gebeurtenissen en de negatieve effecten daarop te voorkomen of te verhelpen. Dit kan gebeuren door therapie en verzekeren.

4. Sociale Netwerken zijn soms Sociaal

Mensen zoeken vergelijkbare mensen op en vergelijkbare mensen hebben vergelijkbare persoonlijkheden.

Aangezien persoonlijkheden erfelijk zijn vindt de meest voor de hand liggende koppeling plaats met familie en andere mensen die sterk (genetisch) op elkaar lijken. Dit wordt een Community of Affinity genoemd. De leden van Facebook vormen een dergelijk netwerk.

Linkedin is een hulpmiddel waar mensen hun interesses en inzichten delen (Community of Interest) en Wikipedia bevat gedeelde kennis (Kenniscentrum).

Ervaring ontstaat als mensen een fout maken en van deze fout leren. Een fout is een afwijking van een verwachtingspatroon. Een succesvolle vorm van ervaringsdelen is de zelfhulp-groep.

De sensory-motor component van de mens is expansief en is het complement (het tegendeel) van de ordelijke kant.

Terwijl de ordenende component steeds comprimeert (analyse) en daarmee de werkelijkheid versimpelt ontstaan er steeds weer nieuwe vormen van praktisch toegepast handelen die de werkelijkheid complexer maken. Netwerken waar ervaring wordt gedeeld worden een Community of Practice genoemd.

Als we naar de persoonlijkheidstheorie kijken zien we dat de deelnemers aan een Community of Affinity en een Community of Practice samenwerken terwijl ze in de andere netwerken als individu optreden.

Het concept van de coöperatie past perfect bij de sociale sociale netwerken.

De Communities of Practice leven niet lang. Het zijn veel meer tijdelijke projectorganisaties die na het behalen van hun doel weer worden ontbonden of worden overgedragen aan een producent.

5. Van Hulp naar Levensloopbegeleiding

Het leven is een introvert (“naar binnen gericht”) proces en begint en eindigt in een staat van volledige afhankelijkheid (Low Agency, High Communion, Wij).

In de eerste fase van de levensloop vindt het proces van socialisatie plaats,  eerst in de context van de ouders en later in de eigen groep (de cultuur).

In de pubertijd neemt de behoefte om zich los te maken van ouders en familie toe (Agency,Ze) en richt men zich vooral op gelijksoortigen (de peer-group).

Aangezien het “erbij horen” de hoogste prioriteit heeft neemt men onnadenkend ook veel negatief gedrag over en zet men zich zeer nadrukkelijk af tegen de gevestigde orde, de volwassenen.

Tijdens de pubertijd vindt de laatste training plaats voor de volgende fase. Als jongeren sterk negatief worden beïnvloed door hun soortgenoten wordt deze fase niet afgerond en worden ze een drop-out die moeilijk aan het werk komt.

De persoonlijkheid trekt zich niets aan van de levensloopfasen. Er zijn mensen die altijd kind of puber blijven of weer puber worden (midlife-crisis).

Aangezien de persoonlijkheid ook bepalend is voor het beroep is het mogelijk om in iedere fase van de levensloop begeleiding te bieden met de juiste leeftijd.

Theoretisch hebben oude mensen in het begin van hun fase nog genoeg energie en de meeste levenswijsheid. In een groot aantal culturen wordt hiervan gebruik gemaakt door het  drie-generatie-systeem te hanteren.

Het principe van het drie-generatie systeem wordt in Nederland gebruikt bij de begeleiding van mensen die socialisatie-problemen hebben (“Op eigen kracht”).

Het huidige schoolsysteem is nog gebaseerd op de tijd van de massaproductie van de Industriële revolutie en lijkt op de fabriek waarvoor de arbeiders en managers geschoold moeten worden om aan de lopende banden hun werk te doen. Deze tijd is definitief voorbij.

In de pubertijd gaat het om doen, ervaren en uitproberen. Kennis verzamelen is dan niet echt aan de orde. Die kennis kan men veel beter verkrijgen door te reflecteren. Reflectie vindt plaats als er iets mis is gegaan.

Aangezien kennis zeer snel verandert is het niet zinvol meer om preventief veel kennis te vergaren. Kennis kan just-in-time worden verkregen als men praktisch in de problemen zit of overzicht nodig heeft. Ze heeft dan ook een veel hogere retentie.

In de nabije toekomst gaan instrumenten of zichzelf bedienen of krijgen een simpel user-interface dat de gebruiker vertelt wat hij moet doen.

In de productieve fase (volwassenheid) wordt de mens bestuurd door en maakt hij gebruik van regelsystemen (“het”). In deze periode wordt hij geacht een buffer op te bouwen voor de tijden dat er niet kan worden geproduceerd. Een volwassen zorgt in eerste instantie van zijn leven voor zijn kinderen (en soms partner) en later voor zijn ouders.

6. Het Begeleidingssysteem

Ondersteuningsgroep

Rondom ieder individu wordt een sociaal netwerk gevormd dat bereid is om elkaar te helpen en indien nodig ook te waarborgen. In het algemeen bestaat dat netwerk uit naaste familieleden en vrienden. Het is de bedoeling dat deze groep zo vroeg als mogelijk is in het leven wordt gevormd en zo lang als mogelijk in stand blijft. Denk daarbij ook aan de oude functies van meter en peter.

Coach

Een Coach is een persoon die over praktische levenswijsheid beschikt. Het is iemand die zijn/haar loopbaanpad heeft verlaten en zich als vrijwilliger aanbiedt aan mensen die steun nodig hebben in het leven. Coaches kunnen door een persoon of door zijn ondersteuningsgroep worden gevraagd om te helpen. Een ondersteuningsgroep is een absolute randvoorwaarde om aan de slag te gaan. Een coach kan gebruik maken van een simulator om mogelijkheden te onderzoeken.

Case Manager

Een case manager is een rol die er voor zorgt dat een dringend probleem wordt opgelost. Case managers kunnen zich in allerlei instanties bevinden en kunnen daardoor fors langs elkaar heen gaan werken. Het is de taak van de coach om de probleemhebber (zijn “maatje”) te helpen om een dergelijke situatie te vermijden of te corrigeren.

Case-Management Systeem

Alle betrokkenen maken gebruik van één Case-Management-Systeem (CMS). Een CMS is een procesmanager die op basis van condities zijn werk kan doen. Met behulp van dit systeem kunnen afspraken worden vastgelegd maar ook andere partijen betrokken en aan hun afspraken worden gehouden.

Zelfhulpgroep

Een zelfhulpgroep is een groep mensen die in vergelijkbare omstandigheden heeft verkeerd en bereid is om anderen te ondersteunen met praktische raadgeving. Mensen kunnen deelnemen aan meerdere groepen.

Case

Een case is een gestandaardiseerd beschrijving van een situatie in combinatie met een niet gestructureerde beschrijving. In het laatste geval lijkt het op een dagboek.

Cases kunnen problematisch zijn en om een oplossing vragen maar ze kunnen ook een beschrijving zijn van een gebeurtenis (bv. een ongeluk, een ziekte, een verhuizing, een aankoop). Cases worden gebruikt om een kwalitatief historisch overzicht te krijgen eventueel aangevuld met kwantitatieve informatie. Cases worden zoveel als mogelijk is automatisch aangemaakt.

Verzorgers

Indien een ondersteuningsgroep onvoldoende tijd en mogelijkheden heeft om de benodigde hulp te bieden kan externe hulp worden opgeroepen. Die wordt toegevoegd aan de groep en communiceert ook met de groep.

Specialisten/Hulpmiddelen

Indien nodig kan een case manager tijdelijk of permanent specialisten of hulpmiddelen toevoegen om de case op te lossen.

Kennissystemen/Deskundigen

Indien nodig kan een case manager tijdelijk of permanent deskundigen en kennissystemen tijdelijk of permanent toevoegen om de case op te lossen.

7. Financiering van de Levensloop

Het lichaam is verbonden met kort cyclische zon- en maanritmen zoals de dag, de maan/maand en het jaar (de seizoenen). Het gedrag is meetbaar (sensors), sterk voorspelbaar en daardoor budgetteerbaar mits er geen sprake is van verslaving, de behoefte van het lichaam om eindeloos te genieten.

Het complement van het lichaam, de geest, zoekt zekerheid en zoekt en formeert voorspelbare lange termijn patronen (soms een onderneming genoemd) die zich tonen in de vele economische cycli (Kitchen, Juglar, Kuznets, Kondratiev, …).

Aangezien de patronen onderhevig zijn aan verstoringen moet men ze niet als een absolute zekerheid gaan hanteren. Cycli herstellen zich altijd weer.

De korte cycli moduleren op lange cycli en hebben een voorspelbare verhouding (één Kondratieff = drie Kuznets= zes Juglars = twaalf Kitchens).

De Kontratiev-cyclus duurt +/- 54 jaar wat betekent dat de gemiddelde mens in zijn leven altijd profiteert van voorspoed en tegenslag. Dit betekent dat men met behulp van een lange termijn planning en een adequaat sociaal netwerk de cycli ongehavend door kan komen.

Sommige mensen hebben last van teveel geluk, teveel ongeluk, teveel passie of teveel wantrouwen om flexibel om te gaan met de toekomst.

In dat geval kunnen er voor deze mensen ondersteunde systemen worden ontworpen die zowel het geluk als het ongeluk delen door elkaar een waarborg te verlenen of elkaar te helpen in het besturen van het levenspad.

8. Smart Computing: De Mens in de Machine

Software gaat steeds meer psychische functies van de mens overnemen waardoor er uiteindelijk volledig autonome systemen zullen komen.

Op dit moment zijn vooral patroonherkenning (Big Data) en sensors gekoppeld aan procesmanagers (‘robots”) bruikbaar.

In de volgende stap kan de mens zich gaan koppelen aan zeer krachtige simulatoren die aan de ene kant de buitenwereld voorspelbaar zullen maken (“Early Warning”) en aan de andere kant een persoonlijke fantasiewereld (“het Holodeck”) kunnen maken waarin de mens eindeloos kan doorbrengen.

In de laatste fase kan de mens zich voorzien van lichaamssensors die het onbewuste zullen gaan ontsluiten.

Producten zullen worden gestandaardiseerd middels onderling gekoppelde product-configurators waarmee de klant kan gaan spelen (of andersom).

9. Van Coöperatie naar Banking Robot

Bankieren is heel oud. In de code van Hammurabi (1700 v Chr) werd er al gesproken over verzekeren. Rond 1200 ontstonden in Italië de handelsbanken.

De Treasury voortgekomen uit het graanpakhuis van Hammurabi is de functie binnen de bank die moet zorgen voor de levensloopbegeleiding van de bank door te zorgen voor een goede balans tussen sparen (productie) en lenen (consumptie) op zowel de korte- als de lange termijn.

Bankieren was tot 1900 uitsluitend voorbehouden aan de welgestelden. Rond die tijd ontstonden er twee nieuwe bankvormen die zich gingen richten op het vergaren van vermogen onder de minder draagkrachtigen (Giro & Postspaarbank) en het besturen van collectieve bedrijven en het dragen van collectieve risico’s (Raiffeisen, de Coöperatie of Onderlinge Waarborg Maatschappij).

De Consumptiebank (Bank van Lening) kreeg een enorme impuls toen de arbeiders in de jaren zestig verplicht werden om een salarisrekening te openen. Vanaf dat moment raakten de Nederlanders hun vrees om te lenen en te spenderen kwijt. Deze ontwikkeling werd natuurlijk sterk geholpen door de opkomende Kondratieff-golf.

Aan het eind van 20e eeuw hebben de banken geprofiteerd van de verder oplopende economie en hebben daarbij vergeten om een geldvoorraad voor de slechte jaren op te bouwen. Dit geldt natuurlijk niet alleen voor de bank zelf maar ook voor zijn klanten.

Rond 2000 op de top van de golf werd door de ontwikkelaars van de handelsbank Binck-Bank, Knab gelanceerd als een nieuwe vorm van klantgericht bankieren (Personal Financial Planning).

Knab probeert om de nieuwe mogelijkheden van de IT-technologie ten volle aan te wenden. Tot op heden slaat deze moderne vorm van bankieren niet erg aan omdat de klant de diensten te duur vind. Het grootste probleem is natuurlijk dat deze bank geen aansluiting krijgt bij de duurzame socialen, de expanderende genieters en de comprimerende zekerheidzoekers.

Het ligt in de lijn der verwachting dat rond de tijd van de Singularity de bank zich zal hebben getransformeerd in een begrijpend pratende alleswetende bankrobot die perfect waakt over de belangen van de klant. De teerling voor een Dr.Watson-bank is deze maand door IBM samen met de DSB-bank in Singapore geworpen.

Het lijkt er op dat deze ontwikkeling wel eens sneller kan gaan dan men denkt omdat IBM wederom een miljard dollar heeft gestoken in de toepassingen van zijn Dr.Watson-technologie. Deze investering zal vooral worden besteed aan het verbeteren van de medische Dr.Watson.

Dr. Watson ook wel Semantic Analytics genoemd kan in korte tijd eindeloos veel kwalitatieve (tekst, plaatjes) en kwantitatieve data tot zich nemen, patronen ontdekken,  logische redeneren en praten.

Om de uitdagingen van de komende cyclus-periode aan te kunnen zullen de banken zich moeten gaan concentreren op het balanceren van hun eigen geldvoorraden en daarmee ook de waardenvoorraden van hun klanten. Dit kan alleen als ze zich gaan bezighouden met de volledige levenscyclus.

Dit betekent dat een bank niet alleen alle soorten dienstverlening moet gaan bieden maar ook alle soorten banken onder één noemer moeten zien te brengen.

In dat kader zal de bank ook weer een sociale kant moeten gaan tonen.

We hebben gezien dat deze kant van het bankwezen zich in het verleden heeft getoond in de coöperatie en de waarborgmaatschappij. Deze banktypen zijn grotendeels verdwenen en hebben zich getransformeerd in een “normale” bank en verzekeraar waarbij de inbreng in het beleid van de klanten niet groot meer is.

Het herstellen van de klantbetrokkenheid (zie Knab) is een “hot issue” en “customer co-creation” staat hoog in de trend top tien.  Daarnaast rijst het aantal nieuw opgerichte kredietunies de pan uit en is de regering al druk bezig om deze vorm van onderlinge solidariteit een wettelijke basis te geven.

Het ligt dan ook voor de hand om onderlinge solidariteit (“de naaste”) weer als uitgangspunt te nemen voor de mensen die dat willen en dat zijn de mensen met een sociale persoonlijkheid.

10. Integrale Gezondheidszorg

We zijn weer terug bij het verdwenen bankkantoor in de wijk. Het stond in een winkelcentrum waar inmiddels door de snelle opkomst van de Internetwinkels alleen nog de lichaamsgerateerde kort cyclische retail aanwezig is.

De kans is groot dat die zich zelfs op den duur terugtrekt als de winkel-logistiek zich volledig heeft aangepast aan het aan huis bezorgen.

Vaak is zo’n winkelcentrum gekoppeld aan een gezondheidscentrum dat zich nu ook druk moet gaan maken over de psycho-sociale zorg. De overheid heeft bedacht dat de huisarts in de wijk in samenwerking met de wijkverpleegkundige moet gaan optreden als personal case-manager.

Opvallend is dat de economische gezondheidszorg (de armenzorg) nog grotendeels een kerkelijke aangelegenheid is. Er zijn vele organisaties die de hulp van levenswijze “maatjes” aanbieden om mensen te helpen ook economisch orde op zaken te stellen.

Wat tot op heden nog volledig ontbreekt is een integrale benadering. De vele professionele hulpverleners (“de sociale kaart”) en vrijwilligers werken notoir langs elkaar heen,  het aantal specialismen is sterk gegroeid waardoor ieder probleemhokje een eigen loket heeft en men kan door de soms zeer complexe vaktaal moeilijk onderling communiceren.

Wat vaak wordt vergeten is dat er naast hulpverleners en vrijwilligers ook nog commerciële partijen zijn die belang hebben bij een gezonde medewerker of klant.

Die belangen worden bij voorbeeld gedragen door Arbo-diensten, Verzekeraars en Banken die schadeclaims moeten afhandelen en natuurlijk ook voorkomen. Een vergaande samenwerking rondom het wijkgebonden integrale gezondheidscentrum ligt voor de hand.

Het is hierbij van belang om te beseffen dat de technologie veel werk uit handen kan nemen zodat de mens zich volledig kan richten op het persoonlijk contact zowel in de vorm van een gesprek als van de zorg zelf (totdat de zorg-robot zich aandient).

11. De Zelf-Ontplooiende Stad

Een stad is een verzameling gebouwen, waarin mensen samenwonen, werken, worden verzorgd of plezier maken. De mensen en de gebouwen zijn verbonden door allerlei soorten netwerken (energie, vervoer, telecommunicatie, sociale netwerken, waardeketens, ..).

De stad kan net als het Integrale Gezondheidscentrum verdeeld worden in vier onderling verbonden onderdelen n.l Besturing, Bedrijvigheid, Sociaal en Cultureel.

Boven de Stad kan een Monitor worden gedefinieerd die erg veel lijkt op het menselijke bewustzijn. De Monitor moet er voor zorgen dat de verschillende onderdelen niet te dominant worden.

De vier onderdelen kunnen weer worden opgesplitst in vergelijkbare onderdelen waardoor er in totaal (1+4) x 12 = 60 onderdelen kunnen worden gedefineerd. Die onderdelen kunnen als nodig is nog veel dieper kunnen worden opgedeeld als we de mens weer opsplitsen in bijv. organen en de organen weer in cellen. Op ieder niveau gelden dezelfde wetten.

LINKS

Over Slimme Software

Over de Stad

Over Paths of Change (PoC)

Over Grammers of Engagement

Over Roeping

Over Verslaving

Over Communities of Practice

Over Collaboratief leren.
Featured

Over de Magie van de OnKwetsbaarheid (in Dutch About Anti-fragility (7-9-2016).

This is the same blog in English.

Deze blog is het gevolg van een  presentatie over Anti-Fragility die ik op 7-9-2016 heb gegeven voor de sofware-architecten van de KNVI (Koninklijke Nederlandse Vereniging van Informatieprofessionals).

De presentatie in 2016 begon met een verhaal over mijn Smart City-project in Den Haag (“Smart Urban Space”). Dit stuk van de presentatie is hier weggelaten op de conclusie na over de Anti-Fragiele Stad. Die conclusie staat in Hfdst. 15.

Het verhaal over de Zelfontplooiende Stad staat hier.

0. Over Anti-Kwetsbaarheid

Nassim Taleb beweert dat er geen woord in het Engels bestaat voor het omgekeerde van Fragility (kwetsbaarheid). Daarom heeft hij het zelf gemaakt (Anti-Fragility, anti-kwetsbaarheid). In het Nederlands bestaat het woord wel alhoewel het net als in het Engels ook een niet-(on/anti)-woord (“een tegendeel”) is.

Het omgekeerde van Fragility is onkwetsbaarheid, een mythisch begrip, waar veel levenden naar op zoek zijn geweest maar dat alleen aan de Goden is (of was?) voorbehouden.

Taleb plaatst Anti-Fragility vooral in het scheppende perspectief. Met Anti-Fragility kun je chaos gebruiken om je eigen orde te scheppen.

Dit document bevat een zoektocht naar Anti-Fragility langs allerlei modellen die stukjes van de puzzel bevatten.

1. Over de Phoenix, het Symbool van Veerkracht

Op het plaatje houden Thoth, de Uitvinder en Ma’at, de Godin van de Balans, de Levensboom (de Ished) in Evenwicht.

De vruchten van de Boom des Levens gaven Eeuwig Leven (en dus Onkwetsbaarheid) en Inzicht in het Grote Plan.

In de top van de Boom die gesitueerd was in Heliopolis  zat de Bennu Vogel, de Magische Phoenix. De Vuurvogel die uit haar eigen Vuur herboren wordt is het Symbool van Nassim Taleb voor Veerkracht, het laatste stadium voor anti-kwetsbaarheid.

De tovenaar Thoht wordt ook wel Djehuti genoemd. Hij is de bestuurder van de Djed, de levenskracht (“het Vuur van de Phoenix”, de Kundalini), waarmee hij het Rad van Avontuur in beweging  zet dat door Ma’at binnen de perken wordt gehouden.

Het mag duidelijk zijn dat Nassim Taleb op zoek is naar de bron van de Levenskracht en de beperkingen van Ma’at (Balans) wil ontlopen.

In moderne terminologie wil Nassim permanent in de “Edge of Chaos” (“de Adjacent Possible“, Kauffman) opereren. De “edge” is het gebied tussen orde en chaos waar de nieuwe ruimte wordt gevormd en de tijd zijn werk nog niet kan doen.

2. Citaten Nassim Taleb

Cursief een aantal citaten van Nassim Taleb om in de stemming te komen:

Our brain is not cut out for nonlinearities. People think that if, say, two variables are causally linked, then a steady input in one variable should always yield a result in the other one. Our emotional apparatus is designed for linear causality.

Wind extinguishes a candle and energizes fire. You want to be the fire and wish for the wind. …The mission is how to domesticate, even dominate, even conquer, the unseen, the opaque, and the inexplicable.

It takes a lot of intellect and confidence to accept that what makes sense doesn’t really make sense.

For a free person, the optimal – most opportunistic – route between two points should never be the shortest one.

Not seeing a tsunami or an economic event coming is excusable; building something fragile to them is not.

The ultimate freedom lies in not having to explain “why” you did something.

The best choice is the one that remains for no good reason while other options have 2 or more reasons.

You get pseudo-order when you seek order; you get a measure of order and control when you embrace randomness.

In fact, every step is a new beginning. 

3. Introductie

Dit document is een persoonlijke zoektocht naar anti-fragility, een concept bedacht door de auteur/wetenschapper/filosoof/geldhandelaar Nassim Taleb. Anti-fragility is het omgekeerde van kwetsbaarbaarheid (fragile).

Taleb is een liefhebber van het omgekeerde en van kunstige metafoor (“The general principle of antifragility, it is much better to do things you cannot explain than explain things you cannot do.”).

Nassim zet zijn lezers graag op het verkeerde been suggererend dat dat het goede been is. Door het omgekeerde te nemen laat hij de grenzen zien van het dagelijkse en opent daardoor een nieuwe wereld die grotendeels onbegrijpelijk is maar wel degelijk mogelijk (“I want to live happily in a world I don’t understand”).

De zoektocht maakt gebruik van wat ik “mapping” noem, het springen (“afbeelden“) van model naar model waarbij het basismodel, Paths of Change,  steeds meer wordt verrijkt met details die zich rondom het kernthema (on-kwetsbaarheid) ophopen.

4. Het Basis-Model, Paths of Change

Paths of Change (PoC) beschrijft veranderprocessen en is ontwikkeld door Will McWhinney.

De methode maakt gebruik van het concept wereldbeeld (worldview), een specifieke kijk op de wereld.

PoC gebruikt vier onafhankelijke  wereldbeelden:

  • Sensory (waar-nemen / handelen/ ervaring/ rood),
  • Unitary (waar-heid /kennis /systeem /blauw ),
  • Mythic (weer (waar?)-geven  / idee/ inzicht/ geel) en
  • Social (waar-deren /waarde /groep / groen).

Een verandering is een cyclisch proces dat minimaal twee wereldbeelden doorloopt. Als voorbeeld, het wetenschappelijke veranderproces, koppelt unitary (waar-heid) aan sensory (waar-nemen) en vice-versa.

PoC is een fractaal-systeem (zelf-referentie, herhaling zelfde model). De basisvorm, de golf, herhaalt zich op ieder schaalniveau. Er zijn vele golven met een verschillende periodiciteit (frequentie).

Cycli van verschillende periodiciteit versterken of beperken elkaar. Omhoog en omlaag van gelijke waarde heffen elkaar op.

Een golf lijkt op een Sinus en bestaat uit een weg omhoog (mythic), de top (unitary), de weg omlaag (sensory) en het dal (social, depressie) waar vandaan de weg omhoog weer start.

De wiskundige Fourier heeft aangetoond dat alle functies kunnen worden beschreven als een verzameling van sinussen en cosinussen. Een cosinus is een vertraagde sinus.

Een Sinusvorm bevat twee tegenstellingen (omkeringen) n.l. richting (omhoog/omlaag) en evenwicht (top/dal).

Richting en (&) evenwicht vormen samen het geheel. Ze worden elkaars complement genoemd. Een systeem dat bestaat uit twee opponenten en complementen wordt een Quaternio genoemd.

Een voorbeeld van de Quaternio in het basismodel van PoC is de link waar-nemen (Sensory) vs weer-geven (Mythic). Weer of waar betekent aandacht. De kruisen in het model gaan over tegenstellingen.

Quaternions hebben een hele rijke historie in de geschiedenis van de wetenschap en zijn door de psycholoog/filosoof Carl Jung weer op de kaart gezet.

Een Quaternio biedt de mogelijkheid om met een concept te spelen door complement en opponent te onderzoeken.

Het is duidelijk dat Taleb een expert is in het spel van omkeren en confronteren. Zijn hoogste doel is om de lezer zodanig in de war te brengen dat hij zelf het Licht ziet.

Er zijn veel  vergelijkbare Quaternio’s (“vierluiken”). Die kunnen worden gebruikt om een toegespitste kijk te introduceren in een discussie. Door ze steeds te relateren (“mappen”) aan het PoC-model kun je een meer-dimensioneel plaatje schetsen.

Bovenstaand Quaternio komt uit de Grid/Group-theorie. Er worden twee variabelen gebruikt die een dualiteit zijn n.l. individu en niet-individu (groep) en vrije keuze (prescribing) en niet-“vrije keuze” (prescribed). Hierdoor vormen ze samen een Quaternio.

PoC is te beschrijven met de variabelen Communion en Agency, waarbij Agency lijkt op de Vrije Keuze-variabele maar dan andersom n.l. het effect van Agency is vrije of niet-vrije keuze en de groep-variabele lijkt op Communion (Samen vs Niet-Samen).

De Grid/Group-theorie is onder meer gebruikt bij het ontwerpen van Panarchy, een theorie over autonome processen. Panarchy wordt in Hfdst. 9 geintroduceerd.

De verbindingen tussen de wereldbeelden kunnen worden benoemd. Plan (Unity) -> Praktijk (Sensory) wordt Maken genoemd en Praktijk->Plan (Theorie, Unity) wordt Analyse genoemd.

Unity comprimeert (M->1) en Sensory expandeert (1->M).

De vier onderdelen van PoC kunnen weer worden ingedeeld volgens hetzelfde model. Dit noemt men zelf-referentie of schaal. In het plaatje wordt de persoonlijkheid opgeblazen tot een stelsel van Communities. Een Community of Practice heet een bedrijf.

De rechtsdraaiende cyclus is de Productie-cyclus. De linksdraaiende cyclus is de Consumptie-cyclus.

De kleuren in de plaatjes geven de relatie aan met PoC.

5. De Definitie van Anti-Fragility

Het concept anti-fragile is bedacht door Nassim Taleb en staat in de titel van zijn boek Antifragile: Things That Gain From Disorder. Anti-fragile is de antithese van fragile (kwetsbaar). Hoe meer wanorde hoe beter het anti-fragiele systeem werkt.

Een fragiel systeem is zwak dus zou je zeggen dat een anti-fragiel systeem sterk is (Robuust). Nassim Taleb gooit er nog een paar scheppen bovenop. Als je anti-fragiel bent ben je blij als er iets goed mis gaat want dan wordt het gewin groter.

Tussen fragiel (kwetsbaar) en anti-fragiel (onkwetsbaar) definieert Taleb de concepten anti-agile (niet aanpasbaar, rigide) en agile (aanpasbaar) met robuust (resilient, veerkrachtig) als midden categorie.

Anti-Fragiel worden is eigenlijk onmenselijk vandaar dat Nassim zoveel referenties geeft naar mythische voorbeelden (Phoenix (Robuust, Veerkracht), Hydra (Anti-Fragiel), een veelkoppig monster, dat meer koppen terugkrijgt als een kop wordt afgehakt).

Anti-fragile: is het vervolg op zijn bestsellers Fooled by Randomness, en The Black Swan: The Impact of the Highly Improbable.

Black Swans zijn onvoorspelbare gebeurtenissen waar je je volgens Nassim tegen kunt wapenen door het systeem robuust te maken.

Fragiele systemen hebben maar twee standen n.l. (0): Heel (H) en (1): Kapot (K). Organismen zijn veerkrachtige systemen.  Ze hebben 2×2 standen (HH (00 =0), HK (01 = 1), KH (10 =2), KK  (11=3)-> Hh->H , HK, KH, KK->K) en zijn cyclisch (0, 1,2,3.0,1,2,3,0,…).

Anti-Fragiele systemen zijn het product van een evolutionair proces. Evolutionaire systemen hebben 2**2**n standen en tonen zich als een spiraal.

In fact, the most interesting aspect of evolution is that it only works because of its antifragility; it is in love with stressors, randomness, uncertainty, and disorder — while individual organisms are relatively fragile, the gene pool takes advantage of shocks to enhance its fitness.

Onderstaande plaatje toont de Involutie (convergentie van de Evolutie) van de Spiraal van het Universum van de Big Bang tot en met het ontstaan van de Sociale Systemen.

Als een fragiel systeem kapot gaat kan de nieuwe staat iets heel anders doen dan vroeger of helemaal niets doen. In dat geval passen de brokstukken niet meer in elkaar.

Een fragiel systeem kan door een grote verstoring anti-fragiel worden omdat de componenten anders worden geordend en ook zelf worden aangepast.

Een niet-veranderbare (anti-agile, rigide) ecologie weerstaat een verstoring.

Een veerkrachtige (robuuste) ecologie herstelt zich maar verandert niet.

Een veranderbare (agile) kwetsbare (fragile) ecologie valt na een grote verstoring uit elkaar, ordent de brokstukken op een andere manier en blijft hetzelfde doen (“functional redundancy”).

Een onkwetsbare ecologie doet iets nieuws met nieuwe brokstukken. Het is de vraag of nieuw beter is. Het is ieder geval anders.

6. Over Rampen: Black Swans en Dragon Kings

In tegenstelling tot Nassim Taleb is Didier Sonnete van mening dat er naast de Black Swan nog een ander soort ramp bestaat, de Dragon King.

Black Swans ontstaan door Self-Organized Criticality, “de druppel die de emmer doet overlopen”, de eerste steen die een lawine, een kettingreactie, doet ontstaan. Een kettingreactie duidt op een systeem dat te geïntegreerd is. Alles hangt met alles samen.

Het moment waarop de lawine ontstaat is niet met zekerheid te voorspellen maar de verdeling van de grootte van lawines vertoont een z.g. powerlaw-verdeling (de 80/20-regel, Pareto-principe). Een powerlaw-netwerk heeft heel veel kleine knooppunten en een paar grote “hubs”, die als magneet fungeren voor de kleintjes.

Dragon Kings ontstaan omdat er door synchronisatie min of meer gelijke (homogene) sterk gekoppelde (coupling) objecten gaan ontstaan die zich als een geheel volgens een vast ritme gaan gedragen (kuddegedrag).

De kudde drijft het systeem tot enorme hoogte (“een hype”, “bubble”) waarna het in elkaar stort en een tsunami start die veel opgebouwde waarde vernietigd. Dit wordt positieve feedback genoemd.

Synchronisatie forceert homogeniteit. Ongelijke onderdelen gaan in het geheel op elkaar lijken. Voorbeelden zijn verliefdheid, mensenmenigten (“meutes”), vogelzwermen, bacteria, hersenen, files, het weer en economische bubbles.

7. Stroomsystemen en Constructal Law

Het energieverschil, het potentieel, tussen de ritmische input van de zon en de output  van de ritmisch roterende aarde (via reflectie), wordt omgezet in geordende (geconfigureerde) ritmische (cycli) beweging (stroom systemen, bijv. het weer, de waterkringloop in de zee, …).

Het ritme van de zonnecyclus veroorzaakt grootschalige synchronisatie op aarde.

Als het potentieel te laag is komt de beweging tot stilstand (uitputting). Een blokkade van een aantal stroompaden kan een infarct doen ontstaan waardoor de stroom zich ophoopt en blokkeert. Op den duur wordt de blokkade (“doorbraak”) weer opgeheven als de bron maar blijft bestaan.

Een te grote stroomlijning van de rivierdelta veroorzaakt bij een te groot aanbod overstromingen. Hierdoor gaat de stroom anders lopen (bypass). Een rivierdelta is een combinatie van vele stagnaties die plotseling door de grote druk die zich bij het knooppunt ontwikkeld een bypass veroorzaken.

Tussen stagnatie en vrije stroom bevindt zich een persistent model dat een optimalisatie is van vele variabelen (i.h.a de lengte van de stroom). Dit model, de boom,  komt steeds terug.

Constructal Law is een onderdeel van de Thermodynamica. Ze laat zien dat stroomsystemen allemaal hetzelfde fractale “boom”-patroon vertonen op ieder schaal-niveau (hersenen, longen, bloedvaten, boom, rivier, stad,…).

Het model van Paths of Change bestaat eigenlijk uit vier aan elkaar gekoppelde bomen die 90 graden zijn geroteerd.

Unity is de Boom van de Hiearchie, Sensory is de Boom van de Causaliteit, waarbij een oorzaak vele gevolgen kan hebben.  Social zijn de Wortels van de Boom en Mythic is het omgekeerde van Social. Uit het Vele komt de Eenheid voort.

In zijn totaliteit lijkt het op een centrum (de Leegte) waaruit paden voortvloeien die alle kanten op stromen. Dit model is het gevolg van een systeem zonder weerstand.

Hier toont zich de Levensboom van Thoth en Ma’at maar ook de Uhrplant van Goethe die de wetenschap van de Morphologie (de Vormkunde) in gang heeft gezet.

De essentie van Constructal Law is dat de stroomsystemen in de vorm van boomstructuren op den duur alle weerstand verwijderen zodat ze steeds beter kunnen stromen. Die weerstand wordt gevormd door de vormen die “oude” stroomsystemen hebben geproduceerd.

Dit betekent dat de cyclus sneller gaat bewegen, het boom-object kleiner wordt (maar wel deel blijft uitmaken van een groter object (dat weer deel uit maakt van een nog groter object (via de fractale wetten)))  en de vorm van het object meer gestroomlijnd wordt gegeven het medium waarin het zich bevindt (vissen (water), vogels (lucht), zoogdieren (land)).

Volgens de Constructal Law zijn de organismen maar ook de hulpmiddelen van de organismen (vliegtuigen, boten , auto’s,…) allemaal een gevolg van de rotatie (in de rotatie, in de rotatie) die het overschot aan energie van de zon heeft veroorzaakt.

8. Vitaliteit, een voorbeeld van een Spanningsveld

Vitaliteit is een verband tussen diversiteit (veerkracht) en efficiency (orde). Als er teveel is gestroomlijnd wordt het totale gekoppelde systeem gevoelig voor verstoring (fragiel, breekbaar (brittle)).

Door het uitvallen van een elektriciteit-centrale vallen alle centrales uit of door een virus valt een groot deel van de software uit (collapse). Andersom levert een te grote diversiteit een te lage samenhang (connectivity) op en werkt er niets meer samen (stagnatie, chaos).

Vitaliteit is een voorbeeld van een spanningsveld (Efficiency (Alles gelijk) vs Diversiteit). Als je dieper analyseert blijkt dat alle problemen ontstaan door spanningsvelden die niet in het midden, in balans, verkeren omdat ze met grote moeite in balans kunnen komen.

De ene en de andere kant zijn meer waarschijnlijk maar veroorzaken zulke grote problemen dat een ander spanningsveld ze weer oplost.

Aangezien de spanningsvelden samenhangen middels spanningsvelden is de wereld een systeem dat in wankel evenwicht verkeerd en dat uiteindelijk tot een punt in een kruis kan worden teruggebracht. Dat punt is het scharnierpunt waarom alles draait.

9. Panarchy, de Fusie van Pan & Anarchie?

De hoofdstukken 4 t/m 6 laten een aantal samenhangende onafhankelijke variabelen zien die een spanningsveld zijn n.l. (1) Verbondenheid (2) Vitaliteit (3) Orde en (4) Potentieel. Die variabelen komen ook voor in het model achter Panarchy.

Panarchy is een fusie tussen Pan, de God van de Natuur en Anarchie, een  niet van boven gestuurde organisatievorm. Panarchy gaat over Autonome processen in de Natuur.

Panarchy is een cyclisch 4-dimensionaal model (een spanningsveld tussen Vorm & Proces) van de ontwikkelingen (de stromen) die een ecologie doormaakt.

De vorm van de cyclus is het cijfer 8, de Möbius-ring. De ring is een 2-Dimensionele band in een 3-D-ruimte die geen boven- en onderkant heeft maar die suggestie wel wekt.

De ring kan worden onderverdeeld in vier fasen die overeenkomen met de cyclische ontwikkeling van een organisme van geboorte tot dood.

De fasen zijn:

(1) geboorte en groei (opbouwen potentie en verbondenheid, groen/blauw), Vanuit het diepste punt (“de depressie”) ontstaat er weer samenhang. De samenhang produceert en consumeert hulpbronnen waarbij er veel meer wordt geproduceerd dan geconsumeerd. Er is nog genoeg ruimte om te groeien en om voorraden te maken. Vanuit het overschot ontwikkelt zich een besturingssysteem (een elite) die vooral zorgdraagt voor consensus. De onderdelen staan in dienst van elkaar.

(2) conserveren (behoud huidige situatie prioriteit, veel te veel connecties, geen mogelijkheid voor nieuwe paden, systeem wordt broos en breekbaar, er ontstaan  verschillende breuklijnen, diversiteit neemt toe, blauw/geel): Het systeem verbruikt vrijwel al zijn hulpbronnen om zich in stand te houden. Er vindt geen innovatie plaats en het verleden wordt belangrijker als de toekomst.

(3) ineenstorten en uit elkaar vallen  (geel/rood): Uiteindelijk valt het geheel uiteen in brokstukken die niet echt op elkaar aansluiten. Er werkt niets meer samen en het systeem komt tot stilstand.

(4) herordenen en opnieuw beginnen (rood/groen): De brokstukken worden weer aangepast en samengevoegd en een nieuwe cyclus begint.

Iedere faseovergang wordt afgesloten met een fase-specifieke ramp omdat er steeds op een andere manier “door de bocht” wordt gegaan.

Het model van de ecologie herhaalt zich op verschillende schaalniveaus. Stromen op een hoger niveau zijn groter en stromen langzamer.

De verschillende schalen (bijvoorbeeld mens, sociaal netwerk, stad, zie verder Hfdst. 15) hebben relaties die omhoog (revolutie, geel/blauw) en omlaag (herinneren/terugval, blauw/rood) springen.

Onderstaand plaatje toont het Panarchy-model geprojecteerd op het PoC-model.

Een aantal observaties:

(1) De Mobius-Ring toont zich hier ook,

(2) Er is een symmetrie tussen Blauw/Geel en Rood/Groen. Aangezien PoC een Quaternio is, zie je hier dat de opposities via de kruislijnen Groeien en Reorganiseren lopen. Groeien gaat van Dieptepunt naar Top en Reorganiseren gaat van Stijgen naar Dalen. Beiden gaan in tegengestelde richting Neer->Op vs Op->Neer, een Golf.

(3) Er is een symmetrie tussen Blauw/Rood (Analytic Game, Maken/Analyseren) en Geel/Groen (Emergence, Inzicht in Waarde, Waarde van een Inzicht).

Het Analytische Spel (Unity <-> Sensory) is een mensenspel. In een Ecologie wordt dit niet gespeeld. Het spel ontstaat via de terugkoppeling naar een hogere orde. Dat komt omdat we bij het Ontwerpen altijd veel te abstract denken en een aantal stappen terug moeten doen om de realiteit weer te bereiken. Thoht wordt altijd weer teruggefloten door Ma’at.

Taleb: “We have the illusion that the world functions thanks to programmed design, university research, and bureaucratic funding, but there is compelling — very compelling — evidence to show that this is an illusion.  Technology is the result of antifragility, exploited by risk-takers in the form of tinkering and trial and error.  Engineers and tinkerers develop things while history books are written by academics; we will have to refine historical interpretations of growth, innovation, and many such things. … The error of naive rationalism leads to overestimating the role and necessity of … academic knowledge, in human affairs — and degrading the uncodifiable, more complex, intuitive, or experience-based type”.

Het Spel van de “Emergence” (Mythic <-> Social) laat het gebeuren. Er  wordt niet gehandeld. Soms worden ideeen gewaardeerd (“brainstorm”) maar de grote vraag is of die ideeen echte ideeen zijn. In het algemeen zijn ideeen waarnemingen.

Andersom is het altijd goed inzicht te hebben in de waarde die mensen toekennen aan een proces of een calamiteit die het gevolg is van een gebeurtenis (Black Swan, Dragon King). In het laatste geval is er sprake van een hype en dient te worden opgelet dat de “fictieve” waarde niet te hoog wordt ingeschat.

Een Ecologie is een Autonoom (Natuurlijk) Proces en geen Mensenspel. Mensen hebben weinig invloed in de Ecologie behalve dat ze net als de andere organismen gebruik kunnen maken van de Ecologie en hem daarmee ten gronde kunnen richten door alles op te maken.

(4) Er is een “nieuw” type “Path-of-Change” ontstaan, een Ecologie/Ecologie-sprong dat via Revolutie (geel-sprong omhoog-blauw) en Herinner (Remember) van Blauw-sprong-omlaag-Rood loopt.

10. Menselijke uitdagingen

De mens (en zijn soortgenoten, de zoogdieren) heeft in zijn leven altijd te maken met existentiële levensproblemen.

Volgens Plutchik zijn dat er vier:

(1) Identiteit (herkennen, herhalen, accepteren, afstoten, isolatie, deelnemer, samenwerken): Als je niet kunt ontdekken wat hetzelfde is kun je nooit iets herhalen. Een persistente identiteit met bijbehorende kenmerken is een eerste vereiste om te kunnen samenwerken.

(2) Hiërarchie (aanvallen, ontsnappen): Hoe hoger hoe machtiger. Om te kunnen overleven moet het duidelijk zijn wanneer je moet vluchten en wanneer de kans groot is dat je wint.

(3) Tijdelijkheid (voortbestaan, reproductie, overdracht van kennis & ervaring (= inzicht), verschil, samenkomen, vertrekken, leven en dood, vieren, spel): Als er voor alles een einde is moet het mogelijk zijn om te reproduceren zowel lichamelijk als qua cultuur. Het slagen van een reproductie is een moment waarop men viert. Het einde van een existentie is een moment van droefenis. Reproductie herhaalt hetzelfde maar niet helemaal hetzelfde. Er is sprake van een afwijking of van verschil.

(4) Territorium (exploratie, oriëntatie, beschermen, grenzen, voorspelbaarheid, hulpbronnen, overschotten, markten): Een territorium is nodig om rust te hebben om hulpbronnen op te bouwen en te bewaken. Een territorium moet een duidelijke grens hebben en de overschotten en tekorten van een territorium moeten kunnen worden bewaard en verhandeld.

9. Menselijke verhoudingen

Deze problemen kunnen worden afgebeeld naar de vier relationele elementaire sociale relaties van Alan Fiske:

(1) Identiteit->Cummunal Sharing, groen,

(2) Hierarchie->Authority Ranking, blauw,

(3) Tijdelijkheid -> Equality Matching, geel en

(4) Territorium ->Market Pricing, rood.

De sociale relaties kunnen ook worden afgebeeld naar de vier wereldbeelden van PoC.

Die vier relaties van Fiske zijn vooraf gegaan door de agonistische en hedonistische samenleving, waarbij de eerste was gebaseerd op hiërarchie en conflict (territorium, oversprong-gedrag, mannelijk) en de ander op spel/cultuur (tijdelijkheid, vriendschap, vrouwelijk) en samenwerking (identiteit).

11. Menselijke Emoties

Plutchik is vooral bekend geworden door zijn 3D-model van de menselijke emoties. Het model bestaat uit vier primaire emoties met hun tegendeel:

(1) Vertrouwen vs Afkeer, groen,

(2) Angst vs Woede, blauw,

(3) Verrassing vs Waakzaamheid, geel en

(4) Vreugde vs Droefheid, rood.

In het plaatje wordt de intensiteit weergegeven.

Het model van Plutchik is afbeeldbaar op PoC en alle andere modellen die de revue hebben gepasseerd in deze blog. Het model is op vele manieren uitgetest en wordt bijvoorbeeld gebruikt bij het ontwerpen van robots.

12. De Menselijk Maat

Volgens de meettheorie is meten het maken van een afbeelding (f) van de buitenwereld (de meting, waarnemen),  het waarderen van de meting en het plaatsen van de afbeelding in een abstracte relationele wiskundige wereld (het netwerk-model, groen).

De wijze van afbeelden (de analyse, de methode, de functie f) mag geen invloed uitoefenen op het eindresultaat anders wordt het model veranderd (“bias”). Deze invloed, vertaalt in specifieke eisen wordt een schaal genoemd.

Alan Fiske ontdekte dat zijn theorie over de menselijke verhoudingen (zie Hfdst. 9) ook van toepassing is op de verhoudingen tussen de meetschalen. Mensen nemen naast objecten ook menselijke verhoudingen (een ratio) waar.

De vier schalen zijn ontstaan door “symmetry-braking“. Iedere volgende schaal beperkt de vrijheid van handelen op een formele manier.

In Communal Sharing is iedere combinatie van identiteiten toegestaan, terwijl Authority Ranking een bepaalde volgorde van deze entiteiten tolereert. Daarna wordt het verschil van de entiteiten (in de zin van afstand) toegestaan en als laatste mogen de verschillen alleen nog meer een eenheid zijn (meetlat).

De Ratio Schaal (Market Pricing) is vergelijkbaar met de Euclidische Geometrie, een ruimte waarin evenwijdige lijnen elkaar niet snijden. Het is de ruimte waarin we denken te leven als we dicht bij huis blijven. In werkelijkheid, als we vanuit de ruimte naar de aarde kijken zien we dat we op een bol leven en snijden de evenwijdige lijnen elkaar weer wel.

De meest vrije geometrie is de Projectieve Geometrie, die verbonden is met Communal Sharing en de Nominale Schaal. In dit geval bestaat de werkelijkheid alleen maar uit kruisende lijnen (een netwerk), waarbij een punt een kruispunt van twee lijnen is (in de N=2 dimensionale ruimte), een lijn een verbinding van twee punten en de onderliggende werkelijkheid een bol (of een anti-bol, een zadelvlak) is.

De symmetrie tussen punt en lijn wordt dualiteit genoemd en is een algemene eigenschap in alle projectieve ruimtes.

De gekromde ruimte is de ruimte van de relativiteitstheorie van Einstein, waarin er geen vast punt is en alles relatief ten opzichte van elkaar beweegt. Alles draait om alles. Communal Sharing is Agile en is de anti-these van Market Pricing.

De Ratio Schaal en de Euclidische Geometrie hebben vrijwel geen mogelijkheid om te transformeren. Ze zitten vast in hun eigen structuur. De werkelijkheid is lineair en de enige toegestane transformatie is vermenigvuldigen.

Market Pricing, de meest gebruikte sociale relatie op aarde, is daarom de meest rigide (anti-agile) en egoistische organisatievorm die er bestaat.

De Nominale Schaal (Communal Sharing (CS)) is een opsomming (bijv. de Politieke Voorkeur van Mensen).

De onderdelen van de schaal (de voorkeuren) kunnen in iedere willekeurige volgorde worden getoond (permutatie).

De deelnemers van een CS zijn voor elkaar inzetbaar en inhoudelijk vervangbaar (“functional redundant”).

Een CS is agile (flexibel) omdat iedere structuur via andere combinaties mogelijk is. CS is de basisvorm van de community.

Wiskundig staat de nominale schaal voor het behoud van de identiteit ( s1=s2 ⇔ f(s1) = f(s2), de permutatie groep).

In de Ordinale Schaal (Authority Ranking (AR)) zijn de onderdelen geordend  (bijv. kledingmaten).

De basis-relatie is baas-ondergeschikte. Deze relatie is complementair. De baas speelt zijn rol maar de onderschikte ook.

AR is fragiel omdat de rangorde ook een uniek pad van escalatie bepaalt. Je hebt aan een zet voldoende om de rest van de keten te raken. De ramp is voorgebakken in de ordening en kan door een kleine trigger in gang worden gezet (domino).

Wiskundig staat de ordinale schaal voor het behoud van orde (( s1< s2 ⇔ f(s1) < f(s2)). Deze orde wordt beschreven door monotoon stijgende functies.

De Interval Schaal (Equality Matching (EM), vriendschap) gaat over de verschillen tussen de waarden in de Ordinale schaal.

Voorbeelden zijn de temperatuur-schalen van Celcius en Fahrenheit die geen “echte” nul hebben omdat de verschillen ook negatief kunnen zijn (onder nul).

Bij EM streeft men naar evenwicht door verschillen te beperken (balans, reciprociteit). Iedere deelnemer levert een gelijkwaardige bijdrage. Er moet een evenwicht zijn tussen geven en nemen. EM is veerkrachtig.

Wiskundig gaat het hier om het behoud van verschil (s1 − s2 = s3 − s4 ⇔ f(s1) − f(s2) = f(s3) − f(s4)). Dit behoud wordt vertaald in de lineaire functie (f(x)= ax+b, a>0), vermenigvuldigen en optellen.

In de Ratio schaal (Market Pricing (MP)) zijn de verschillen altijd gestandaardiseerd op één waardoor de getallen in de schaal als Eenheid (meter, kilogram, sec,…) worden gebruikt en de waarde nul de laagste waarde is (Kelvin).

In MP is de relatie gebaseerd op een transactie waarin de partijen gelijkwaardige objecten ruilen. De prijs van het object is meestal gebaseerd op geld.

Relaties worden door middel van de transactie afgewikkeld en van te voren door een contract gedefinieerd. Ze zijn meestal kortstondig van aard.

MP is Anti-Agile. Ze is gemaakt om niet te veranderen (gestandaardiseerd).

Wiskundig gaat het om het behoud van ratio/verhouding: s1/s2 = s3/s4 ⇔ f(s1)/f(s2) = f(s3)/ f(s4). De functie f moet daartoe de vorm f(x)=ax aannemen.

13. Opnieuw Over Anti-Fragility

Er is veel reden om aan te nemen dat wat in Panarchy Revolt (Geel-sprong-vertraag-Blauw) wordt genoemd door Nassim Taleb Anti-Fragility (AF) wordt genoemd.

AF is de kunst om een enorme gefrustreerde diversiteit (mythic, geel) op een gezamenlijk doel (unitary, blauw) te richten. Dit gebeurt bij revoluties waarbij de gefrustreerde achtergestelde volksmassa (groen) de positie van de machthebbers (blauw) willen veroveren.

AF veroorzaakt een overgang tussen twee (eco-)systemen waarbij er een nieuwe hogere orde ontstaat.

De nieuwe orde heeft een lager ritme (trager) omdat ze de flexibiliteit van de lagere orde kwijt is geraakt en een grotere reikwijdte heeft.

Door de revolutie is de bureaucratie van de oude structuren opgevuld met de deelnemers die buiten de orde stonden. In wezen verandert er weinig (de ijzeren wet van de oligarchie).

De nieuwe orde heeft een ander concept gevonden voor de diversiteit die onder druk staat. Voorbeeld is de overgang van het eencellige naar het meercellige organisme dat in haar eencellige staat  tegen de stroom in moest gaan om voedsel te verzamelen en nu gewoon wacht tot de bruikbare hulpbronnen langskomen.

Zolang het nieuwe plan, model  alleen maar in de geest aanwezig is is het model schaal-onafhankelijk (“een visie of een filosofie”).

Zodra men het ontwerp gaat maken (Blauw/rood/-> maken) zal men terug moeten vallen op wat er is of nog veel moeten ontwerpen en bouwen (de “utopie”) om de complete ecologie vorm te geven.

Anti-fragility ontstaat als de onbalans in een Equality Matching-structuur (veerkracht) te groot wordt en de structuur weer naar zijn evenwicht wil terugspringen.

In zo’n geval zijn er drie mogelijkheden (1) de onderdelen gaan terug naar de oorspronkelijke AR (blauw) en worden opnieuw geordend (contra-revolutie) (2) de onderdelen gaan MP (standaardisatie, rood) doen en worden vertaald in (een aantal) eenheden of (3) ze verlaten de huidige ecologie en gaan naar een “hoger” liggende ecologie waar ze ook in een nieuwe AR terecht komen.

Het plaatje laat zien dat Veerkracht (Anti-Fragile) en Fragiel een categorie vormen en dat Agile en Anti-Agile een categorie vormen.Hierbij moet je je afvragen of Anti-Fragiel en Veerkracht niet hetzelfde zijn.

De eerste categorie (Fragiel, Anti-Fragiel) zijn een Vorm waarbij Fragiel een fysieke vorm is (een glas, materie, vast, “aarde”) en Anti-Fragiel een Idee (“lucht”, film, software, media).

Agile en Anti-Agile zijn Samenwerkingsvormen die een proces besturen. In het eerste geval (Anti-Agile) is het proces (een stroomlijn) gefixeerd (standaard, aarde/ijs). Het tweede geval (Agile) is heel flexibel (“water”). Alle paden van de bron stromen naar de zee.

14. Nassim Taleb over de Anti-Fragile Mens

In het boek Anti-Fragility staan een groot aantal “heuristieken”.

Een paar voorbeelden:

Be less dependent on external material objects

First remove the downside before you add more things to your life to make it better: Ruim eerst je troep op voordat je aan iets nieuws begint.

Seek out novelty: Try as many things as you can and keep your risk low: Dit is vergelijkbaar met de Bijbelse Spreuk “Onderzoekt alles en behoudt het goede”.

Many Small Risks can give a Big Win; Dit is de z.g. Barbell Strategy.

Get comfortable being uncomfortable:  Stop trying to be a Machine: Comfort is Not the Human Ideal:  Laat je nooit door anderen programmeren met redenen die een risicoloos bestaan garanderen. Uiteindelijk gaat er altijd iets mis of in de buitenwereld of in de binnenwereld en zul je moeten reageren. Als je daarin niet hebt geoefend ben je een willig slachtoffer.

Maintain your mobility;  Zorg  ervoor dat je altijd in beweging blijft en dus niet om wat voor reden ergens vast komt te zitten. Als je niet op tijd kunt vertrekken kun je getroffen worden door een ramp.

If you have more than one Reason to do something, Don’t Do it:  Dit heeft te maken met twijfel, motivatie en vooral ook onduidelijkheid (“elevator pitch”). Als er meerdere redenen zijn zijn er ook meerdere acties die nu nog door elkaar heen zitten.

Stop pretending you know so much about your future and structure yourself to take advantage of opportunities in the future. More Options, Less Plan: De toekomst is niet voorspelbaar dus plannen (voorspelbare acties) gaan altijd ergens mis. Als je dan geen alternatieve paden hebt zit je vast.

Evolution does not need narratives. Taking action now is the best thing to doDe natuur verzint niets. De natuur gebeurt. Er is niets op tegen om zomaar wat te doen en is te kijken wat de uitkomst is. Uitvindingen worden niet bedacht ze zijn vaak een gevolg van een fout of een andere kijk op hetzelfde.

Nimium boni est, cui nihil est mali:  The good is mostly in the absence of the bad: The quickest way to riches is to avoid becoming poor. The most effective way to health is to purge the unhealthy. The easiest way to be happy is to remove unhappiness. The fastest way to wisdom is to not be stupid: Het slechte en het goede hebben hun eigen domein. Ingewikkelde problemen moet je niet oplossen maar ze vermijden.

15. De Anti-Fragile Stad

Met behulp van PoC kunnen meerdere lagen van een Ecologie tegelijkertijd worden gemodelleerd. Bovenstaand plaatje toont een model van de Stad in vier lagen (Openbare Ruimte, Sociale Netwerken (verdeeld in Sub-netwerken), Bedrijfsleven (Waarde-ketens/cycli) en Bestuur. Iedere laag bestaat uit vier stappen waardoor er 16 (4×4) knooppunten zijn.

In bovenstaand plaatje wordt de Anti-Fragiele Stad getoond. Het Bestuur van de Stad is het resultaat van een groei-proces (zie Hfdst. 8) dat ontstaat vanuit het waarderen van de bedrijvigheid door het Sociale Netwerk. Het Bestuur van de Stad stuurt de Innovatie via de Creatieve Sector.

16. De Anti-Fragile Mens

Bovenstaand plaatje is een PoC-afbeelding van het MBTI (Myergs Briggs)-model van de Menselijke Persoonlijkheid. MBTI is een interpretatie van de archetypen van Jung die zijn samengevat in het Quaternio.

Het model bestaat uit drie delen:

(1) Observator: Observator-In-de-wereld= Judging vs Observator-Boven-de-wereld = Perceiving.

De observator is een hogere (of lagere) (fractale) vorm van de Quaternio.

(2) Rotatie: Extravert (Met-de-klok-mee-draaien) vs Introvert (Tegen-de-klok-draaien) en

(3) Een 2-combinatie zonder herhaling van de vier “organen”

(a) Thinking (T, Unity, Denken, Blauw),

(b) Sensing (S, Sensory, Waarnemen/Actie, Rood),

(c) Feeling (F, Social, Emoties, Groen) en

(d) Intuiting (N, Mythic, Verbeelding, Geel).

Je bent Anti-Fragiel als je met de Verbeelding (Inzicht, N) een Sprong maakt naar een Ordening (Thinking, T) die boven de Mens uitstijgt (in het domein van de Observator). Hierbij heb je de keuze om in de Lucht te springen (omdat er niets kan worden gemaakt) of om aan te sluiten met wat nu is. Hierbij moet je vaak weer een paar lagen terug gaan om de aansluiting te vinden.

De kortste weg tussen Waarnemen en Anti-Fragiel is om zowel de Emoties (waarderen) als het Denken (waarheid) te negeren. Het gaat hier om “zien” met de verbeelding (“het derde oog”, inzien).

17. Over de Magier

Thoth and the Human represented by the Ape. The Ape uses the Eye of Horus (the third Eye) to look at Thoth

Het derde oog doet me erg veel denken aan de  Magier (Thoht) die de Veerkracht van  de Creativiteit (Equality Matching, het Verschil, de Creatieve Spanning, de Levenskracht) gebruikt om het Universum een stap verder te brengen waarbij Ma’at er voor zorgt dat die stap een haalbaar stapje is.

Mijn favoriete tovenaar is Don Juan een magier uit de Toltec-traditie die in de boeken van Carlos Castaneda zijn leerling, Carlos, leert om van de Tonal (het bekende, het talige) naar de Nagual (“het onbekende”, de anti-fragiele wereld) te springen. De Nagual is een hoger dimensionaal gebied waar de tovenaar kan toveren wat hij wil.

Hierbij is het opvallend dat veel van de aanbevelingen van Nassim Taleb in de boeken van Carlos Casteneda terug te vinden zijn wanneer Don Juan Carlos uitlegt hoe hij een impeccable  “warrior” kan worden:

The attributes of a warrior are ruthless, cunning, patience and sweetness. The fifth element is not a personal one: timing. With those tools he faces every day life. Ruthless is not cruelty but a lack of self pity. Patience is waiting without rushing. Cunning is to distract the mind from the real issue, so it won’t interfere with the process. Sweetness is simply being nice. Timing is the ability of the warrior to use those four qualities at the right time. The warrior aims to be impeccable in whatever he does, but never takes himself and his actions too seriously, considering them as controlled folly. He acts with sustained effort and unbending intent in order to raise his level of energy.

A warrior lives by acting, not by thinking about acting, nor by thinking about what he will think when he has finished acting.

LINKS

Over de Adaptive Cycle (zie Panarchy)

Een hele uitgebreide Engelse samenvatting van het boek Anti-Fragility

Over Polarity Management

Over het Viervoudige (Quaternio)

Waarom Neurale Netwerken op het Universum lijken

Een lange lijst van vierluiken

About Anti-Fragility (in English)

Over Magie

Over Alchemie

Over de Evolutie van de Schoonheid

Over Ma’at

Over Synchronisatie

Over Don Juan & Tales of Power

Samenvatting boeken Castaneda

Featured

Over de Community of Practice (in Dutch)

Deze blog bevat een presentatie over de Community of Practice (CoP). Een CoP is een verzameling mensen die Ervaring delen.

Opvallend is dat de zuivere Community of Practice niet voorkomt. Dat komt omdat men Kennis (Theorie) en Ervaring (Praktijk) door elkaar haalt.

De verwarring ontstaat omdat men de theorie als “dwingende” ervaring ziet. De Theorie is Foutloos. De gebruikers van de theorie maken fouten die worden veroorzaakt door Tekortkomingen bij de Gebruiker en niet in de theorie.

Doordat de gebruiker volgens de regels werkt en het mislukken van de regels door de gebruiker komt en niet door de regels wordt de theorie niet aangepast en worden de mislukkingen geaccepteerd totdat het Systeem zich volledig Volgens de Regels gedraagt.

Het idee dat de praktijk ondergeschikt is aan de theorie is ontstaan in de Verlichting, een periode die samenvalt met de 18de eeuw.

In die tijd werd de verbeelding (het creatieve) teruggebracht tot de Fantasie en werden de Emoties (die waarderen) gezien als een geestelijk probleem (“hysterie“). Het enige wat telde was de ratio die werd vertaald in logisch redeneren.

In de verlichting ontstond de Conduit-metafoor, een model waarbij communicatie een proces is waarbij conduits (objecten, containers) worden uitgewisseld die door iedereen te begrijpen kennis bevatten.

Dit in tegenstelling tot de toolmaker-metafoor waarin de mens zijn waarheid toont in zijn handelen (“The Truth of the Pudding is in the Eating“, (Miguel de Cervantes, Don Quixote (1615))).

Er zijn vier uitspraken over Waarheid mogelijk:

(1) De Waarheid van een theorie is Objectief.

(2) De Waarheid van een theorie is gebaseerd op de Waarneming van dat wat gebeurt (een feit is een gebeurtenis (een geboorte)).

(3) De Waarheid van een theorie is een Mening, een waardering: “If we have Analyzed Judgment, we have solved the problem of Truth” (F.P. Ramsey, Fact and Propositions, 1927). Wat (belangrijke) mensen vinden (zoals de Paus of een Hoogleraar) is waar.

(4) De Waarheid van een theorie is het gevolg van een persoonlijk Inzicht. Vaak het resultaat van een waarom-vraag. Wat ik geloof is waar.

De vier kijken op de waarheid  kunnen worden ondergebracht in een vierluik wat door Jung een Quaternio werd genoemd. Een Quaternio bestaat uit twee tegendelen en twee complementen.

Een Inzicht is het gevolg van een uitzicht, een waarneming die in een waargeving resulteert (Waar -> Weer, Beeld, Idee).

De Waarheid is Objectief (context-vrij) en Subjectief (wat anderen er van vinden, context-afhankelijk).

Ervaring is wat de mens al doende in de werkelijkheid als afwijking van zijn eigen theorie, zijn Verwachting (Overtuiging), meemaakt. Ervaring is een PersoonlijkeRreflectie op het persoonlijk handelen.

Een Community of Practice (CoP) lijkt erg veel op het Middeleeuwse Gilde met als groot verschil dat lokatie geen rol meer speelt zodat een Gilde niet meer bij een Stad hoeft te  horen maar in theorie wereldwijd kan opereren.

Door de enorme Schaal die nu optreedt is het vrijwel onmogelijk om een eenduidig definitie voor een gilde te formuleren waardoor er veel communities zijn die min of meer hetzelfde gebied betreffen.

Dit is voor een deel opgelost door de gildes om te zetten in Internationale Standaard/Beroeps Organisaties die zich bezig houden met het ontwikkelen van Normen. Normen zijn theorieen die door een groep mensen worden geaccepteerd.

De belangrijkste factor in een Gilde is het Delen van Fouten waardoor de Theorie van de Gezellen kan worden verbeterd. In de huidige tijd hebben mensen erg veel moeite met het delen van Fouten omdat Fouten maken wordt gezien als Falen.

De werkwijze om een eerste versie van een CoP op te zetten lijkt erg veel op het ontwikkelen van een Expert-Systeem, waarbij de Meesters en Gezellen de Experts zijn en de Fouten (Failures) door de leerlingen worden geleverd.

Aangezien iedereen een leerling is geweest kan iedereen een relatie leggen tussen een veelgemaakte fout en een oplossing van de fout.

In het algemeen maken mensen steeds weer dezelfde fouten als ze met een beroep beginnen behalve als de fout structureel in het ontwerp- en bouwproces is geadresseerd.

Op dit moment bestaan er miljoenen communities die kunnen worden getypeerd door de Menselijke Persoonlijkheid die een combinatie is van Kennis (Wikipedia), Ervaring (Praktijk), Relaties (Sociaal, Facebook) en Creatief (Inzicht, Interesse, Linkedin).

Een Gilde is een productie-systeem. In een product-systeem loopt de Cyclus rechtsom. Linksom gaat het om een consumptie-systeem. Beiden systemen houden elkaar in evenwicht bij het Hart (Communion/Wij).

Wat nu volgt zijn de sheets van de presentatie met toelichting in presentatievorm.

Het laatste plaatje voor de samenvatting laat zien dat er twee manieren zijn om de cyclus te doorlopen n.l. met de klok en tegen de klok. De eerste is de productie-cyclus en de tweede is de consumptie-cyclus.
LINKS
Waarom persoonlijkheden eigenlijk een leersttrategie zijn.
Waarom de theorie altijd klopt en gebruikers die het niet snappen dom zijn.
Over de relatie theorie & praktijk
Over de Community of Practice met betrekking tot Verslaving en Burn-Out
Over Gilden (in de Gezondheidszorg)
Over Schalen (Constructal Law)
Over Schalen (Perspectief)
Over Schaal-vrij (Scale-Free)
Over Onkwetsbaarheid (Anti-Fragility)
Featured

About Alchemy and Logic

This blog is about Logic, Alchemy and the relationship between Logic and Alchemy.

Classic Logic is based on the Square of Opposition of Aristotle. This square was discussed for more than 2000 years. Recently scientists detected that the Square is really a Cube. It misses an extra dimension.

The Square describes  the six oppositions (“dual combinations”) of possibility (“some”, Particular Affirmative), necessity (“all”, Universal Affirmative), not-possibility (“not some”, Particular Negative) and not-necessity (“not all”, Universal Negative).

Geometric Logic is a part of Modal Logic which is a part of Logic.

In Geometric Logic the Linguistic Representations of Logic are mapped to the Graphical Representations of Geometry.

Modal Logic works with the notion that propositions can be mapped to sets of possible worlds.

The idea of possible worlds is attributed to the famous mathematician Gottfried Leibniz (1646-1716), who spoke of possible worlds as ideas in the mind of God and argued that our actually created world must be the best of all possible worlds. Possible worlds play an important role in the explanation of Quantum Mechanics.

Alchemy is based on the Square of the Four Elements. The Four Elements are oppositions. The oppositions of Alchemy are related to the oppositions of the Square of Opposition of Aristotle in an orthogonal model. They form an arc of 90 degrees, which makes Alchemy the complex part (imaginary) of Logic.

In his work De Arte Combinatoria Leibniz developed a general theory of science that was based on a fusion between Alchemy and Logic.

The four Elements of Leibniz
The Square of Leibniz

In this blog I will explain Alchemy and Logic and show that Alchemy and Geometric Logic share the same geometry, the Hexagon (the Seal of Solomon), which is a 2D-mapping of the Cube of Space of the Sefer Yetsirah.

Leibniz calculating machine
Drawing of Leibniz’s calculating machine, featured as a folding plate in Miscellanea Berolensia ad incrementum scientiarum (1710), the volume in which he first describes his invention.

About Alchemy

When thou hast made the quadrangle round, 
Then is all the secret found. 
George Ripley (d. 1490).

One of the most complicated ancient architectures is the architecture behind Alchemy. The architecture of Alchemy is full of strange concepts and allegories.

Alchemy comes from the Arabic al-khemia meaning the Black Soil of Egypt (or the ((Egyptian) Black Art). Alchemy is the art of transformation.

Alchemy is an ancient science that was practiced all over the world. The most famous teacher was called Hermes Trismegistus in Greece and Thoth in Egypt. The old science of Hermes came back in the Renaissance.

The essence of Alchemy is called REBIS (Res Bina), Double Matter. REBIS is the end product of the alchemical magnum opus or Great Work. It is the Fusion of Spirit and Matter (the Body). Spirit is the Creative Part of the Human.

Double matter is sometimes described as the divine hermaphrodite, a being of both male and female qualities as indicated by the two heads within a single body.

The Great Work is the chemical and personal quest to create Double Matter, the Philosopher’s Stone, Spirit in Matter.

The Stone is the agent of chemical transmutation, and the key ingredient in the creation of the elixir of life, said to heal all diseases, induce longevity and even immortality.

In current Physics  transmutation is proved at room temperature in a proces called Cold Fusion.

In Physics one explanation for the fusion between Quantum Mechanics and Gravity is called the Wheeler Feynman Absorber Theory. In this theory the Future causes the Past and vice-versa. We are always in the Now, the Middle between Past & Future.

The Future and the Past are created by the Intention of the Observer, we call Measurement.

The Philosopher Stone
The Philosopher Stone

The aim of the Great Work is a fusion with the One (the Blazing Star, Saturn, Point) that is divided in the Two (Sun & Moon, Male & Female, Line) and the Four Planets (Square), the 12 (4×4-4) Constellations or more structures based on a power of a power (of a power….)  of 2. The Great Work moves from 2**N, …., Sixteen to Four to Two to One (or from one to two to four) in a Spiraling Spiral Motion.

The Spiraling Spiral in Chartres Cathedral
The Spiraling Spiral in Chartres Cathedral

The One, to which the elements must be reduced, is a little circle in the center of the squared figure (the cross). The cross is the mediator, making peace between the opposition of the planets.

The First Matter is the primordial chaos comparable to what we now call the vacuum, the state of lowest energy. This state contains all possibilities.

It can be looked on as an unorganized state of energy  that is the same for all substances and exists in an invisible state between energy and matter.

The First Matter is the One, the Point in the Middle of the Circle. In current physics a point is called a singularity or a black hole.

Alchemy is about Recombination

Alchemy is about re-combination summarized in the Latin expression Solve (break down in separate elementset Coagula (coming back together (coagulating) in a new, higher form).

Solve and Coagula
Solvite Corpora et Coagulata Spiritus (“dissolve the body and coagulate the spirit”).

Earth (Body) becomes Water (Spirit) by dissolving it in some solvent. Water becomes Air (a moist vapor) by boiling, which further heating turns into Fire (a dry vapor).

Finally Fire becomes Earth by allowing the vapors to condense on a solid material (a stone).

The circulation may repeat if it is done in a reflux condenser, such as the Pelican or kerotakis.

The Pelican is the Symbol of the Heart Chakra the connector between the Upper- and the Lower Triangle of the Body.

Kerotakis
Destillation

According to the early alchemists, the four elements—fire, water, air, and earth—come into existence via the combination of specific qualities, recognized as hot, cold, wet, and dry, being impressed on to the Prime Matter. For example, when hot and dry are impressed on the Prime Matter, we have fire.

(Hot and Cold) and (Wet and Dry) are oppositions. Their fusion is the empty set.

(Hot or Cold) and (Wet or Dry) can be combined -> (Hot, Wet), (Hot, Dry), etc.

The Cold allows substances to get together. The Hot is the power of separation.

Wet things tend to be Flexible (Fluent, Movement, Self, Not-Agency) whereas Dry things are fixed and structured (Agency, Resistance, not-Movement).

When the qualities are changed, the elements themselves are changed. Adding Water to Fire substituting wet for dry; hot and dry becomes hot and wet: steam, or Air.

As you can see in de picture below Hot & Cold and Wet and Dry are Binary Opposites (“lines”) that are voided by the central cross, the point of the Empty Set, The Void (A and not-A -> Empty).

Hot & Dry = Fire, Hot & Wet = Air, Cold & Wet = Water and Cold & Dry = Earth.

There are four types of Trinities the Passion-trinity (Dry, Wet, Warm), the Structure-trinity (Dry, Wet, Cold), the Resistance-trinity  (Warm, Cold, Dry) and the Movement-trinity (Warm, Cold, Wet).

The Square rotates. The wheel of the Square is driven by the four qualities. Wet on the rising side, Hot on the top, Dry on the descending side, and Cold on the bottom.

The start is powerless (Cold). By becoming more flexible (Wet) success and power comes (Heat).  At the top Rigidity (Dry) undermines the system and it falls back to a powerless state.

The Four Triangles
The Four Elements arise out of the Quintessence, The Fifth Element, The Symbol of The Heart Chakra, the Seal of Solomon

The four Elements all share the Triangle of the Holy Trinity. Every Trinity is seen from another perspective.

The two triangels, The Up-triangel and the Down-Triangel, are Opposites that are created out of two triangels that contain two Opposites that are fused. Humans are opposites in opposition.

Humans are FourFold

Humans are part of the Bilateria,  animals with bilateral symmetry.

Humans can be described as a fusion of two mirrored bilateral triangles, the Up-triangel related to the Top of the Body (Mind) and the Bottom-triangel of the lower Body both connected by the Heart. The two triangels and the separate triangels have to be balanced.

The principle of Balancing the two Triangles of Top & Bottom of the Body is represented by the Egyptian Goddess Ma’at who weights the Heart (the connector of Up and Down) of the Dead with her Feather (Nothing).

The Balance of Ma'at
The Balance of Ma’at

As you can see the Square of the Cycle of the Four Elements is visible in the picture below. The total picture shows a Hexagram with a Center (The Cross).

The points that are missing in the Square are the top- and the bottom of the two triangels which are the Whole (Up, Heaven) and the not-Whole, Emptiness, the Bottom (Hell).

The Seal of Solomon
The Seal of Solomon

A hexagon is a 2D-projection of a Cube.

The hexagon of Solomon can be transformed into the Cube of Space of the Sefer Yetsirah.

Cube of Space
Cube of Space

The Cube of Space can be transformed into the Tree of Life. The Tree of Life also called the tree of knowledge or world tree  connects heaven and underworld and all forms of creation and is portrayed in various religions and philosophies all over the world.

The Spiral of Alchemy is about the Chemical Transformation of the Body by the Conceptual Transformation of the Mind.

The Tree of Life shows the levels/scales (three) and possible paths of the Opus Magnum, the alchemical journey.

About Truths for a Fact and Truths for a Reason

People have always believed in the fundamental character of binary oppositions like Hot & Cold and Wet & Dry are used in Alchemy.

In this part we move to the Field of Logic. In this case Hot/Cold and Wet/Dry transform into Necessary /Not-Necessary and Possible/not-Possible.

Chemical Wedding (Union of Opposites)
Chemical Wedding (Marriage of Opposites)

Oppositions can be divided in:

  1. Digital oppositions, contradictories, contain mutually exclusive terms (Gender (Male/Female)).
  2. Analogue oppositions, antonyms  or contraries: contain terms that are ordered on the same dimension (Temperature (Minimum->Cold/maximum->Hot)).
Square of Opposition
Square of Opposition

The doctrine of the square of opposition originated with Aristotle in the fourth century BC and has occurred in logic texts ever since.

The logical square is the result of two questions: Can two things be false together? Can two things be true together?

This gives 4 possibilities: no-no: contradiction (A/O, E/I); no-yes: subcontrariety (I/O); yes-no: contrariety (A/E); yes-yes: subalternation (A/I, E/O) better known as implication (A->B).

The four corners of the square represent the four basic forms of propositions recognized in classical logic:

  1. A propositions, or universal affirmatives take the form: All S are P.
  2. E propositions, or universal negations take the form: No S are P.
  3. I propositions, or particular affirmatives take the form: Some S are P.
  4. O propositions, or particular negations take the form: Some S are not P.

The square of opposition was debated for many reasons for more than two thousand years.

One of the discussions is about the difference between possible and necessary. In the so called Master Argument Diodorus proved that the future is as certain and defined as the past. The essence of logic (necessaty) implies the non-existence of freedom (possibility). X is possible if and only if X is necessary.

The term ‘possible’, in Aristotle’s view, is ambiguous. It has two senses known as one-sided possibility and two-sided possibility (or contingency). Being two-sided possible means being neither impossible nor necessary, and being one-sided possible simply means being not impossible.

Leibniz distinguished between necessary Truths for a Reason, which are true for a reason—i.e, their opposite is a contradiction—and contingent truths, (Truth for a Fact) such as the fact that the president of France is François Hollande. A contingent truth cannot be proved logically or mathematically; it is accidental, or historical (based on facts (events)).

About Geometric Logic and n-dimensional “Squares” of Opposition 

Modal Logic is about the fusion of necessity and possibility, contingency.

Logical Hexagon
Logical Hexagon

In Modal Logic the propositions are modelled in a logical hexagon where:

  1. A is interpreted as necessity: the two propositions must be either simultaneously true or simultaneously false. A is a Proof or Law.
  2. E is interpreted as impossibility. E is an Observation that contradicts the Proof of A.
  3. I is interpreted as possibility:  the truth of the propositions depends on the system of logic being considered . I is an Idea implied by the Proof that Contradicts E.
  4. is interpreted as ‘not necessarily’. O contradicts A.
  5. U is interpreted as non-contingency: neither logically necessary nor logically impossible, its truth or falsity can be established only by sensory observation.
  6. is interpreted as contingency: propositions that are neither true under every possible valuation (i.e. tautologies) nor false under every possible valuation (i.e. contradictions). Their truth depends on the truth of the facts that are part of the proposition. Y is a possible proven theory.

The Logical Hexagon has the same geometry as the Seal of Solomon. It contains the Square of Opposition (A,E,I,O).

The Logical Hexagon can be transformed just like the Seal of Solomon to the Cube of Space now called The Cube of Opposition.

The Logical Hexagon is used in many fields of Sciences like Musical Theory or Scientific Discovery.

The Hexagon of Opposition based on Musical Theory
The Hexagon of Opposition is used in Musical Theory

Every opposite can be defined by a string of zero’s and one’s like 1010. An opposite is 0101. This means that there are 2**4/2 = 4×4/2= 16 / 2 = 8 possible opposites. This is called the Octagon of Opposites.

The Octagon contains six reachable and two unreachable points in the Center (0000, 1111), the Empty Set (the Void, the Hole, Contradiction) or its Opposite (The Whole, Tautology).

Logical Geometry
Logical Geometry
The rhombic dodecahedron RDH with the standard bitstring decoration
Octagon of Opposition

It is clear that it must be possible to create higher dimensional models based on n-based-logics.

When n becomes very big the geometry will tend to a n-Dim circle in which every point is in opposition to the point at the other side.

The big problem with n-based logics is language. We don’t have the names to articulate the many grades of opposition that are possible.

The other problem is that a negation is not a symmetric operation (A = not-not-A) but a rotation with an angle 360/n.

The n-opposite-geometries are highly related to Simple Non-Abelian Groups (SNAGs). They play an important role in biology.

The last step is to transform the static n-opposite geometries by making n very large (infinite) to a dynamic “opposition field”.

Related Models

In current Psychology Hot & Cold are called Communion and Moist & Dry, Agency. Together they create the so called Interpersonal Circumplex.

Interpersonal Circumplex

The four stages of Learning by Jean Piaget.

The mathematical model behind the theory of Piaget is called the Klein Four Group or Identity/Negation/Reciprocity/Correlation-model.

Piaget
INRC-model of Piaget
INRC-model of Piaget

In the Science of Ecology (Panarchy) Agency & Communion are called Connectedness and Potential. The Panarchy model looks like a Mobius Ring.

panarchy model
panarchy model

A model that describes the Four Perspectives on Security:

Quaternity

The Semiotic Square of Greimas:

Semiotic Square
Semiotic Square

The Chinese Sheng-Cycle: The Chinese Five Element Model is comparable to the Western Four Element model. It contains as a Fifth Element, the Whole-Part-relationship (Earth, Observer State). Emptiness (Nothing, the Tao) is represented by the recursive Pentangle inside.

The Sheng Cycle
Tetralemma (Ancient Indian Logic)
Tetralemma (Ancient Indian Logic)

The lesson

When thou hast made the quadrangle round, then is all the secret found“.

When You have moved once through the Cycle you have seen Everything there is to See. The only way to move out of the Cycle is to jump into the wHole in the Middle.

The secret: It is impossible to move though the center because the paths that go through the center are a contradiction or a tautology (I am what I am, JHWH).

We have to move with the Cycle (making the rectangle round (a circle)), around the Singularity (the Hole of the Whole), going Up and going Down all the time.

The only way to solve this problem is to join the opposites by accepting only one thruth-value, by:

  1. Accepting everything (Wu Wei),
  2. Denying everything (Stoics) or
  3. Diminishing the amount of dimensions (“becoming Simple”, “like Children”) by moving up in abstraction (Hot & Cold -> Temperature -> Everything is Energy) to the level of zero dimensions, a point, becoming One with the First Matter (Tao, Vacuum, The Kingdom).

“If we then become children, would we thus enter the kingdom?” Jesus said unto them, “When ye make the two one, and when you make the inside like unto the outside and the outside like unto the inside, and that which is above like unto that which is below, and when ye make the male and the female one and the same, so that the male no longer be male nor the female female; then will ye enter into the kingdom.” (Gospel of Thomas, Logion 22).

LINKS

About the History of Cycles (in Dutch)

About the Geometry of Negation

About the Logic of Music

About Wu Wei

About Modal Logic

About the Cube of Opposition

About Logical Geometry

About the Square of Religion

Semiotics for Beginners

About Holonomic Alchemy

About Paths of Change

About the Sheng Cycle

How to use the Square of Opposition as a Research Tool

About the Cube of Space of  Sefer Yetzirah

About Truth of Reason and Truth of Fact

Why Humans are Toolmakers

About Chemical Transformation (Cold Fusion)

About the Ars Generalis Ultima of Ramon Lull (1305)

About the Six Domains of  the Polynomic System of Value

About the Logic of Creation

About Leibniz Calculating Machine

About Zero Dimension 

Why Innovation is Re-Combination

How to Balance the Seal of Solomon

About Interpersonal Theory 

About Panarchy

About the Hexagon of Opposition

About n-based logics

About Flow-Systems

Anti-Fragility and the Square of Opposites

An Introduction to Hexagonal Geometry