About an Alternative for the State.

0. Introduction:

I have started this blog September 9 2020 . It is intended as the last chapter of my already finished blog About the Future of the State.

In my blog About the Future of the State (“the initial blog“) I have given a lot of information about what is going wrong with the Constitutional State and many theories about how states work.

1. Latour and the Parliament of Things:

In the current blog I will try to design an alternative for the State.

The most interesting link in the initial blog is a Statement called How to Think as a State of the French Philosopher Bruno Latour to the WRR a Scientific advisoryBoard to the King of the Netherlands about the Future of the State.

In this statement he explains the Parliament of Things (PoT) comparable to the IoT.

In the PoT humans organisms, lakes, mountains cars and other things are represented. De PoT would be a good instrument to discuss the effect of new technology on Nature (and the Universe).

2. The State as an Ecology and A World-System::

Latour gave me the idea that the state is an Ecology. This means that we can use Panarchy as an explaining theory.

One of the examples of an other explaining theory is called World System Theory (WST).

WST can be combined with the theory of the Long-Time Cycles mostly related to Kondratiev but also to Marx, Polanyi and Schumpeter.

The kondratiev Cycle represented as a Spiral related to the Meta-Narrative of Bahktin and PoC by their colors. Yellow is the color of Spirit seen in The Renaissance and the Rise of Christianity.

Green is the color of Social related to Social conflicts like the French Revolution. White is the color of the Center (The Whole) . White is always combined with a New World Religion. It could be related to the return of the Maitrea expected in many Religions.

There have been three kinds of historical systems across human history: “mini-systems” or what anthropologists call bands, tribes, and small chiefdoms, and two types of world-systems, one that is politically unified and the other is not (single state world empires and multi-polity world economies). World-systems are larger, and are ethnically diverse. The modern world-system, a capitalist world-economy, is unique in being the first and only world-system, which emerged around 1450 to 1550, to have geographically expanded across the entire planet, by about 1900. It is defined, as a world-economy, in having many political units tied together as an interstate system and through its division of labor based on capitalist enterprises.

About the book the Great Transformation of Poliany. Polanyi explains that the modern market economy and the modern nation-state should be understood not as discrete elements but as the single human invention he calls the “Market Society”. Prior to the great transformation, people based their economies on Reciprocity and Redistribution (Tax) across Personal and Communal relationships. For an interesting link look at Chapter 5 About the Worldviews of Alan Fiske.
The term Creative Destruction shows that Creation is a destructive proces. Just as Consuming in which we eat (= destroy) or use an artifact until the End of its Life time until it is transformed in something we call Waste we mostly throw away.

3. About Panarchy:

Panarchy is a Fractal Model of an Ecology.

The Theory of Panarchy is used in many of my blogs. One of them is a Blog about Anti-Fragility called How to Benefit from Disorder and a Dutch version about the same issue. I will reuse these blogs.

Anti-Fragility happens when an Ecology moves Up (Revolt) to a New Fractal level. The opposite (Going Down) is called Remember.

In the UP-state The Ecology becomes Bigger and Slower in its Cyclic Frequency.

An Ecology is a Fractal Cyclic System.

In the Initial Blog you will see that our forefathers, because of their very long time of observation, were well aware of the Fractal State of Earth. They called this state As Above so Below.

The Climate Cycle is a Fourfold Cycle because of the Cyclic Motion of the Globe of the Earth. Water is crucial for Life.
An Ecology looks like a very Big coupled distributed Chemical Factory where all the organisms are nodes..

Panarchy is a conceptual framework created by Gunderson and Holling to account for the dual, and seemingly contradictory, characteristics of all complex systemsstability and change.

Panarchy is a contradictory system. It fuses what cannot be fused .

the 2D version of Panarchy is determinated by Potential (Wealth) and Connectedness.

Panarchy is the study of how Economic growth and Human development depend on Biological ecosystems and Social institutions, and how they interact.

It is an integrative framework, bringing together ecological, economic and social models of change and stability, to account for the complex interactions among both these different areas, and different scale levels.

No system can be understood or managed by focusing on it at a single scale. All systems exist and function at multiple scales of space, time and social organization, and the interactions across scales are fundamentally important in determining the dynamics of the system at any particular focal scale. This interacting set of hierarchically structured scales has been termed a “panarchy” (Gunderson and Holling 2003).

Panarchy shows that a Government that wants to optimize the state will end up with a Decay of this state.

The only thing that helps is not to act (woe wei), follow the cycle, as you can see in the picture below where every step moves between opposites (“tensions, polarities ).

Want to know more: read this blog about Logic and Alchemy.

4. About Paths of Change:

The model of Paths of Change is a Four-fold patterns of Opposites called a Quaternion by Jung.

The model of Paths of Change (PoC) is a Theory of Change discovered by Will McWhinney. In this blog the 4 colors of PoC called a Worldview are used to make a connection to the theory. It is called PoC because every Change is a combination of a Cyclic Combination of Points of View (Worldviews). Wil McWhinney called the Paths Games like the Analytical Game (Sensory/Unity vice/versa). There are 2step Games but also 5 step Games (for instance the Drama Triangle).
There are six 2 step Games. Some of the Games were given alternative names in different articles. For instance Evaluative was called the Game of the Market and the Emergent Game the Game that creates Games a beautiful descripton of the Game of the Trickster. The Influential game was also called the Game of Politics. the Assertive Game was simply called Design. Do you want to learn more look here/

There are old examples of the Games of PoC. For instance Chess, the Tarot and the Dance of Shiva.

The Cube of Space: Metapsychology: Dimensions of Consciousness & the Structure of Human Experience: the Experience of Being Alive: Qualia and Beyond Qualia
This is the Cube of Space. The Cube is a 3D Meta-Psychological Model that contains the same Worldviews as PoC.
This picture shows that the Moebius Ring of Panarchy is a combination of Games that combines Two Cycles that move With- and Against the Clock. With the Clock is called the generative or Producing cycle the other way araound is destructructive or Consuming Cycle.

An Ecology produces and consumes its parts at the same time until the combination moves out of Balance. The Balance is kept by another Cycle in which the Creative and the Social play their roles. This means that Panarchy is a Fourfold (A Quaternion) process.

5. About the Roots of Panarchy: Cultural Theory:

This is another PoC-like Model called Cultural Theory (CT) as you can see by the 4 colors. CT was used to design Panarchy.
De vier fasen van de Panarchy Cyclus voorgesteld als een landschap met een rollende bal
The Four Metaphors of Cultural Theory mapped on a Mathematical Model.

The matrix pictured here, adapted from Michiel Schwarz and Michael Thompson (1990), is one presentation of a typology of worldviews called cultural theory.

It plots acceptance of social controls (on the vertical axis) and levels of social commitment (on the horizontal axis). In the quadrants, the worldviews or rationalities depicted are alternatively described as archetypes, ways of life, social solidarities, and myths or caricatures of nature.

“We postulate that these four ways of life are in conflict in every conceivable domain of social life,” write Michael Thompson and Marco Verwell (2004). “Each of the four ways of life consists of a specific way of structuring social relations and a supporting cast of particular beliefs, values, emotions, perceptions, and interests.”

“In the end, every type of social conflict is about types of organization,” writes anthropologist Mary Douglas (2006). “Why do we settle for four types? Because this model is at once parsimonious and it is comprehensive. A hundred, or a million, types of cultural bias may be out there. But for explanatory value three, four or five types of social environment are enough to generate three, four or five distinct cosmologies.”

“Each rationality will generate its own distinctive engineering aesthetic: its own definition of the good, the beautiful and the socially desirable,” write Schwarz and Thompson (1990). “Our concern, therefore, should not be with which one is right (for that would be to insist that just one rationality had access to ‘the truth’) but rather with which is appropriate to the task at hand.”

Below I present a comparable model of Alan Fiske:

6. About the Relational Model of Alan Fiske:

The Relational Model of Fiske looks a lot like PoC. The interesting part is that Mathematicians (Philosophers) have found a relationship betweem Social Structures and Scales. Scales are Levels of Measurement.

The Relational Model of Alan Fiske.
The Scales, Social Relations and World Views move in a well known cycle of Panarchy. and end just as in the Great Transformation in the state of Maket Pricing also called Capitalism.
Examples of Scales.

7. Using the Fractal Model of Panarchy:

The Cycles of Panarchy are fractal . They move with their own frequency. The scales are connected and Jumps Up (Revolt) and Down (Remember). Revolt looks like a Human Revolution Evolution in Biology and Anti-Fragile (being a state where the system changes and increases its Potential by being able to produce different (re)actions.

Panarchy is controlled by 3 Variables and moves in Time. This means that Panarchy is a 4D-Control feedback system. The variables I have called Potential (Up/Down), Resilience (High/Low) and Connectedness (Communion, High/Low). Resilience looks like a Spring.

Reactions of a Microbial Ecology to a Major Disturbance. The Ecology reacts by (1) Staying the Same (Resistance) , (2) Moves back to its Original Position (Resilience), (3) Performs the same with a different structure (Functional Redundancy and (4) Performs differentely with a different Structure (Anti-Fragile).
Constructal Law is a special law of ThermoDynamics. It proofs that Rotation of Earth results in all kind of Flow Systems that remove the Resistance against their flow.

Flow Systems States and Estuaries:

The Ancient States Egypt and Sumer were based on an ecology mostly situated at an Estuary of of a Big River (Nile, Euphrate, Tigris) that ends in a sea. The States got into big problems when the climate changed and raining stopt and the amount of sweet water went down in combination with the entering of salt water of the sea that killed the crops.

Harbours and other Places of Exchanges of Ideas:

Many old states were situated at an Entrance to the Sea to make Trade and Exchange of Ideas possible. Trade was also facilitated by being at important nodes in internatiobal trade routes that croseed the Desert. The connection points were the point were Ideas, Philosophies and Theories were excanged. The Harbors faciltated important Universities like Alexandria and Venice & Amsterdam.

To be continued

The Window of Vitality shows yhat a system collapses because of too much Change and stagnates (an eventually dies) when there is not enough change. An Ecology becomes Brittle when the Diversity is low. In this case the Ecology is Homogeneous. When there is too much Diversity the Ecology stagnates because there are too much possibilities (Chaotic).