The Chemical Origin of Semantic Intelligence

This blog is a Result of the Research I did for my blog about Heuristics.

Heuristics shows that Complex problems are never solved by complex solutions.

The best Explaining model is the Worst predictor and the Best predictors are Fourfold.

New Research: What do all the Organisms Share?

My re-search became a search for the relationship between the Human Cognitive system, its Evolutionary Development as an Organism and the State of Artificial Intelligence ending in an Insight that our Semantic intelligence has a Chemical origin.

For a Quick Start and a Summary push this link or start with the Introduction .

This blog starts with Physics moves over to Chemistry and Ends with (Evolutionary)Biology.

In between I discover many other Fusions with Biology like Bio-Physics and even Bio-mathematics.

Where Stuff is Made Off

Stuff (Matter) is made of Light (Photons) that moves in Spiralling Spiral motion just as Peter Rowlands explains.

What is Light?

Light is two Inteacting Fields Electric and Magnetic moving through Space.

When we look with our Multi-dimensional Worlview we see every dimension (Magnitude, Point, Line, Square, Volume, .. shows Another type of Particle.

John Williamsson Explains the PDF of Martin van der Mark who died recently.
Photon spiraling in a Tube.
How to compute with light.

Thermodynamics, the Sience of Heat

Natural processes are irriversible just as we are always moving into the future until we realize that natural laws are not laws at all but Context dependent Observations that can be changed when we change the context.

The Earth

The Russian scientist Wladimir Vernadsky divided the earth in 3 spheres called the (1) the Abiotic sphere – all the non-living energy and material processes (2) the Biosphere – the life processes that live within the abiotic sphere and the Noosphere – the sphere of the human cognitive processes.

The Earth as a Water Cycle

A simulation of the Creation of Life in an atmosphere like early Earth.

Our Chemical Origin

Chemical Bodily Communicators: Hormones

Our Emotions and our Personal Chemistry is controlled by our Hormones.

The endocrine system works in large part by acting on neurons in the brain, which controls the Pituitary Gland. This system is very important for the activation and control of basic behavioral activities.

Hormones are specialized Chemical Messengers that operate with different (Minutes, Days, even Years) Frequencies on a general Bodily level using the Blood flow controlled by the Heart but also on a Cell-to-Cell and an Internal Cell level.

They show an Ancient Fractal Pattern of Uni-ellular Integration.

This pattern repeats in human-to-human Social Structures and is visible in and between our our Cities and States.

Want to know more about Uni-ellular Integration? Push this link.

A City is an Organism

A Path of Change (PoC) model of self-Actualizing City that is an Ecology that grows out of the combined effort of Four different expanding and compressing Forces (look at the four Colors) that act as a 4D Wave. The Set point constitutes the base-line of well-being.

Change Management (Paths of Change)

Paths of Change uses four independent WorldViews with a fifth center.
The model behind PoC can be found in many theories including the Learning theory of Kolb. On this picture you see two cycles that move with-and against the clock.

The Endocrine System

Picture
The body is a system that is almost in balance (Homeostasis) controlled by chemical messengers that start and inhibit other messengers that do the same with the others.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is is not able to React to unknown Situations. It has to be programmed by Intelligent Humans.

The most advanced AI-tool AlphaGo-Zero needs data gathered by humans to Analyze and supposes a Game to win.

AI-systems need Humans to adapt.

Human Heuristics are much smarter than AI-systems.

Wisdom is and Heuristics are an Accumulated Reflection on Experience.

0. Introduction

In this blog I analyze the human Cognitive Architecture and its relationship with the architecture of our fellow-Organisms including the bacteria and viruses.

bacterium
Bacterium
Nerve Net vs Bilateral Brain
The Hydra has a Distributed brain, the Salamander a Centralized brain.
The marine worm Platynereis has a muscle (red) which develops in the same place and has the same genetic signature as the notochord (blue) that develops into our spinal discs. Credit: Kalliopi Monoyios
The spine is developed out of the notocord that came out of he axocord that was used to Swim.

The marine worm Platynereis has a muscle (red) which develops in the same place and has the same genetic signature as the notochord (blue) that develops into our spinal discs. 

The small worm has eyes and other sensors that makes it possible to move in a 4D-frame.

Just as the bacteria the rotators are a integral part of the total cycle.
Trichoplax adhaerens is a species of placozoa, the simplest animals at the base of the tree of life.

Unbounded vs Bounded vs Ecological Rationality

I also relate the human Cognitive architecture to the architecture of Artificial Inteligence, a result of  Bounded Rationality theory of Herbert Simon that recently was taken over by the Human Bias of Daniel Kahneman and more recently by  Ecological Rationality of Gerd Gigenrenzer also called Heuristics.

The term Ecological means Context-Dependent.

Heuristics

Heuristics are the “positive” part of the Human Bias, a problem we encounter when we are put under Stress or don’t have enough Time to Reflect.

Gerd Gigerenzer and Nassim Taleb about why Complex systems Fail and Experts are not always Experts. About Taking Risk with Insight.

Organisms

Small Systems are just as Smart as Big Systems

The Law of Kleiber shows a relationship between the Metabolism (“Chemical Energy“) of an Organism and its Mass. The law holds for the Smallest (UniCellular) and the Biggest organisms and is even applicable to much bigger Organisations like Cities. Intelligence is independent from the Size of an Organism or
Big Systems are not more Intelligent than Small Systems.

Organisms are Chemical Factories

After cooling The Earth became a “giant Chemical reactor” that was able to Catch life that was part of Colliding Meteorites.

The Way Electrons Rotate around anti-electrons (protons, Kernel) in more Complex Elements looks a lot like Organisms just as very Big Far away structures look a lot like very small Close by structures .

Our Universe is a highly Self-referencing (Fractal) structure.

Fig. 2

Life is an Autocatalytic Chemical Reaction

Life is an Autocatalytic Chemical Reaction, a Loop in which an Activator produces its own inhibitor.

Example of an Activator/Inhibitor System.
An Activator/Inhibitor-System in Practice with the Slime Mold.Interesting is (1) Reuse of just one chemical AMP Adinine Mono Phosphate) as a Trigger to start clustering , (2) Synchronization and Repeating an old Pattern (“Growing into a Plant“). AMP is the simple form of ATP part of the Krebs-cycle.

Organisms are Moving Memories

Organisms are Moving Memories exploring their environment to satisfy their need for the Energy (chemicals) they need to Survive.

An Organism is its Emotion

To stay in de right place they move to the place their E-mover (“flagellum”) sends them to.

The Bodyplan of the Bacterium with the Memory in the middle and the Brain, A receptor at the Front. The place of the Memory is also the place of the Heart of the Human.

The Heart contains the Memory of the Body

In Ancient Religion the Heart was the Seat of the Soul.

The Brain in the Head is a Sensor. Its Memory is Distributed all over the Body in the Spindles of the Muscles and the Heart.

The Bodyplan of the bacterium can be seen in all the organisms including Humans.

In between a Sensor and Mover a short term Memory is created out of the molecules we take in at the Front.

Memory is a Repeating Pattern.

We are auto-poietic auto-catalytic systems Born in the Sea.

A Human is a Higher Order Embedding of a Bacterium

The difference between the bacterium and us is called Higher Order Embedding meaning the same principle is applied to Itself, creating a Hierarchy.

Creating a Hiearchy is a proces Without an End. That’s why our Living Context was transformed into a Infinite space Above us with an infinite Power that controls it. This resulted in many Stories that turned into Myths.

If you want to start now with the blog push here or first read about Scientific Narratives.

Scientific Narratives and the Meta-Myth

This hierarchy is really a very complicated Dynamic Network that contains many sub-structures {“Semantic” “Chemical“, “Ecological“, “Social“,and other types of Networks) we have Named (Categorized) using a Principle that was in Tune with the Spirit of the Time.

This resulted in a lot of Scientific Narratives that turned into Scientific Myths that are summarized by Joseph Campbell (a follower of Carl Jung) in the Hero Quest that starts with a Call to Adventure (a Vocation).

The Quest of Mankind

Scientific Narratives claim to be based on a Truth not realising that this truth is also a Belief.

Currenty especially Physics (“Big Bang“) and Biology (Evolution) is discovering that the Myth of Creation blocks us to see how Simple Life and the Universe really is.

My first Mentor was a director of ABN (Harry Haenen). My last mentor was Will McWhinney.

My Gift of the Goddess was the Discovery of the Coming of The Golden Age.

The Age of Aquarius

The hero’s Quest is an old Cyclic model that was projected on the Zodiac.

We are now moving from Pisces to Aquarius meaning from Dualism to Holism.


The very longterm Precession cycle is moving Against the Clock of the yearly Sun Cycle meaning the we are now at the Start of New long term cycle meaning a new Call to Adventure for Mankind.

FRom Dualism to Holism

An Astronomical Age takes 26000 years.

We are ending the Age of the Fish (Pisces) and are moving into the Age of Aquarius.

Pisces is the time of Duality, the battle about Good and Bad.

the Age of Aquarius heralds the arrival of a new stage of the kondratiev cycle, the Golden Age.

Drawing of man holding large water jar with water pouring out, with scattered stars.
Aquarius opens a Vessel with Water that brings the Fish to the Milkey Way.
Left you can see the Arrows of Sagittarius that precedes Aquarius. Water is the symbol of the Aether. (and other Flow Systems).
1192px-Zodiac_(PSF).png
The cycle of the Zodiac.

What are Heuristics?

When I was re-searching for ny blog about Heuristics I found the thesis of Sheldon J. Chow, called “Heuristics, Concepts, and Cognitive Architecture: Toward Understanding How The Mind Works”

Heuristics are cognitive procedures that satisfice, and that require little cognitive resources for their recruitment and execution; they operate by exploiting informational structures, called  Perceptual Symbol Systems (PSS).

Exploiting Perceptual Symbol Systems

Concepts are highly organized collections of linguistically coded perceptual information.

Our Cognition looks lke a Video-recorder connected to our real Emotions and Bodily-processes that are retrieved when certain concepts (Anchors) or Situations are recalled.

Concepts are Simulators that embody Perceptual symbols that are collections of neurons that are activated in the perceptual centres of the Brain.

What we can Imagine Exists

Brouwer: Mathematics is a product of the Imagination. What we can Imagine exists. See also Where mathematics comes from by George Lakoff who discovered the foundation of language being embodied methaphors who are 1-1 (Isomophic) Mappings from the Outside sensed world to the Inside bodily awareness.

Mathematical Language is a “Normal” language

An Assertion (If Condition (Boolean) =True do Action A or Action B) is called a Judgement that is Witnessed by a Fact (Evaluate Condition) that turns the Assertion into an Action. When we move to Space assertions become Points.

Martin Lof Type Theory describes Mathematical Language

Martin Lof Type theory is the definition of a programming language that makes it possible to program mathematical reasoning to support mathematical Proof checking.

About Type theory, the foundation of Mathematics.
Intuitional Mathenatics became the foundation of Homotopy Type theory that became the Foundation of Mathematics by the work of Martin Lof who started a discussion about what Judgementreally is. This i a very long Video about the research of Martin Lof into the history of the term Judgement.

Perceptual states arise in the Sensory-Motor system

Perceptual states arise in the Sensory-Motor system.A subset of the state is extracted by selective Attention and stored in long-term memory.

This perceptual memory can function as a symbol entering into symbol manipulation.Collections of the perceptual symbols comprise our conceptual representations.

The structure of a perceptual symbol corresponds (at least somewhat) to the perceptual state that produced it.
A Conceptual Model of a Perceptual Symbol System being a part of the PDF below.
Figure 3. (A) An example of establishing an initial frame for car after processing a first instance. (B) The frame’s evolution after processing a second instance. (C) Constructing a simulation of the second instance from the frame in panel B. In Panels A and B, lines with arrows represent excitatory connections, and lines with circles represent inhibitory connections.
An example of establishing an initial frame for car after processing a first instance. (B) The frame’s evolution after processing a second instance. (C) Constructing a simulation of the second instance…

Relevance Theory And the Frame Problem

The Thesis contains a reference to two for me interesting and highly interrelated Philosophical Questions called the Frame and the Relevance problem which is about determining what is and is not relevant in our cognitive processing or What do we Know when we Sense a Situation.

Relevance and Wisdom

Another result of my search into heuristics was a very impressive You Tube Playlist “John Vervaeke on Wisdom and the Meaning Crisis” that contains the link between Relevance and Wisdom being the result of Insight.

The egyptian goddess of Wisdom was called Maat . She represents the Concept of Harmony.

The Feather of Maat is a Measure that has a value of almost Nothing.

Ma’at aresponsible for Harmony and Thot, the Magician change the Ished Tree. This tree contains the Past and the Future. A Tree is a Symbol of the Path between the Point (Seed) of Creation and the Now.
The Heart is the Pump of the Up (Brain) and the Down Circulation of the Body.

Both parts are in Balance when their Sum is Zero.

The Ape represents the Human.
Two four-fold cycles connected at the Connection point (green) of both Cycles.

Left a comparable model where the parts (now called tatva’s) are called chakra’s (meaning “wheels“).

Every part of this model is able to turn into a new cycle until a new “emergent” level is reached.

Table of Content

Short description of the content of the Chapters:

Reason: This blog is the result of the Reserch i did for my blog about Heuristics.

During this research I found a Thesis that contained a lot of Interesting links.

Thermodynamics One of these links was a presentatation about Thermodynamics (the science of Heat) I was looking for that proved that the laws of physics are not “Eternal” laws but Context Dependent Observations. The same Vision as the American Pragmatists (Charles Sanders Peirce, William James, and John Dewey)  around 1840 had.

0. Introduction An old blog about bacteria brought me back on the path of Paths of Change but with the re-introduction of the Quaternio of Carl Jung.

A Video with Gerd Gigenrenzer and Nassim Taleb about Heuristics and Risk Taking.

In this blog I compare the human Cognitive Architecture with the Architecture of Organisms.

You will see that Bacteria are Controlled by an(1) Chemical Autocatalytic Cycle that contains a (2):Head that is used as a Sensor, 3):a Heart in the Middle that operates as a Memory and (4): a Tail that functions as a Motor.

In the Middle you can find the Heart, the Seat of the Soul.

Our chemical architecture is controlled by Hormones

What are Heuristics?

This blog started as a follow-up on my blog about Heuristics.

I found a thesis explaining Heuristics with the concept of Perceptual Symbol Systems being hierarchical Semantic Models linked into a Semantic Network, (SM) being a Meta SM.

The personal Semantic network not only contains Perceptual symbols but also Emotions, Patterns, and Intuitions, being Wisdom Gathered in many generations and transmitted by the epi-genes of the mother and the father.

Is mathematics a normal language?

In the thesis I also found the Frame -Problem and Relevance theory.

Both are a result of the big problem AI-systems have to look like humans being the same problem humans face when they want to do something Relevant.

The frame problem is the problem that we not really understand what is happening in a situation.

We are highly biased by What we know (including our Inate knowledge) and the Time our “brain” needs to come into Action.

This started an inquiry in the State of the Art of AI as a competitor of Heuristics.

I found that Relevance Theory(RT) looks like Interpersonal Theory (IT).

IT explains Mental Ilness and is a model of the Human Cognitive Architecture that is fully compatible with Paths of Change (PoC).

RT is also fully compatible with the theories of Mikhael Bahktin (MB).

Wisdom is the result of Reflection on Experience.

Chapter 1: Interpersonal Theory : Humans are Dialogical beings.

They comunicate internally and externally with many voices .

We not only communicate with sounds (words) but ook with movements (Eye), chemicals and EM-fields (“Bodyfield“). .

We are many personalities that react in a diffrent way and start an Internal dialogue.

Our personalities expect that the sender is providing meaning compressed in their Points of View.

People that have only one Point of View are disconnected because every View is Independent (Making an angle of 90 degrees) from all the others.

Normal communication takes two Complemenatary views into account.

Because of this RT, IP, MB,PoC are a Quaternion(Fourfold), a concept invented by Carl Jung who found the concept in ancient Mystics and ancient Egyptian, Indian and Chinese Theory including Alchemy.

Chapter 2: What is the Architecture of the Human Mind,

What is the link between AI and the Brain.

what is Innate and what is learned ?

Experiments show that the factor Nature is much bigger than Nurture.

It looks like a lot of what we know has been learned a very Long time ago by our ancestors.

What architecture do we share with the organisms?

Chapter 3: Relevance Theory:

What is important in a conversation? It has to have just enough information, with the right quality in the right manner,

We communicate much more than we think with our body and our Tone of Voice.

Our argumentation is primary used to Convice ourselves

Chapter 4: The Frame Problem

What do humans really know when they Observe a situation.

We see what we want to see.

What is Intelligence and therefore Artificial Intelligence?

Chapter 5: General Semantics and other AI Architectures.

: How to prevent that you are manipulated by language?

Alfred Korzibski deloped a theory called General Semantics that can be used to create an AI that is able to Adapt.

A description of many Other AI-Architectures shows that they are all based on Bounded Rationality.

This means that the AI expiriences the same Bias as a human and is therefore only applicable on a defined fixed Problem-domain.

Chapter 6: From Hierarchy to Network:,

Concepts are Simulators that part of a Hierchy of Semantic Networks that looks like a Network.

This is the most Important chapter.

What is this Hierarchy of hierarchies? It contains many levels called Scales.

On every scale a The same Pattern repeats itself.

What is the principle behind life itself?

The priciple of life is Self-Replication and EnergeticStability.

We Exist because there is Change.

About Autocatalytic and Autopoietic systems.

About Chemical-Intelligence.

What are Anticipatory Systems? , To be an anticipatory system it has to contain a model of the outside world.

Life is an expanding system in which all te possibilties of a very basic simple model are created until the basic model innovates itself.

This chapter is really the end of this blog because it shows that the basic model of life is Activation and Inhibition being a Duality. The duality is compatible with Movement being Distance divided by Time.

Rodney Cotterill was 20 years ago far ahead of his Colleaques.

The last part of this blog contains many highly abstract (Bounded?) subjects that show what’s wrong with current (bio-)Science.

Gategory Theory: Is it possible to define theories as Functions?

About the Gategory Theory of Networks.

A Petri-net was a Chemical Ttheory about Reaction-networks and was reused as a tool to define Software-programs and second order Differential Equations.

Is it possible to Map more “Knowledge fields”into other Knowledge-fields?

What are Meta-Meta-systems?

Is it possible to expand a Meta System in all Directions and not only Up?

Schema theory has a lot in common with Paths of Change but moves beyond a Point of View into higher dimensions and chaotic fields of Philosophy.

Schema theory is an alternative for Category Theory where different views are compared to find out where they are different.

Is a Meta Difference a real difference?

What are concepts and where do they come from.

Chapter 7. Meta-heuristics The Thesis of Seldon J. Show is about Reasoning about Heuristics.

Meta-heuristics.has become a new field of science,

It looks a lot like a Merger of Psychology with Operations Research (Mathematics).

Chapter 8. From Biophysics to Quantum Biology and Bio Mathematics

Erwin Schrödinger one of the Inventors of Quantum Mechanics (QM) wrote a book called What is Life.

QM can be applied at the very small level of the Cell. Ik can be shown that Photo-Sysynthesis in the Plant but also the detection of chemicals by the Nose can be explained with the same principle.

This part contains many interesting video’s and PDF’s.

Chapter 9. Conclusion: How to design a modern Expert System: AI is based on Neural Networks. It looks like Neural Networks are not needed for the funtioning of Brain. So what will be the next step?

This chapter has to be written.

It is impossible to See the Eye that Sees. Is it possible to analyse Intelligence with Intelligence? or we just What we are? Organisms are Selfreplicating Autocatalyc Chemical Processes (ACCP) that are part of higher level ACCP’s until their Sum is Zero.

1. Interpersonal Theory is an example of a Quaternio

This image has an empty alt attribute; its file name is ls_005.jpg
Two levels of Expansion and Compression linked to 7 essential Questions of an Individual in the Center.
Paths of Change (PoC) is a Scale Free (fractal) theory of Change developed by Will McWhinney. PoC is an example of what Carl Jung called a Quaternio (a Fourfold).

Every Combination of two Points of View generates a Question (6).

Every Dual combination of points-of-view is a Game

A Quaternio contains four concepts that all have a complementary relation.

So are the senses, looking outside connected with the imagination, looking inside connected by the process Invent or Explore.

You can also play with dualism (2), the distinction )1) Zero 0) or nothing (∅).

Relevance theory is devoped to explain the Evolution of the human Cognitive system and human intelligence. It is also used to create artificial intelligence.

Relevance theory has a lot in common with Interpersonal theory and the theories of Bahktin about the Utterance or the internal and external Dialogue we take part in.

Interpersonal theory assumes that humans expect meaningful information from other humans and from the humans that are inside. We are always in a dialogue.

It also assumes that a mental illness can be explained by a connection-problem. It is all about the Tension between Agency and Communion.
Interpersonal Circumplex. The interpersonal circumplex is defined by two orthogonal axes. In recent years, it has become conventional to identify the vertical and horizontal axes with the broad constructs of agency and communion.
Human interaction can be modelled with two orthogonal (90 degree angles)variables that were also called yin (communion) and yang Agency) or o en 1 or just yin and not yin. The four 90 degree angles support a 4 dimensional Universe of Discourse that contains rotating rotations being Spirals.
Humans learn when an Expectation is violated. This happens when an External or Internal Event takes place.

The event is evaluated by the Emotions and (when there is enough time (and interest and energy) Reflected upon by the Imagination and Abstracted (moved Up) into a Model (frame, scape)that is again Instructed and or Tested.

The Learning cycle moves with and against the Clock and also moves through the diagonal between Belief and and the Prove of Belief and Dependence and in-dependence.
This picture describes the model of Nico Frijda about the Emotions: the readiness (or unreadiness) to enter into contact or interaction with some object, and the mode of that contact or interaction. [ … ] Different motivational states or states of action readiness exist … Emotions are tendencies to establish, maintain, or disrupt a relationship with the environment.
Reflect: Finding a pattern in the many actions the senses detect.

2. Our Cognitive Architecture is shared with the Organisms

This part is about the architecture we share with all of the Organisms.

It is mainly based on earlier work of Rodney Cotterill and Will McWhinney, both diseased.

Peter Carruthers: Innate Human Cognition. What is the Architecture of the Mind?
Modular architecture of Peter Carruthers

The Self-Assembling Brain

“our genome contains the information required to create our brain. That information, however, is not a blueprint that describes the brain, but an algorithm that develops it with time and energy. In the biological brain, growth, organization, and learning happen in tandem. At each new stage of development, our brain gains new learning capabilities (common sense, logic, language, problem-solving, planning, math). And as we grow older, our capacity to learn changes”

Every Organism is a step in a very long term process we call evolution in which the outside-world is internalized and externalized in a new outside-world. The genome reproduces a body that is able to reproduce a body but also a system that is able to reproduce and adapt itself.

The Basic Architecture: We are Moving Memories

The picture shows the most simple structure of an organism being a Motor and a Receptor connected with a Short term Memory.

The bacterium is Exploring its environment by changing the rotation of its flagellum with and against the clock.

The short term memory is an autocatalytic, chemical reaction that determinates not only the Rythm of the rotation but also the Direction of the rotation of the rotor.

Rodney Cotterill’s neuro-physiological work supports the motor-environment-mind schema of complex feedback loops. The complex of feedback loops enables one to “Know what one knows.”:

The ability to know that one knows is referred to by psychologists as first-order embedding.

Higher embedding, such as that exemplified by knowing that one knows that one knows, merely depends on the ability to hold things in separate patches of neuronal activity in working memory.

This manifests itself in the creature’s intelligence, which also dictates its ability to consolidate existing schemata into new schema.” is a unique feature of mammalian brains.

Intelligence and reflection are explained as due to functioning of the web of feedback loops, both internal and external, that evolved in higher animals“.

3. Relevance Theory

The word Relevant comes from Latin relevare “to lessen, lighten, levis: light.

Relevance theory is a framework for understanding the interpretation of utterances.

It aims to explain the well recognised fact that communicators usually convey much more information with their  utterances and their Body than what is contained in their literal sense. 

Our Cognitive Architecture Supports Collaboration:

Daniel Kahneman and Amos Tversky used “cognitive biases,” to show that humans make irrational choices.

One of these biasses is called the conformation bias. Humans love to hear a confirmation of what they believe.

Lately a new “science” called Evolutionary Psychology” is trying to find out what “functions” helped the human to survive.

Historically, evolutionary pressure has resulted in cognitive systems that recognise potentially relevant stimuli and try to draw relevant conclusions.

Dan sperber and Hugo mercier argued that this type of bias, being a part of communication, is supporting collaboration.

To Attract the Attention the “uttering” has to be Relevant, making things easy, simple, light.

They also looked at the amount of Energy it takes to communicate.

Relevance theory started with the research of Robert Grice. The Gricean maximsQuantity (Just Enough), Quality (True), Relation (Relevant)), and Manner (the Right Way) describe the principles observed by people in pursuit of effective communication.

Argumentation Theory tries to show the evolutionary benifit of many cognitive biasses.

The Perceptual Symbol Systems are so rich in the type of connections that they generate free Associations that keep a group in the right direction making it possible to Nudge a group by giving them only one choice into the desired direction. This is comparable with a vector-field.

Conclusions Precede Arguments:

Argumentation theory and Rhetorics. We use arguments to convince others but also to convince ourselves.

We are able to use many different cognitive tools (modules) at the same time without knowing we do that.

We use generalizations and are not aware of the differences between the generalisations.

We love Dopamine and therefore love to act in situations were dopomine is produced (“gambling).

There are two systems active the Controlled (Dopamine) and the Control system (Observer).

Conclusions come first, arguments later.

We always pick the last we hear and find the arguments to justify our decision.

Falsification avoids bias.

We are social animals and our brain has to support cooperation.

We could benefit from deceiving but we have to keep our Status.

Gossip supports our status.

We have to Sell ourselves.

Conformation Bias helps to do that.

Humans are Curious Toolmakers .

Coding vs Decoding. Humans are Curious. We are tool makers improving our tools. the older the more knowledge and problems to retrieve out of memory. Attention is given to something that fits what we want know and is relevant. Time and Energy are always Limited.

Our Communication is mainly Implicit

Maximilisation of relevance.Balance between Energy and Cognitive-Contextual effects. Assesment is looking for relevance.

The difference between the foreground and the background of comunication or the difference between Explicit and Implicit, figurative language such as hyperbolemetaphor and irony.

4. The Frame Problem:

The frame problem is about What a “system” is able to see in a Situation and what changes what (“an Event“) and what is Changed and is Not Changed.

The frame problem was created when IT-technology moved into the area of Artificial Intelligence.

At that time every “problem” was solved by designing a new Language like LISP and PROLOG.

Logic (“rules“) put into a program was leading the way and logic was guided by Set-theory.

Although Chomsky’s Language theory was already there nobody realized that human Language is very diferent from a Progamming Language that is Context-indepentedent.

The Artifical Intelligence of the Computer does not understand what was out there and tried to catagorize the outside by also define the not-categories not realizing that they were not bounded (infinite).

Until now the AI-computer looks like a savant a highly specialized human that is in an expert in one area but incapable in the Infinite area’s outside its speciality.

It is not able to define what is relevant and does not see the difference between implicit and the explicit conversations. It is also not able to interpret the many illogical signs we send with our Body, Facial Expressions and Manner until Geroge Lakoff and his group of scientitst detected that we the human communication is embodied.

5. General Semantics and other AI-architectures

This chapter contains many AI-architectures even a model based on General Semantics at the end.

As you will see all the models are different from the model that is explaining heuristics in the Introduction.

The main reason is that the models are based on the theories of bounded rationality that existed before the time of Herbert Simon and Daniel Kahneman, both winners of the Nobel Prize in Economics , described in my blog about Heuristics.

According to Marcus Hutter Intelligence is Compression just as you can find in my blog about Heuristics. If you want to know more move directly to the Conclusion.

5.1 General Semantics

Alfred Korzibski was forced to fight in the first world war. He did not understand why humans act like cruel animals. After moving to the Us and marying he started to research human Communication and developed the theory of General Semantics.

General semantics is concerned with how events translate to perceptions, how they are further modified by the names and labels we apply to them, and how we might gain a measure of control over our own responses, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral.

General semantics had a lot of influence on cognitive-therapy including NLP.

The model of Korzybski looks a lot like the model of Interpersonal theory hat describes Mental Illness.
The model of Interpersonal based on the model of Paths of Change. Return to the Start of this blog.
General semantics explained by Korzibski himself.
Korzibski designed a model of Model of the Nervous-System

5.2 Artifical Intelligence Architectures:

When you press the link above you will find an impressive website about everything you want to know about AI-architectures. Below you find a few examples I have taken out of this website.

5.3 The LIDA Cognitive Cycle Architecture 

5.4 CYC : understanding common Sense:

CYC

5.5 AIXI Optimizing Reward:

AIXI is a AI-theory developed by Marcus Hutter. IXI is a reinforcement learning agent. It maximizes the expected total rewards received from the environment. Intuitively, it simultaneously considers every computable hypothesis (or environment). In each time step, it looks at every possible program and evaluates how many rewards that program generates depending on the next action taken.

5.6 CALO The Perfect PAL:

the DArpa CALO-project ( Cognitive Assistant that Learns and Organizes ).

5.7 ACT-R A new AI Program Language:

ACT-R is a cognitive architecture: a theory for simulating and understanding human cognition. Researchers working on ACT-R strive to understand how people organize.

5.8 AI Architecture based on General Semantics:

6. From Hierarchy to a Network of Hierarchies

6.1 Organisms are not Machines

In the Evolution of the the Organisms two things happened:

(1) the processes of life became auto-catalytic meaning that a chemical process became a repeating cycle (auto) that was sustained and became independent of other processes.

(2) the cycles got connected and created bigger cycles without breaking the katalytic mode until one of the cyclic cycles was able to look like an independent entity.

A cycle that reproduces itself is called an Autopoiesis, a Self-reproduction.

Below you can watch 4 video’s that give examples of autopoietic auto-catalytic systems and the big change in thinking they accomplished.

One of the major Scientists was Robert Rosen: See chapter 6.2.

He tried to explain Anticipatory Systems and found out that it is impossible to explain them with our current modelling language that supposes that Nature is a Machine made by a (Divine) Architect (Pthah) that got the Specifications from Ma,at (responsible for Balance, Harmony) and gave them to Khnum, the divine potter, to Make the animals (including the Humans) out of Clay.

Autopoietic Systems are Self-Reproducing.
Auto catalytic systems explain the Origin of life

We Exist because there is Change

A brilliant lecture of Mihai Nadin, the last living collaborator of Robert Rosen.

How do we account for change while being part of it? How do we account for anticipation as an expression of preparing and adapting to change?

There are Reactive and Anticipatory systems. The last category has to predict the Future.

To predict the future a system has to Contain the Future. we call an Expectation .

A good example of an anticipatory system is a Pregnant woman.

Humans learn from an Expectation Failure sometimes called a Mistake.

Collaborative Learning

Collaboration and learning are active in their own space (the physical context and the social context) and join in mental space (the internal state of a person).

The Evolution of Life

The origin of life lies deep in the Universe were stars like our Sun are created.

Life was ecreated in the labatory by simulating the situation of an early Earth. After that early life was also detected in Meteorites.

Later a lot of Suns where detected that look like our Sun so Life could be Abundant in the Universe.

The Pattern of Creation is repeating at every level of Scale.

Chemistry

Life is the result of Combining the combinations until infinity of Simple Molecules made out of Four basic molecules.
Again the many combinations of a Fourfold, Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon (+1,-2,-3,+4) determinate the Origins of life.

The interesting point is that the Sum of theValences of the Elements of the fourfold cycle = Zero.

Because the four elements are Rotating structures the Chemistry of the Beginning of Life on Earth fits perfectly with the theory of Peter Rowlands about the Nilpotent Universe (See below).

The chemical elements are ordered by the Periodic Table of of  Dmitri Mendeleev . The document below describes how the elements facitated the birth of Life.

Prochlorococcus is thought to be the most abundant photosynthetic organism on Earth

The sea contains a Huge and very Divers amount of Small Foto-Synthetic cells. Inside the cell they look like Plants.

Video’s of an Impressive playlist.about the Origin of Life

Life was started at places where a boundary could be created.
The first step in the Evolition of Life is the creation of the multi-cellular organisms that were combinations of single cells.

This and the scond video are about choanoflagellates being a long flagellum (mover) connected to a Cell.

The cells Unite and disunite at will.
Cells”eat” bacteria but also work together(symbiosis) with bacteria to form clusters (Rosseta).

The geometry of the clusters is determinated by the type of bacteria in the symbioses.
How cells communicate.

Introduction: Anticipatory Systems

6.2 Robert Rosen: Anticipatory Sytems

Robert Rosen made a distinction between Simple and Complex Systems.

In Complex Systems the Whole is more than the Sum of its Parts meaning that there are many Relations between the Parts that are not only Causal but have another Meaning.

In Simple systems the nodes are Nouns and the links are Verbs creating a Narrative that explains its Behavior.

Simple systems are Mechanical systems.

They can be explained by the Four Causes of Aristototle that always begin with asking How (Processs, Verb) an Agent (in general a Human Craftsman (Agent, I, he, ) has assembled Material parts (Noun) ending with the Why being its Purpose.

Living System have no purpose because they are not made by an mechanical process controlled by a craftsman although many people believe this happened when the autocatalytic proces took place.

Systems that can anticipate, con­tain internal predictive models of themselves and/or their environments,

They are part of the class of Third Order Cybernetic Models.

Robert Rosen, Natural systems are explained by mapping them on a Machine-Model mapping (Encoding, Decoding) them on a Formal Model where the Causal relation turns into an Inference.
Pattern formation in Nature.Te model contains two processes called aan Activator and and an Inhibitor.
Gierer-Meinhardt-model is one of the important types of pattern formation and morphogenesis observed in development.

A citation of chapter 1 shows that the same pattern of Acitivation and Inhibition is happening in the body : ” The peripheral reflexes can act independently of the brain, but they can also be coordinated and sequenced by it. The main point to be grasped here is that the brain’s primary purpose lies in the need for inhibiting peripheral reflexes, when particularly sophisticated sequences of muscular movements have to be executed“.

6.3 Dynamic Networks

Dynamic Modularity. ?How Life expanded from a Bacterium to a Human. This a part of an impressive series of video’s.
The Evolution of the Organism can be seen as an expanding structure in time that is controlled by a Linear Bodyplan that starts with the “Head” and ends with the “Tail” in which the genes act as Switches that start a deeper level of expansion.
Brain of a Fruitfly is divided in functional area’s.

6.4 The Human Brain is an Adaptive Dymamic Network:

More about the development of the brain push here.

Mapping

Mapping looks a lot like Category Theory and Schema-theory.

The idea is to map a problem-space to a domain where the problem is already solved, solve the problem and map the Solution back.

To do that the function has to be Isomorphic meaning that structure is preserved in two ways.

Below an Example.

The first picture is the result of making use of a mapping from the Rational Model of Alan Fiske using the function of Paths of Change (see the colors) to the Scales in Measurement Theory.

The four Geometries of Paths of Change
A MApping from Alan Fiske’s theory of Human Relations to Geometry and Panarchy (Ecology) and Anti-fragility.connected by Paths of Change.
The Relational models of Alan Fiske (see below) mapped to the scales of Measurement. It looks like we “measure” our relationship with four possibel scales.
The model of Alan Fiske mapped to Path of Change (PoC)
The Four Scales (with the color of PoC)explained.

6.5 Category Theory: Systems are Functions, Metaphors are Functions:

How to combine category theory and network theory.

6.6 Kent Palmer: Meta-Systems

I found Kent Palmer a long tine ago.

He is exploring the Many Meta-Levels above Reality like Will McWhinney was exploring the 2×2-level (the Quaternio).

I have also played with the Higher than Quaternio levels and tried to keep the Four “types” based on the Duality (Agency, Communion) in tact.

A Generator of a cycling cycle related to the Chinese Sheng Cycle being a (Magic) Square with the Xenter or the Whole (White) in the middle (cross) connected to the other 4 points.

As you can see the Pentragram is a Fractal model. The Points of View point into many Orthogonal “Independent“) Directions where Up (Yellow) is Abstracting and Green is Implementing and Red and Blue are SpaceTime.

The types relate with the four JungianOrgans” of the human being Mind (blue, Thinking), Sensory-Motor (Red, Action-Sensing), Social (Green, Emotions, Feeling), Imagination (Yellow, Intuitive).

When we look at the Bacterium the Sensor and the Motor (Flagellum) are put into a Container (Cell, Boundary) and are related with a Chemical AutoCatalytic Process that is a Memory that operates in a Context that contains “active” chemicals (with an E/M-valence) and other Organisms (F.i. viruses).

The bacterium according to Rodney Cotterill.

The difference with the Four types of Carl Jung is the whole (1, Boundary) put into the Pentagram, the Five (3+2).

This problem was alreaday “solved” in Chinese Philosophy where the five was the symbol of the whole also called the Quintessence. the essential part of Matter we call Energy and also called Aether.

The Sheng Cycle is the result of connecting a 3×3 Magic Square called the Lo Shu.

Chinese (fractal) Sheng Cycle constructed with the PoC-model where White is the Whole (Boundary, Protect).

Kent became incomprehensible when he left the first the Meta-level trying to find alternatives for the Duality “abstraction or implementation”.

Below a website that explores all the 2**N-levels .

About meta-systems

6.8 What are Concepts?

I found a a thesis called Peirce, Vygotsky and Concept Formation by Chris Barnham. I is also about the Semiotics and Pragmatism of Peirce. Watch out. This is complicated stuff just as the theory of Kent Palmer.

7. Meta-Heuristics

8. From Biophysics to Quantum-Biology and Bio Mathematics

9. Conclusion

This blog started with additional research on Heuristics that resulted in research about the History of the human Cognitive architecture that brought me back to Rodney Cotteril a friend of my mentor Will McWhinney who rediscovered the Paths of Change of Carl Jung he called a Quaternio based on the Quaternions invented by William Rowan Hamilton in 1841 and used by Maxwell to define his theory of Electro Magnetism.

Later I found the Quaternions of Peter Rowlands that unites Physics and is based on “recent” mathematics he called Biomathematics for the reason that it also explains Biology and the Human.

Charge
Quaternions Multivariate Vectors
The Quaternio of Peter Rowlands is based on Octonions being an abstraction of the Quaternions that are an abstraction of the Complex numbers rhat are Rotations of Real Numbers.

Peter proved that our Universe is a Turing Machine based on a special language that is constantly Rewritten by a nilpotent condition meaning its Sum is Zero.

The last weeks I have explored Type Theory as a foundation of Computer languages and Cohomogy theory, a foundation of the fusion of Topology and Algebra.

Again everything got together even in my dreams where I discovered CoQ without knowing it existed.

An Eye cannot See itself. About the theory of Logical Types of Bertrand Russell applied by George Bateson to Play and Learning.

The infinite levels of Learning explained by Will McWhinney, A Chapter of his never published book.

Behind the Wall of the Aether lies Another Universe

In this blog, I tell the Story of James Clerk Maxwell (1831-1879) an Inventor and Mathematician who defined an almost forgotten Theory of Everything based on the ancient idea of the Aether.

The theory shows that Electricity, Magnetism, and Gravity are the same Force and opens up the door to a Harmonic (Colorful) Mirror Universe.

Behind the Wall of the Vacuum lies another universe that is hidden by the polarization of the wall.

.
the life of Maxwell part of a nice series of video’s.
Just as you see in the picture above it is now proved that the vacuum (Aether) polarizes light.
Why do ~Electrons Rotate: or ~What is Spin?

-1 The Power of the Imagination

Ted Owens is a highly documented case of many Impressive Telekinetic Psi-effects he could create At Will just as the famous physicist Wolfgang Pauli.
John Keely (1837-1898 ) was a famous Inventor who made and showed machines that operated on “sympathetic energy”. The machines only worked when he was close to his machines.

Both examples show that our “mind” (Imagination) has a big influence on what we call Reality“.

In this blog, you will learn what is Possible and what Power is available when you Move to our Dual Universe behind the Wall of the Bose-Einstein Condensate (BEC) some people call the TAO. or the Vacuum (that is not empty).

Remember that even the mathematical theory of Peter Rowlands in Chapter 0 is also a “Psychological theory highly related to Paths of Change. and the Archetypes of Carl Jung.

Reading Guide

0. Introduction: This blog is a spinoff of my blog about the Geometry of Change that is an application of Paths of Change that is an application of the Harmonic Cycles which is an application of the ancient model of the Breathing Harmonic Universe (Svara).

1. The dead and rebirth of the Aether: For thousands of years Scientists believed in a medium, that transports energy until an experiment proved they were wrong. Later it was proven that the experiment was wrong and therefore caused an error that took 160 years to correct.

3. Quaternions appeared and disappeared and were replaced by Vectors creating a situation that nobody was able to visualize the Universe anymore. Physics became an incomprehensible science.

Recently the Quaternions came back and are now part of Geometric Algebra invented in 1844 by Hermann Grassmann.

4. Electricity and Gravity are now separate forces until somebody detected that they were already united by the Quaternions. Suddenly the Aether came back and turned into a Storage of Energy.

In this chapter, it will be shown how the Quaternions of Maxwell can be transformed into the Navier-Stokes Equation that describes a Fluid.

Our universe consists of Tiny Vortices that move against and with the clock (Spin).

The vortices resonate with harmonic waves and produce positive or negative energy. The vacuum looks a lot like the old Aether.

5. Free Energy can be obtained by opening the Storage of Energy now called the Vacuum.

6. Opening the Vacuum can turn into a Violent Weapon tested by Nikola Tesla in Russia.

7. Over Unity Engines: How to tap and Wireless transport Energy at will.

7.1. The history and explanation of the MEG (Motionless Energy Engine).

8. Anti-Gravity: The Quaternion of Maxwell contains the possibility to create Anti-Gravity.

9: The start of a New Blog with more information about our own Universe of Light.

0. Introduction

According to Professor Carlota Perez of the University of London, we are moving to a Big Transformation she called The Golden Age.

In the Golden Age everything will turn around for the simple reason that we will (re)discover the real laws of the Universe that will give humanity Abundance.

This blog is a result of my blog about the Geometry of Change

This blog ended with the theory of Peter Rowlands that proves that our Universe can be explained by the Octonions limited by a Nilpotent Constraint.

The octonions are made out of Quaternions that are made out of the Complex numbers being “normal” numbers with a Real (Observable) and an Imaginary (Calculated) part that are Rotating Rotating Rotations being Spriraling Spirals.

During my research for this blog, I discovered a lot of content about Tesla’s Scalar Waves and Free Energy being a Combination of Electricity, Magnetism, and Gravity.

The big problem we inherited from the ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle is Causality. Every cause has an effect. The big problem with current physical law is that the laws are Symmetric. Cause and effect can be reversed. This gives us a lot to think about Time.

In current theory, scientists believe in Statistical Explanations.

Peter Rowland discovered that a simple Fourfold pattern repeats itself all the time.

Just as in the Theory of the Matrix our Universe is a (Turing) Machine (A Computer) that is Rewriting its Code all the time controlled by a Constraint that keeps the sum of the changes to Zero (Nil, void,).
I have decided to repeat a small part of my blog Blog about Peter Rowlands because I need his argumentation to show that the current theories about the Universe are so complicated that You don’t understand what they are about.

In later chapters, you will see that what we now call the vacuum is nothing but a “Door” to what Peter calls a Dual, Mirror ,Universe. It contains “negative” energy we can tap by destroying it. The same we do in “our” own universe.

It also contains our Dual Body we call the Soul also called the Sah in Ancient Egypt. It is also the part that leaves the body when we Sleep and remains when the Body Dies.

In our, Universe Gravity is the mirror of Electricity which means that we can Levitate just as the Birds do.
ancient egypt — Ka and the Soul | by Ancient Egypt | Medium

A Herarchy of Symmetries

Our universe is based on a very simple fourfold (2×2) pattern that emerges from an even simpler 1x-1 pattern that sums to zero.

In the beginning, there was Nothing and the movement (being adding or subtracting)of the nothing.

1. The Dead and the Rebirth of the AEther

Model of the Quaternions being combinations of three Complex numbers named i, j, and k, where i**2 = j**2=k**2=-1.
Merging four unities. A simulation of the Quaternions.

2. How the Quaternions Appeared in Physics, Disappeared and came back, Why the Aether survives and the Speed of Light is a variable.

2.0 What you cannot Visualize does not Exist

For a long time Scientists believed that Language (“Semantics“) was controlled by Rules (“Syntax“).

The debate was settled by Noam Chomsky who defined a theory of formal grammars until George Lakoff found out that our language is embodied.

Chomsky gave us the Computer Languages but also showed that they are Context Independent resulting in a software controlled reality that moves us away from the real world.

At this moment real Soldiers Kill real People in a real Computer Game making real Mistakes without any Moral power left.

When Lakoff made a map of the Bodily Metaphors he rediscovered the Indian Chakra’s but also that the Metaphors are linked with Visual Representations.

We Think in Pictures and our Imagination uses 3D-Space (a Scape) to situate the Images.

This Space (called a Memory-Palace”)was already used a long time ago in history because people had to Memorize a lot at that time.

In 1905 L.E.J.(Bertus) Brouwer discovered that Mathematics follows the same rules. If you cannot Visualize a theory it is Wrong.

2.1 Fundamental and Assumed Theories

There are two types of theories (1) Fundamental Theory (2) Assumed Theory.

What most scientists don’t believe is that most of the theory is assumed but never proven.

Even when the theory fits the measurements it is still possible that this is caused by the fact that the experiments are a self-fulfilling prophesy meaning that the tests and the instruments are constructed to prove the theory.

The only way to prove this type of theory is to build it up from the fundamentals. The relativity theory of Einstein is an assumed theory and Peter Rowlands was the first scientist that was able to show that deep below all the “new” and exciting theories lies a simple order the same order Maxwell saw.

The Big Error was introduced by assuming that the Speed of Light is constant and that every deviation is caused by the contraction (or expansion) of traveled time or length (v=l/t) described by the famous Lorenz Transformation that Einstein took over.

Lorenz Transform Moving Reference frames increase (+V) and decrease speed (-V).

2.2 Dewey B.Larson: The Universe is Moving in Circles

Larson (1898-1990) was a senior engineer who developed his own mathematics and physical theory.

He invented a simple theory that explained “everything” by the “law” Movement =Distance/Time.

He proved that all the units of measurement we use can be written as a function of both.

Larson also reinvented the quaternions and geometric algebra also invented by an original Genius Hermann Grassmann in 1844.

Alles draait om Alles
The zitterbewegung (whirling) of the Sufi’s.

Look at the presentation below or the website of the Larson Foundation and understand what a Mess the Science of Physics has created because of the huge amount of Theory Fitting (“Plumbing“).

Read further and See how big the Conceptual mess science has become.

LarsonsCube.jpg
The many ways to look at movement: There are *2*0 scalars = 1 point, 3*2**1= 3 vectors (line) and 12 Bivectors (Plane)3*2**2=12. In all the stages vibration takes place. Want to read more? Read this.

2.3 James Clerk Maxwell: Light is Moving through a Medium

James Clerk Maxwell’s original equations are based on the idea that Light travels through the “Luminiferous Aether“,

The equations were also based on his scientific imagination. Maxwell visualized Vortices in the Aether and made stereoscopes to view images in 3-dimensions and zoetropes to view images in motion.

Look at the drawings below. Maxwell, a mathematician worked together with Faraday who was an experimenter.

The Zoetrope was invented in 1833.
Drawings of Faraday used by Maxwell. The first was made with iron powder.Look at the circle with a circle inside making an angle of 90 degrees. This is a quaternion.

Maxwell described his theory of the Electro-Magnetic field in 1861 in Quaternions that were discovered in 1843 by Hamilton.

Later the Quaternions were abandoned and replaced by Vectors that were recently replaced by Geometric Algebra making it possible to calculate (= Algebra) with n-Dimensional Objects.

Why vectors (directed lines) replaced everything until they made it very difficult to imagine >3D space and it became even more difficult to imagine a movement in >3D space.
Geometric Algebra or Clifford Algebra replaces vector algebra and comes back with the Quaternions with different rules. In the end it is all about Rotations.

It took almost 25 years before Hertz discovered Electromagnetic waves, and confirmed Maxwell’s theory.

The Experiments of Michelson & Morley in 1887 Failed to detect the Motion of Earth through the Aether. That opened the Door to the Idea of the Constant Speed of Light of Einstein.

Recently it was proved by Reginald Cahill that the Morrison-Morley Experiments were wrongly interpreted.

Now 160 years later the Aether is Back and we now know that Einstein is wrong and the speed of Light is a variable.

2.4 The Earth is Drifting in the Universe

Dayton Miller tried to measure the AEther-drift in the mid-1920s on a mountain top near the Mt. Wilson observatory.

He came to the conclusion that the Earth was drifting towards an apex in the Southern Celestial Hemisphere, towards Dorado, the Swordfish with a speed of 10 km/sec.

In 1985 Silverthooth and later the NASA KObe Satellite with much better equipment measured a speed of i390 km/sec.

2.5 The Speed of Lifght is a Variable

Evidence has surfaced that the Speed of Light is not c in Deep Space, based on satellite data from Pioneer 10 and 11.

The same was measured by the MIT Lincoln Laboratory that operated a series of high-power radio transmitters spread across the United States.

2.6. Anti-Gravity and Edward Leedskalnin

The Coral Castle is built with anti-gravity instruments by Edward Leedskalnin.

He published all his experiments and the experiments can be repeated today. Current science is not able to explain his tools.

2.7 Vortex technology: Viktor Schauberger’s Implosion Engine & Walter Russell’s Cosmic Pendulum

Viktor Schauberger Observed Vortexes in Steaming Water and Fish moving Against the Flow.
Walter Russell received inspiration from the Universal One hat showed him how the Universe was created.

2.8 The Aether is a Fluid

Quaternion algebra makes it possible to describe Motions of Matter on a four-dimensional Space-Time. This algebra can be translated in the Xavier-Stokes equation being a model of a Fluid.

This equation describes the Velocity field of a Superfluid quantum Medium that Everywhere Densely fills 4D space-time.

The property of this medium is that its Viscosity is Zero on average in time.

On the other hand, the variance of the viscosity coefficient is nonzero.

It can mean that there exists a permanent Exchange of Mass and Energy between the Superfluid component of the medium (a true Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) (see 3.3) and the Normal one.

It is quite natural that the normal component for such a superfluid component can be Hydrogen and Helium, widely distributed in the Universe.

At low temperatures, both the He3 pairs and the proton-antiproton pairs can form a BEC.

Finally, one can note that the superfluid BEC may be a source of plasmoids, ball lightning, that sometimes are observed in the fault zones of geological plates (in anomalous zones).

Perhaps ancient civilizations such as the Egyptian one knew about this and could use such sources as perfect energy employing pyramids.

This text is taken from the file below this video.

3. Electric, Magnetic and Gravity Waves

A big part of this chapter is taken from this website.

3.1 E.T.Whittaker Interfering Waves create Standing Waves

All space is permeated by a fluid aether, containing an immense number of excessively small Whirlpools called a Bindu in Indian Ancient Metaphysics.

The elasticity which the aether appears to possess, and in virtue of which it is able to transmit vibrations, is really due to the presence of these whirlpools; for, owing to centrifugal force, each whirlpool is continually striving to dilate, and so presses against the neighboring whirlpools”.

E.T. Whittaker using the theory of Maxwell showed in 1904 that all EM fields and waves can be decomposed into two scalar potential functions that Interfere and move in an Opposite direction creating Standing Waves. This is the the same wave discovered experimentally four years earlier by Nikola Tesla.

A Scalar is a physical quantity that is completely described by its magnitude; examples of scalars are volume, density, speed, energy, mass, and time. A quantity described by Multiple scalars, such as having both Direction and magnitude, is called a Vector.

Whittaker proved the existence of a “hidden” set of electromagnetic waves traveling in two simultaneous directions in the scalar Potential of the vacuum — demonstrating how to use them to curve the local and/or distant “spacetime” with electromagnetic radiation.

Whittaker’s paper lays the direct mathematical foundation for an electrogravitic theory/technology of Gravity Control.

The same waves are now seen in the visible and infrared light along the Cygnus Loop of the Veil Nebula.

3.2 The Zitterbewegung of chrödinger and the Sea of Dirac are a model of the Aether

The Dirac’s wave equation is a relativistic generalization of the Schrödinger wave equation.

The Dirac Sea is a name for the Aether or the Vacuum that is a solution of the Dirac Equation were the vacuum contains “Negative energy (particles)” also interpreted as Anti-Matter or by Feymann as energy moving Back in Time.
The Zittermovement (“Trembling motion) of Schrödinger.

The Schrödinger wave equation has been said to “contain most of physics and all of Chemistry.

Dirac’s complete equation, a generalization of Schrodingers equation has as solutions Four different kinds of electrons: electrons and positrons of positive energy, and electrons and positrons of negative energy.

The creation of negative energy blocked the imagination of many important physicists at that time. To get back to “normal” Diracs solution was banned and our Complementary Universe disappeared just like it never appeared. Our “negative” energy universe containing all the anti-matter parts of our own universe is always there but we have to activate our own energy by annihilating the negative energy.

Below you sea part 1 and 3 of an explanation of the Genius D.LHotson who was thrown out of the university because he asked too many questions, nobody could answer.

3.3 The Boose Einstein Condensate (BEC Plasma) Explains the Dirac Sea

Bec Velocity

The Left picture shows a BEC, a state of Lowest (zero) energy.

In a BEC the particles (represented by a (standing) wave) occupy the same, namely the lowest, energy state.
In a BEC the “particles” are all the same that’s why a special type of combinatorics and statistics is used called Bose-Einstein statistics.
Another important property is coherence. Because of this property, it is possible to treat the whole condensate as one big matter wave. This means that the whole at zero point kelvin universe acts as one big whole.

The big question is how the universe behaves in a state of negative energy. It is sure that this can be explained by symmetry meaning that the anti-particles have an anti-mass. This implies that the laws also work in an anti-(opposite) way.

In 1948 Ernst Casimir discovered the same effect between two plates. Later it was explained by oscillating (zittering) systems that are created when two matters (anti-and-not anti) attract and move away at about the same time prohibiting annihilation.

3.4 The Aether consists of Tiny Vortices

Everything is made out of Light

Space is Densely Packed with Tiny dipolar Electron-Positron Vortices

Each vortex consists of an aether sink (Electron) in Orbit with an aether source (Positron).

There is no propagation of magnetic fields on the large scale. A disturbance propagates through an already existing magnetic field.

In certain circumstances, resonance with the natural frequency of the individual vortices can split them into an individual electron and an individual positron.


The vortices will all be spinning in the same direction as their immediate neighbors while aligned along their mutual rotation axes.

There will be a canceling flow in both directions from positron to electron, while there will be zero flow between vortices in the equatorial plane.

4. The Aether is a Storage of Energy

In current theory, a bunch of vectors that sum to zero is just treated as a zero or absence of any vectors at all, but the Potentials are primary.

The energy is trapped in the local Aether that is a Sink, with external energy pouring into it continually, and disappearing from observation of the external state. 

Curved the other way, the local Aether is a Source, with energy pouring out of it continually, and appearing in observation in the external state.

The internal trapped energy of spacetime varies from place to place, creating “Curved” Spacetime but there are many Sinks creating a spacetime that looks like an ocean with its own ups and downs.

That’s why we can compare the Universe with a system with its own local Space Weather connected to other weather systems that show themselves in all the Galaxys we can see with our instruments being extensions of our own senses.

Maxwell’s equations in curved spacetime. Observe that this looks like the model of Gravity of Einstein.

There are also Intuitive ways to “look” at the Universe. Scientists get their ideas in dreams or are visited by Angles that appear in their room.

Besant and Leadbeater were the leaders of the Theosophical Society, They experimented with thought-forms. They had a big influence on Scientists (Brouwer) and Artists ( Kandinsky, Klimt, Gounod, Wagner).

Out of Besant’s and Leadbeater’s book Occult Chemistry. A Series of Clairvoyant Observations on the Chemical Elements, 1st ed., TPS, London, 1909.
A Birkeland current is a set of currents that flow along geomagnetic field lines connecting the Earth’s magnetosphere to the Earth’s high latitude ionosphere.

The sink of the AEther of the Earth is in the Center of the Earth. It is collecting energy from space and is distributing the energy to all the other moving “sinks” including the sinks called Organisms that are situated in our Heart.

In the Center of the Earth, we have a Private Sun that produces enough Energy to fuel the World.

5. Free Energy

When Nikola Tesla performed his Free energy experiments he was financed by J.P.Morgan one of the most powerful people in the US.

When he detected that Tesla wanted to give away energy for free for the benefit of Mankind he Stopped the project and blocked him forever.

People that found tesla’s patents and tried to repeat his experiments were stopped, ridiculed, or even killed.

Energy is the source of Big \Geopolitical Power but also of Corporate Power.

The same happens with Scientifical power. It brought the US and later Russia the Atomic Bomb to stop Japan in the Second World War but also a lot of Respect to people like Albert Einstein.

It all started when important scientists started to change the theories of Maxwell to prove their own theories were right.

6. Tesla’s unintended Weapon?

n 1908 a strange 12 megaton Explosion took place in Tunguska in Siberia Russia. It is now almost sure that this was an effect of Tesla’ Waldencliff Tower experiment.

The first report of the explosion was in the Irkutsk paper dated July 2, 1908, published two days after the explosion: …the peasants saw a body shining very brightly (too bright for the naked eye) with a bluish-white light…. The body was in the form of  ‘a pipe’, i.e. cylindrical.

Figure 2

In 1976, Dr. Andrija Puharich was the first to point out that Tesla’s power transmission system could not be explained by the laws of classical electrodynamics, but rather in terms of relativistic transformations in high energy fields. He noted that according to Dirac’s theory, when an electron encounters an oppositely charged particle, a positron, the two particles annihilate each other. Because energy can neither be destroyed nor created, the energy of the two destroyed particles are transformed into an electromagnet wave. The opposite, of course, holds true. If there is a strong enough electric field, two opposite charges of electricity are formed where there was originally no charge at all. This type of transformation usually takes place near the intense field of an atomic nucleus, but it can also manifest without the aid of a nuclear catalyst if an electric field has enough energy. Puharich’s involved mathematical treatment demonstrated that power levels in a Tesla transmitter were strong enough to cause such “pair production.”

7 Over Unity ~Engines

7.1 History and Explanation of the MEG (Motionless Energy Engine).

The History of the MEG The Motionless Energy Engine from 1969 until today.

Engines that use energy to start and produce more energy than they take are called Over-Unity-engines or a Perpetuum mobile“. they are impossible because of the First of Second law of Thermodynamics.

An Over Unity Engine uses the “old” (forgotten) theory of Maxwell that shows that you can tap the Aether with two Magnets and a Coil.

8. Anti-Gravity

9. The Universe of Light

This is the last chapter of this blog.

Although I have found more evidence for the work of Peter Rowlands

I also found the work of fellow scientists that have taken up the task to clean Physics from its imaginary theories that are constructed to fix the discrepancies of “modern” theories.

To avoid performance problems I have decided to create a new blog with the working title The Universe of Light.

About Understanding Mathematics

When I was a student I made some money by helping young people to understand Mathematics. I Listened to the way they tried to Solve the Puzzles their Teachers gave them and tried to find out their Personal Way of Reasoning. 

When I found their reasoning problem I gave them a new Way to Think.

This approach was very effective. Sometimes I just needed one hour and the highly frustrated pupil transformed into a Lover of Mathematics. They saw that Mathematics is the Art of Beauty and Harmony.

The main problem most of these pupils had was the Why-Question. They wanted to know what was “behind” mathematics. In Mathematics there is no Why. Mathematics is “Just the Way it is“. It is a System of Rules you have to Apply.

When you are a Highly Creative Person Mathematics is a Highly Frustrating Science.

Highly Creative Persons are Highly Associative.  They See Links between Every-Thing. They Build Bridges between Islands almost nobody knows they exist.

Mathematics is about creating Abstractions.

Highly Creative Persons Think with their Imagination. They Jump from Images to Image.

The Images of the Mathematicians are Abstract Symbols and most of the time the Mathematical Symbols are chosen without any relationship to the Situation they want to represent.

If Creative, Associative, Persons are not able to See what Mathematics is trying to represent they are Lost in Space.

When we go back in History the Imagination (and not Thinking/Reasoning) was the most important “Thinking-Tool“. The meaning of the word “Think” originally meant “to See“. 

The Art of Reasoning was based on detecting Correspondences.

The Ancient Scientists observed Nature and found out that certain situations “looked alike“. They used and linked Visual Metaphors to explain what they observed. 

Abstract Concepts were always represented by something others could See.

The interesting point is that New Scientists are founding out what the Old Scientists already knew. Our Basic Reasoning System is based on Images.

When we move to the Abstract Domain we use Images (called Prototypes) to Reason. Abstract terms like Furniture are always represented by a prototype we have Seen.

This explains why most of the People are not able to See Mathematics and why most of the People have a big problem Understanding Ancient Knowledge.   

They try to Map the Ancient Visual Landscape of Knowledge to the Modern Space of  Abstract Terms they don’t understand.

They are looking for something that is already there.

They are asking the Why-Question while the  Ancient Knowledge is Visible All Around Us.

LINKS

About the Foundation of Mathematics

About Old Fashioned Thinking

About Topology, the Art of Seeing

About the Art of Creation

About Psychic Reading

When you are a young child you don’t know that some people are gifted with a certain talent and others are not. When you are born with an unusual talent people in your environment don’t understand you.

Sometimes they even tell you that you are a “weird” person and you have to behave “normal”. When you are “abnormal” it is very difficult to behave normal. When you get older you find a way to hide your ‘strange” talent. You start to behave like “the others”.

When I was young I experienced that I could “read” people. At that time I did not know my talent was called “reading”. To me “reading” was “normal” and as a young innocent child I told people many things about their “inner life” that I could not know.I was gifted with more “unusual talents” like music and mathematics.

My talents were unusual because nobody in my family and my social context was “para-normal”, “highy analytical” or “musical”.

When you look at the scientific community “reading” is classified as “para-normal” and a huge part of the scientific community, the skeptics, are fighting paranormal abilities.

I never understood why they are fighting something some people are gifted with. They are certainly not fighting people who are talented in art or mathematics.

They don’t believe the talent of reading exists because they are unable to explain this talent. They are also not able to explain the talents in art or mathematics. To me they are “the same talent”.

They are all related to what I would call Intuition. When you are Intuitive you “just know” something but you are unable to explain to other peoople why “you know what you know”.

Some people even want to pay a lot of money when you are able to prove that you are “para-normal”. They arrange weird experimental environments and don’t understand that the talent of “reading” is highly context-dependent.

The talents of art and mathematics are also context-dependent. Doing mathematics in a crowded space is impossible.

I want to give you (and the skeptics) some idea how “reading (and mathematics)” works with me.

When you want to “read” you have to be in a certain mood. You have to be “grounded”, relaxed and “opened up”.

“Grounded” feels like having “a close connection to Earth”. You are “grounded” when you feel there is “something” streaming through your body.

This “something” creates the state of relaxation. The “something” is also the connector that generates the “opening up”. The “something” is called Prana, Chi or the “Inner Light”. I prefer the last term.

It is not necessary that the somebody you want to “read” is available in the space you are staying. It is also not necessary that the somebody you want to read is alive, You need some kind of clue to make the connection. Most of the time a name is sufficient.

When the connection is made you have to make a distinction between two sensory systems. You have to stop you’re own system. This is the most difficult task to perform because you’re system is always interfering.

If you are connected to the wrong system you are “biased”. Reading works very well when you don’t know the person you are reading.

I “know” or “feel” when I have disconnected from my own system. The feeling “looks like” “being in the observer-mode”. You are looking at the world from a distance.

When this state is accomplished a “voice” starts to talk and you “see images”. The reading always starts with “hints”. “Hints” are words and flashes. A few seconds later the words and images change into a “movie”.

In exceptional situations you also feel emotions or are completely taken over by “the other”. If this happens you are “channeling”. I don’t like this state because I really don’t know who or what is taking over.

About Meta Art

marcel_duchamp

Since 1915, Marcel Duchamp occasionally bought simple objects in order to exhibit them as art objects. What he wanted to show is that “The Spectator Makes the Picture“.

To many people the Art of Duchamp was the End of Art.

The end of art was also a new beginning. Many of the artists who rejected the traditional art object found new realms to explore, by moving to a new level of abstraction, Meta-Art.

The meta-artwork is a class of possibilities rather than an individual thing. It may take the form of an always changing pattern (Open Form), a collection of building blocks (Interactivity), a physical process (Process Art), a computer program (Algorithmic Art), or a mere idea (Concept Art).

What Meta-Art is trying to accomplish is to generate all the possibilities and “Let the Spectator Choose what he Likes“.

Producing beautiful art is not easy. Especially if you have to make a living out of it. Many artists would sell their soul to the Devil in exchange for a magical tool that would produce the perfect artwork, enchanting their patrons and producing fame and fortune for themselves. In every era artists searched for generators and libraries of beautiful components. It is well-known that geniuses like Bach and Mozart used music-generators.

The concept of an Art Generator was described in the book Ars Generalis Ultima of Ramon Llull (1232-1315). Lullus (his Latin name) got his idea from the ancient Astrologers, the Magi. Ars Generalis Ultima inspired Gottfried Leibniz who inspired Gilles Deleuze (“Le Pli“) and George Chatin (“The Limits of Reason“).

Interviewer: “Can you tell us something about your new opera?” Giuseppe Verdi: “It’s exactly the same notes as the previous one, I merely changed the order a little bit.”

Giving the spectator a choice can be done on the level of a picture (“Now I like it“) or on the level of the process itself. “What he likes” is permanently changing according to the moods of the spectator. If would be even better if the environment and the spectator were constantly in the Now, kept in “a Permanent state of Pure Beauty“.

mondriaan
Mondriaan was inspired by JAZZ

This is what Mondriaan wanted to achieve “Our material environment can only posses a pure beauty (i.e., be healthy and satisfy utility in a truly direct way), if it no longer reflects the egoistic feelings of our small personality: it does not even have any lyrical expression any more, but is purely plastic.”

“For the present moment I see no possibility for arriving at a purely ‘plastic’ expression by only following the organism of what is to be built, focusing only on utility. Our intuition is not sufficiently developed for that, and too involved with the past. [. . .]

For instance, utility often requires repetition in the way of nature (in workers housing, for instance), and in that case the architect needs the concept of plastic expression and the power to go against what the practical goal seems to indicate. Because there are always possibilities for architectural solutions which satisfy the practical goal and the esthetic appearance.”

Mondriaan experimented with Metrical Repetition and Symmetry. He studied Improvization and Jazz to find the perfect pattern. At that time Mathematics and Computers were not helpful to him. Chaos-theory (Emergence), Fractals (Self Reference) and Super Symmetry (The Multi Dimensional String) were “invented” much later.

Mathematicians have been gifted with the Talent of Art. All of them love Music and many of them make music. To me Mathematics is about pure Beauty. It is not a coincedence that Mathematics is the leading force to create innovative Art.

Mathematics in combination with the Computer is capable of much more. It is capable of generating and controlling adaptive environments. Places where happenings take place that create new narratives. We are not far away to create the automated Chronotope, the Holodeck in the famous television series Star Trek.

buildings

I have been involved in many experiments in this area. I worked with Erik Vreedenburgh and Remko Scha  and Ad Luytwieler . The website of Artifical contains many briljant articles. I used them in this blog (Thanks).

All of them are able to create beautifull buildings for a budget that is a fraction of what we pay now. They even create adaptive buildings. Buildings that can be used by everybody in every state of his body and in every state of his life.

It is time to move ahead. The Computer, the Calculator, is not only capable of slaving the human. He is also able to serve and help us to calculate, to count, to tell us about Harmony and even pure Beauty.

A Human needs to be creative to Understand The Self.

Our Personal Art is a Mirror to See what We Are.

LINKS

About Magic and the Memory Palace

About Color and Music

About Morphology